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EMPLOYMENT: ALMOST ONE OUT OF EVERY TWO EUROPEANS WORKS IN MARKET SERVICES.

Eurostat's report highlights the main features and trends of the tertiary sector within the European Union. Services is the only sector that has generated jobs over the last two decades, as industry and agriculture have seen a reduction in the number of people they employ. Communication, other market services (i.e. business, health and education services), financial services and hotel and catering recorded the fastest growth in value added, the first three registering the highest productivity levels in market services.Employers.Almost 67 million people across the European Union were employed in market services, as compared with around 31 million in non-market services, accounting for 46.1% and 21.3% respectively of total EU employment in 1997. Although distributive trades and other market services were the main employers in every single Member State, there were nonetheless marked differences. Finland was the only country to report negative growth in market services over the last decade, while there was a decline in non-market services in Sweden (-0.6%), Belgium (-0.5%) and the United Kingdom (-3%).Only 20% of all service workers in the United Kingdom and Luxembourg were employed in non-market activities, while in Scandinavia and Ireland the corresponding rate stood at the EU average of 32%, the public sector playing an important role as supplier of services.Main components in market services.Between 1970 and 1997, market services' share of total value added rose from 39.1% to 53.4% in the EU, while non-market services rose from 11.8% to 15%. In absolute terms, market services dominated the tertiary sector with Euro 3,485 as against Euro 1,002 for non-market services. In 1997, business, health and education services ranked first among market services with 46.5% of total value added, followed by distributive trades (24.7%) and, further down, financial services (10.6%).Women dominate services.Turning to the structure of the labour force, the report finds that women outweighed men, with some 2.8 million more women working in market services. There were significant differences across the EU when it came to employment status (full-time/part-time) and pay. For every 100 full-time working men, there are only 52% full-time working women. Average monthly earnings for male full-timers stood above female earnings in all EU Member States, with the largest differences recorded in the UK (Euro 654), the Netherlands (Euro 780) and Belgium (Euro 719). Six Member States had women part-time workers reporting higher earnings than their male counterparts in 1995, with the largest difference recorded in Finland (Euro 73), Denmark (Euro 86) and Belgium (Euro 99).(1) Market services cover communication services, distributive trades, financial services, hotel and catering, other market services and transport.(2) Non-market services: Health, education and other non-market services.

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Comment:EMPLOYMENT: ALMOST ONE OUT OF EVERY TWO EUROPEANS WORKS IN MARKET SERVICES.
Publication:European Report
Geographic Code:4EU
Date:Mar 29, 2000
Words:456
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