Printer Friendly

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES.

Status of the Labor Force

In February, unemployment as measured by the household survey fell 300,000 to 6.2 million.
[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted;
monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]

Period      Civilian          Civilian labor  Civilian employment
            noninstitutional  force
            population
            (NSA)
                                              Total    Men
                                                       20 years
                                                       and
                                                       over

2009        235,801           154,142         139,877  71,341
2010        237,830           153,889         139,064  71,230
2011        239,618           153,617         139,869  72,182
2012        243,284           154,975         142,469  73,403
2013        245,679           155,389         143,929  74,176
2014        247,947           155,922         146,305  75,471
2015        250,801           157,130         148,834  76,776
2016        253,538           159,187         151,436  78,084
2017        255,079           160,320         153,337  78,919
2018        257,791           162,075         155,761  80,211
2018: Feb   256,934           161,900         155,213  80,186
      Mar   257,097           161,646         155,160  80,091
      Apr   257,272           161,551         155,216  80,108
      May   257,454           161,667         155,539  80,299
      June  257,642           162,129         155,592  80,006
      July  257,843           162,209         155,964  80,217
      Aug   258,066           161,802         155,604  80,149
      Sept  258,290           162,055         156,069  80,251
      Oct   258,514           162,694         156,582  80,388
      Nov   258,708           162,821         156,803  80,633
      Dec   258,888           163,240         156,945  80,501
2019: Jan   258,239           163,229         156,694  80,472
      Feb   258,392           163,184         156,949  80,712

Period      Civilian employment  Unemployment
            Women     Both       Total   Men       Women     Both
            20 years  sexes              20 years  20 years  sexes
            and       16-19              and       and       16-19
            over      years              over      over      years

2009        63,699    4,837      14,265  7,555     5,157     1,552
2010        63,456    4,378      14,825  7,763     5,534     1,528
2011        63,360    4,327      13,747  6,898     5,450     1,400
2012        64,640    4,426      12,506  5,984     5,125     1,397
2013        65,295    4,458      11,460  5,568     4,565     1,327
2014        66,287    4,548       9,617  4,585     3,926     1,106
2015        67,323    4,734       8,296  3,959     3,371       966
2016        68,387    4,965       7,751  3,675     3,151       925
2017        69,344    5,074       6,982  3,287     2,868       827
2018        70,424    5,126       6,314  2,976     2,578       759
2018: Feb   69,849    5,178       6,687  3,072     2,746       870
      Mar   69,946    5,123       6,486  3,059     2,634       793
      Apr   70,033    5,074       6,335  3,055     2,525       755
      May   70,161    5,079       6,128  2,958     2,429       741
      June  70,455    5,131       6,537  3,097     2,701       740
      July  70,622    5,125       6,245  2,801     2,673       771
      Aug   70,563    4,892       6,197  2,895     2,590       712
      Sept  70,710    5,108       5,986  2,853     2,398       735
      Oct   70,935    5,258       6,112  2,889     2,507       715
      Nov   70,949    5,221       6,018  2,775     2,529       714
      Dec   71,218    5,226       6,294  2,999     2,550       745
2019: Jan   71,049    5,172       6,535  3,126     2,642       767
      Feb   71,221    5,017       6,235  2,920     2,540       776

Period      Not     Percent (1)
            in
            labor
            force
                    Labor          Employment/  Unemployment
                    force          population   rate
                    participation  ratio
                    rate

2009        81,659  65.4           59.3         9.3
2010        83,941  64.7           58.5         9.6
2011        86,001  64.1           58.4         8.9
2012        88,310  63.7           58.6         8.1
2013        90,290  63.2           58.6         7.4
2014        92,025  62.9           59.0         6.2
2015        93,671  62.7           59.3         5.3
2016        94,351  62.8           59.7         4.9
2017        94,759  62.9           60.1         4.4
2018        95,716  62.9           60.4         3.9
2018: Feb   95,033  63.0           60.4         4.1
      Mar   95,451  62.9           60.4         4.0
      Apr   95,721  62.8           60.3         3.9
      May   95,787  62.8           60.4         3.8
      June  95,513  62.9           60.4         4.0
      July  95,633  62.9           60.5         3.9
      Aug   96,264  62.7           60.3         3.8
      Sept  96,235  62.7           60.4         3.7
      Oct   95,821  62.9           60.6         3.8
      Nov   95,886  62.9           60.6         3.7
      Dec   95,649  63.1           60.6         3.9
2019: Jan   95,010  63.2           60.7         4.0
      Feb   95,208  63.2           60.7         3.8

(1) Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian
noninstitutional population; and unemployment as percent of civilian
labor force.

Note: Beginning each January, data reflect revised population controls
and are not strictly comparable with earlier data.

See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).


Selected Unemployment Rates

In February, the unemployment rate fell to 3.8 percent.
[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]

Period      Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in
            group)
            All       By sex and age
            civilian  Men       Women     Both
            workers   20 years  20 years  sexes
                      and       and       16-19
                      over      over      years

2009        9.3       9.6       7.5       24.3
2010        9.6       9.8       8.0       25.9
2011        8.9       8.7       7.9       24.4
2012        8.1       7.5       7.3       24.0
2013        7.4       7.0       6.5       22.9
2014        6.2       5.7       5.6       19.6
2015        5.3       4.9       4.8       16.9
2016        4.9       4.5       4.4       15.7
2017        4.4       4.0       4.0       14.0
2018        3.9       3.6       3.5       12.9
2018: Feb   4.1       3.7       3.8       14.4
      Mar   4.0       3.7       3.6       13.4
      Apr   3.9       3.7       3.5       13.0
      May   3.8       3.6       3.3       12.7
      June  4.0       3.7       3.7       12.6
      July  3.9       3.4       3.6       13.1
      Aug   3.8       3.5       3.5       12.7
      Sept  3.7       3.4       3.3       12.6
      Oct   3.8       3.5       3.4       12.0
      Nov   3.7       3.3       3.4       12.0
      Dec   3.9       3.6       3.5       12.5
2019: Jan   4.0       3.7       3.6       12.9
      Feb   3.8       3.5       3.4       13.4

Period      Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in
            group)
            By race or ethnicity (1)
            White  Black     Asian    Hispanic   Married
                   or                 or         men,
                   African            Latino     spouse
                   American           ethnicity  present

2009        8.5    14.8      7.3      12.1       6.6
2010        8.7    16.0      7.5      12.5       6.8
2011        7.9    15.8      7.0      11.5       5.8
2012        7.2    13.8      5.9      10.3       4.9
2013        6.5    13.1      5.2       9.1       4.3
2014        5.3    11.3      5.0       7.4       3.4
2015        4.6     9.6      3.8       6.6       2.8
2016        4.3     8.4      3.6       5.8       2.7
2017        3.8     7.5      3.4       5.1       2.4
2018        3.5     6.5      3.0       4.7       2.0
2018: Feb   3.7     6.8      3.0       4.9       2.1
      Mar   3.6     6.8      3.1       5.1       2.1
      Apr   3.5     6.5      2.8       4.8       2.1
      May   3.5     5.9      2.2       4.9       1.9
      June  3.5     6.5      3.2       4.6       2.1
      July  3.3     6.6      3.1       4.5       2.0
      Aug   3.4     6.3      3.0       4.7       2.0
      Sept  3.3     6.0      3.5       4.5       1.9
      Oct   3.3     6.2      3.1       4.4       1.9
      Nov   3.4     6.0      2.7       4.5       2.0
      Dec   3.4     6.6      3.3       4.4       2.1
2019: Jan   3.5     6.8      3.1       4.9       2.1
      Feb   3.3     7.0      3.1       4.3       1.9

Period      Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in
            group)
            By selected groups
            Women     Full-time  Part-time
            who       workers    workers
            maintain
            families
            (NSA)

2009        11.5      10.0       6.0
2010        12.3      10.4       6.3
2011        12.4       9.6       6.3
2012        11.4       8.5       6.1
2013        10.2       7.7       5.9
2014         8.6       6.4       5.4
2015         7.4       5.4       4.9
2016         6.8       4.9       4.8
2017         6.2       4.3       4.6
2018         5.4       3.8       4.4
2018: Feb    6.2       4.1       4.4
      Mar    5.6       3.9       4.5
      Apr    5.5       3.9       4.2
      May    4.7       3.7       4.1
      June   5.5       3.9       4.3
      July   5.6       3.8       4.4
      Aug    5.4       3.7       4.3
      Sept   5.1       3.5       4.5
      Oct    5.3       3.6       4.4
      Nov    5.4       3.5       4.5
      Dec    4.5       3.7       4.8
2019: Jan    5.4       4.0       4.2
      Feb    4.9       3.8       4.1

(1) Persons who selected this race group only. Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

Note: Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).


Selected Measures of Unemployment and Unemployment Insurance Programs

In February, the percentages of the unemployed who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks and for 5 to 14 weeks fell, while the percentages for 15 to 26 weeks, and for 27 weeks and over rose. The mean duration of unemployment rose to 21.7 weeks and the median duration rose to 9.3 weeks.
[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted by NSA]

Period      Unemployment  Duration of unemployment
            (thousands)
                          Percent distribution
                          Less     5-14   15-26  27 weeks
                          than     weeks  weeks  and over
                          5 weeks

2009        14,265        22.2     26.8   19.5   31.5
2010        14,825        18.7     22.0   16.0   43.3
2011        13,747        19.5     21.8   15.0   43.8
2012        12,506        21.1     22.9   14.9   41.1
2013        11,460        22.5     24.1   15.8   37.6
2014         9,617        25.7     25.3   15.6   33.5
2015         8,296        28.9     27.7   15.3   28.1
2016         7,751        30.5     28.7   14.9   25.9
2017         6,982        32.5     28.8   14.6   24.2
2018         6,314        34.4     29.7   14.5   21.4
2018: Feb    6,687        36.7     28.4   13.9   21.0
      Mar    6,486        35.0     30.5   13.9   20.6
      Apr    6,335        33.0     30.7   15.9   20.4
      May    6,128        33.2     31.3   15.9   19.7
      June   6,537        34.6     29.1   13.4   22.9
      July   6,245        33.3     28.9   15.2   22.6
      Aug    6,197        35.7     27.9   15.0   21.4
      Sept   5,986        34.1     28.9   14.2   22.8
      Oct    6,112        33.6     30.1   14.0   22.3
      Nov    6,018        34.9     30.2   14.2   20.7
      Dec    6,294        33.4     31.9   14.1   20.5
2019: Jan    6,535        35.8     31.0   13.9   19.3
      Feb    6,235        35.3     29.1   15.2   20.4

Period      Duration of unemployment
            Number of weeks
            Average     Median
            (mean) (1)

2009        24.4        15.1
2010        33.0        21.4
2011        39.3        21.4
2012        39.4        19.3
2013        36.5        17.0
2014        33.7        14.0
2015        29.2        11.6
2016        27.5        10.6
2017        25.0        10.0
2018        22.7         9.3
2018: Feb   22.9         9.3
      Mar   24.2         9.2
      Apr   23.0         9.8
      May   21.3         9.3
      June  21.2         9.0
      July  23.1         9.6
      Aug   22.6         9.2
      Sept  24.1         9.3
      Oct   22.4         9.4
      Nov   21.7         9.0
      Dec   21.8         9.1
2019: Jan   20.5         8.9
      Feb   21.7         9.3

Period      Reason for unemployment: percent distribution
            Job     Job      Reentrants  New
            losers  leavers              entrants

2009        64.2     6.2     22.3         7.3
2010        62.4     6.0     23.4         8.2
2011        59.0     7.0     24.7         9.3
2012        55.0     7.7     26.7        10.5
2013        53.0     8.1     28.0        10.9
2014        50.7     8.6     29.4        11.3
2015        49.0     9.9     30.6        10.6
2016        48.2    11.1     30.1        10.6
2017        49.2    11.1     29.8         9.9
2018        47.4    12.6     30.5         9.5
2018: Feb   48.4    11.8     29.3        10.5
      Mar   47.4    13.1     30.0         9.4
      Apr   46.4    12.7     31.3         9.6
      May   46.8    13.7     30.3         9.2
      June  46.9    12.3     31.9         8.9
      July  48.1    13.4     29.0         9.5
      Aug   46.4    14.0     30.1         9.5
      Sept  46.5    12.3     31.4         9.8
      Oct   46.8    12.0     31.3         9.9
      Nov   47.4    11.6     31.4         9.6
      Dec   46.2    13.3     31.1         9.3
2019: Jan   47.9    12.5     30.2         9.4
      Feb   45.9    13.5     30.6        10.0

Period      State programs         Insured
                                   unemployment,
                                   all
                                   programs
                                   (NSA) (2)
            Insured       Initial
            unemployment  claims
            (NSA)         (NSA)

            Weekly average, thousands
2009            5,724     568          9,123
2010            4,487     454          9,732
2011            3,679     406          7,630
2012            3,297     374          6,048
2013            2,947     342          4,605
2014            2,574     304          2,657
2015            2,237     275          2,272
2016            2,099     259          2,127
2017            1,948     240          1,971
2018            1,755     219          1,774
2018: Feb       2,243     217          2,266
      Mar       2,135     213          2,158
      Apr       2,135     223          2,158
      May       1,686     220          1,705
      June      1,608     226          1,626
      July      2,037     240          2,057
      Aug       1,714     196          1,732
      Sept      1,547     172          1,564
      Oct       1,535     225          1,553
      Nov       1,516     263          1,533
      Dec   (r) 2,037     307      (r) 2,059
2019: Jan       2,250     325          2,297
      Feb

(1) Beginning January 2011, includes unemployment durations of up to
5 years; prior data are for up to 2 years.

(2) Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and
the Virgin Islands), Federal (UCFE), ex-service members (UCX), and
Federal and State extended benefit programs. Also includes Emergency
Unemployment Compensation (2008-2013) and Federal Additional
Compensation (2009-2010).

Note: Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured
unemployment and initial claims).

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment
and Training Administration).


Nonagricultural Employment

Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey rose by 20,000 in February.
[Thousands of wage and salary workers; (1) monthly data seasonally
adjusted]

Period          Total            Private industries
                nonagricultural  Total    Goods-producing industries
                employment       private  Total (2)  Construction

2009 (r)        131,313          108,758  18,558     6,016
2010 (r)        130,362          107,871  17,751     5,518
2011 (r)        131,932          109,845  18,047     5,533
2012 (r)        134,175          112,255  18,420     5,646
2013 (r)        136,381          114,529  18,738     5,856
2014 (r)        138,958          117,076  19,226     6,151
2015 (r)        141,843          119,814  19,610     6,461
2016 (r)        144,352          122,128  19,750     6,728
2017 (r)        146,624          124,275  20,084     6,969
2018 (r)        149,074          126,625  20,710     7,289
2018: Feb (r)   148,097          125,697  20,497     7,199
      Mar (r)   148,279          125,870  20,527     7,201
      Apr (r)   148,475          126,054  20,587     7,230
      May (r)   148,745          126,318  20,650     7,267
      June (r)  149,007          126,554  20,706     7,284
      July (r)  149,185          126,727  20,744     7,303
      Aug (r)   149,467          126,973  20,794     7,337
      Sept (r)  149,575          127,081  20,832     7,354
      Oct (r)   149,852          127,366  20,892     7,379
      Nov (r)   150,048          127,566  20,921     7,384
      Dec (r)   150,275          127,790  20,961     7,400
2019: Jan       150,586          128,098  21,042     7,453
      Feb (p)   150,606          128,123  21,010     7,422

Period          Private industries
                Goods-producing industries  Private service-providing
                                            industries
                Manufacturing               Total

2009 (r)        11,847                       90,201
2010 (r)        11,528                       90,121
2011 (r)        11,726                       91,798
2012 (r)        11,927                       93,835
2013 (r)        12,020                       95,791
2014 (r)        12,185                       97,850
2015 (r)        12,336                      100,204
2016 (r)        12,354                      102,379
2017 (r)        12,439                      104,191
2018 (r)        12,689                      105,916
2018: Feb (r)   12,592                      105,200
      Mar (r)   12,612                      105,343
      Apr (r)   12,634                      105,467
      May (r)   12,655                      105,668
      June (r)  12,687                      105,848
      July (r)  12,707                      105,983
      Aug (r)   12,715                      106,179
      Sept (r)  12,733                      106,249
      Oct (r)   12,762                      106,474
      Nov (r)   12,789                      106,645
      Dec (r)   12,809                      106,829
2019: Jan       12,830                      107,056
      Feb (p)   12,834                      107,113

Period          Private industries
                Private service-providing industries
                Trade, transportation,  Information  Financial
                and utilities                        activities
                Total (3)  Retail
                           trade

2009 (r)        24,850     14,528       2,804        7,838
2010 (r)        24,581     14,446       2,707        7,695
2011 (r)        25,008     14,674       2,674        7,697
2012 (r)        25,416     14,847       2,676        7,784
2013 (r)        25,801     15,085       2,706        7,886
2014 (r)        26,321     15,363       2,726        7,977
2015 (r)        26,824     15,611       2,750        8,123
2016 (r)        27,195     15,832       2,794        8,287
2017 (r)        27,409     15,846       2,814        8,451
2018 (r)        27,659     15,833       2,828        8,569
2018: Feb (r)   27,560     15,833       2,812        8,528
      Mar (r)   27,591     15,834       2,824        8,537
      Apr (r)   27,589     15,838       2,829        8,541
      May (r)   27,630     15,856       2,831        8,556
      June (r)  27,622     15,822       2,831        8,567
      July (r)  27,643     15,824       2,832        8,572
      Aug (r)   27,693     15,830       2,826        8,583
      Sept (r)  27,692     15,804       2,822        8,597
      Oct (r)   27,715     15,794       2,832        8,611
      Nov (r)   27,783     15,827       2,829        8,614
      Dec (r)   27,788     15,821       2,827        8,615
2019: Jan       27,842     15,835       2,815        8,624
      Feb (p)   27,844     15,829       2,815        8,630

Period          Private industries
                Private service-providing industries
                Professional  Education  Leisure    Other    Government
                and           and        and        services
                business      health     hospitality
                services      services

2009 (r)        16,634        19,630     13,077     5,367    22,555
2010 (r)        16,783        19,975     13,049     5,331    22,490
2011 (r)        17,389        20,318     13,353     5,360    22,086
2012 (r)        17,992        20,769     13,768     5,430    21,920
2013 (r)        18,575        21,086     14,254     5,483    21,853
2014 (r)        19,124        21,439     14,696     5,567    21,882
2015 (r)        19,695        22,029     15,160     5,622    22,029
2016 (r)        20,114        22,639     15,660     5,691    22,224
2017 (r)        20,508        23,188     16,051     5,770    22,350
2018 (r)        20,999        23,667     16,348     5,845    22,449
2018: Feb (r)   20,774        23,481     16,233     5,812    22,400
      Mar (r)   20,816        23,518     16,244     5,813    22,409
      Apr (r)   20,878        23,542     16,262     5,826    22,421
      May (r)   20,929        23,581     16,300     5,841    22,427
      June (r)  20,980        23,646     16,343     5,859    22,453
      July (r)  21,017        23,694     16,378     5,847    22,458
      Aug (r)   21,075        23,754     16,395     5,853    22,494
      Sept (r)  21,128        23,779     16,371     5,860    22,494
      Oct (r)   21,183        23,816     16,450     5,867    22,486
      Nov (r)   21,217        23,845     16,489     5,868    22,482
      Dec (r)   21,254        23,912     16,554     5,879    22,485
2019: Jan       21,269        23,976     16,643     5,887    22,488
      Feb (p)   21,311        23,980     16,643     5,890    22,483

(1) Data from the establishment survey. Includes all full- and
part-time wage and salary workers in nonagricultural establishments
who received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the
12th of the month. Excludes proprietors, self-employed persons, unpaid
family workers, and private household workers. Data from the household
survey shown on p. 11 include those workers and also count persons as
employed when they are not at work because of industrial disputes, bad
weather, etc., even if they are not paid for the time off. In the
series shown here, persons who work at more than one job are counted
each time they appear on a payroll, in contrast to the series shown on
p. 11 where persons are counted only once--as employed, unemployed, or
not in the labor force. See Employment and Earnings for details.

(2) Includes mining and logging, not shown separately.

(3) Includes wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, and
utilities, not shown separately.

Note: Data classified by industry based on the 2017 North American
Industry Classification System (NAICS). For details see Employment and
Earnings.

Data reflect annual revisions released February 2, 2019.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).

Average Weekly Hours, Hourly Earnings, and Weekly Earnings--Private
Nonagricultural Industries

[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally
adjusted]

Period          Average weekly hours
                Total                Manufacturing
                private
                nonagricultural (1)
                                     Total      Overtime

2009 (r)        33.1                 39.8       2.9
2010 (r)        33.4                 41.1       3.8
2011 (r)        33.6                 41.4       4.1
2012 (r)        33.7                 41.7       4.2
2013 (r)        33.7                 41.8       4.3
2014 (r)        33.7                 42.0       4.5
2015 (r)        33.7                 41.8       4.3
2016 (r)        33.6                 41.9       4.3
2017 (r)        33.7                 41.9       4.3
2018 (r)        33.8                 42.2       4.6
2018: Jan (r)   33.6                 41.9       4.5
      Feb (r)   33.8                 42.2       4.7
      Mar (r)   33.7                 42.2       4.6
      Apr (r)   33.8                 42.4       4.7
      May (r)   33.8                 42.0       4.5
      June (r)  33.8                 42.1       4.5
      July (r)  33.8                 42.2       4.5
      Aug (r)   33.8                 42.2       4.5
      Sept (r)  33.7                 42.1       4.5
      Oct (r)   33.7                 42.1       4.5
      Nov (r)   33.7                 42.0       4.5
      Dec (r)   33.7                 42.0       4.5
2019: Jan       33.8                 42.0       4.5
      Feb (p)   33.6                 41.8       4.4

Period          Average gross hourly earnings
                Total private         Manufacturing
                nonagricultural (1)
                Current  1982-84
                dollars  dollars (2)

2009 (r)        $18.61   $8.88        $18.24
2010 (r)         19.05    8.90         18.61
2011 (r)         19.44    8.77         18.93
2012 (r)         19.74    8.73         19.08
2013 (r)         20.13    8.78         19.30
2014 (r)         20.61    8.85         19.56
2015 (r)         21.03    9.07         19.91
2016 (r)         21.54    9.20         20.44
2017 (r)         22.06    9.23         20.90
2018 (r)         22.71    9.26         21.54
2018: Jan (r)    22.36    9.20         21.29
      Feb (r)    22.40    9.20         21.34
      Mar (r)    22.49    9.23         21.39
      Apr (r)    22.55    9.24         21.46
      May (r)    22.62    9.24         21.43
      June (r)   22.67    9.24         21.48
      July (r)   22.71    9.24         21.46
      Aug (r)    22.80    9.27         21.55
      Sept (r)   22.86    9.29         21.62
      Oct (r)    22.90    9.27         21.69
      Nov (r)    22.99    9.32         21.78
      Dec (r)    23.09    9.37         21.85
2019: Jan        23.10    9.38         21.84
      Feb (p)    23.18                 21.90

Period          Average gross weekly earnings
                Total private         Current dollars
                nonagricultural (1)
                Current  1982-84      Manufacturing  Construction
                dollars  dollars (2)

2009 (r)        $615.96  $293.83      $726.12         $851.76
2010 (r)         636.19   297.33       765.18          891.83
2011 (r)         652.89   294.66       784.29          921.84
2012 (r)         665.65   294.24       794.67          942.14
2013 (r)         677.70   295.52       807.37          958.72
2014 (r)         694.85   298.51       822.03          977.11
2015 (r)         708.90   305.81       832.25          998.02
2016 (r)         723.31   309.01       855.77        1,031.88
2017 (r)         742.62   310.65       876.10        1,061.98
2018 (r)         767.08   312.91       908.08        1,108.49
2018: Jan (r)    751.30   309.16       892.05        1,079.05
      Feb (r)    757.12   310.89       900.55        1,090.92
      Mar (r)    757.91   311.19       902.66        1,096.00
      Apr (r)    762.19   312.38       909.90        1,100.80
      May (r)    764.56   312.45       900.06        1,109.86
      June (r)   766.25   312.44       904.31        1,100.44
      July (r)   767.60   312.45       905.61        1,111.97
      Aug (r)    770.64   313.24       909.41        1,108.43
      Sept (r)   770.38   313.13       910.20        1,106.42
      Oct (r)    771.73   312.56       913.15        1,105.17
      Nov (r)    774.76   314.08       914.76        1,105.90
      Dec (r)    778.13   315.86       917.70        1,125.18
2019: Jan        780.78   317.19       917.28        1,140.89
      Feb (p)    778.85                915.42        1,104.48

Period          Average gross weekly earnings
                Current dollars   Percent change from
                                  a year earlier,
                                  total private
                                  nonagricultural
                Retail            Current  1982-84
                trade             dollars  dollars (2)

2009 (r)        $388.74           1.4      2.1
2010 (r)         400.38           3.3      1.2
2011 (r)         412.29           2.6      -.9
2012 (r)         422.35           2.0      -.1
2013 (r)         423.44           1.8       .4
2014 (r)         431.97           2.5      1.0
2015 (r)         446.01           2.0      2.4
2016 (r)         447.69           2.0      1.0
2017 (r)         463.10           2.7       .5
2018 (r)         482.90           3.3       .7
2018: Jan (r)    472.72           2.5       .3
      Feb (r)    470.26           3.1       .7
      Mar (r)    476.67           3.4       .9
      Apr (r)    479.65           3.1       .5
      May (r)    484.27           3.5       .6
      June (r)   484.95           3.2       .1
      July (r)   486.17           3.2       .0
      Aug (r)    486.40           3.7       .8
      Sept (r)   487.01           3.3      1.0
      Oct (r)    488.22           3.2       .6
      Nov (r)    487.43           3.4      1.2
      Dec (r)    490.03           3.2      1.4
2019: Jan        493.39           3.9      2.6
      Feb (p)    492.26           2.9

(1) Also includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.

(2) Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for
urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) (on a 1982-84=100
base). Seasonally adjusted data revised to reflect CPI-W annual
revisions.

Note: See Note, p. 14.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).

Employment Cost Index--Private Industry

Period      Index (December 2005 = 100)
            Total         Wages     Benefits (1)
            compensation  and
                          salaries

            Not seasonally adjusted
2009: Dec   110.2         110.8     108.7
2010: Dec   112.5         112.8     111.9
2011: Dec   115.0         114.6     115.9
2012: Dec   117.1         116.6     118.2
2013: Dec   119.4         119.0     120.5
2014: Dec   122.2         121.6     123.5
2015: Dec   124.5         124.2     125.1
2016: Dec   127.2         127.1     127.3
2017: Dec   130.5         130.6     130.2
2018: Dec   134.4         134.7     133.6
            Seasonally adjusted
2016: Mar   125.4         125.1     125.9
      June  126.1         126.0     126.3
      Sept  126.7         126.6     127.0
      Dec   127.3         127.2     127.5
2017: Mar   128.3         128.3     128.3
      June  129.0         129.0     129.1
      Sept  130.0         130.0     130.0
      Dec   130.6         130.7     130.5
2018: Mar   131.9         132.0     131.6
      June  132.7         132.8     132.7
      Sept  133.7         133.9     133.2
      Dec   134.5         134.8     133.9

Period      Percent change from
            3 months earlier
            Total         Wages     Benefits (1)
            compensation  and
                          salaries

2009: Dec
2010: Dec
2011: Dec
2012: Dec
2013: Dec
2014: Dec
2015: Dec
2016: Dec
2017: Dec
2018: Dec
            Seasonally adjusted
2016: Mar   0.6            0.6      0.5
      June   .6             .7       .3
      Sept   .5             .5       .6
      Dec    .5             .5       .4
2017: Mar    .8             .9       .6
      June   .5             .5       .6
      Sept   .8             .8       .7
      Dec    .5             .5       .4
2018: Mar   1.0            1.0       .8
      June   .6             .6       .8
      Sept   .8             .8       .4
      Dec    .6             .7       .5

Period      Percent change from
            12 months earlier
            Total         Wages     Benefits (1)
            compensation  and
                          salaries

2009: Dec   1.2           1.3       0.9
2010: Dec   2.1           1.8       2.9
2011: Dec   2.2           1.6       3.6
2012: Dec   1.8           1.7       2.0
2013: Dec   2.0           2.1       1.9
2014: Dec   2.3           2.2       2.5
2015: Dec   1.9           2.1       1.3
2016: Dec   2.2           2.3       1.8
2017: Dec   2.6           2.8       2.3
2018: Dec   3.0           3.1       2.6
            Not seasonally adjusted
2016: Mar   1.8           2.0       1.2
      June  2.4           2.6       1.7
      Sept  2.3           2.4       1.8
      Dec   2.2           2.3       1.8
2017: Mar   2.3           2.6       1.9
      June  2.4           2.4       2.2
      Sept  2.5           2.6       2.4
      Dec   2.6           2.8       2.3
2018: Mar   2.8           2.9       2.5
      June  2.9           2.9       2.8
      Sept  2.9           3.1       2.5
      Dec   3.0           3.1       2.6

(1) Employer costs for employee benefits.

Note: The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the cost
of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among
occupations and industries.

Data exclude farm and household workers.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).

Productivity and Related Data, Business and Nonfarm Business Sectors

Period         Labor productivity  Output (1)
               (output per hour)
               Business  Nonfarm   Business  Nonfarm
               sector    business  sector    business
                         sector              sector

               Indexes, 2012=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
2009 (r)        96.1      95.9      92.3      92.0
2010 (r)        99.3      99.2      95.2      95.0
2011 (r)        99.2      99.1      97.1      96.9
2012           100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0
2013 (r)       100.9     100.5     102.4     102.2
2014 (r)       101.6     101.3     105.6     105.4
2015 (r)       102.8     102.6     109.3     109.0
2016 (r)       103.0     102.8     111.1     110.8
2017 (r)       104.1     103.9     114.0     113.8
2018 (p)       105.5     105.3     117.9     117.8
2015: I (r)    102.4     102.3     108.3     108.1
      II (r)   103.0     102.9     109.4     109.2
      III (r)  103.2     103.0     109.6     109.4
      IV (r)   102.4     102.2     109.7     109.4
2016: I (r)    102.5     102.4     110.1     109.8
      II (r)   102.7     102.6     110.8     110.5
      III (r)  103.1     102.9     111.4     111.1
      IV (r)   103.6     103.3     112.0     111.7
2017: I (r)    103.5     103.4     112.5     112.3
      II (r)   103.9     103.8     113.5     113.3
      III (r)  104.6     104.4     114.5     114.3
      IV (r)   104.3     104.3     115.3     115.2
2018: I (r)    104.5     104.4     116.0     115.9
      II (r)   105.4     105.1     117.5     117.3
      III (r)  105.8     105.6     118.6     118.5
      IV (p*)  106.3     106.1     119.5     119.4
      Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual
      rates
2009 (r)         3.6       3.5      -3.7      -3.9
2010 (r)         3.3       3.4       3.2       3.3
2011 (r)         -.1        .0       1.9       2.0
2012 (r)          .8        .9       3.0       3.1
2013 (r)          .9        .5       2.4       2.2
2014 (r)          .7        .8       3.0       3.1
2015 (r)         1.2       1.3       3.5       3.5
2016 (r)          .2        .2       1.7       1.6
2017 (r)         1.1       1.1       2.6       2.7
2018 (p)         1.4       1.3       3.5       3.5
2015: I (r)      2.7       2.9       4.1       4.1
      II (r)     2.5       2.2       4.1       4.1
      III (r)     .8        .7        .8        .6
      IV (r)    -3.2      -3.1        .1        .1
2016: I (r)       .4        .5       1.6       1.6
      II (r)      .7       1.0       2.6       2.5
      III (r)    1.4       1.2       2.2       2.2
      IV (r)     2.0       1.4       2.2       2.3
2017: I (r)      -.2        .4       1.9       1.9
      II (r)     1.6       1.6       3.7       3.8
      III (r)    2.8       2.2       3.5       3.6
      IV (r)    -1.2       -.4       2.9       3.0
2018: I (r)       .9        .6       2.5       2.6
      II (r)     3.4       2.8       5.1       5.0
      III (r)    1.4       1.8       3.9       4.0
      IV (p*)    1.8       1.9       3.2       3.1

Period         Hours of            Compensation
               all persons (2)     per hour (3)
               Business  Nonfarm   Business  Nonfarm
               sector    business  sector    business
                         sector              sector

               Indexes, 2012=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
2009 (r)        96.0      96.0      93.6      93.5
2010 (r)        95.9      95.8      95.3      95.3
2011 (r)        97.8      97.8      97.3      97.4
2012           100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0
2013 (r)       101.5     101.7     101.5     101.3
2014 (r)       103.9     104.0     104.1     104.1
2015 (r)       106.3     106.2     107.1     107.3
2016 (r)       107.9     107.8     108.3     108.5
2017 (r)       109.5     109.5     111.9     112.1
2018 (p)       111.8     111.9     115.1     115.2
2015: I (r)    105.8     105.7     106.1     106.4
      II (r)   106.2     106.2     107.2     107.3
      III (r)  106.2     106.2     107.7     107.9
      IV (r)   107.1     107.0     107.4     107.6
2016: I (r)    107.4     107.3     107.5     107.7
      II (r)   107.9     107.7     107.6     107.9
      III (r)  108.1     108.0     108.2     108.5
      IV (r)   108.2     108.2     109.7     109.8
2017: I (r)    108.7     108.6     110.8     111.0
      II (r)   109.3     109.2     111.2     111.4
      III (r)  109.4     109.6     112.7     112.8
      IV (r)   110.6     110.5     113.0     113.3
2018: I (r)    111.0     111.0     114.3     114.4
      II (r)   111.4     111.6     114.4     114.4
      III (r)  112.1     112.2     115.3     115.4
      IV (p*)  112.5     112.5     116.3     116.5
      Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual
      rates
2009 (r)        -7.1      -7.2       0.9       0.9
2010 (r)         -.1       -.1       1.8       1.9
2011 (r)         2.0       2.0       2.1       2.2
2012 (r)         2.3       2.3       2.8       2.7
2013 (r)         1.5       1.7       1.5       1.3
2014 (r)         2.4       2.3       2.6       2.8
2015 (r)         2.3       2.2       2.8       3.1
2016 (r)         1.5       1.4       1.1       1.1
2017 (r)         1.5       1.6       3.4       3.4
2018 (p)         2.1       2.2       2.8       2.7
2015: I (r)      1.4       1.1       4.9       5.3
      II (r)     1.5       1.9       4.0       3.7
      III (r)    -.1        .0       2.1       2.0
      IV (r)     3.4       3.2      -1.0       -.9
2016: I (r)      1.2       1.1        .2        .3
      II (r)     1.8       1.5        .3        .7
      III (r)     .7       1.0       2.4       2.1
      IV (r)      .2        .9       5.6       4.8
2017: I (r)      2.0       1.5       4.0       4.7
      II (r)     2.1       2.2       1.3       1.3
      III (r)     .7       1.4       5.6       5.1
      IV (r)     4.1       3.4       1.1       1.9
2018: I (r)      1.6       2.0       4.6       4.0
      II (r)     1.6       2.1        .3       -.1
      III (r)    2.5       2.1       3.2       3.5
      IV (p*)    1.3       1.2       3.6       3.9

Period         Real                Unit labor
               compensation        costs
               per hour (4)
               Business  Nonfarm   Business  Nonfarm
               sector    business  sector    business
                         sector              sector

               Indexes, 2012=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
2009 (r)       100.2     100.2      97.4      97.5
2010 (r)       100.4     100.4      95.9      96.1
2011 (r)        99.4      99.5      98.1      98.2
2012           100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0
2013 (r)       100.0      99.8     100.6     100.8
2014 (r)       100.9     100.9     102.5     102.8
2015 (r)       103.6     103.8     104.2     104.6
2016 (r)       103.4     103.6     105.2     105.5
2017 (r)       104.7     104.8     107.5     107.9
2018 (p)       105.0     105.1     109.1     109.4
2015: I (r)    103.4     103.6     103.6     104.0
      II (r)   103.7     103.9     104.0     104.3
      III (r)  103.8     104.0     104.3     104.7
      IV (r)   103.5     103.7     104.9     105.3
2016: I (r)    103.6     103.8     104.9     105.2
      II (r)   103.0     103.3     104.8     105.2
      III (r)  103.1     103.4     105.0     105.4
      IV (r)   103.8     103.9     105.9     106.3
2017: I (r)    104.1     104.3     107.0     107.4
      II (r)   104.4     104.6     107.0     107.3
      III (r)  105.3     105.4     107.7     108.1
      IV (r)   104.7     105.0     108.3     108.7
2018: I (r)    105.1     105.2     109.3     109.6
      II (r)   104.6     104.6     108.5     108.8
      III (r)  104.9     105.0     109.0     109.3
      IV (p*)  105.5     105.6     109.5     109.8
      Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual
      rates
2009 (r)         1.2       1.3      -2.7      -2.5
2010 (r)          .1        .2      -1.5      -1.5
2011 (r)        -1.0       -.9       2.2       2.2
2012 (r)          .6        .5       2.0       1.8
2013 (r)          .0       -.2        .6        .8
2014 (r)          .9       1.1       1.9       2.0
2015 (r)         2.7       2.9       1.7       1.8
2016 (r)         -.2       -.2        .9        .9
2017 (r)         1.2       1.2       2.3       2.2
2018 (p)          .4        .3       1.4       1.4
2015: I (r)      7.6       8.0       2.2       2.3
      II (r)     1.2        .9       1.4       1.4
      III (r)     .5        .4       1.3       1.4
      IV (r)    -1.2      -1.0       2.2       2.3
2016: I (r)       .3        .4       -.2       -.2
      II (r)    -2.3      -2.0       -.4       -.2
      III (r)     .5        .2        .9        .9
      IV (r)     2.8       2.0       3.6       3.4
2017: I (r)      1.0       1.6       4.2       4.2
      II (r)     1.3       1.2       -.3       -.3
      III (r)    3.4       2.9       2.8       2.8
      IV (r)    -2.1      -1.4       2.3       2.3
2018: I (r)      1.3        .8       3.7       3.5
      II (r)    -1.8      -2.2      -3.0      -2.8
      III (r)    1.2       1.4       1.8       1.6
      IV (p*)    2.1       2.4       1.8       2.0

Period           Implicit price
                 deflator (5)
                 Business    Nonfarm
                 sector      business
                             sector

               Indexes, 2012=100; quarterly data seasonally adjusted
2009 (r)          94.9        95.4
2010 (r)          96.0        96.3
2011 (r)          98.2        98.2
2012             100.0       100.0
2013 (r)         101.5       101.5
2014 (r)         103.2       103.3
2015 (r)         103.8       104.2
2016 (r)         104.7       105.3
2017 (r)         106.5       107.0
2018 (p)         108.8       109.4
2015: I (r)      103.2       103.6
      II (r)     103.8       104.2
      III (r)    104.1       104.5
      IV (r)     104.0       104.4
2016: I (r)      103.8       104.4
      II (r)     104.6       105.2
      III (r)    104.9       105.6
      IV (r)     105.4       106.0
2017: I (r)      105.8       106.4
      II (r)     106.1       106.6
      III (r)    106.6       107.1
      IV (r)     107.4       107.9
2018: I (r)      107.9       108.4
      II (r)     108.8       109.3
      III (r)    109.1       109.7
      IV (p*)    109.6       110.2
      Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally adjusted annual
      rates
2009 (r)           0.2         0.5
2010 (r)           1.2         1.0
2011 (r)           2.3         1.9
2012 (r)           1.9         1.9
2013 (r)           1.5         1.5
2014 (r)           1.7         1.8
2015 (r)            .6          .8
2016 (r)            .9         1.1
2017 (r)           1.7         1.6
2018 (p)           2.2         2.3
2015: I (r)       -1.3         -.6
      II (r)       2.2         2.1
      III (r)      1.3         1.2
      IV (r)       -.3         -.2
2016: I (r)        -.8         -.3
      II (r)       3.1         3.2
      III (r)      1.3         1.5
      IV (r)       1.7         1.8
2017: I (r)        1.8         1.3
      II (r)        .8          .8
      III (r)      2.0         2.1
      IV (r)       2.9         2.9
2018: I (r)        1.9         1.8
      II (r)       3.6         3.6
      III (r)      1.1         1.4
      IV (p*)      1.8         1.7

(1) Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the
sector.

(2) Hours of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of
proprietors and unpaid family workers. Estimates based primarily on
establishment data.

(3) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for
social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate
of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-employed.

(4) Hourly compensation divided by consumer price series. The trend
for 1978-2017 is based on the consumer price index research series
(CPI-U-RS). The change for recent quarters is based on the consumer
price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).

(5) Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.

Note: Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.

Percent changes are from preceding period and are based on original
data; they therefore may differ slightly from percent changes based
on indexes shown here.

(*) Data based on GDP data released on February 28, 2019.

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics).
COPYRIGHT 2019 Superintendent of Documents
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2019 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Economic Indicators
Date:Jan 1, 2019
Words:7330
Previous Article:TOTAL OUTPUT, INCOME, AND SPENDING.
Next Article:PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters