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EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES.

In May, employment rose by 155,000, and unemployment fell by 227,000.

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted; monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]
 Civilian
 noninstitu- Civilian employment
 tional Civilian
 population labor Agricul-
 Period NSA force Total tural

1989 186,393 123,869 117,342 3,199
1990(3) 189,164 125,840 118,793 3,223
1991 190,925 126,346 117,718 3,269
1992 192,805 128,105 118,492 3,247
1993 194,838 129,200 120,259 3,115
1994(4) 196,814 131,056 123,060 3,409
1995 198,584 132,304 124,900 3,440
1996 200,591 133,943 126,708 3,443
1997(3) 203,133 136,297 129,558 3,399
1998(3) 205,220 137,673 131,463 3,378
1998: May 204,899 137,369 131,330 3,351
 June 205,085 137,498 131,253 3,363
 July 205,270 137,407 131,176 3,423
 Aug 205,479 137,481 131,264 3,492
 Sept 205,699 138,081 131,818 3,470
 Oct 205,919 138,116 131,858 3,558
 Nov 206,104 138,193 132,113 3,348
 Dec 206,270 138,547 132,526 3,222
1999: Jan(3) 206,719 139,347 133,396 3,299
 Feb 206,873 139,271 133,144 3,328
 Mar 207,036 138,816 133,033 3,281
 Apr 207,236 139,091 133,069 3,384
 May 207,427 139,019 133,224 3,295

 Nonagricultural Unemployment

 Part time 15
 for weeks Not in
 economic and labor
 Period Total reasons(1) Total over force

1989 114,142 4,657 6,528 1,375 62,523
1990(3) 115,570 4,950 7,047 1,525 63,324
1991 114,449 5,874 8,628 2,357 64,578
1992 115,245 6,240 9,613 3,408 64,700
1993 117,144 6,230 8,940 3,094 65,638
1994(4) 119,651 4,414 7,996 2,860 65,758
1995 121,460 4,279 7,404 2,363 66,280
1996 123,264 4,123 7,236 2,316 66,647
1997(3) 126,159 3,879 6,739 2,062 66,837
1998(3) 128,025 3,501 6,210 1,637 67,547
1998: May 127,979 3,608 6,039 1,509 67,530
 June 127,890 3,618 6,245 1,641 67,587
 July 127,753 3,606 6,231 1,606 67,863
 Aug 127,772 3,339 6,217 1,644 67,998
 Sept 128,348 3,191 6,263 1,636 67,618
 Oct 128,300 3,253 6,258 1,598 67,803
 Nov 128,765 3,191 6,080 1,611 67,911
 Dec 129,304 3,257 6,021 1,578 67,723
1999: Jan(3) 130,097 3,413 5,950 1,469 67,372
 Feb 129,817 3,298 6,127 1,550 67,602
 Mar 129,752 3,374 5,783 1,434 68,220
 Apr 129,685 3,224 6,022 1,446 68,145
 May 129,929 3,247 5,795 1,523 68,408

 Percent(2)

 Labor Employ-
 force ment/ Unem-
 partici- pop- ploy-
 pation ulation ment
 Period rate ratio rate

1989 66.5 63.0 5.3
1990(3) 66.5 62.8 5.6
1991 66.2 61.7 6.8
1992 66.4 61.5 7.5
1993 66.3 61.7 6.9
1994(4) 66.6 62.5 6.1
1995 66.6 62.9 5.6
1996 66.8 63.2 5.4
1997(3) 67.1 63.8 4.9
1998(3) 67.1 64.1 4.5
1998: May 67.0 64.1 4.4
 June 67.0 64.0 4.5
 July 66.9 63.9 4.5
 Aug 66.9 63.9 4.5
 Sept 67.1 64.1 4.5
 Oct 67.1 64.0 4.5
 Nov 67.1 64.1 4.5
 Dec 67.2 64.2 4.3
1999: Jan(3) 67.4 64.5 4.3
 Feb 67.3 64.4 4.4
 Mar 67.0 64.3 4.2
 Apr 67.1 64.2 4.3
 May 67.0 64.2 4.2


(1) Persons at work. Economic reasons include slack work, material shortages, inability to find fulltime work, etc.

(2) Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian noninstitutional population; and unemployment as percent of civilian labor force.

(3) Not strictly comparable with earlier data.

(4) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods because of a major redesign of the household survey questionnaire.

NOTE.--Data beginning January 1998 reflect new composite estimate procedures. Data beginning January 1998 reflect revised population controls. For details, see February issues, Employment and Earnings.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

In May, the unemployment rate fell to 4.2 percent from 4.3 percent in April.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]
 Unemployment rate (percent of civilian
 labor force in group)

 By sex and age
 Both
 All Men Women sexes
 civilian 20 years 20 years 16-19
 Period workers and over and over years

1989 5.3 4.5 4.7 15.0
1990 5.6 5.0 4.9 15.5
1991 6.8 6.4 5.7 18.7
1992 7.5 7.1 6.3 20.1
1993 6.9 6.4 5.9 19.0
1994(2) 6.1 5.4 5.4 17.6
1995 5.6 4.8 4.9 17.3
1996 5.4 4.6 4.8 16.7
1997 4.9 4.2 4.4 16.0
1998 4.5 3.7 4.1 14.6
1998: May 4.4 3.6 3.9 14.3
 June 4.5 3.7 4.1 14.8
 July 4.5 3.8 4.0 14.2
 Aug 4.5 3.7 4.0 14.9
 Sept 4.5 3.7 4.0 15.2
 Oct 4.5 3.6 4.0 15.7
 Nov 4.4 3.5 4.0 15.0
 Dec 4.3 3.6 3.9 14.0
1999: Jan 4.3 3.4 3.7 15.5
 Feb 4.4 3.7 3.8 14.1
 Mar 4.2 3.2 3.9 14.3
 Apr 4.3 3.4 4.1 14.1
 May 4.2 3.6 3.6 12.6

 By race

 Black
 and
 Period White other Black

1989 4.5 10.0 11.4
1990 4.8 10.1 11.4
1991 6.1 11.1 12.5
1992 6.6 12.7 14.2
1993 6.1 11.7 13.0
1994(2) 5.3 10.5 11.5
1995 4.9 9.6 10.4
1996 4.7 9.3 10.5
1997 4.2 8.8 10.0
1998 3.9 7.8 8.9
1998: May 3.8 7.7 8.9
 June 4.0 7.6 8.5
 July 3.8 8.1 9.6
 Aug 3.9 7.6 8.9
 Sept 3.9 7.9 9.0
 Oct 3.9 7.6 8.6
 Nov 3.8 7.5 8.6
 Dec 3.8 7.0 7.9
1999: Jan 3.8 6.9 7.8
 Feb 3.8 7.4 8.3
 Mar 3.6 7.2 8.1
 Apr 3.8 6.9 7.7
 May 3.7 6.7 7.5

 By selected groups

 Expe-
 rienced
 wage Married Women
 and men, who
 salary spouse maintain Full-time Part-time
 Period workers present families workers(1) workers(1)

1989 5.0 3.0 8.1 5.1 6.2
1990 5.3 3.4 8.3 5.4 6.4
1991 6.6 4.4 9.3 6.8 7.0
1992 7.2 5.1 10.0 7.5 7.5
1993 6.6 4.4 9.7 6.9 7.2
1994(2) 5.9 3.7 8.9 6.1 6.0
1995 5.4 3.3 8.0 5.5 6.0
1996 5.2 3.0 8.2 5.3 5.8
1997 4.7 2.7 8.1 4.8 5.5
1998 4.3 2.4 7.2 4.3 5.3
1998: May 4.3 2.4 7.5 4.3 4.9
 June 4.3 2.2 7.1 4.4 5.2
 July 4.4 2.3 6.9 4.4 5.2
 Aug 4.4 2.3 6.8 4.4 5.3
 Sept 4.4 2.3 7.6 4.3 5.3
 Oct 4.3 2.3 6.9 4.3 5.5
 Nov 4.2 2.2 6.9 4.2 5.4
 Dec 4.1 2.3 6.3 4.2 5.2
1999: Jan 4.1 2.3 6.1 4.1 5.2
 Feb 4.1 2.4 6.5 4.3 4.9
 Mar 4.0 2.1 6.7 4.0 4.9
 Apr 4.2 2.3 7.2 4.2 4.9
 May 4.1 2.4 6.0 4.0 5.1


(1) Revised definition; for details, see Employment and Earnings, February 1994.

(2) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.

NOTE.--Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAMS

In May, the percentage of the unemployment who had been out of work for less than 5 weeks fell: the percentages for 5-14 weeks, for 15-26 weeks, and for 27 weeks and over rose. The mean duration of unemployment rose to 13.4 weeks and the median duration rose to 6.7 weeks.

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]
 Duration of unemployment

 Percent distribution
 Un-
 employ- Less 27
 ment than weeks
 (thou- 5 5-14 15-26 and
 Period sands) weeks weeks weeks over

1989 6,528 48.6 30.3 11.2 9.9
1990 7,047 46.3 32.0 11.7 10.0
1991 8,628 40.3 32.4 14.4 12.9
1992 9,613 35.1 29.4 15.1 20.3
1993 8,940 36.5 28.9 14.5 20.1
1994(3) 7,996 34.1 30.1 15.5 20.3
1995 7,404 36.5 31.6 14.6 17.3
1996 7,236 36.4 31.6 14.6 17.4
1997 6,739 37.7 31.7 14.8 15.8
1998 6,210 42.2 31.4 12.3 14.1
1998: May 6,039 42.9 32.3 11.0 13.8
 June 6,245 41.1 32.5 13.4 13.0
 July 6,231 42.3 31.8 12.6 13.3
 Aug 6,217 42.4 31.3 13.0 13.3
 Sept 6,263 42.3 31.5 11.7 14.5
 Oct 6,258 44.1 30.3 11.7 13.9
 Nov 6,080 41.5 32.3 12.2 14.0
 Dec 6,021 43.3 30.5 12.5 13.7
1999: Jan 5,950 39.9 35.1 12.8 12.1
 Feb 6,127 42.7 31.9 12.6 12.9
 Mar 5,783 42.7 32.6 12.7 12.0
 Apr 6,022 45.7 30.6 12.7 11.0
 May 5,795 42.5 31.3 13.7 12.6

 Reason for unemployment:
 Number of weeks percent distribution

 Aver- Job Job New
 age los- leav- Reen- en-
 Period (mean) Median sers(1) ers trants trants

1989 11.9 4.8 45.7 15.7 28.2 10.4
1990 12.0 5.3 48.1 14.8 27.4 9.8
1991 13.7 6.8 54.4 11.6 24.8 9.2
1992 17.7 8.7 56.1 10.4 23.8 9.7
1993 18.0 8.3 54.2 10.9 24.6 10.3
1994(3) 18.8 9.2 47.7 9.9 34.8 7.6
1995 16.6 8.3 46.9 11.1 34.1 7.8
1996 16.7 8.3 46.6 10.7 34.7 8.0
1997 15.8 8.0 45.1 11.8 34.7 8.4
1998 14.5 6.7 45.5 11.8 34.3 8.4
1998: May 14.7 6.1 45.8 12.2 33.8 8.2
 June 14.1 6.7 45.6 12.1 34.0 8.3
 July 14.3 6.7 46.4 12.5 33.5 7.7
 Aug 13.7 6.8 45.7 11.8 34.3 8.2
 Sept 14.3 6.6 45.8 11.6 34.6 8.0
 Oct 14.1 5.9 44.9 11.7 34.2 9.2
 Nov 14.4 6.7 45.2 11.1 34.9 8.8
 Dec 14.1 6.7 45.9 11.8 33.9 8.4
1999: Jan 13.4 6.9 45.5 11.8 33.6 9.1
 Feb 13.8 7.0 44.8 12.3 34.5 8.3
 Mar 13.5 6.9 44.5 13.5 34.5 7.5
 Apr 13.1 6.1 44.6 13.9 33.8 7.7
 May 13.4 6.7 45.1 13.4 34.5 7.0

 Insured
 State unem-
 programs ployment,
 all
 Insured regular
 unem- programs
 ploy- Initial (unadjust-
 Period ment claims ed)(2)

1989 2,158 330 2,205
1990 2,522 388 2,575
1991 3,342 447 3,406
1992 3,245 408 3,348
1993 2,751 341 2,845
1994(3) 2,670 340 2,739
1995 2,572 357 2,633
1996 2,595 356 2,650
1997 2,323 323 2,366
1998 2,220 320 2,255
1998: May 2,112 316 1,993
 June 2,235 353 2,073
 July 2,372 325 2,208
 Aug 2,230 305 2,224
 Sept 2,166 301 1,845
 Oct 2,195 313 1,712
 Nov 2,238 320 2,059
 Dec 2,262 323 2,320
1999: Jan 2,270 319 (r)2858
 Feb 2,228 291 2,765
 Mar 2,177 295 2,725
 Apr 2,182 308
 May (p)2,189 (p)306


(1) Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs.

(2) Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and federal (UCFE). Railroad (RR) programs included through 1993. Also includes Federal and State extended benefit programs. Does not include Federal supplemental compensation or Emergency Unemployment programs.

(3) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data for earlier periods.

NOTE.--Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured unemployment and initial claims).

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment and Training Administration.)

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT

Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey rose by 11,000 in May. (Series revised.)

[TABULAR DATA NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS

PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES

[TABULAR DATA NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX--PRIVATE INDUSTRY
 Index (June 1989=100)

 Total Wages and
 Period compensa- salaries Benefits(1)
 tion

1989: Dec 102.3 102.0 102.6
1990: Dec 107.0 106.1 109.4
1991: Dec 111.7 110.0 116.2
1992: Dec 115.6 112.9 122.2
1993: Dec 119.8 116.4 128.3
1994: Dec 123.5 119.7 133.0
1995: Dec 126.7 123.1 135.9
1996: Dec 130.6 127.3 138.6
1997: Dec 135.1 132.3 141.8
1998: Dec 139.8 137.4 145.2

 Seasonally adjusted

1995: Mar 124.5 120.6 134.0
 June 125.4 121.5 134.7
 Sept 126.1 122.4 135.2
 Dec 127.0 123.2 136.0
1996: Mar 127.9 124.4 136.2
 June 128.9 125.6 137.0
 Sept 129.7 126.4 137.7
 Dec 130.7 127.4 138.6
1997: Mar 131.6 128.5 138.9
 June 132.7 129.7 139.7
 Sept 133.7 130.9 140.3
 Dec 135.2 132.4 141.7
1998: Mar 136.1 133.6 142.2
 June 137.3 134.9 143.2
 Sept 138.7 136.5 144.1
 Dec 139.7 137.5 145.1
1999: Mar 140.2 138.1 145.4

 Percent change for

 3 months earlier

 Period Total
 compensa- Wages and Benefits
 tion salaries

 Not seasonally adjusted

1989: Dec ... ... ...
1990: Dec ... ... ...
1991: Dec ... ... ...
1992: Dec ... ... ...
1993: Dec ... ... ...
1994: Dec ... ... ...
1995: Dec ... ... ...
1996: Dec ... ... ...
1997: Dec ... ... ...
1998: Dec ... ... ...

 Seasonally adjusted

1995: Mar 0.6 0.8 0.4
 June .7 .7 .5
 Sept .6 .7 .4
 Dec .7 .7 .6
1996: Mar .7 1.0 .1
 June .8 1.0 .6
 Sept .6 .6 .5
 Dec .8 .8 .7
1997: Mar .7 .9 .2
 June .8 .9 .6
 Sept .8 .9 .4
 Dec 1.1 1.1 1.0
1998: Mar .7 .9 .4
 June .9 1.0 .7
 Sept 1.0 1.2 .6
 Dec .7 .7 .7
1999: Mar .4 .4 .2

 Percent change for

 12 months earlier

 Period Total
 compensa- Wages and Benefits
 tion salaries

1989: Dec 4.8 4.1 6.1
1990: Dec 4.6 4.0 6.6
1991: Dec 4.4 3.7 6.2
1992: Dec 3.5 2.6 5.2
1993: Dec 3.6 3.1 5.0
1994: Dec 3.1 2.8 3.7
1995: Dec 2.6 2.8 2.2
1996: Dec 3.1 3.4 2.0
1997: Dec 3.4 3.9 2.3
1998: Dec 3.5 3.9 2.4

 Not seasonally adjusted

1995: Mar 2.9 2.9 2.9
 June 2.8 2.9 2.6
 Sept 2.6 2.8 2.1
 Dec 2.6 2.8 2.2
1996: Mar 2.7 3.2 1.6
 June 2.9 3.4 1.7
 Sept 2.9 3.3 1.8
 Dec 3.1 3.4 2.0
1997: Mar 3.0 3.4 2.0
 June 2.9 3.3 2.0
 Sept 3.2 3.6 2.0
 Dec 3.4 3.9 2.3
1998: Mar 3.5 4.0 2.3
 June 3.5 4.0 2.6
 Sept 3.8 4.3 2.6
 Dec 3.5 3.9 2.4
1999: Mar 3.0 3.3 2.2


(1) Employer costs for employee benefits.

NOTE:-- The employment cost index is a measure of the change of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries.

Data exclude farm and household workers.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR

[TABULAR DATA NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]3
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Publication:Economic Indicators
Article Type:Illustration
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 1999
Words:3182
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