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EGYPT - Abu Madi - Petrobel.

The biggest gas field in Egypt, Abu Madi, was found onshore in 1967 by Agip (IEOC) which developed it in the 1970s. With its producing wells increased to 21 and facilities expanded by end-1992, the field has a capacity of 400 MCF/d. Its plants can produce 7,000 b/d of condensates and 200 t/d of LPG. Abu Madi has important extensions, some in production and others being developed, in which IEOC has other partners. IEOC's Nile Delta and Mediterranean blocks have proven remaining gas reserves of 14 TCF. IEOC's parent group ENI has a 1998-2002 programme to spend $2 bn in developing gas fields off the northern coast.

Al Qar'a, the biggest onshore extension north of Abu Madi found in 1985, produces 190 MCF/ day of gas, 3,700 b/d of condensate and 200 t/d of LPG. It is held by the Nile Delta Oil Co. (Nidco), a JV of EGPC (50%), IEOC (37.5%, operator) and BP Amoco (12.5%). It went on stream in April 1992 at 112 MCF/d from eight wells. It was developed further in 1997 to raise output from less than 170 MCF/d, and more condensates and LPG. Finds added to the stream included Khalala, Nidco-9 and Al Qar'a NW-1. The latter, found in Jan. 1994, tested 30 MCF/d of gas and 200 b/d of condensate from a 20-metre thick zone. Qar'a gas is processed at the Abu Madi facilities.

In the East Mediterranean offshore, IEOC has a number of major gas fields in deep waters, with about 10 TCF of reserves. The biggest are Temsah, Port Fuad, Wakar and Halawa. With the exception of Halawa, these fields are held by EGPC and IEOC. BP Amoco has interests in most of them. The fields lie mostly in 3,820/4,075 metre-deep Miocene formations.

Port Fuad, a field 35 km from Port Fuad (near Port Said), is a big gas field found in 1992 by IEOC. It lies in Petrobel's offshore North Port Said block. With reserves proven so far at 3 TCF and lying at a depth of 4,000 metres, Port Fuad and satellite fields, came on stream in April 1996 to produce 70 MCF/d of gas and 3,500 b/d of condensate from four wells tied to an unmanned platform remotely controlled from the shore. The output has since risen considerably with the addition of several finds, including Sigan field which IEOC found in Nov. 1997 about 54 km north of Port Said, and the stream is linked to the national gas network by a 25-km pipeline. Onshore facilities at Port Said, 36 km away and on stream since 1996, treat the gas. Under the JV's agreement, the gas is split 75/25 in favour of EGPC, as in the case of the other new ventures. (IEOC had first found gas from a Port Fuad well in 1982 but it later relinquished the block to EGPC. In 1991 it took that area again as a sole right holder, with the block set at 1,200 sq km, and later began deep drilling near the 1982 well. The 1992 find led to drilling of three more wells. The four wells tested 42 MCF/d of gas & 2,000 b/d of condensate).

Wakar, in the same block 20 km north-west of Port Fuad and 17 km north of Port Said, has proven reserves of 1.5 TCF. The pay zone is at a depth of 4,000 metres. It began production in February 1997 from a platform similar to that of Port Fuad, then with a capacity of 42 MCF/day of dry gas and 2,740 b/d of condensate. The output has since risen considerably. IEOC and EGPC in October 1997 signed an agreement under which the Agip unit built a 42-km gas pipeline from the Port Said processing plant to serve Egyptian users in Sinai. With a capacity of 4 BCM/year, it went on stream in late 1999 at the cost of about $60m. The line complements water pipelines to be built under the Suez Canal to bring fresh water from the Nile to Sinai.

Darfil in IEOC's Port Fuad block, came on stream in 1997. According to EGPC's magazine 'Petroleum' in September 1999, Darfil in Jan-June 1999 produced 508,600 tons of oil equivalent. East Delta, a smaller field in IEOC's East East Delta block which came on stream in 1996, produced 547,000 tons oe in 1997, 467,000 tons oe in 1998 and 262,500 tons oe in Jan-June 1999, according to 'Petroleum'.

IEOC/BP Amoco - Mediterranean Gas Co. (MGC) was formed in Feb. 1997 as a JV of EGPC, IEOC and BP Amoco to develop big gas fields in four offshore blocks: Temsah and East Delta Deep Marine operated by IEOC, and Baltim and Ras El Barr operated by BP Amoco. Gas production from them began in late 1999. IEOC and BP Amoco hold interests in 12 blocks in the Nile Delta and nearby offshore areas. The four MGC blocks are the only ones in which IEOC and BP Amoco are equal partners and their equity in the JVs with EGPC is 25% in each case. MGC will produce over 1,000 MCF/day by 2003/4. Most of the gas will be exported by pipeline or in LNG form.

Temsah, with proven reserves estimated at 3 TCF, has been on stream since early 1997 and will be a major producer. The field, in the Timsah block off Damietta north-west of Wakar and near Al Qar'a, lies at a depth of 13,300 ft, with 260 feet of waters. It has important extensions developed and put on stream at end-1999. Other fields in this block include Denise North, in about 374 ft of water having gas in formations at depths of 4,308-4,981 ft. The first Temsah find in early 1996 tested 35 MCF/d of gas and 2,400 b/d of condensate. The block is held 50% by EGPC, 25% by IEOC (operator) and 25% by BP Amoco. Temsah has a main unmanned platform directly linked to an onshore processing plant.

Baltim, a big offshore Mediterranean field developed by IEOC, came on stream in late 1999. Soon it would be producing 150 MCF/d. Its plateau capacity is to be 460 MCF/d. It is one of five Mediterranean fields just developed for a total plateau capacity of 1,500 MCF/d. The others are Ha'py and Seth operated by BP Amoco, Rosetta operated by BG and IEOC's Timsah extensions.Balteem is one of the biggest offshore discoveries in the East Mediterranean made by Amoco in July 1993. The Baltim block, under the same name, is held 50% by EGPC, 25% by Amoco (the operator) and 25% by IEOC. The gas lies in a Messinian Fm of Abu Madi sands at a depth of 12,835 feet and in 144 feet of water. The discovery well tested 31.6 MCF/d of gas and 586 b/d of condensate. Baltim is 25 km from the shore. It has three unmanned platforms and an onshore processing plant near Abu Madi.

IEOC's Baltim South, excluded from the MGC, came on stream in Feb. 1997 at 11.6 MCF/d of gas and 315 b/d of condensates, both of which being piped to the Al Qar'a processing plant. Also excluded from the MGC is East Baltim, in a separate block in which BP Amoco is EGPC's sole partner and operator. East Baltim is rich in gas.

In announcing its $2 bn 1998-2002 plan, IEOC said in Oct. 1997 about $700m were for drilling 50 gas wells. It was also to conduct geological studies and expand its gas production system and pipeline infrastructure.

Ras El Barr, a very rich gas block off the Delta coast where Amoco first found gas/condensates in early 1995, is about 45 km off the town of Damietta. It includes the giant gas fields of Ha'py and Seth and their satellites in Pliocene Kafr Al Shaikh formations, with 4 TCF of proven gas reserves and a big reserve of condensate, developed and put on stream at end-1999 by BP Amoco. Their output was 284 MCF/d in the initial phase and should exceed 300 MCF/d in 2000, with condensate ouput to rise gradually. The fields have an unmanned, remote-controlled platform in 260 ft of water. The gas is pumped through an 81-km pipeline to a new processing plant built 20 km west of Port Said.

Amoco and IEOC on Nov. 4, 1997 signed with EGPC a long-awaited contract whereby EGPC was to buy the gas, on a take-or-pay basis, for domestic consumption for a period of 25 years.

The East Delta block, another gas-rich area operated by IEOC, is held 50% by EGPC. The other partners are TotalFina, Elf and Repsol. One discovery there made in July 1990 about 30 km from Abu Madi tested 10.3 MCF/d of gas and 1,100 b/d of condensate. Halawa, discovered in Feb. 1992 S-W of Lake Al Manzala, tested 55 MCF/d of gas and 900 b/d of condensate from two pay zones at a depth of 10,300 ft. Halawa, with proven reserves of 1 TCF, produces 42 MCF/day of gas and 500 b/d of condensate. The output is piped to a treatment plant at Port Said which came on stream in 1996.

The Offshore North Sinai block, where BP Amoco is EGPC's sole partner and operator, is another gas-rich area. In Feb. 1997, Amoco discovered the Tao-1 well there in 190 ft of water and struck a 39-ft zone, with about 500 ft of productive sands. The Kamose-1 well, found in April 1997, lies in 98 ft of water in a 269-ft gas-bearing rock in a Pliocene Kafr Al Shaikh Fm. The second well there, Seti Plio-1 in 280 ft of water, struck 120 ft of gas-bearing rock in the same Fm. These confirmed a rapidly expanding Pliocene gas trend on the eastern edge of the Delta running from Ha'py field, in the Ras El Barr block, about 100 km north-west of Tao-1. By then a zone stretching from the east of Alexandria to Port Fuad had become the most prolific gas province in Egypt and one of the largest in the world. BP Amoco, the largest concession holder in the Nile Delta and its offshore extensions, is spending over $1 bn on developing its finds.
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Comment:EGYPT - Abu Madi - Petrobel.
Publication:APS Review Gas Market Trends
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:7EGYP
Date:Jan 10, 2000
Words:1753
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