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EFFECTIVE AND BETTER HEALING OF ALVEOLAR OSTEITIS USING TURMERIC.

Byline: Muhammad Fazal Hussain Qureshi, Mahira Lakhani and Muzna Shah

Alveolar osteitis (dry socket) is a disruption of the healing process at the extraction site after clot formation but before wound organization. It is characterized by moderate to severe pain at the extraction site that usually begins 2 to 3 days after surgery, often in the presence of a necrotic odour and a greyish discharge. It is more common in females1. Zinc Oxide Eugenol (ZOE) is the most commonly used dressing for alveolar osteitis2. It includes zinc oxide that combined with other materials to form a paste which is used to cover the extraction sockets. They provide a physical barrier against the entry of food or other materials. Eugenol has been shown to have anaesthetic properties. These properties are often desirable in the presence of inflammation to reduce postoperative pain. However, it has also been associated with contact allergy at low doses and cytotoxicity at high doses3. Turmeric is a natural herb with amazing healing properties.

It has been used as traditional remedy in ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. It has powerful anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties4. A study published in the Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research that was conducted in India signifies that turmeric proves to be a better treatment for alveolar osteitis than ZOE. Study found that the use of turmeric at the site of an injury by topical application promotes healing of wounds. The results of study clearly indicated that turmeric accelerates wound healing process and has great potential for wound healing. The significance was established using p-values5. This study will open new horizons for better treatment opportunities using natural products for wound healings which prove to be much more effective than the current pharmacological treatment which cause side effects. Natural products provide a cost effective and side effect free treatment.

REFERENCES

1. Mamoun J. Dry Socket Etiology, Diagnosis, and clinical treatment techniques. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018; 44(2): 52-8.

2. Chandak AH, Deshmukh SP, Radke UM, Banerjee RS, Mowade TK, Rathi A. An in vitro study to evaluate and compare the flow property of different commercially available zinc oxide eugenol impression materials. Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2018; 9 (Suppl-1): S137-S41.

3. Freedman M, Stassen LF. Commonly used topical oral wound dressing materials in dental and surgical practice - a literature review. J Ir Dent Assoc 2013; 59(4): 190-5.

4. Prasad S, Tyagi AK, Siddik ZH, Aggarwal BB. Curcumin-free turmeric exhibits activity against human hct-116 colon tumor xenograft: comparison with curcumin and whole turmeric. Front Pharmacol 2017; 8: 871.

5. Lone PA, Ahmed SW, Prasad V, Ahmed B. Role of turmeric in management of alveolar osteitis (dry socket): A randomised clinical study. J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2018; 8(1): 44-7.

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Publication:Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal
Date:Oct 31, 2018
Words:500
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