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Durham has a glorious past - but what now for the future? Cricket correspondent STUART RAYNER on the history of Durham County Cricket Club, which on Monday was relegated from county cricket's first division, suffered a 48-point penalty next season and had the right to host Test matches withdrawn - all of this the price that had to be paid for the club being bailed out.

ALTHOUGH Durham County Cricket Club is 134 years old, not until next year will they celebrate their 25th anniversary as a First-Class side.

The Riversiders joined English cricket's top tier with ambitions to become one of its leading lights, and after struggling badly in the first 12 years, the fruits of the labours of pioneers such as Don Robson and Geoff Cook turned them into one of the country's most successful clubs.

Durham achieved the balancing act of being successful in their own right and providing top-quality players for the national team while bringing top-level cricket to a new audience.

Here we look at the history of a club which was saved from extinction by the England and Wales Cricket Board on Monday, but who have lost their position as one of the game's leading lights as a result.

May 23, 1882: Durham County Cricket Club formed at the Three Tuns Hotel June 12, 1882: First match, a fourwicket win over Northumberland in Sunderland 1895: Join inaugural Minor Counties Championship, finishing joint winners with Norfolk June 30, 1973: First Minor County to beat First-Class opposition in the Gillette Cup, with a five-wicket victory over Yorkshire August 16, 1982: Record 65th Minor Counties game unbeaten, a run stretching over six years 1984: Win Minor Counties Championship for record-equalling ninth time March 1989: Committee decide to apply for First-Class status Winter 1990: Geoff Cook becomes director of cricket, a post he still holds December 6, 1990: Awarded First-Class status, the country's first new side since Glamorgan in 1921 September 16, 1991: Australia's Dean Jones officially signs as overseas pro during a friendly between his state side, Victoria, and Durham.

September 28, 1991: Ian Botham joins April 14-16, 1992: Opening First-Class match, a draw at Oxford University April 19, 1992: First competitive match, at home to Lancashire in the Sunday League. Durham win by nine runs April 25-29, 1992: Maiden County Championship match, against Leicestershire at Racecourse.

June 2-4, 1992: First Championship win, against Somerset at Darlington by eight wickets June 4-8, 1992: Botham becomes first Durham player to play Test cricket for England, against Pakistan June 2-6, 1994: Warwickshire's Brian Lara scores world-record 501 not out against Durham at Edgbaston May 18-22, 1995: Riverside hosts maiden First-Class game as Warwickshire draw with Durham July 25-29, 1996: Sunderland's Simon Brown is first locally-born player capped by England, against Pakistan. It is his only Test September 1996: Academy formed. Among the first intake is 17-year-old Ashington fast bowler Stephen Harmison April 1997: Former Australia star David Boon becomes first overseas captain May 20, 1997: Kevin Keegan Turn to Page 30 From Page 29 opens phase two of Riverside before match against Australia May 13, 1998: Michael Gough becomes first academy graduate to play First-Class cricket for Durham.

April 1999: In a national rebranding exercise, Durham are nicknamed the "Dynamos" in one-day cricket May 20, 1999: Riverside hosts international cricket for first time as Pakistan beat Scotland at the World Cup.

July 13, 1999: Durham beat Derbyshire at Riverside in North East's first floodlit game September 18, 1999: With Championship to be split into two divisions for the first time in 2000, Durham qualify for Division One with a draw against Leicestershire. They were relegated at the end of their first season July 15, 2000: England play at Riverside for the first time as a 15,000 sell-out crowd see them beat West Indies by ten wickets June 7, 2001: Shotley Bridge's Paul Collingwood makes England oneday debut against Pakistan September 9, 2001: Durham finish second in Division Two of National (one-day) League, winning promotion November 14, 2001: Riverside awarded Test status from 2003, the first new English Test ground since Bramall Lane, Sheffield, in 1902 July 4, 2002: Riverside hosts first floodlit international, England versus Pakistan. Collingwood becomes first Durham player to represent England there August 8-12, 2002: Harmison is first academy graduate to play Test cricket for England, taking 8-177 in a draw with India at Trent Bridge June 5-9, 2003: Harmison takes the final wicket as England beat Zimbabwe by an innings and 69 runs in Riverside's first Test August 20-23, 2003: Martin Love makes 273 against Hampshire at Riverside - still a Durham record December 2, 2003: After 42 ODIs, Collingwood makes his Test debut against Sri Lanka in Galle March 11-14, 2004: Harmison records Test-best bowling figures of 7-12 against West Indies in first Test at Sabina Park May 18, 2004: Clive Leach named new chairman. In partnership with chief executive David Harker, he leads push for a more competitive side May 26, 2004: Harmison reaches No.1 in world rankings for Test bowlers June 29, 2004: Harmison plays international cricket at Riverside for the first time, although New Zealand win the ODI August 24, 2004: An EGM votes overwhelmingly in favour of reforms Leach wanted in the running of the club. A new limited company is formed April 6, 2005: Harmison one of five Wisden Cricketers of the Year April 13, 2005: Australian captain Mike Hussey hits 249 on his debut against Leicestershire at Grace Road June 3-7, 2005: Harmison takes six wickets as England beat Bangladesh by an innings and 27 runs in second Test at Riverside September 17, 2005: A draw with Northants secures promotion to First Division of the Championship September 18, 2005: Durham beat Somerset to book their place in Division One of the one-day league too November 29, 2005: Liam Plunkett makes Test debut against Pakistan as England field three Durham players (Harmison and Collingwood are the others) for the first time March 2, 2006: Collingwood makes first of ten Test centuries, against India at Nagpur April 2006: Dale Benkenstein is appointed captain March 1, 2007: Geoff Cook adds job of head coach to his responsibilities again after Martyn Moxon quits June 28, 2007: Collingwood becomes Durham's first England captain, taking charge of Twenty20 international against West Indies July 21, 2007: Gibson becomes the first - and to date only - Durham player to take ten wickets in an innings, claiming 10-47 against Hampshire at Riverside August 18-19, 2007: Beat Hampshire by 125 runs to win first major silverware, the Friends Provident Trophy, at rain-hit Lord's September 15, 2007: Beat Glamorgan by 70 runs to win Pro40 Division Two, and promotion August 3, 2008: Collingwood resigns as England's ODI captain along with Test counterpart Michael Vaughan. He captained them once more against Ireland in 2009 September 27, 2008: Beat Kent at Canterbury to win first Championship in Benkenstein's last game as four-day captain September 9-12, 2009: Defeat Notts at Riverside to retain the Championship under Will Smith May 16, 2010: Collingwood captains England to their first world championship, beating Australia in the World Twenty20 final March 11, 2011: Collingwood's 197th and last ODI appearance, an England record, at the World Cup against Bangladesh. He represented his country 300 times in all formats August 24, 2011: Academy graduates Ben Stokes and Scott Borthwick make England debuts in a one-day international in Ireland, aged 20 and 21 respectively July 3, 2012: After a poor start to the season, Phil Mustard is sacked as captain and replaced by Collingwood. The former England captain misses his first game in charge through injury but leads them to Division One safety September 7, 2012: Durham deducted points for slightly breaching the salary cap in 2012.

August 9-12, 2013: England retain the Ashes after beating Australia by 74 runs in what will be the only Ashes Test at Chester-le-Street September 19, 2013: Durham win their third Championship with a side made up of academy graduates and with no overseas player December 5, 2013: Stokes makes his Test debut on England's disastrous tour of Australia.

January 3, 2014: Borthwick makes his Test debut at Sydney May 25, 2014: England lose a oneday international against Sri Lanka by 157 runs at the Riverside September 20, 2014: Durham beat Warwickshire at Lord's to win their second One-Day Cup August 8, 2015: Ashington's Mark Wood claims the final wicket as England regain the Ashes at Trent Bridge January 3, 2016: Stokes hits the second fastest double hundred in Test history, for England in South Africa May 27-30, 2016: Alastair Cook becomes the first England batsman to make 10,000 Test runs as England beat Sri Lanka at Chester-le-Street. Yhe match is very poorly attended, raising questions over whether it will be the final Test at the Riverside July 26, 2016: Mark Stoneman sacked as limited-overs captain after announcing he is to join Surrey. Borthwick later follows suit August 20, 2016: Durham produce an outstanding performance to beat Yorkshire and reach their first Twenty20 final. But they are beaten by Northamptonshire September 23, 2016: Durham's final-day victory condemns Hampshire to relegation - or so we thought October 3, 2016: Durham are relegated from the 2016 First Division, docked 48 points for the 2017 Championship, four for the Twenty20 Cup and two in the One-Day Cup. The Riverside is removed from the Test rota, Durham are handed a stricter salary cap for the next three years, are prevented from developing their ground without ECB permission, and told prize money will be withheld until their debts to the governing body are repaid. The ECB will take control of the running of the club from the current board and the county becomes a community interest company. In return the ECB clears PS3m of Durham's PS7.5m debt HONOURS County Championship winners: 2008, 2009, 2013 One-Day Cup winners: 2007 and 2014 Twenty20 runners-up: 2016 Division Two Pro40 champions: 2007 Promotion to County Championship Division One in 2005 (in 2nd place) Promotion to National League Division One 2005 (in 2nd place)

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The Riverside ground at Chester-le-Street is never less than picturesque - but the empty seats for May's Test match between England and Sri Lanka did not help the cash flow

Steve Harmison, left, and Paul Collingwood, giants in the Durham story
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Title Annotation:Sport
Publication:The Journal (Newcastle, England)
Geographic Code:9PAKI
Date:Oct 5, 2016
Words:1648
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