Don Gale logs 1,235,000th word.
The effort is remarkable not only for its volume and longevity but also because it continues while most other broadcasters have been too timid or reluctant to follow suit. Some who have done editorials have given them up. Only about 200 radio and TV stations across the country (there are around 11,000) editorialize at all, only a sprinkling do so regularly, and even fewer every day. At only a few does one person both write and deliver them, as Gale does.
Speaking out, especially on emotional issues, can be dangerous and a nuisance to stations by alienating listeners and viewers. A station has to believe that the benefits to the community and itself of being an opinion leader, or at least stating its opinion as a corporate member of the community, outweigh the risks.
KSL's editorials air three times each weekday on radio, at 6:20 a.m., noon and 3:20 p.m., and twice on television, at 12:55 and 6:56 p.m., following the news. For the first eight years, Gale wrote seven a week. Never having missed a day is especially notable in view of Gale's many travels. He is vice president for news and public affairs of KSL's parent company, Bonneville International Corp., and spends a lot of time on the road at trade meetings and visiting BIC's 16 other radio stations. He keeps up to pace on writing the editorials by doing a batch ahead of time when it's necessary.
As every writer knows, it's tougher to write tightly than to let oneself spray words all over. The editorials not only have to be succinct but have to provide enough background and evidences to be meaningful and logical, and they must be simple without talking down to the listener. And they of course have to be interesting, they can't be stuffy, and they must not sound pompous.
Gale's skill has won him a raft of awards national and local, including one of the most prestigious, a Society of Professional Journalists' distinguished service award for broadcast editorializing.
KSL got into editorializing because Arch Madsen, now the president emeritus of Bonneville, thought the stations had an obligation to do so. Madsen also insisted that the editorials deal with a broad range of topics, including the international issues he thought important to Utahns. "The Yangtze River runs down Main Street," he told his staff.
Gale says the staff struggled for months at the outset to develop an editorial policy. There are, he says, no taboos. "Everything is up for grabs" in meetings of the KSL editorial board, which meets every week.
The topics are provocative to outrage opponents, who demand and get a chance to respond on air. About one in ten editorials is a rebuttal - more since Gale urged the governor to veto the pro-gun bill in the last legislature.
The FCC actually forbade broadcasters from editorializing in 1941 but reversed itself in 1949. The commission reasoned in 1949 that broadcasters should editorialize as a part of their responsibility to deal with important issues as long as it provided opportunity for other sides to be heard.
That's how the FCC's "Fairness Doctrine" began. The FCC required broadcasters to seek out controversial issues in the community, to give adequate time to their discussion, and to treat them with fairness and balance. Contrary to a widely held belief, the Fairness Doctrine never required stations to give "equal time" to all sides as does a provision (Section 315) of the FCC Act that applies only to time afforded to political candidates.
Under the deregulation thrust of the Reagan years, the FCC abandoned the fairness rule in 1987.
Gale himself confesses some ambivalence about the doctrine. He philosophically is opposed any legal action that opposes unfettered speech. But he disagrees with industry newspeople who say the Fairness Doctrine actually had a chilling effect on airtime discussion. They say broadcasters feared they would run into conflict with the rule when they chose to deal with sensitive subjects. Gale says the evidences are that the rule had a positive effect on stimulating public discussion.
And public discussion, he says, is what KSL is after. "We don't claim to have a monopoly on truth, and I don't worry at all when people disagree with me."
RELATED ARTICLE: #5,000
If you will pardon a personal reference, this is the five thousandth editorial I have written and delivered for KSL.
You understand, of course, that these comments represent the sentiments of the KSL editorial board. I merely research, write, and present those sentiments.
But over the past 17 years, you have honored me by inviting me into your home or car or office on at least a few of those 5,000 occasions. I'm told it is unusual for one person to last so long in a position such as this. Perhaps there should be term limits for editorial writers. In any case, I owe my longevity to your kindness and your patience.
Since every KSL Editorial is exactly 247 words long, 5,000 editorials comes to 1,235,00 words. By design, few were angry words - because angry words stir anger, not thoughtfulness . . . and few were cynical words - because cynicism destroys faith and confidence.
Many of you have reacted to our editorials with words of your own . . . in writing or by telephone. I try to respond to your concerns, but sometimes the sheer volume makes it impossible. I am also honored by those who say 'hello" on the street or at public gatherings.
Lest this sound like a farewell, I plan to continue writing editorials for a few more years - with your indulgence.
Again, thank you for listening to at least a few of those 5,000 KSL editorials.
Milton Hollstein is a professor of communication at the University of Utah. This article is reprinted from the Deseret News.
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Title Annotation:||includes related article; KSL radio and television station's editorial writer|
|Date:||Sep 22, 1995|
|Previous Article:||Editorial pages become more useful.|
|Next Article:||Mary C. Bingham, 1905-1995.|