(or Doomsday Book; ME, domesday, " day of judgment " ; 1086) Latin record of a census and survey of most of England. It was compiled at the order of William the Conqueror. All property is described and evaluated in detail, along with a census of its inhabitants and its domestic animals, as of (1) the time of Edward the Confessor, (2) the time of William's bestowal of the estates on their new owners, and (3) the time of the survey and future potential. The records were probably so named because they were the final authority for property litigation; they served as the basis for tax assessments until 1522. Other similar records were often called the Domesday Book of a given locality; E. L. Masters used the title for a collection of verse (1920).