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Doctrine reengineering and WIKI pilot program.

The intent of this project is to:

* Make doctrine more responsive to the user.

* More effectively maintain Army doctrine by redefining what doctrine contains.

* Make doctrine more accessible to the user.

To do this, the Army must change how to categorize doctrine and how to develop and maintain it. There are several tasks to the project. First, the Army will reduce the amount of doctrine to a manageable level, that which can be kept current with the current doctrine resources. Two key elements apply to this task-reduce the number of manuals and reduce the size of manuals. Both elements will make it easier to write and maintain doctrine that is current. Second, the Army will move much of doctrine from the current category of field manuals (FM) to a new category of manual-the Army tactics, techniques, and procedures (ATTP). The majority of ATTP will be updated through a wiki-like process that allows users in the field to make changes to the ATTP.

The U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) commander's intent for this is encapsulated in the following guidance provided to the Combined Arms Center (CAC):

* FMs: The principles. Enduring. The vocabulary of our profession. Posted on-line in read-only format. Non-negotiable with our audience. Foundation of Programs of Instruction. Revised very carefully and deliberately.

* ATTP: Informed by current events. Adaptable. Posted on-line in open collaboration (Wiki). Revised whenever someone takes the time to log on and share their professional experiences. Self-governing. Periodic review by proponents.

To accomplish this goal, the Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate (CADD) has thoroughly scrubbed existing doctrine to determine what to retain as doctrine and what to move into some other category. The first step was to redefine these categories. Without going into detail, the following discussions were used as working definitions until Army and TRADOC regulations that deal with doctrine can be formally changed.

An FM is a Department of the Army publication that contains doctrine principles, with common and enduring TTPs that apply across the force, and that describes how the Army and its organizations operate while conducting operations and training for those operations. FMs pertain to the operating force, and those parts of the generating forces that deploy with, or directly support, that force in the conduct of operations.

An FM will contain information that:

* Is intended to apply to forces worldwide and is not limited to specific areas of responsibilities, joint operations areas, or countries.

* Relates to the conduct of combined arms operations or applies to two or more proponencies or branches.

* Has enduring qualities such that the information is intended to be applicable for an indefinite period.

* Explains how various echelons function during operations.

* Describes how the forces operate using internal techniques and procedures that apply across multiple echelons, branches, and proponencies.

* Or, is the keystone publication for a proponent.

An FM does not contain the following types of information or instructions:

* How the Army operates in garrison or is administered.

* Techniques or procedures for the conduct of training (except FM 7-0, Training for Full Spectrum Operations).

* Details on maintaining, using, operating or training on equipment, to include weapons or weapons systems.

* TTP that have a limited shelf life (pertain to specific enemies, locations, or ongoing operations). These TTP are covered by ATTP manuals (see below), lessons learned, best practices, and local area networks.

* Prescriptive information that directs detailed procedures that must be followed precisely. information that is prescriptive is not normally included in FMs but in other publications. The exceptions to this are terms and symbols.

An ATTP manual relates primarily to the conduct of a single branch, functional area, or company, troop, battery, or lower echelons and staff sections. Updating ATTP manuals will be a wiki-like process patterned after Wikipedia. On 2 July, TRADOC launched a pilot program placing seven draft and current FMs and ATTPs on an Army Knowledge Online (AKO) doctrine wiki site. Department of Defense (DOD) personnel can quickly access the site, review the text, and add changes to the documents on-line. This wiki venue will enable DOD personnel, especially Soldiers, to input valuable TTPs quickly from their current deployments and recent experiences. Such immediate input will make TTP more relevant to today's warfighter. Wiki doctrine aims to ensure input is contributed to ATTPs at the widest and lowest levels of the Army versus a small section of subject matter experts. Personnel can access the web site with a common access card or AKO username and password at Civilian and military personnel are encouraged to visit this site and make changes to these manuals which can be accessed through AKO using the following procedure:

* First log on to AKO.

* On the tool bar, select Self Service, then My Doctrine. This will take one to the Army Publishing Directorate's (APD) doctrine repository.

* Look in the left-hand column for the ATTP Pilot button.

* Click this button to enter the Army Doctrine Portal.

* From here, access and make changes to the test publications. A good place to start is the Getting Started and Army Doctrine Portal Rules of Conduct.

In addition to creating this distinction between FMs and ATTP manuals, the Army has also pared down the number of publications considered to be doctrine. All gunnery manuals and all handbooks are moving into the training circular (TC) category. Many highly technical publications are moving into the general subject technical manual (TM) category. This will allow doctrine writers to focus on the conduct of operations in the field. Finally, many FMs that no longer apply to the current and projected force are being rescinded.

When all these changes are accomplished, the figures will tally close to these lines:

* To remain as FMs-94.

* To become ATTP-257.

* Rescind outdated FMs-74.

* Move to TMs all FMs that deal with technical procedures-62.

* Move to TCs all FMs that deal primarily with training-40.

Criteria for reducing the size of manuals. In addition to reducing the number of FMs, the Army will reduce the size of those manuals that remain. The target size is 200 or less pages. A few of the top-level manuals may exceed this limit to provide the overarching constructs that will eliminate the need for repetition in subordinate FMs. The guiding principle is to not duplicate information contained in other publications. This ensures that doctrine is consistent, avoids unnecessary duplication and modification, and ensures that FMs do not automatically become obsolete when other FMs are revised. Specifics will be included in a rewrite of TRADOC doctrine regulation.

Doctrine Education and Training Board. In addition to reengineering the doctrine process and structure, CAC has stood up a Doctrine Education and Training Board to evaluate how best to inculcate doctrine into the force, both the generating and the operating force. Part of the TRADOC CG's guidance was that FMs are to be the "Foundation of Programs of Instruction." In addition, the Army needs to do a better job of advising and informing the field of changes in doctrine and the implications for the DOTMLPF domains. The Doctrine Education and Training Board will look for programs that can improve the Army's knowledge and use of doctrine.

Doctrine DVD. The APD Website (accessible through AKO at contains all unclassified doctrine publications. APD has also published a set of DVDs (EM 0205 IDN 990003, dated 1 December 2008) with all Army FMs on it. One disc contains all FMs that are Distribution Unrestricted. The second contains those FMs that are Distribution Restricted. Using the DVDs enables one to download the entire doctrine library onto a hard drive even without internet access or bandwidths limiting download capabilities from the Website. This is a significant upgrade from the previous CD ROM set but still needs to be better. CADD would like any ideas for making this more user friendly or more useful. Please send any suggestions to

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Publication:Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin
Date:Jul 1, 2009
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