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Diversity of Saprotrophic Anamorphic Ascomycetes from native forests in Argentina: an updated review/Diversidad de Ascomycetes Anamorficos Saprotrofos de los bosques nativos de Argentina: una revision actual.

INTRODUCTION

Fungi represent some of the most vital organisms on the planet, not only due to the role they perform in ecosystems, but also due to their influence on man and related activities (Mueller & Bills, 2004). However, scarce information on most species is available, and estimations about their number are likely to be significantly different. This need to obtain further data on the taxonomic biodiversity has greatly influenced evolutionary biology. An estimate of 1.5 million fungal species is currently used, though it has been severely criticized. Data about geographical distributions, levels of endemicity and host specificity must be taken into account when the whole fungal diversity is evaluated (Muller & Schmit, 2007).

Functional properties of the ecosystem are stabilized by fungal species diversity (Kennedy & Gewin, 1997). In consequence, the response of microbial biodiversity to certain environmental conditions is essential to understand the impact of anthropogenic action on its sustainability (Turco et al., 1994).

Despite the importance of fungi in the above mentioned processes, little attention has been paid to their role in ecosystems and conservation of biodiversity (Hawksworth, 2001). Unlike agricultural crops, native forests as well as soil and water are vital systems with autoconservation and autoregulation capacity. They present maximal complexity, covering a wide range of tangible and intangible benefits that are indispensable for life on this planet. According to the Forest Department, Ministry of Social Development, Argentina in 2002 (modified by Frangi et al., 2004), eight major forest areas can be characterized in Argentina: 1) Chaco forest, 2) Misiones rain forest, 3) Tucuman-Bolivia forest (Yunga), 4) Andean-Patagonean forest, 5) "Monte", 6) "Espinal", 7) fluvial forests that are near the Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay rivers, and 8) "Talares" in the Pampean region. The aim of this work was to review the available information concerning biodiversity of micro-fungi (anamorphic Ascomycota) that live in native forests of Argentina, starting from the early collections of Spegazzini to present.

CURRENT DATA ON ANAMORPHIC ASCOMYCOTA IN NATIVE FORESTS

Table 1 shows the list of anamorphic Ascomycota species identified in each area of native forests from Argentina.

1. Chaco forest

No systematic study on these fungi has been carried out. For this reason, knowledge about mycobiota in this area is poor; only 4 micromycete species were identified.

2. Misiones rain forest

Lignolytic and cellulolytic Basidiomycota species could be found in this forest, though a few anamorphic species were identified. These studies were done by Spegazzini (1898, 1908, 1919) who described 26 micro fungal species, of which 23 were found to be new species.

3. Tucuman-Bolivia forest (Yunga)

Despite the vast diversity of vascular plants in this region, as well as in the Misiones rain forest, anamorphic Ascomycota have not been studied yet. The early collections were performed by Spegazzini (1919) who described 4 species (3 then described as new species). Catania & Romero (2006) described Hyphomycetes and Coelomycetes species, associated with the bark and wood of Podocarpus paltatorei Pilg.

4. Andean Patagonian forest

In these forests, 107 species have been identified in soil, dead leaves, ligneous remains, and water courses. Identification revealed that 27 had been described as new species (Gamundi et al., 1977; Godeas et al., 1977; Gamundi et al., 1979; Arambarri, 1981; Arambarri et al., 1981; Gamundi et al., 1983; Arambarri & Spinedi, 1984; Godeas et al., 1985; Gamundi et al., 1987; Gamundi et al., 1988; Arambarri & Godeas, 1994a and b; Godeas & Arambarri, 1993; Godeas & Aramba rri, 1996).

5. "Monte"

No anamorphic species have been identified in these forests which represent one of the most arid regions in Argentina.

6. "Espinal"

Mycobiota of this region is poorly known, though several studies concerning anamorphic fungi in Geoffroea decorticans (Gill. ex Hook. et Arn.) Burkart were carried out; 22 species were identified, 3 of them were discovered to be new species (Bianchinotti, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998).

7. Fluvial forests close to Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay rivers

Several systematic studies on Hyphomycetes were carried out in Rio Santiago, province of Buenos Aires. In this area, 71 species isolated from floating decaying material were identified; 23 of them were then described as new species (Arambarri et al., 1987a, 1987b, 1987c, 1987d, 1989; Arambarri & Cabello, 1990; Cabello, et al., 1990; Cazau, et al., 1990; Arambarri et al., 1991; Arambarri et al., 1992; Cazau et al., 1993; Cabello et al., 1993; Cabello et al., 1998).

8. "Talares" in the Pampean region

In this area, 110 species present in soil and dead leaves were identified (Cabello & Arambarri, 2002; Eliades et al., 2004; Allegrucci et al., 2005). Also, Dematiocladium celtidis (Crous et al., 2005) was determined to be a new genus and species, and Thozetella buxifolia (Allegrucci et al., 2004) described as a new species.

CONCLUSIONS

Based on the available bibliography dealing with diversity of anamorphic Ascomycota species in different regions of native forests in Argentina, and beginning with the early collections done by Spegazzini to date, 344 fungal species have been identified, 81 of them (23,5 %) were found to be new to science.

A total of 31 families were recorded, 30 belonging to Ascomycota and only one to Basidiomycota. Trichocomaceae and Nectriaceae were the most abundant families, while the remaining recorded families were: Amphisphaeriaceae, Apiosporaceae, Asterinaceae. Bionectriaceae, Ceratostomataceae, Chaetomiaceae, Chatosphaeriaceae, Chionosphaeraceae, Diaportaceae, Dipodascaceae, Helotiaceae, Herpotrichiellaceae, Hyaloscyphaceae, Hypocreacea, Lasiosphaeriaceae, Leptosphaeriaceae, Magnaporthaceae Massarinaceae, Microascaceae,, Montagnulaceae, Mycisphaereleceae, Mycosphaerelaceae, Myxotrichaceae, Onygenaceae, Orbilliaceae, Pleomassariceae, Pleosporaceae, Pseudoeurotiaceae, Sclerotiniaceae, and Tubeufiaceae.

Of the native forests here reported, the "Talares" in the Pampean region, followed by the Andean-Patagonian forests and fluvial forests of Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay rivers, were the most studied areas, with the greatest record of species: 110, 107 and 71, respectively. The "Talares" exhibited the largest number of these fungal species, though only 1.8 % were identified as new ones.

The Andean-Patagonian forest has been extensively investigated from the mycological point of view, concerning not only anamorphic Ascomycota but also other taxonomical groups of fungi. In these forests newly described anamorphic Ascomycota species accounted for 25 % of the total. On the other hand, there are few records of fungal species in Chaco forest, Misiones rain forest, Tucuman-Bolivia forest (Yunga) and "Espinal". The only studies about this group of fungi in Misiones rain forest were done by Spegazzini (1898, 1908, 1919). Since then, no new collection has been carried out in spite of its being one of the richest areas in vascular plant diversity. A few records of saprotrophic micro fungi (26 species) are available, presenting a very large percentage of first described species (88%). On the other hand, no record about the occurrence of anamorphic fungi in "Monte" region is available.

The Andean Patagonean forest and the "Talares" do not have a vast diversity of vascular plant species concerning arboreal and understory components in comparison with other timberlands of Argentina such as Misiones jungle or the "Yungas". As diversity of the vascular plant community correlates to the soil microbiota (Bills et al., 2004), those highly diverse forest communities from Argentina are promising areas for mycological research, also considering the high rate of new species resultant from earlier studies done in those areas. In addition, forest communities from Argentina are very diverse not only in terms of biological composition and evolutionary origin, but also in abiotic factors, being interesting case studies for the mycological microbiota.

Rapidly developing regions like the Misiones rain forest which is one of the most valuable sites of wet subtropical ecosystems deserve immediate investigation to overcome the challenge of biodiversity loss.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This work was supported by CONICET, PIP No 5931, Argentina. A. M. Arambarri is a researcher of CONICET and M. N. Cabello is a researcher of CIC, N. Allegrucci is a recipient of a fellowship from CONICET.

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Natalia Allegrucci, Marta N. Cabello & Angelica M. Arambarri Instituto de Botanica Spegazzini, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina; nataliaallegrucci@yahoo.com (author for correspondence).
Table 1. List of anamorphic Ascomycota species identified in each area
of native forests of Argentina. Abreviations: 1, Chaco forest; 2,
Misiones rain forest; 3, Tucuman-Bolivia forest (Yunga); 4,
Andean-Patagonean forest; 5, "Monte"; 6, "Espinal"; 7, Fluvial forests
close to Paraguay, Parana and Uruguay rivers; 8, "Talares" in the
Pampean region; *, new species.

Fungal species (anamorphic Ascomycota)         1     2     3     4

Acremonium butyri (Beyma) Gams (1971)                            4
(= Cosmospora vilior); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Acremonium cereale (Karst.) Gams (1971)
(= Gliomastix cerealis); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Acremonium furcatum Moreau & Moreau ex
Gams (1969); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium fusidioides (Nicot) Gams
(1971); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium griseoviride (Onions & Barron)                        4
Gams (1971) (= Sagenomella griseoviridis);
Anamorphic Sagenoma Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales

Acremonium kiliense Grutz (1925);
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium rutilum Gams (1971); Anamorphic
Hypocreales

Acrogenospora sphaerocephala (Berk. &
Broome) Ellis (1971); Anamorphic
Farlowiella, Pleosporales,
pleosporomycetidae

* Acrophragmis laevispora Gamundi & Aramb.                       4
(1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Acrostalagmus luteoalbus (Link) Zare, Gams
& Schroers (2004); Anamorphic Hypomyces,
Hypocreacea, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl. (1912);                       4
Anamorphic Lewia , Pleosporaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Alternaria tenuissima (Kunze) Wiltshire
(1933); Anamorphic Lewia, Pleosporaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Anungitea freagilis Sutton (1973);                               4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Aphanocladium album (Preuss) Gams (1971);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Aphanocladium tomentosum Aramb. (1981);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Arthrobotrys cladodes Drechsler (1937);                          4
Anamorphic Orbilia, Orbilliaceae,
Orbilliales, Obilliomycetidae

Arthrobotrys oligosporas; Anamorphic
Orbilia , Orbilliaceae, Orbilliales,
Obilliomycetidae

Arxiella terrestris Papendorf (1967);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Aspergillius niger Tiegh. (1867)                                 4
(= Aspergillus niger var. niger);
Anamorphic Emericella , Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus fischeri Wehmer (1907);            1
Anamorphic Emericella, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus flavus Link (1809); Anamorphic                       4
Emericella, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus phaeocephalus Durieu & Mont.;            2
Anamorphic Emericella, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus sidowii (Bain. & Start.) Thom
& Church (1926); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus terreus Thom (1918); Anamorphic
Emericella, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus ustus (Bainier) Thom & Church                        4
(1926); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus versicolor (Vuill.) Tirab.                           4
(1908); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Avettaea salvadorae (Petr.) Abbas & Sutton
(1988); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Bactrodesmium traversianum (Peyronel)                            4
Ellis (1959); Anamorphic Stuartella,
Dotidiomycetes

Beauveria bassiana (Bals. Criv.) Vuill.
(1912), [RSD]; Anamorphic Clavicipitaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Beltrania rhombica Penz. (1882); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Beverwykella pulmonaria (Beverw.) Tubaki
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Bipolaris spicifera (Bainier) Subram.
(1971) (= Cochliobolus spicifer);
Pleosporaceae

* Bloxamia cremea Aramb., Cabello & Cazau
(1992); Anamorphic Bisporella, Elotiales,
Leotiomycetidae

Botrytis cinerea Pers. (1794); Anamorphic                        4
Botryotinia, Sclerotiniaceae, Helotiales,
Leotiomycetidae

Camposporium antennatum Harkn. (1884);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Camposporium antillanum Castaneda (1985);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Camposporium pellucidum (Grove) Hughes
(1951); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Campylospora chaetocladia Ranzoni (1953);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Candelabrum spinulosum Beverw. (1951);                           4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Capsicumyces delicatus Gamundi, Aramb. &                       4
Giaiotti (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cephalosporium acremonium Corda (1839)               2
(= Acremonium strictum); Anamorphic
Hypocreales

* Cercospora balansae Speg.; Anamorphic              2
Mycosphaerella , Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora bignoniicola Speg.; Anamorphic          2
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora curcubitina Speg. (1886);               2
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora leprosa Speg. (1883);                   2
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora myrticola Speg. (1886)                  2
(= Pseudocercospora myrticola); Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora solimani Speg. (1886)                   2
(= Phaeoisariopsis griseola); Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora stylosanthis Speg. (1883)               2
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora vasconcelliae Speg. (1886)              2
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Chaetodiplodia hirta Sacc (1884);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chaetopsina ramifera Matsush. (1971)
(= Kionochaeta ramifera); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Chaetostroma migricans Speg. (1886);               2
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chaetostroma subantarcticum Speg.                              4
(1923); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara aurea (Corda) Hughes (1958);                             4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chalara brevicaulis Aramb. & Gamundi                           4
(1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara brevipes Nag Raj & Kendr. (1975);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chalara dualis Aramb. & Gamundi (1981);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara fusidioides (Corda) Rabenh. (1844);                      4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara hughesii Nag Raj & Kendr. (1974);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara microspora (Corda) Hughes (1958);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara minima Hohn. (1904); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Chalara nothofagi Nag Raj & Kendr. (1975);                       4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara nova-zelandiae Nag Raj & Kendr.                          4
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cheiromyces wrightii Mengasc., Cabello &
Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chloridium lignicola (Mangenot) Gams &                           4
Hol.-Jech. (1976); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chatosphaeriaceae,
Chaetosphaeriales, Sordariomycetidae

Chrysosporium xerophilum Pitt (1966);
Anamorphic Onygenaceae

Chrysosporium pannorum (Link) Hughes (1958)                      4
(= Geomyces pannorum); Anamorphic
Pseudogymnoascus, Pseudoeurotiaceae,
Dotidiomycetes

Chrysosporium queenslandicum Apinis & Rees
(1976); Anamorphic Onygenaceae

Circinotrichum chathamiense McKenzie
(1993); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Circinotrichum maculiforme Nees (1817);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Circinotrichum papakurae Hughes & Piroz.
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Circinotrichum olivaceum (Speg.) Piroz.
(1962); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cladosporium cladosporioides (Fresen.)                           4
Vries (1952); Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cladosporium cyttariicola Speg. (1923);                        4
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.) Link (1816);                       4
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cladosporium ushuwaiense Speg. (1924);                         4
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Clathrosphaerina zalewskii Beverw. (1951);                       4
Anamorphic Hyaloscypha , Hyaloscyphaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Clonostachys compactiuscula (Sacc.) Hawksw.
& Gams (1975); Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys cylindrospora Hohn. (1952);
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys rogersoniana Schroers (2001);
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys rosea (Preuss) Mussat (1901);
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys setosa (Vittal) Schroers
(2001); Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

* Coniothecium antarcticum Speg. (1888);                         4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cordana andinopatagonica Gamundi &                             4
Aramb. (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cordana pauciseptata Preuss (1851);                              4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cordella coniosporioides Speg. (1886);             2
Anamorphic Apiospora, Apiosporaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

* Cordella spinulosa Speg. (1886);                   2
Anamorphic Apiospora, Apiosporaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

Curvularia lunata (Wakker) Boedijn (1933)
(= Cochliobolus lunatus); Pleosporaceae

Cylindrocarpon didymum (Harting) Wollenw.                        4
(1926); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon lucidum Booth (1966)
(= Neonectria lucida); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon olidum (Wollenw.) Wollenw.
(1916); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon orthosporum (Sacc.) Wollenw.
(1926); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon tenue Bugnic. (1939)                              4
(= Gliocladiopsis tenuis); Anamorphic
Calonectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocladium colhounii Peerally (1973)
(= Calonectria colhounii); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

* Cylindrocolla macrospora Aramb. & Gamundi                      4
(1981); Anamorphic Calloria, Helotiales,
Leotimycetidae

Cylindrocolla urticae (Pers.) Bonord.                            4
(1851) (= Crocicreas cyathoideum var.
cyathoideum), Helotiaceae

Cylindrotrichum clavatum Gams (1976);
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrotrichum ellisii Morgan-Jones
(1977); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Cylindrotrichum menisporioides Cabello &
Aramb. (1991); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Dactylaria appendiculata Cazau, Aramb. &
Cabello (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria argentina (Aramb. & Mengasc.)
Cabello & Cazau (1990); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Dactylaria fusiformis Shearer & J.L. Crane
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria isthmospora Cabello, Mengasc.
& Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria longidentata Cazau, Aramb. &
Cabello (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylaria obtriangularia Matsush. (1975);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylaria parvispora (Preuss) de Hoog &                         4
Arx (1973); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylella brochopaga Drechsler (1937)                           4
(= Arthrobotrys brochopaga); Anamorphic
Orbilia, Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales,
Orbiliomycetydae

Dactylella parvicollis Drechsler (1962)                          4
(= Gamsylella parvicollis); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Dematiocladium celtidis Allegr., Aramb.,
Cazau & Crous (2005); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Dendrosporium lobatum Plakidas & Edgerton
ex Crane (1972); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dictyochaeta assamica (Agnihothr.)
Aramb., Cabello & Mengasc. (1988);
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales

* Dictyochaeta gamundiae Aramb. & Cabello
(1987); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Dictyochaeta tripseptata (Matsush.)
Castaneda (1986); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chaetosphaeriaceae,
Chaetophaeriales, Sordariomycetidae

* Dictyochaeta fuegiana Speg. (1923);                            4
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Dictyosporium elegans Corda (1838);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dictyosporium triramosum Aramb., Cabello
& Cazau (2001); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dinemasporium canadense Morgan-Jones
(1971); Anamorphic Phomatospora,
Xilariales, Xilariomycetidae

* Diplocladiella taurina Cazau, Aramb. &
Cabello (1993); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Doratomyces microsporus (Sacc.) Morton &
Sm. (1963) (= Cephalotrichum microsporum);
Anamorphic Microascaceae

Doratomyces stemonitis (Pers.) Morton &
Sm. (1963) (= Cephalotrichum stemonitis);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dwayaangam gamundia Cazau, Aramb. &
Cabello (1993); Anamorphic Orbilia,
Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales, Orbiliomycetydae

* Edmundmasonia gamundiae Aramb. & Godeas                        4
(1994); Anamorphic Ascotaiwania,
Sordariales, Sordariomycetidae

Ellisiopsis gallesiae Bat. & Nascim.
(1956) (= Beltraniella portoricensis);
Anamorphic Leiosphaerella, Xilariales,
Xilariomycetidae

Endophragmiella boewe (Crane) Hughes
(1979); Anamorphic Lasiosphaeriaceae

Endophragmiella oblonga (Matsush.) Hughes
(1979); Anamorphic Lasiosphaeriaceae

Endophragmiella socia (Ellis) Hughes
(1979) (= Sporidesmium socium); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Epicoccum nigrum Link (1815); Anamorphic                         4
Ascomycetes

* Erysiphopsis myrothecioides Speg.                        3
(1910); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Fusariella atrovirens (Berk.) Sacc.
(1884); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Fusarium moniliforme Sheld. (1904)
(= Gibberella moniliformis); Nectriaceae,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium lateritium Nees (1817)
(= Gibberella baccata); Nectriaceae,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl. (1824);
Anamorphic Gibberella, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium semitectum Berk. & Ravenel (1875)
(= Fusarium incarnatum); Anamorphic
Gibberella, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. (1881)
(= Haematonectria haematococca);
Nectriacea, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium sulphureum Schltdl. (1824);                             4
Anamorphic Gibberella, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Geotrichum candidum Link (1809);
Anamorphic Dipodascus, Dipodascaceae,
Saccharomycetales, Sccharomycetidae

Gliocephalotrichum bulbilium Ellis &
Hesselt. (1962); Anamorphic Leuconectria,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Gliocladium penicillioides Corda (1840)
(= Sphaerostilbella aureonitens);
Hypocreaceae

Gliomastix cerealis (Karst.) Dickinson                           4
(1968); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gliomatix murorum (Corda) Hughes (1958)                          4
(= Gliomastix murorum var. murorum);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gonatobotrys simplex Corda (1839)
(= Melanospora damnosa); Ceratostomataceae

Gonatobotryum apiculatum (Peck) Hughes
(1953); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gonytrichum macrocladum (Sacc.) Hughes
(1951); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetosphaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Graphium giganteum Speg. (1886);                   2
Anamorphic Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

* Graphium verticillioide Speg. (1886);              2
Anamorphic Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

Gyoerffyella gemellipara Marvanova (1975);                       4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix circinata (Berk. & Curtis) Hughes
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix citricola Piroz. (1962);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix flagella (Cooke & Ellis) Piroz.
(1962); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix grisea Piroz. (1962); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix pediculata Cunn. (1974);                               4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix podosperma (Corda) Rabenh. (1844);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix verticiclada (Goid.) Hughes &
Piroz. (1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix verticillata Piroz. (1962);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Harknessia antarctica Speg. (1881);                            4
Anamorphic Wuestneia, Diaporthales,
Sordariomycetidae

Helicodendron paradoxum Peyr. (1918);
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Helicoma monilipes Ellis & Johnson (1894);
Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Helicomyces larviformis Speg. (1886);              2
Anamorphic Tubeufiaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Helicoon pluriseptatum Beverw. (1954);                           4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Helicoon septatissimum Godeas & Aramb.                         4
(1996); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Helicosporium griseum (Bonord.) Sacc.
(1886); Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Helicosporium lumbricoides Sacc. (1877);
Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Helminthosporium pararaguayense Speg.              2
(1886); Anamorphic Splanchnonema,
Pleomassariceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Helminthosporium guaraniticum Speg.                2
(1886); Anamorphic Splanchnonema,
Pleomassariceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Humicola fuscoatra Traaen (1914);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Humicola grisea Traaen (1914); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Humicolopsis cephalosporioides Cabral &                        4
Marchand (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Hymenopsis argentinensis (Speg.) Sutton
(1980); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Hyphodiscosia jaipurensis Lodha & Reddy
(1974); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Idriella lunata Nelson & Wilh. (1956);                           4
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Idriella tropicalis Lunghini & Rambelli
(1978); Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus,
Helotiaceae, Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Idriella variabilis Matsush. (1971);
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

* Isaria citrinula Speg.                                   3

* Isaria edessicola Speg. (1910);                          3
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Isthmolongispora asymmetrica Aramb. &
Cabello (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Janetia bacilliformis Gamundi, Aramb. &                        4
Giaiotti (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Kostermansinda minima Cabello & Aramb.
(1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Lateriramulosa bi-inflata Matsush. (1975);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Melanographium cookei Ellis (1963),                  2
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Menispora fuegiana Aramb. & Godeas                             4
(1994); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetosphaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Menisporopsis pirozynskii Varghese & Rao
(1978); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschn.) Sorok?n
(1883); Anamorphic Nectriaceae

Microsphaeropsis concentrica (Desm.)
Morgan-Jones (1975) (= Coniothyrium
concentricum); Anamorphic Leptosphaeria,
Leptosphaeriaceae

* Microsphaeropsis diffusa Bianchin.
(2001); Anamorphic Paraphaeosphaeria,
Montagnulaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Minimidochium parvum Cabello, Aramb. &
Cazau (1998); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina brevisphora Matsush. (1971);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina corticola Arnaud ex Matsush.
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina tipica Matsush. (1971);                                4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Monacrosporium gephyropagum (Drechsler)                          4
Subram. (1964) (= Gamsylella gephyropaga);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Monochaetinula geoffroeana Bianchin.
(1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mycoleptodiscus terrestris (Gerd.) Ostaz.
(1968); Anamorphic Omnidemptus,
Magnaporthaceae, Sordariomycetidae

Myrothecium cinctum (Corda) Sacc. (1886);
Anamorphic Hypocreales

* Myrothecium pulchellum Speg. (1886);               2
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Myrothecium lachastrae Sacc. (1882);
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Myrothecium verrucaria (Alb. & Schwein.)                         4
Ditmar (1813); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Nakataea sigmoidea (Cavara) Hara (1939)
(= Magnaporthe salvinii); Magnaporthaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

Nigrospora sphaerica (Sacc.) Mason (1927)
(= Khuskia oryzae); Trichosphaeriales

Oidiodendron tenuissimum (Peck) Hughes                           4
(1958); Anamorphic Byssoascus,
Myxotrichaceae, Dotiriomycetidae

Olpitrichum patulum (Sacc. & Berl.)
Hol.-Jech. (1974); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson
(1974); Anamorphic Byssochlamys,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Papulaspora sepedonioides Preuss (1851);                         4
Anamorphic Chaetomium, Chaetomiaceae,
Sordariales, Sordariomycetidae

Papulaspora viridis Matsush. (1975)
(= Pseudaegerita matsushimae); Anamorphic
Hyaloscypha, Hyaloscyphaceae, Helotiales,
Leotimycetidae

Penicillium anatolicum Stolk (1968);           1
Anamorphic Eupenicillium,Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium brevicompactum Dierckx (1901);                       4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium canescens Sopp (1912);                               4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium chrysogenum Thom (1910)                              4
(= Penicillium chrysogenum var.
chrysogenum); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales

Penicillium frequentans Westling (1912)                          4
(= Penicillium glabrum); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium funiculosum Thom (1910);                             4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium implicatum Biourge (1923);                           4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium megasporum Orpurt & Fennell
(1955); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium nigricans Bainier ex Thom                            4
(1930) (= Penicillium janczewskii);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium odoratum Chr. & Backus (1962)                        4
(= Penicillium indonesiae); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium palitans Westling (1911);                            4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium purpurascens (Sopp) Biourge                          4
(1923) (= Penicillium purpurescens);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium restrictum Gilman & Abbott
(1927); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium rubrum Sopp (1904); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium stipitatum Thom ex Emmons          1
(1935) (= Penicillium emmonsii); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium thomii Zalessky (1927);                              4
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium vermiculatum Dang. (1907)          1
(= Talaromyces flavus var. flavus);
Trichocomaceae

Periconia byssoides Pers. (1801);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Pestalotiopsis guepinii (Desm.) Steyaert
(1949); Anamorphic Pestalosphaeria,
Amphisphaeriaceae, Xylariales,
Xylarimycetidae

Phaeostalagmus tenuissimus (Corda) Gams &                        4
Hol.-Jech. (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Phaeotrichoconis aquatica Mengasc. &
Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phaeotrichoconis minigelatinosa Roldan,
Descals & Honrubia (1987); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Phaeotrichoconis foveolata (Pat.) Aramb. &
Cabello (1989), Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phialophora fastigiata (Lagerb. & Melin)
Conant (1937); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phoma herbarum Sacc. (1852) (= Phoma exigua
var. exigua); Anamorphic Leptosphaeria,
Leptosphaeriaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Phomopsis abdita (Sacc.) Traverso (1906);
Anamorphic Diaporthe, Diaportaceae,
Diaportales, Sordariomycetidae

* Placodiplodia hilata Bianchin. (2001);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pleurocatena foliicola Aramb. & Gamundi                        4
(1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Polyscytalum fuegianum (Speg.) Gamundi,                        4
Aramb. & Giaiotti (1977); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Polyschema olivaceum (Ellis & Everh.) Ellis
(1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pseudorobillarda magna Bianchin. (1997);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pulvinotrichum album Gamundi, Aramb. &                         4
Giaiotti (1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Pyriculariopsis parasitica (Sacc. & Berl.)
Ellis (1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Ramichloridium schulzeri (Sacc.) de Hoog
(1977); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Rhinocladiella mansoni (Castell.)                                4
Schol-Schwarz (1968) (= Exophiala mansoni);
Anamorphic Capronia, Herpotrichiellaceae,
Chaetothyriale

* Rhinotrichum canescens (Speg.) Speg.               2
(1886); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Rosulomyces arthrosporioides Marchand &                        4
Cabral (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Scolecobasidium dendroides Piroz. & Hodges                       4
(1973); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Scolicosporium fusarioides (Sacc.) Sutton
(1975); Anamorphic Asteromassaria,
Pleomssariaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (Sacc.) Bainier
(1907) (= Microascus brevicaulis);
Microascaceae

Septoria nothofagi Jauch & Valla (1967);                         4
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycisphaereleceae, Capnodiales,
Dothidiomycetidae

Solosympodiella rigidientata Matsush.
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Speiropsis aquatica Aramb., Cabello &
Mengasc. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Spiropes harunganae (Hansf.) M.B. Ellis
(1968); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium adscendens Berk. (1840);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium aquaticum Cabello, Mengasc.
& Aramb. (1989); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium aturbinatum (Hughes) Ellis
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium calyptratum Cabello, Cazau
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium filirostratum Cabello, Cazau
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium hyalospermum (Corda) Hughes
(1978), (= Sporidesmiella hyalosperma var.
hyalosperma); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium longisporum Cabello, Cazau &
Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium maxigelatinosum Cabello,
Cazau & Aramb. (1993); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium minigelatinosum Matsush.
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium pedunculatum (Peck) Ellis
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium spegazzinii Cabello, Cazau
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium rubi Ellis (1958); Anamorphic                       4
Ascomycetes

Sporocybe antarctica Speg.; (Anamorphic                          4
Ascomycetes

* Sporotrichumperibebuyense Speg. (1886),            2
(= Beniowskia sphaeroidea); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Stachybotrys chartarum (Ehrenb.) Hughes
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Stagonospora vitensis Unamuno (1929);
Anamorphic Didymella, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Stemphylium vesicarium (Wallr.) Simmons
(1969); Anamorphic Pleospora,
Pleosporaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Stilbum aurantiocinnabarinum (Speg.)               2     3
Sacc. (1886); Chionosphaeraceae,
Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes

Sympodiella gracilispora Matsush. (1975)                         4
(= Polyscytalum gracilisporum); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Tetracoccosporium aerium Misra & Srivast.
(1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Tetraploa abortiva Aramb. & Cabello
(1987); Anamorphic Massarina,
Massarinaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Tetraploa aristata Berk. & Broome (1850);
Anamorphic Massarina, Massarinaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Thozetella buxifolia Allegr., Cazau,
Cabello & Aramb. (2004); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chaetospheriaceae,
Chaetosphaeriales, Sordariomycetidadae

Tolypocladium cylindrosporum Gams (1971);                        4
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Torula herbarum (Pers.) Link (1809);                             4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichocladium asperum Harz (1871);                               4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Trichocladium diversicoloratum Gamundi &                       4
Aramb. (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichocladium opacum (Corda) Hughes (1952);                      4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichoderma hamatum (Bonord.) Bainier                            4
(1906); Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma harzianum Rifai (1969);
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma koningii Oudem. (1902);                              4
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma polysporum (Link) Rifai (1969);                      4
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma saturnisporum Hammill (1970);
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma viride Pers. (1794); Anamorphic                      4
Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Trichothecium roseun (Pers.) Link (1809);                        4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trinacrium robustum Tzean & Chen (1989);
Anamorphic Orbilia, Orbiliaceae,
Orbiliales, Orbiliomycetidae

Trinacrium subtile Riess (1850); Anamorphic
Orbilia, Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales,
Orbiliomycetidae

* Triposporium foliicola Gamundi, Aramb. &                       4
Giaiotti (1978); Anamorphic Batistinula,
Asterinaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Truncatella truncata (Lev.) Steyaert                             4
(1949); Anamorphic Broomella,
Anphisphaericeae, Xylariales,
Xylariomycetidae

* Tubercularia antarctica Speg.; Anamorphic                      4
Nectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Tubercularia guaranitica Speg.;                    2
Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

* Tubercularia paraguaya Speg.; Anamorphic           2
Nectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Ulocladium atrum Preuss (1852); Anamorphic                       4
Pleosporaceae

Ulocladium botrytis Preuss (1851);                               4
Anamorphic Pleosporaceae

Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke & Berthold
(1879); Anamorphic Hypomyces, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Verticillium bulbillosum Gams & Malla                            4
(1971) (= Pochonia bulbillosa); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Verticillium cephalosporum Gams (1971)                           4
(= Pochonia bulbillosa); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Verticillium nigrescens Pethybr. (1919)
(= Gibellulopsis nigrescens); Anamorphic
Hypomyces, Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Verticillium psalliotae Treschew (1941)                          4
(= Lecanicillium psalliotae); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Volutella ciliata (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.                          4
(1832); Anamorphic Pseudonectria,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordarimycetidae

* Volutella paraguayensis Speg.; Anamorphic          2
Pseudonectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordarimycetidae

Wardomyces inflatus (Marchal) Hennebert
(1968); Anamorphic Microascus,
Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

Wiesneriomyces javanicus Koord. (1907)
(= Wiesneriomyces laurinus); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Xylohypha curta (Corda) Hughes (1960);                           4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Xylohypha nigrescens (Pers.) Mason (1960);                       4
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Zygosporium echinosporum Bunting & Mason
(1941); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Zygosporium gibbum (Sacc., Rousseau &
Bommer) Hughes (1958); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Zygosporium oscheoides Mont. (1842);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Fungal species (anamorphic Ascomycota)         5     6     7     8

Acremonium butyri (Beyma) Gams (1971)                           8
(= Cosmospora vilior); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Acremonium cereale (Karst.) Gams (1971)                          8
(= Gliomastix cerealis); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Acremonium furcatum Moreau & Moreau ex                           8
Gams (1969); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium fusidioides (Nicot) Gams                              8
(1971); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium griseoviride (Onions & Barron)
Gams (1971) (= Sagenomella griseoviridis);
Anamorphic Sagenoma Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales

Acremonium kiliense Grutz (1925);                                8
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Acremonium rutilum Gams (1971); Anamorphic                       8
Hypocreales

Acrogenospora sphaerocephala (Berk. &                      7
Broome) Ellis (1971); Anamorphic
Farlowiella, Pleosporales,
pleosporomycetidae

* Acrophragmis laevispora Gamundi & Aramb.
(1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Acrostalagmus luteoalbus (Link) Zare, Gams                       8
& Schroers (2004); Anamorphic Hypomyces,
Hypocreacea, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl. (1912);     6                 8
Anamorphic Lewia , Pleosporaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Alternaria tenuissima (Kunze) Wiltshire                          8
(1933); Anamorphic Lewia, Pleosporaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Anungitea freagilis Sutton (1973);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Aphanocladium album (Preuss) Gams (1971);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Aphanocladium tomentosum Aramb. (1981);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Arthrobotrys cladodes Drechsler (1937);
Anamorphic Orbilia, Orbilliaceae,
Orbilliales, Obilliomycetidae

Arthrobotrys oligosporas; Anamorphic                             8
Orbilia , Orbilliaceae, Orbilliales,
Obilliomycetidae

Arxiella terrestris Papendorf (1967);                      7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Aspergillius niger Tiegh. (1867)                           8
(= Aspergillus niger var. niger);
Anamorphic Emericella , Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus fischeri Wehmer (1907);
Anamorphic Emericella, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus flavus Link (1809); Anamorphic                 8
Emericella, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus phaeocephalus Durieu & Mont.;
Anamorphic Emericella, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus sidowii (Bain. & Start.) Thom                        8
& Church (1926); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus terreus Thom (1918); Anamorphic                      8
Emericella, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus ustus (Bainier) Thom & Church                  8
(1926); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Aspergillus versicolor (Vuill.) Tirab.
(1908); Anamorphic Emericella,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Avettaea salvadorae (Petr.) Abbas & Sutton           6
(1988); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Bactrodesmium traversianum (Peyronel)
Ellis (1959); Anamorphic Stuartella,
Dotidiomycetes

Beauveria bassiana (Bals. Criv.) Vuill.                          8
(1912), [RSD]; Anamorphic Clavicipitaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Beltrania rhombica Penz. (1882); Anamorphic                7     8
Ascomycetes

Beverwykella pulmonaria (Beverw.) Tubaki                   7
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Bipolaris spicifera (Bainier) Subram.                            8
(1971) (= Cochliobolus spicifer);
Pleosporaceae

* Bloxamia cremea Aramb., Cabello & Cazau                  7
(1992); Anamorphic Bisporella, Elotiales,
Leotiomycetidae

Botrytis cinerea Pers. (1794); Anamorphic
Botryotinia, Sclerotiniaceae, Helotiales,
Leotiomycetidae

Camposporium antennatum Harkn. (1884);                     7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Camposporium antillanum Castaneda (1985);                  7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Camposporium pellucidum (Grove) Hughes                     7
(1951); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Campylospora chaetocladia Ranzoni (1953);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Candelabrum spinulosum Beverw. (1951);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Capsicumyces delicatus Gamundi, Aramb. &
Giaiotti (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cephalosporium acremonium Corda (1839)
(= Acremonium strictum); Anamorphic
Hypocreales

* Cercospora balansae Speg.; Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella , Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora bignoniicola Speg.; Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora curcubitina Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora leprosa Speg. (1883);
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora myrticola Speg. (1886)
(= Pseudocercospora myrticola); Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora solimani Speg. (1886)
(= Phaeoisariopsis griseola); Anamorphic
Mycosphaerella, Mycosphaerelaceae,
Capnodiales, Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora stylosanthis Speg. (1883)
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cercospora vasconcelliae Speg. (1886)
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Chaetodiplodia hirta Sacc (1884);                    6
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chaetopsina ramifera Matsush. (1971)                             8
(= Kionochaeta ramifera); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Chaetostroma migricans Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chaetostroma subantarcticum Speg.
(1923); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara aurea (Corda) Hughes (1958);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chalara brevicaulis Aramb. & Gamundi
(1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara brevipes Nag Raj & Kendr. (1975);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Chalara dualis Aramb. & Gamundi (1981);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara fusidioides (Corda) Rabenh. (1844);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara hughesii Nag Raj & Kendr. (1974);                        8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara microspora (Corda) Hughes (1958);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara minima Hohn. (1904); Anamorphic                          8
Ascomycetes

Chalara nothofagi Nag Raj & Kendr. (1975);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chalara nova-zelandiae Nag Raj & Kendr.
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cheiromyces wrightii Mengasc., Cabello &                 7
Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Chloridium lignicola (Mangenot) Gams &
Hol.-Jech. (1976); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chatosphaeriaceae,
Chaetosphaeriales, Sordariomycetidae

Chrysosporium xerophilum Pitt (1966);                            8
Anamorphic Onygenaceae

Chrysosporium pannorum (Link) Hughes (1958)
(= Geomyces pannorum); Anamorphic
Pseudogymnoascus, Pseudoeurotiaceae,
Dotidiomycetes

Chrysosporium queenslandicum Apinis & Rees                       8
(1976); Anamorphic Onygenaceae

Circinotrichum chathamiense McKenzie                             8
(1993); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Circinotrichum maculiforme Nees (1817);                    7     8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Circinotrichum papakurae Hughes & Piroz.                         8
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Circinotrichum olivaceum (Speg.) Piroz.                        8
(1962); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cladosporium cladosporioides (Fresen.)                           8
Vries (1952); Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cladosporium cyttariicola Speg. (1923);
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.) Link (1816);           6           8
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

* Cladosporium ushuwaiense Speg. (1924);
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycosphaerelaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Clathrosphaerina zalewskii Beverw. (1951);
Anamorphic Hyaloscypha , Hyaloscyphaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Clonostachys compactiuscula (Sacc.) Hawksw.                7     8
& Gams (1975); Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys cylindrospora Hohn. (1952);                         8
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys rogersoniana Schroers (2001);                       8
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys rosea (Preuss) Mussat (1901);                       8
Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

Clonostachys setosa (Vittal) Schroers                           8
(2001); Anamorphic Bionectriaceae

* Coniothecium antarcticum Speg. (1888);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cordana andinopatagonica Gamundi &
Aramb. (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Cordana pauciseptata Preuss (1851);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Cordella coniosporioides Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Apiospora, Apiosporaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

* Cordella spinulosa Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Apiospora, Apiosporaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

Curvularia lunata (Wakker) Boedijn (1933)                        8
(= Cochliobolus lunatus); Pleosporaceae

Cylindrocarpon didymum (Harting) Wollenw.                        8
(1926); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon lucidum Booth (1966)                              8
(= Neonectria lucida); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon olidum (Wollenw.) Wollenw.                        8
(1916); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon orthosporum (Sacc.) Wollenw.                      8
(1926); Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocarpon tenue Bugnic. (1939)
(= Gliocladiopsis tenuis); Anamorphic
Calonectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrocladium colhounii Peerally (1973)                        8
(= Calonectria colhounii); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

* Cylindrocolla macrospora Aramb. & Gamundi
(1981); Anamorphic Calloria, Helotiales,
Leotimycetidae

Cylindrocolla urticae (Pers.) Bonord.
(1851) (= Crocicreas cyathoideum var.
cyathoideum), Helotiaceae

Cylindrotrichum clavatum Gams (1976);                      7
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Cylindrotrichum ellisii Morgan-Jones                       7
(1977); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Cylindrotrichum menisporioides Cabello &                 7
Aramb. (1991); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Dactylaria appendiculata Cazau, Aramb. &                 7
Cabello (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria argentina (Aramb. & Mengasc.)                 7
Cabello & Cazau (1990); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Dactylaria fusiformis Shearer & J.L. Crane                       8
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria isthmospora Cabello, Mengasc.                 7
& Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dactylaria longidentata Cazau, Aramb. &                  7
Cabello (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylaria obtriangularia Matsush. (1975);                 7     8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylaria parvispora (Preuss) de Hoog &                   7
Arx (1973); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dactylella brochopaga Drechsler (1937)
(= Arthrobotrys brochopaga); Anamorphic
Orbilia, Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales,
Orbiliomycetydae

Dactylella parvicollis Drechsler (1962)
(= Gamsylella parvicollis); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Dematiocladium celtidis Allegr., Aramb.,                       8
Cazau & Crous (2005); Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Dendrosporium lobatum Plakidas & Edgerton                  7
ex Crane (1972); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dictyochaeta assamica (Agnihothr.)                       7
Aramb., Cabello & Mengasc. (1988);
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales

* Dictyochaeta gamundiae Aramb. & Cabello                  7
(1987); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Dictyochaeta tripseptata (Matsush.)                        7
Castaneda (1986); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chaetosphaeriaceae,
Chaetophaeriales, Sordariomycetidae

* Dictyochaeta fuegiana Speg. (1923);
Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetophaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Dictyosporium elegans Corda (1838);                        7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dictyosporium triramosum Aramb., Cabello                 7
& Cazau (2001); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Dinemasporium canadense Morgan-Jones                 6
(1971); Anamorphic Phomatospora,
Xilariales, Xilariomycetidae

* Diplocladiella taurina Cazau, Aramb. &                   7
Cabello (1993); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Doratomyces microsporus (Sacc.) Morton &                         8
Sm. (1963) (= Cephalotrichum microsporum);
Anamorphic Microascaceae

Doratomyces stemonitis (Pers.) Morton &                          8
Sm. (1963) (= Cephalotrichum stemonitis);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Dwayaangam gamundia Cazau, Aramb. &                      7
Cabello (1993); Anamorphic Orbilia,
Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales, Orbiliomycetydae

* Edmundmasonia gamundiae Aramb. & Godeas
(1994); Anamorphic Ascotaiwania,
Sordariales, Sordariomycetidae

Ellisiopsis gallesiae Bat. & Nascim.                             8
(1956) (= Beltraniella portoricensis);
Anamorphic Leiosphaerella, Xilariales,
Xilariomycetidae

Endophragmiella boewe (Crane) Hughes                       7
(1979); Anamorphic Lasiosphaeriaceae

Endophragmiella oblonga (Matsush.) Hughes                  7
(1979); Anamorphic Lasiosphaeriaceae

Endophragmiella socia (Ellis) Hughes                       7
(1979) (= Sporidesmium socium); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Epicoccum nigrum Link (1815); Anamorphic             6           8
Ascomycetes

* Erysiphopsis myrothecioides Speg.
(1910); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Fusariella atrovirens (Berk.) Sacc.                              8
(1884); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Fusarium moniliforme Sheld. (1904)                               8
(= Gibberella moniliformis); Nectriaceae,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium lateritium Nees (1817)                      6
(= Gibberella baccata); Nectriaceae,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl. (1824);                              8
Anamorphic Gibberella, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium semitectum Berk. & Ravenel (1875)                       8
(= Fusarium incarnatum); Anamorphic
Gibberella, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. (1881)                             8
(= Haematonectria haematococca);
Nectriacea, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Fusarium sulphureum Schltdl. (1824);                             8
Anamorphic Gibberella, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Geotrichum candidum Link (1809);                                 8
Anamorphic Dipodascus, Dipodascaceae,
Saccharomycetales, Sccharomycetidae

Gliocephalotrichum bulbilium Ellis &                       7
Hesselt. (1962); Anamorphic Leuconectria,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Gliocladium penicillioides Corda (1840)                          8
(= Sphaerostilbella aureonitens);
Hypocreaceae

Gliomastix cerealis (Karst.) Dickinson
(1968); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gliomatix murorum (Corda) Hughes (1958)                          8
(= Gliomastix murorum var. murorum);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gonatobotrys simplex Corda (1839)                    6
(= Melanospora damnosa); Ceratostomataceae

Gonatobotryum apiculatum (Peck) Hughes               6
(1953); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gonytrichum macrocladum (Sacc.) Hughes                           8
(1951); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetosphaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Graphium giganteum Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

* Graphium verticillioide Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

Gyoerffyella gemellipara Marvanova (1975);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix circinata (Berk. & Curtis) Hughes                7
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix citricola Piroz. (1962);                               8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix flagella (Cooke & Ellis) Piroz.                         8
(1962); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix grisea Piroz. (1962); Anamorphic                 7     8
Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix pediculata Cunn. (1974);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix podosperma (Corda) Rabenh. (1844);          6           8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothix verticiclada (Goid.) Hughes &                           8
Piroz. (1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Gyrothrix verticillata Piroz. (1962);                      7     8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Harknessia antarctica Speg. (1881);
Anamorphic Wuestneia, Diaporthales,
Sordariomycetidae

Helicodendron paradoxum Peyr. (1918);                      7
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Helicoma monilipes Ellis & Johnson (1894);                 7
Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Helicomyces larviformis Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Tubeufiaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Helicoon pluriseptatum Beverw. (1954);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Helicoon septatissimum Godeas & Aramb.
(1996); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Helicosporium griseum (Bonord.) Sacc.                      7     8
(1886); Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

Helicosporium lumbricoides Sacc. (1877);                   7
Anamorphic Tubeufia, Tubeufiaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Helminthosporium pararaguayense Speg.
(1886); Anamorphic Splanchnonema,
Pleomassariceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Helminthosporium guaraniticum Speg.
(1886); Anamorphic Splanchnonema,
Pleomassariceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Humicola fuscoatra Traaen (1914);                                8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Humicola grisea Traaen (1914); Anamorphic                        8
Ascomycetes

* Humicolopsis cephalosporioides Cabral &
Marchand (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Hymenopsis argentinensis (Speg.) Sutton            6
(1980); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Hyphodiscosia jaipurensis Lodha & Reddy                    7
(1974); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Idriella lunata Nelson & Wilh. (1956);                           8
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Idriella tropicalis Lunghini & Rambelli                          8
(1978); Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus,
Helotiaceae, Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

Idriella variabilis Matsush. (1971);                             8
Anamorphic Hymenoscyphus, Helotiaceae,
Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae

* Isaria citrinula Speg.

* Isaria edessicola Speg. (1910);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Isthmolongispora asymmetrica Aramb. &                    7
Cabello (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Janetia bacilliformis Gamundi, Aramb. &
Giaiotti (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Kostermansinda minima Cabello & Aramb.                   7
(1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Lateriramulosa bi-inflata Matsush. (1975);                 7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Melanographium cookei Ellis (1963),
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Menispora fuegiana Aramb. & Godeas
(1994); Anamorphic Chaetosphaeria,
Chaetosphaeriaceae, Chaetosphaeriales,
Sordariomycetidae

Menisporopsis pirozynskii Varghese & Rao                   7
(1978); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschn.) Sorok?n                        8
(1883); Anamorphic Nectriaceae

Microsphaeropsis concentrica (Desm.)                 6
Morgan-Jones (1975) (= Coniothyrium
concentricum); Anamorphic Leptosphaeria,
Leptosphaeriaceae

* Microsphaeropsis diffusa Bianchin.                 6
(2001); Anamorphic Paraphaeosphaeria,
Montagnulaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Minimidochium parvum Cabello, Aramb. &                   7
Cazau (1998); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina brevisphora Matsush. (1971);                     7
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina corticola Arnaud ex Matsush.                     7     8
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mirandina tipica Matsush. (1971);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Monacrosporium gephyropagum (Drechsler)
Subram. (1964) (= Gamsylella gephyropaga);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Monochaetinula geoffroeana Bianchin.               6
(1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Mycoleptodiscus terrestris (Gerd.) Ostaz.                        8
(1968); Anamorphic Omnidemptus,
Magnaporthaceae, Sordariomycetidae

Myrothecium cinctum (Corda) Sacc. (1886);                        8
Anamorphic Hypocreales

* Myrothecium pulchellum Speg. (1886);
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Myrothecium lachastrae Sacc. (1882);                             8
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Myrothecium verrucaria (Alb. & Schwein.)
Ditmar (1813); Anamorphic Hypocreales

Nakataea sigmoidea (Cavara) Hara (1939)                    7
(= Magnaporthe salvinii); Magnaporthaceae,
Sordariomycetidae

Nigrospora sphaerica (Sacc.) Mason (1927)                        8
(= Khuskia oryzae); Trichosphaeriales

Oidiodendron tenuissimum (Peck) Hughes
(1958); Anamorphic Byssoascus,
Myxotrichaceae, Dotiriomycetidae

Olpitrichum patulum (Sacc. & Berl.)                              8
Hol.-Jech. (1974); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Paecilomyces lilacinus (Thom) Samson                             8
(1974); Anamorphic Byssochlamys,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Papulaspora sepedonioides Preuss (1851);
Anamorphic Chaetomium, Chaetomiaceae,
Sordariales, Sordariomycetidae

Papulaspora viridis Matsush. (1975)                        7
(= Pseudaegerita matsushimae); Anamorphic
Hyaloscypha, Hyaloscyphaceae, Helotiales,
Leotimycetidae

Penicillium anatolicum Stolk (1968);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium,Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium brevicompactum Dierckx (1901);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium canescens Sopp (1912);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium chrysogenum Thom (1910)                        8
(= Penicillium chrysogenum var.
chrysogenum); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales

Penicillium frequentans Westling (1912)                    8
(= Penicillium glabrum); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium funiculosum Thom (1910);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium implicatum Biourge (1923);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium megasporum Orpurt & Fennell                          8
(1955); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium nigricans Bainier ex Thom
(1930) (= Penicillium janczewskii);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium odoratum Chr. & Backus (1962)
(= Penicillium indonesiae); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium palitans Westling (1911);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium purpurascens (Sopp) Biourge

(1923) (= Penicillium purpurescens);
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium restrictum Gilman & Abbott                           8
(1927); Anamorphic Eupenicillium,
Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium rubrum Sopp (1904); Anamorphic                       8
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium stipitatum Thom ex Emmons
(1935) (= Penicillium emmonsii); Anamorphic
Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales,
Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium thomii Zalessky (1927);                              8
Anamorphic Eupenicillium, Trichocomaceae,
Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetidae

Penicillium vermiculatum Dang. (1907)
(= Talaromyces flavus var. flavus);
Trichocomaceae

Periconia byssoides Pers. (1801);                    6           8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Pestalotiopsis guepinii (Desm.) Steyaert                         8
(1949); Anamorphic Pestalosphaeria,
Amphisphaeriaceae, Xylariales,
Xylarimycetidae

Phaeostalagmus tenuissimus (Corda) Gams &
Hol.-Jech. (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Phaeotrichoconis aquatica Mengasc. &                     7
Aramb. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phaeotrichoconis minigelatinosa Roldan,                    7
Descals & Honrubia (1987); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Phaeotrichoconis foveolata (Pat.) Aramb. &                 7
Cabello (1989), Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phialophora fastigiata (Lagerb. & Melin)                         8
Conant (1937); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Phoma herbarum Sacc. (1852) (= Phoma exigua                      8
var. exigua); Anamorphic Leptosphaeria,
Leptosphaeriaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Phomopsis abdita (Sacc.) Traverso (1906);            6
Anamorphic Diaporthe, Diaportaceae,
Diaportales, Sordariomycetidae

* Placodiplodia hilata Bianchin. (2001);             6
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pleurocatena foliicola Aramb. & Gamundi
(1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Polyscytalum fuegianum (Speg.) Gamundi,
Aramb. & Giaiotti (1977); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Polyschema olivaceum (Ellis & Everh.) Ellis                7
(1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pseudorobillarda magna Bianchin. (1997);           6
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Pulvinotrichum album Gamundi, Aramb. &
Giaiotti (1981); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Pyriculariopsis parasitica (Sacc. & Berl.)                       8
Ellis (1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Ramichloridium schulzeri (Sacc.) de Hoog                   7     8
(1977); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Rhinocladiella mansoni (Castell.)
Schol-Schwarz (1968) (= Exophiala mansoni);
Anamorphic Capronia, Herpotrichiellaceae,
Chaetothyriale

* Rhinotrichum canescens (Speg.) Speg.
(1886); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Rosulomyces arthrosporioides Marchand &
Cabral (1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Scolecobasidium dendroides Piroz. & Hodges
(1973); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Scolicosporium fusarioides (Sacc.) Sutton            6
(1975); Anamorphic Asteromassaria,
Pleomssariaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (Sacc.) Bainier                       8
(1907) (= Microascus brevicaulis);
Microascaceae

Septoria nothofagi Jauch & Valla (1967);
Anamorphic Mycosphaerella,
Mycisphaereleceae, Capnodiales,
Dothidiomycetidae

Solosympodiella rigidientata Matsush.                            8
(1975); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Speiropsis aquatica Aramb., Cabello &                    7
Mengasc. (1987); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Spiropes harunganae (Hansf.) M.B. Ellis                          8
(1968); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium adscendens Berk. (1840);                      7     8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium aquaticum Cabello, Mengasc.                 7
& Aramb. (1989); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium aturbinatum (Hughes) Ellis                    7
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium calyptratum Cabello, Cazau                  7
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium filirostratum Cabello, Cazau                7
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium hyalospermum (Corda) Hughes                   7
(1978), (= Sporidesmiella hyalosperma var.
hyalosperma); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium longisporum Cabello, Cazau &                7
Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium maxigelatinosum Cabello,                    7
Cazau & Aramb. (1993); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium minigelatinosum Matsush.                      7
(1971); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium pedunculatum (Peck) Ellis                     7
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Sporidesmium spegazzinii Cabello, Cazau                  7
& Aramb. (1990); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Sporidesmium rubi Ellis (1958); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Sporocybe antarctica Speg.; (Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

* Sporotrichumperibebuyense Speg. (1886),
(= Beniowskia sphaeroidea); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Stachybotrys chartarum (Ehrenb.) Hughes                          8
(1958); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Stagonospora vitensis Unamuno (1929);                6
Anamorphic Didymella, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Stemphylium vesicarium (Wallr.) Simmons                          8
(1969); Anamorphic Pleospora,
Pleosporaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

* Stilbum aurantiocinnabarinum (Speg.)
Sacc. (1886); Chionosphaeraceae,
Agaricostilbales, Agaricostilbomycetes

Sympodiella gracilispora Matsush. (1975)
(= Polyscytalum gracilisporum); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Tetracoccosporium aerium Misra & Srivast.                  7
(1976); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Tetraploa abortiva Aramb. & Cabello                      7
(1987); Anamorphic Massarina,
Massarinaceae, Pleosporales,
Pleosporomycetidae

Tetraploa aristata Berk. & Broome (1850);                  7
Anamorphic Massarina, Massarinaceae,
Pleosporales, Pleosporomycetidae

* Thozetella buxifolia Allegr., Cazau,                           8
Cabello & Aramb. (2004); Anamorphic
Chaetosphaeria, Chaetospheriaceae,
Chaetosphaeriales, Sordariomycetidadae

Tolypocladium cylindrosporum Gams (1971);
Anamorphic Hypocreales

Torula herbarum (Pers.) Link (1809);                             8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichocladium asperum Harz (1871);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

* Trichocladium diversicoloratum Gamundi &
Aramb. (1979); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichocladium opacum (Corda) Hughes (1952);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trichoderma hamatum (Bonord.) Bainier                            8
(1906); Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma harzianum Rifai (1969);                              8
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma koningii Oudem. (1902);                              8
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma polysporum (Link) Rifai (1969);
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma saturnisporum Hammill (1970);                        8
Anamorphic Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Trichoderma viride Pers. (1794); Anamorphic
Hypocrea, Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Trichothecium roseun (Pers.) Link (1809);                        8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Trinacrium robustum Tzean & Chen (1989);             6
Anamorphic Orbilia, Orbiliaceae,
Orbiliales, Orbiliomycetidae

Trinacrium subtile Riess (1850); Anamorphic          6
Orbilia, Orbiliaceae, Orbiliales,
Orbiliomycetidae

* Triposporium foliicola Gamundi, Aramb. &
Giaiotti (1978); Anamorphic Batistinula,
Asterinaceae, Capnodiales,
Dothideomycetidae

Truncatella truncata (Lev.) Steyaert
(1949); Anamorphic Broomella,
Anphisphaericeae, Xylariales,
Xylariomycetidae

* Tubercularia antarctica Speg.; Anamorphic
Nectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

* Tubercularia guaranitica Speg.;
Anamorphic Nectria, Nectriaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

* Tubercularia paraguaya Speg.; Anamorphic
Nectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Ulocladium atrum Preuss (1852); Anamorphic                       8
Pleosporaceae

Ulocladium botrytis Preuss (1851);                               8
Anamorphic Pleosporaceae

Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke & Berthold                        8
(1879); Anamorphic Hypomyces, Hypocreaceae,
Hypocreales, Sordariomycetidae

Verticillium bulbillosum Gams & Malla
(1971) (= Pochonia bulbillosa); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Verticillium cephalosporum Gams (1971)
(= Pochonia bulbillosa); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Verticillium nigrescens Pethybr. (1919)                          8
(= Gibellulopsis nigrescens); Anamorphic
Hypomyces, Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordariomycetidae

Verticillium psalliotae Treschew (1941)
(= Lecanicillium psalliotae); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Volutella ciliata (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr.                          8
(1832); Anamorphic Pseudonectria,
Nectriaceae, Hypocreales, Sordarimycetidae

* Volutella paraguayensis Speg.; Anamorphic
Pseudonectria, Nectriaceae, Hypocreales,
Sordarimycetidae

Wardomyces inflatus (Marchal) Hennebert                          8
(1968); Anamorphic Microascus,
Microascaceae, Microascales,
Hypocreomycetidae

Wiesneriomyces javanicus Koord. (1907)                     7
(= Wiesneriomyces laurinus); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Xylohypha curta (Corda) Hughes (1960);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Xylohypha nigrescens (Pers.) Mason (1960);
Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Zygosporium echinosporum Bunting & Mason                         8
(1941); Anamorphic Ascomycetes

Zygosporium gibbum (Sacc., Rousseau &                      7
Bommer) Hughes (1958); Anamorphic
Ascomycetes

Zygosporium oscheoides Mont. (1842);                             8
Anamorphic Ascomycetes
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Author:Allegrucci, Natalia; Cabello, Marta N.; Arambarri, Angelica M.
Publication:Darwiniana
Article Type:Report
Date:Jul 1, 2009
Words:8084
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