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Diversity and distribution of floral scent.

Appendix I: Distribution of Floral Scent Compounds at the Level of Plant Family

Floral scent constituents are ordered according to their inferred biosynthetic origin into seven large groups: aliphatics, benzenoids and phenylpropanoids, C5-branched chain compounds, terpenes (including monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, and irregular terpenes), nitrogen-containing compounds, sulfur-containing compounds, and miscellaneous cyclic compounds. Each large class is then divided into subclasses according to skeleton type or chain length, and the subclasses are then divided according to functional groups if appropriate. Numbers within square brackets refer to reference numbers in Appendix III.

Allphatics are straight-chain compounds that have been divided into groups by ascending chain length. Within each length the compounds are ordered into functional groups: alkanes, alkenes, acids, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters (including lactones), and ethers. Among the esters, the parent acid determines which chain length the compounds are listed by.

Benzcnoids and phenylpropanoids are classified together with all other compounds that have a benzene ring in their skeleton. They are ordered into groups reflecting the longest carbon chain (ranging from no chain to C7) attached to the benzene ring. Within each skeletal group, compounds are ordered into hydrocarbons, acids, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters, ethers, chlorinated compounds, benzofurans, benzopyrans, and nitrogen-containing compounds.

C5-branched chain compounds have an iso-pentenoid carbon chain as their principal structural element and are subdivided into saturated and unsaturated compounds. These categories are further divided into hydrocarbons, acids, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, and esters.

Terpenes include all compounds with more than five carbon atoms that appear to have an isoprenoid carbon skeleton. Monoterpenes are divided into the following main groups: acyclic, irregular, and cyclic skeletons. The latter group is subdivided into: p-menthane, bicyclo[2.2.1], bicyclo[3.1.0], bicyclo[3.1.1], bicyclo[4.1.0], and tricylic skeletons. When appropriate, each of these groups is further divided into hydrocarbons, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters, and ethers. Sesquiterpenes are divided into acyclic and cyclic skeletons, and within these two groups into hydrocarbons, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters, and ethers. Ditcrpencs are divided in acyclic and cyclic skeletons. The irregular terpenes contain compounds with apocarotenoid skeletons and those with an apparent isoprenoid skeleton but an irregular number of carbon atoms, including C8, C9, C10, C11, C12, C13, C14, C16, and C18. Each of these groups is further subdivided into aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, esters, and ethers, when present.

Nitrogen-containing compounds are ordered according to chain length and, within these groups, into amines, amides, nitro compounds, nitriles, oximes, esters, and cyclic compounds, including indole, imidazole, pyrazine, pyrazole, pyridine, and triazine.

Sulfur-containlng compounds are ordered into acyclic, including sulfoxides, sulfides, thiols, thioesters, thiocyanates, and isothiocyanates, and cyclic compounds, including thiofurans and thiazoles.

Miscellaneous cyclic compounds are divided into carbocyclic and heterocyclic compounds. The former group is further divided into monocyclic and bicyclic compounds (bicyclo[3.1.0], bicyclo[3.1.1], bicyclo[4.1.0], bicyclo[4.4.0] (naphthalenes), bicyclo[5.3.0] (azulenes)) and the latter into furans, pyrans, bicyclo[3.2.1], bicyclo[5.1.0], and spiro compounds. When appropriate, each of these groups is ordered by functional group.

Within each functional group compounds are ordered alphabetically disregarding numbers and the following prefixes or combinations of them: (E)-, (Z)-, cis-, trans-, [alpha], [beta], [delta], endo-, epi-, exo-, allo-, neo-, neoallo-, m-, o-, p-, di-tert-, ar-, 1H-, N-, N,N-, S, 1S-, T- and Bis-.
ALIPHATICS
 C1
 Aldehydes
 Formaldehyde
 Brassicaceae [221]
 Alcohols
 Methanol
 Brassicaceae [221], Rosaceae [220]
 Esters
 Cyclohexyl formate
 Oleaceae [267]
 Diethyl carbonate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl formate
 Orchidaceae [117, 118]
 C2
 Acids
 Acetic acid
 Araceae [86, 133, 134], Asteraceae [65], Brassicaceae [221],
 Calycanthaceae [266], Cyclanthaceae
 [225], Fabaceae [120], Nelumbonaceae [184], Orchidaceae
 [8, 77, 106, 117, 203], Rosaceae [12, 61], Rutaceae [247],
 Winteraceae [239], Zingiberaceae [174]
 Aldehydes
 Acetaldehyde
 Araceae [86, 262], Brassicaceae [221], Hydnoraceae [48],
 Orchidaceae [75, 201], Rosaceae [220]
 Alcohols
 Ethanol
 Araceae [86, 133, 229], Brassicaceae [221], Magnoliaceae [238],
 Orchidaceae [27, 75, 201], Rosaceae [219, 220, 228],
 Rubiaceae [249], Vitaceae [44]
 2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethanol
 Oleaceae [177]
 Esters
 Butyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Annonaceae [170], Arecaceae [68, 137],
 Asteraceae [132], Bromeliaceae
 [21], Fabaceae [175, 179, 212], Gentianaceae [45], Musaceae
 [21], Oleaceae [39, 267], Orchidaceae [77, 117], Rosaceae
 [33, 35, 40, 43, 128], Sapindaceae [46], Sapotaceae
 [263], Theophrastaceae [139], Winteraceae [210, 239]
 Cyclohexyl acetate
 Rosaceae [43]
 (E,E)-2,4-Decadienyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117]
 (E,Z)-2,4-Decadienyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117]
 (Z,Z)-3,6-Decadienyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Decenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [29]
 (E)-4-Decenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-4-Decenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [77, 117, 120]
 Decyl acetate
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Fabaceae [49, 156], Orchidaceae
 [13, 17, 23, 27, 28, 29, 77, 117, 147, 188, 253]
 Dodecyl acetate
 Fabaceae [49, 156], Orchidaceae [13, 17, 23, 29, 117,
 147, 253], Rutaceae [172]
 (E)-3,4-Epoxy-hexyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [118]
 (Z)-3,4-Epoxy-hexyl acetate
 Oleaceae [114], Orchidaceae [118]
 Ethyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Annonaceae [170], Araceae [86, 133, 134],
 Arecaceae [137], Cycadaceae [211], Magnoliaceae [238],
 Oleaceae [39, 57, 58, 267], Orchidaceae [75, 117], Rosaceae
 [12, 219, 220], Rubiaceae [249], Winteraceae [210, 239],
 Vitaceae [44, 47], Zingiberaceae [268]
 Heptyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [17, 27, 29, 77], Passifloraceae [157]
 2-Heptyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [75, 117]
 Hexadecyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [13, 17, 23, 27, 117, 147, 253], Rosaceae [60, 61]
 Hexenyl acetate
 Dipsacaceae [185]
 (E)-2-Hexenyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Lamiaceae [5], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Oleaceae [52], Rosaceae [33, 115], Sapotaceae [263],
 Valerianaceae [37]
 3-Hexenyl acetate
 Asteraceae [59], Oleaceae [171,267], Ranunculaceae [207, 209],
 Rosaceae [12, 43, 61], Ruscaceae [171]
 (E)-3-Hexenyl acetate
 Lauraceae [74], Orchidaceae [118], Rosaceae [35]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Annonaceae [111], Apiaceae [242],
 Asteraceae [5, 34, 37, 65], Berberidaceae [182],
 Brassicaceae [70, 217], Caprifoliaceae [102, 178],
 Caryophyllaceae [5, 54, 66, 112], Combretaceae [10],
 Dipsacaceae [5], Ericaceae [136], Fabaceae [49, 50, 107,
 120, 156, 179], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [123],
 Lamiaceae [5], Lecythidaceae [144], Malvaceae [142],
 Moraceae [82], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [33, 39,
 52, 57, 58, 107, 119, 176, 177, 178], Onagraceae [218],
 Orchidaceae [17, 117, 118, 120, 169], Orobanchaceae [20],
 Passifloraceae [157], Primulaceae [36], Ranunculaceae [19],
 Rosaceae [33, 35, 37, 40, 60, 62, 72, 87, 88, 115, 166, 176,
 177, 178, 219, 220, 232], Rubiaceae [249], Ruscaceae
 [232, 233], Rutaceae [247], Salicaceae [245], Sapotaceae
 [263], Scrophulariaceae [5], Solanaceae [165],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Valerianaceae [37], Winteraceae [210]
 (Z)-4-Hexenyl acetate
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Oleaceae [51]
 Hexyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Amaryllidaceae [6], Apiaceae [31],
 Asteraceae [37, 132], Berberidaceae [182], Cactaceae [21],
 Caprifoliaceae [178], Fabaceae [179], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Oleaceae [119], Orchidaceae [17, 27, 77, 117, 120, 188],
 Passifloraceae [157], Pinaceae [25], Ranunculaceae [209],
 Rosaceae [33, 35, 40, 43, 51, 60, 61, 62, 72, 87, 88, 93, 115,
 128, 176, 177, 178], Rubiaceae [5, 249], Scrophulariaceae [5],
 Solanaceae [94], Valerianaceae [37], Winteraceae [210, 239]
 Isobutyl acetate, see 2-Methylpropyl acetate
 Isopropyl acetate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Oleaceae [39], Orchidaceae [75, 106],
 Rosaceae [219, 220]
 (E)-2-Methylcyclopentanol acetate
 Rosaceae [51]
 2-Methyl-5-(l-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexenyl acetate
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 3-Methylpentyl acetate
 Asteraceae [37]
 2-Methylpropen-2-yl acetate
 Oleaceae [267]
 1-Methylpropyl acetate
 Araceae [26]
 2-Methylpropyl acetate (Isobutyl acetate)
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Annonaceae [111], Apiaceae [31], Arecaceae
 [137], Asteraceae [37], Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae
 [11,238], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [77, 117, 201],
 Winteraceae [210, 239]
 (Z,Z)-3,6-Nonadienyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-3-Nonenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Nonyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [17, 27, 29, 117]
 2-Nonyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [75]
 Octadecyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [13]
 3-Octanyl acetate, see 3-Octyl acetate
 Octenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [27, 28, 29]
 1-Octen-3-yl acetate
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 (Z)-3-Octenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [120]
 (Z)-5-Octenyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Octyl acetate
 Apiaceae [31], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [123],
 Orchidaceae [17, 23, 27, 28, 29, 77, 117, 118, 147, 188],
 Rosaceae [33, 35], Valerianaceae [37]
 3-Octyl acetate
 Araceae [86]
 2-Pentadecyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Pentyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Annonaceae [170], Orchidaceae [17],
 Rosaceae [33, 35, 40], Theophrastaceae [139]
 2-Pentyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [21], Bignoniaceae [21], Cycadaceae [211],
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Propyl acetate
 Annonaceae [170], Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae [238],
 Orchidaceae [117], Winteraceae [210, 239]
 2-Propyl acetate
 Arecaceae [68], Orchidaceae [75]
 Tetradecyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [13. 17, 23, 117, 147, 253], Rosaceae [60. 61]
 2-Tridecyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Orchidaceae [75, 117]
 Undecyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [17]
 2-Undecyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Orchidaceae [75, 117]
 Ethers and epoxides
 1,1-Diethoxyethane
 Calycanthaceae [266], Rosaceae [12]
 Diethoxymethane
 Rosaceae [12]
 Diethyl ether
 Araceae [229]
 Chloro
 Tetrachloroethylene
 Rosaceae [12]
 C3
 Acids
 Dimethylpropanoic acid
 Brassicaceae [221]
 Propanoic acid
 Araceae [26, 229], Orchidaceae [27, 117]
 Aldehydes
 2-Methylpropanal
 Rosaceae [12, 220]
 2-Methyl-2-propenal
 Araceae [229], Hydnoraceae [48]. Orchidaceae [8. 201]. Rutaceae
 [247], Zingiberaceae [174]
 Propanal
 Brassicaceae [221], Hydnoraceae [48]
 Ketones
 Acetone
 Araceae [86. 229]. Brassicaceae [2211, Orchidaceae [75, 2011,
 Rosaceae [12, 72, 220], Vitaceae [44, 47]
 2,2-Dimethoxypropanone
 Orchidaceae [1061
 1-Methoxy-2-propanone
 Araceae [86]
 Alcohols
 Isobutanol, see 2-Methylpropanol
 2-Methylpropanol (Isobutanol)
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86, 262], Asteraceae [37],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae [238], Oleaceae [39],
 Orchidaceae [77, 117], Rosaceae [12, 220], Winteraceae
 [210, 239]
 Propanol
 Araceae [133], Rosaceae [12]
 2-Propanol
 Orchidaceae [201]
 Esters
 Butyl acrylate, see Butyl 2-propenoate
 Butyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Annonaceae [111]
 Butyl propanoate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 Butyl 2-propenoate (Butyl acrylate)
 Zingiberaceae [268]
 Ethyl propanoate
 Magnoliaceae [238], Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Magnoliaceae [11, 238], Rubiaceae [249]
 Ethyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate
 Magnoliaceae [238]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Oleaceae [107], Rubiaceae [249]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl propanoate
 Annonaceae [111], Asteraceae [37], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Oleaceae [107], Rubiaceae [249]
 Hexyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Rubiaceae [249]
 Hexyl propanoate
 Asteraceae [37], Passifloraceae [157]
 Isobutyl acetate, see 2-Methylpropyl acetate
 Isopropyl propanoate
 Annonaceae [111]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate
 Cactaceae [113]
 Methyl isobutanoate, see Methyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Methyl 2-methylpropanoate (Methyl isobutanoate)
 Araceae [133], Brassicaceae [221], Cycadaceae [211],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 2-methylpropenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 3-Methylpentyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Asteraceae [37]
 3-Methylpentyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate
 Asteraceae [37]
 Methyl propanoate
 Rubiaceae [228]
 2-Methyl-2-propenyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate
 Asteraceae [37]
 2-Methylpropyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Annonaceae [111], Asteraceae [37], Magnoliaceae [238]
 2-Methylpropyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate
 Asteraceae [37]
 2-Pentyl propanoate
 Cycadaceae [211]
 Ethers
 2-Methylpropyl ethenyl ether
 Orchidaceae [201]
 C4

 Alkanes
 Ethylcyclobutane
 Rosaceae [12]

 Alkenes
 2,3-Dimethyl-1,3-butadiene
 Araceae [86]
 2,3-Dimethyl-2-butene
 Rosaceae [40]

 Acids
 Butanoic acid
 Araceae [86], Asteraceae [65], Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117]

 Aldehydes
 Butanal
 Araceae [86], Brassicaceae [221], Hydnoraceae [48], Rosaceae
 [12]
 2-Butenal
 Araceae [229], Rosaceae [12]
 (E)-2-Butenal
 Hydnoraceae [48]

 Ketones
 2,3-Butanedione
 Araceae [86], Arecaceae [137], Brassicaceae [221],
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 2-Butanone
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86, 229], Brassicaceae [221],
 Fabaceae [179], Oleaceae [39], Orchidaceae [201, 236],
 Rosaceae [12, 219, 220]
 1-Buten-3-one, see 3-Buten-2-one
 3-Buten-2-one (1-Buten-3-one)
 Araceae [229], Calycanthaceae [266], Liliaceae [92], Rutaceae
 [247], Zingiberaceae [174]
 3-Hydroxy-2-butanone
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86], Arecaceae [10, 137],
 Asteraceae [5], Acanthaceae [10], Brassicaceae [221],
 Fabaceae [50, 120, 156], Malvaceae [142], Oleaceae
 [57, 58], Orchidaceae [117], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae
 [219, 220], Sapotaceae [263], Scrophulariaceae [5],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Thymelaeaceae [5]

 Alcohols
 2,3-Butanediol, see 2,3-Dihydroxybutane
 Butanol
 Araceae [86], Gentianaceae [45], Magnoliaceae [238], Oleaceae
 [39], Orchidaceae [77, 117], Rosaceae [12, 33, 35],
 Vitaceae [44, 47]
 2-Butanol
 Apiaceae [246], Araceae [86], Brassicaceae [221], Rosaceae [12,
 219, 220]
 2,3-Dihydroxybutane (2,3-Butanediol)
 Acanthaceae [10], Fabaceae [50, 156], Orchidaceae [27],
 Rhizophoraceae [10]

 Esters
 Butyl butanoate
 Arecaceae [137], Asteraceae [5], Orchidaceae [117], Violaceae
 [248]
 2-Butyl butanoate
 Moraceae [121]
 Ethyl butanoate
 Araceae [86], Arecaceae [137], Lythraceae [10], Magnoliaceae
 [11, 238], Orchidaceae [117], Pinaceae [25], Rubiaceae [249]
 Ethyl 2-butenoate
 Magnoliaceae [238]
 Ethyl (E)-2-butenoate
 Arecaceae [137], Orchidaceae [117]
 Heptyl butanoate
 Lythraceae [10]
 2-Heptyl butanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-3,5-Hexadienyl butanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Hexenyl butanoate
 Lythraceae [10], Nyctaginaceae [151]
 (E)-2-Hexenyl butanoate
 Oleaceae [52]
 3-Hexenyl butanoate
 Lythraceae [10], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [57, 267]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl butanoate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Berberidaceae [182], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Iridaceae [178], Lecythidaceae [144], Oleaceae [39, 52, 58,
 107, 119, 177], Orchidaceae [117, 201], Rubiaceae [249]
 Hexyl butanoate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Apiaceae [31], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Moraceae [121], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [57, 58],
 Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157], Rubiaceae [249]
 Isobutyl butanoate, see 2-Methylpropyl butanoate
 Isopropyl butanoate
 Arecaceae [68], Oleaceae [52], Scrophulariaceae [226]
 Methyl butanoate
 Araceae [86, 129, 133], Fabaceae [216], Lythraceae [10],
 Moraceae [121], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [106,
 117], Pinaceae [25], Rosaceae [43], Rubiaceae [249]
 Methyl 2-butenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [135], Oleaceae [39]
 Methyl (E)-2-butenoate (Methyl crotonate)
 Arecaceae [137], Nymphaeaceae [14], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl crotonate, see Methyl (E)-2-butenoate
 2-Methylhexyl butanoate
 Lythraceae [10]
 Methyl 3-hydroxybutanoate
 Orchidaceae [77]
 Methyl 4-methoxybutanoate
 Orchidaceae [106]
 2-Methylpropyl butanoate (Isobutyl butanoate)
 Asteraceae [37], Magnoliaceae [238], Orchidaceae [117]
 Octyl butanoate
 Apiaceae [31], Orchidaceae [117]
 Pentyl butanoate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 2-Pentyl butanoate
 Cycadaceae [211], Orchidaceae [117]
 Propyl butanoate
 Annonaceae [111]

 Ethers
 2-Butoxyethanol
 Violaceae [248]
 2-Methoxybutane
 Oleaceae [39]

 C5

 Alkanes
 Pentane
 Brassicaceae [221], Orchidaceae [201], Rosaceae [12, 220]
 2-Methylpentane
 Brassicaceae [221], Rosaceae [12, 220]
 3-Methylpentane
 Brassicaceae [221], Rosaceae [12]
 2,2',3,4-Tetramethylpentane
 Oleaceae [267]
 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane
 Rosaceae [12]

 Alkenes
 (E)-3-Methyl-1,2-pentadiene
 Brassicaceae [221]
 3-Methyl-l,3-pentadiene
 Rosaceae [220]
 2-Methyl-1-pentene
 Araceae [86], Rosaceae [220]

 Acids
 4-Methylpentanoic acid
 Araceae [134]
 (E)-3-Methyl-2-pentenoic acid
 Asteraceae [65]
 (Z)-3-Methyl-2-pentenoic acid
 Asteraceae [65]
 Pentanoic acid
 Asteraceae [65], Brassicaceae [217], Orchidaceae [27, 117]

 Aldehydes
 2-Methyl-4-pentenal
 Actinidiaceae [237]
 Pentanal
 Araceae [229], Bignoniaceae [142], Brassicaceae [221],
 Meliaceae [250], Orchidaceae [201], Rosaceae [12, 40,
 220], Rutaceae [247]
 2-Pentenal
 Amaryllidaceae [177], Araceae [229]
 (E)-2-Pentenal
 Araceae [86], Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-2-Pentenal
 Amaryllidaceae [6]

 Ketones
 4-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone
 Calycanthaceae [266], Oleaceae [177]
 3-Hydroxy-2-pentanone
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Hydroxy-3-pentanone
 Orchidaceae [117]
 1-Methoxy-3-methylene-2-pentanone
 Actinidiaceae [237], Oleaceae [39]
 Methyl isobutenyl ketone, see 4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one
 3-Methyl-2-pentanone
 Araceae [86, 129, 133, 229], Brassicaceae [221]
 4-Methyl-2-pentanone
 Cyclanthaceae [225], Orchidaceae [201]
 4-Methyl-3-penten-2-one (Methyl isobutenyl ketone)
 Annonaceae [111], Fabaceae [121], Liliaceae [92], Orchidaceae
 [192]
 2,3-Pentanedione
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Pentanone
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86, 229], Brassicaceae [221],
 Cycadaceae [211], Oleaceae [39], Orchidaceae [75],
 Rosaceae [219]
 3-Pentanone
 Actinidiaceae [237], Arecaceae [143], Brassicaceae [221],
 Chloranthaceae [251], Oleaceae [39], Rosaceae [12, 219, 220]
 3-Penten-2-one
 Araceae [86]
 4-Penten-2-one
 Fabaceae [153]

 Alcohols
 3-Methylpentanol
 Asteraceae [37], Solanaceae [165, 166]
 3-Methyl-2-pentanol
 Cycadaceae [211]
 4-Methylpentanol
 Araceae [86], Solanaceae [165]
 4-Methyl-2-pentanol
 Liliaceae [92]
 3-Methyl-4-pentenol
 Araceae [229]
 Pentanol
 Araceae [86], Cactaceae [125], Orchidaceae [30, 77, 117],
 Rosaceae [33, 35, 61, 219], Winteraceae [210]
 2-Pentanol
 Brassicaceae [221], Cycadaceae [211], Orchidaceae [27, 30, 147]
 3-Pentanol
 Arecaceae [143], Rosaceae [219, 220]
 1-Penten-2-ol
 Gentianaceae [45]
 1-Penten-3-ol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Chloranthaceae [251], Gentianaceae [45],
 Meliaceae [250], Oleaceae [39], Orchidaceae [201]
 (Z)-3-Pentenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Penten-2-ol
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 4-Pentenol
 Araceae [86]

 Esters
 Butyl pentanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Dimethyl pentanedioate
 Lauraceae [74]
 Hexyl pentanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 2-acetoxy-3-methylpentanoate
 Eupomatiaceae [18]
 Methyl 2-acetoxy-4-methylpentanoate
 Eupomatiaceae [18]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoate
 Eupomatiaceae [18], Nymphaeaceae [14], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoate
 Eupomatiaceae [18], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-3-methylpentenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [135]
 Methyl hydroxypentanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Methyl 2-hydroxypentanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 3-methylpentanoate
 Solanaceae [165]
 Methyl 2-oxo-3-methylpentanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl pentanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [27, 117]
 Methyl 2-pentenoate
 Orchidaceae [203]
 Methyl 3-pentenoate
 Amaryllidaceae [63]
 2-Pentyl pentanoate
 Cycadaceae [211]
 Propyl pentanoate
 Arecaceae [68]

 C6

 Alkanes
 3,3-Dimethylhexane
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 Hexane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86], Brassicaceae [221],
 Rosaceae [12]
 2-Methylhexane
 Oleaceae [267]
 2,3,4-Trimethylhexane
 Asteraceae [213]

 Alkenes
 4,5-Dimethyl-1-hexene
 Cucurbitaceae [71]
 1-Hexene
 Rosaceae [12], Vitaceae [44]

 Acids
 2-Ethylhexanoic acid
 Malvaceae [67]
 Hexanoic acid
 Araceae [86], Fabaceae [120], Orchidaceae [8, 23, 27, 77,
 147], Passifloraceae [157], Rosaceae [12], Rutaceae [247]

 Aldehydes
 2-Ethylhexanal
 Moraceae [82]
 2,4-Hexadienal
 Araceae [86]
 Hexanal
 Actinidiaceae [237], Apiaceae [242], Araceae [229], Arecaceae
 [68, 143], Brassicaceae [221], Cactaceae [125],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [54], Fabaceae [212],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hydnoraceae [48], Malvaceae [142],
 Meliaceae [250], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [8, 23, 117,
 147, 201, 224, 227], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae [12, 33,
 35, 72, 219, 220], Scrophulariaceae [5], Valerianaceae
 [37], Verbenaceae [5]
 Hexenal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Orchidaceae [23]
 2-Hexenal
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Rosaceae [33, 35, 219]
 (E)-2-Hexenal
 Actinidiaceae [237], Cactaceae [21], Fabaceae [49, 50, 120,
 156, 179], Malvaceae [94], Oleaceae [52, 177],
 Ranunculaceae [209], Verbenaceae [5]
 (Z)-2-Hexenal
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae [72]
 (Z)-3-Hexenal
 Araceae [86], Cactaceae [125], Fabaceae [179], Orchidaceae
 [117]

 Ketones
 2,5-Hexanedione
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3,4-Hexanedione
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Hexanone
 Araceae [229], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Fabaceae
 [50, 156], Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Hexanone
 Amaryllidaceae [21], Araceae [229], Arecaceae [21, 143],
 Bignoniaceae [21], Bromeliaceae [21], Cactaceae [125],
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Hexen-2-one
 Annonaceae [111]
 5-Hexen-2-one
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 4-Hydroxy-3-hexanone
 Orchidaceae [117]
 4-Methyl-3-hexanone
 Oleaceae [51]
 5-Methyl-2-hexanone
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 5-Methyl-4-hydroxy-2-hexanone
 Lauraceae [74]

 Alcohols
 (Z)-3,4-Epoxy-hexanol
 Orchidaceae [118]
 2-Ethylhexanol
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Araceae [229], Fabaceae [104], Malvaceae
 [67], Moraceae [82], Nelumbonaceae [184], Rosaceae [12,
 128], Violaceae [248]
 Hexanol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Alliaceae [36], Amaryllidaceae [6],
 Apiaceae [31, 242], Apocynaceae [178], Araceae [86],
 Arecaceae [68, 137, 143], Berberidaceae [182], Cactaceae
 [113, 125], Caryophyllaceae [66], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae
 [50, 62, 120, 156, 179], Hyacinthaceae [123], Lecythidaceae
 [144], Malvaceae [67, 142], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae
 [151], Oleaceae [119], Orchidaceae [17, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30,
 77, 116, 117, 118, 120, 147], Papaveraceae [62],
 Passifloraceae [157], Pinaceae [25], Ranunculaceae [209],
 Rosaceae [12, 33, 35, 40, 43, 51, 61, 62, 72, 87, 88, 128,
 166, 228], Rubiaceae [5], Rutaceae [119], Scrophulariaceae
 [5], Solanaceae [165], Theophrastaceae [139], Thymelaeaceae
 [5], Valerianaceae [5, 37], Winteraceae [210], Vitaceae [44]
 2-Hexanol
 Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Cycadaceae [211],
 Orchidaceae [30], Solanaceae [165]
 3-Hexanol
 Cactaceae [125]
 Hexenol
 Oleaceae [267]
 1-Hexen-3-ol
 Vitaceae [44, 47]
 2-Hexenol
 Ranunculaceae [209]
 (E)-2-Hexenol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86], Asteraceae [37],
 Cactaceae [125], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [50, 120],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae [33],
 Valerianaceae [37]
 (Z)-2-Hexenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Hexenol
 Annonaceae [111], Asteraceae [59], Calycanthaceae [266],
 Caryophyllaceae [112], Moraceae [83], Oleaceae [57],
 Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [43, 61], Ruscaceae [171],
 Winteraceae [210]
 (E)-3-Hexenol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Arecaceae [137], Fabaceae [156, 179],
 Lauraceae [74], Orchidaceae [117, 203], Rosaceae [35]
 (Z)-3-Hexenol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Alliaceae [36], Apocynaceae [141],
 Arecaceae [143], Asteraceae [5, 34, 37, 65], Acanthaceae
 [10], Berberidaceae [182], Brassicaceae [70, 221],
 Cactaceae [122, 125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [5, 66, 141], Combretaceae [10], Dipsacaceae [5], Ericaceae
 [136], Fabaceae [49, 50, 120, 156, 160, 179], Gentianaceae
 [45], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [123],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae [264], Malvaceae [67,
 142], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [33,
 39, 52, 58, 107, 114, 119, 177], Orchidaceae [17, 23, 77,
 116, 117, 118, 120, 141, 169], Orobanchaceae [20],
 Papaveraceae [62], Passifloraceae [157], Primulaceae [36],
 Ranunculaceae [19], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae [33, 35,
 37, 62, 87, 88, 128, 166, 219, 220], Rubiaceae [5, 141,
 249], Rutaceae [119], Salicaceae [245], Scrophulariaceae
 [5], Solanaceae [141, 165, 166], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Valerianaceae [37], Verbenaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [141]
 4-Methylhexanol
 Solanaceae [165]

 Esters
 Butyl hexanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144], Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Butyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Dimethyl hexanedioate
 Lauraceae [74]
 Ethyl hexanoate
 Annonaceae [111], Fabaceae [126], Magnoliaceae [11, 238],
 Orchidaceae [117, 203]
 Ethyl 3-hexanoate
 Annonaceae [111]
 2-Heptyl hexanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Hexenyl hexanoate
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 (E)-3-Hexenyl hexanoate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl hexanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144], Oleaceae [51], Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
 Oleaceae [119], Orchidaceae [117]
 Hexyl hexanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144], Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl 2-ethylhexanoate
 Arecaceae [137], Cucurbitaceae [71]
 Methyl hexanoate
 Fabaceae [216], Lecythidaceae [144], Lythraceae [10],
 Magnoliaceae [11], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae
 [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl hexenoate
 Magnoliaceae [11]
 Methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Methyl (Z)-2-hexenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Methyl 3-hexenoate
 Oleaceae [39]
 Methyl 4-methylhexanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 2-Methylpropyl hexanoate
 Annonaceae [111]
 Pentyl hexanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Pentyl hexanoate
 Cycadaceae [211]
 Propyl hexanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Propyl hexanoate
 Arecaceae [68]

 Ethers
 1,6-Diacetoxyhexane
 Oleaceae [57, 58]

 C7

 Alkanes
 3,4-Dimethylheptane
 Zingiberaceae [268]
 Heptane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Oleaceae [267], Orchidaceae [201],
 Rosaceae [12]
 3-Methylheptane
 Oleaceae [267]

 Alkenes
 2,4-Dimethyl-2,4-heptadiene
 Araceae [86]
 1-Heptene
 Rosaceae [12]
 Trimethylheptadiene
 Araceae [133]
 2,3,6-Trimethyl-1,5-heptadiene
 Araceae [129]

 Acids
 2-Ethylheptanoic acid
 Onagraceae [265]
 Heptanoic acid
 Asteraceae [65], Orchidaceae [23, 27]

 Aldehydes
 2,3-Dimethyl-5-heptenal
 Sapindaceae [46]
 2,6-Dimethyl-5-heptenal
 Oleaceae [267]
 Heptanal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Arecaceae [10, 143], Berberidaceae [215],
 Brassicaceae [221], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Caryophyllaceae [112], Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74],
 Malvaceae [142], Meliaceae [250], Orchidaceae [23, 28, 117,
 147, 201, 224], Rosaceae [12, 219, 220]
 4-Heptenal
 Araceae [229]

 Ketones
 2,3-Heptandione
 Scrophulariaceae [5]
 2-Heptanone
 Araceae [129, 133, 134], Arecaceae [137, 143], Cactaceae
 [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Cycadaceae [211], Ericaceae
 [136], Fabaceae [50, 138, 156], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Lythraceae [10], Orchidaceae [28, 29, 75, 116, 117],
 Rosaceae [12, 60]
 3-Heptanone
 Araceae [229], Orchidaceae [116], Rosaceae [12], Violaceae
 [248], Zingiberaceae [268]
 2-Hydroxy-3-heptanone
 Scrophulariaceae [5]
 3-Hydroxy-2-heptanone
 Scrophulariaceae [5]
 3-Methyl-2-heptanone
 Rosaceae [220]
 6-Methyl-2-heptanone
 Oleaceae [267]
 4-Methyl-3-heptanone
 Orchidaceae [203]
 6-Methyl-3-heptanone
 Gentianaceae [45]
 Methylheptenone
 Orchidaceae [201]

 Alcohols
 (E,E)-2,4-Heptadienol
 Araceae [86]
 Heptanol
 Cactaceae [125], Hyacinthaceae [123], Orchidaceae [23, 27,
 28, 29, 30, 117, 118, 147], Ranunculaceae [19, 59, 209]
 2-Heptanol
 Arecaceae [143], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Cycadaceae [211], Fabaceae [138], Orchidaceae [23, 28, 29,
 117], Rosaceae [60]
 3-Heptanol
 Orchidaceae [28]
 (Z)-4-Heptenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Methylheptanol
 Cactaceae [125]
 4-Methyl-2-heptanol
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 6-Methylheptanol
 Calycanthaceae [266], Solanaceae [165]

 Esters
 3-Hexenyl heptanoate
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 Methyl heptanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]

 C8

 Alkanes
 Octane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [262], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Orchidaceae [27, 201], Rosaceae [12, 40, 219]

 Alkenes
 3,4-Dimethyl-2,4,6-octatriene
 Cucurbitaceae [71]
 2,7-Methyloctadiene
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 Octadiene
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 1,3-Octadiene
 Araceae [86, 229], Zamiaceae [211]
 1,3,6-Octatriene
 Orchidaceae [180]
 1,3,7-Octatriene
 Araceae [229]
 1-Octene
 Brassicaceae [221], Rosaceae [12]

 Acids
 Octanoic acid
 Asteraceae [65], Fabaceae [120], Orchidaceae [8, 23, 27, 28,
 77, 147, 192], Rosaceae [12]

 Aldehydes
 Octanal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Apiaceae [242], Araceae [229, 262],
 Brassicaceae [221], Cactaceae [122, 125], Caprifoliaceae
 [102], Caryophyllaceae [5, 54, 112], Gentianaceae [5],
 Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74], Meliaceae [250],
 Orchidaceae [8, 23, 28, 77, 117, 118, 120, 147, 176, 201,
 224], Papaveraceae [62], Rosaceae [12, 219, 220],
 Violaceae [248]
 Octenal
 Araceae [205]
 (E)-2-Octenal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-2-Octenal
 Araceae [86]

 Ketones
 3,5-Octadien-2-one
 Araceae [86]
 2-Octanone
 Fabaceae [138], Malvaceae [142], Orchidaceae [27, 117]
 3-Octanone
 Araceae [86, 229], Arecaceae [137], Bignoniaceae [142],
 Fabaceae [49, 156], Malvaceae [142], Nymphaeaceae [14,
 135], Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 1-Octen-3-one
 Araceae [229], Bignoniaceae [142], Malvaceae [142],
 Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 (E)-3-Octen-2-one
 Moraceae [82]

 Alcohols
 Octanol
 Apiaceae [31], Araceae [229], Berberidaceae [182, 215],
 Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [5], Hyacinthaceae [38], Orchidaceae [17, 23, 27, 28, 29,
 30, 117, 118, 147, 148], Ranunculaceae [19, 59, 209],
 Rosaceae [12], Salicaceae [245], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Valerianaceae [37], Vitaceae [44]
 2-Octanol
 Arecaceae [143], Fabaceae [138], Orchidaceae [28]
 3-Octanol
 Araceae [86, 229], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [77,
 116, 117]
 1-Octenol
 Orchidaceae [28, 29]
 (E)-2-Octenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-2-Octenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-5-Octenol
 Orchidaceae [117, 118]
 7-Octenol
 Malvaceae [67]
 Octen-3-ol
 Fabaceae [126]
 1-Octen-3-ol
 Araceae [86, 229], Bignoniaceae [21, 142], Cactaceae [21,
 122], Caryophyllaceae [5], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [49,
 50, 107, 156], Gentianaceae [45], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123],
 Malvaceae [142], Orchidaceae [116, 117], Polemoniaceae [5,
 21], Scrophulariaceae [5], Verbenaceae [5]
 7-Octen-4-ol
 Nyctaginaceae [151]

 Esters
 Butyl octanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Butyl octenoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl octanoate
 Fabaceae [126], Orchidaceae [13, 27, 117]
 Ethyl 3-octenoate
 Orchidaceae [13]
 Hexyl octanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 3-methyloctanoate
 Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 Methyl octanoate
 Araceae [129], Eupomatiaceae [18], Magnoliaceae [11, 240,
 264], Myrsinaceae [103], Orchidaceae [13, 117],
 Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl (E)-2-octenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Methyl 4-octenoate
 Cucurbitaceae [71], Orchidaceae [13]
 2-Pentyl octanoate
 Cycadaceae [211]

 C9

 Alkanes
 Nonane
 Apiaceae [31], Araceae [262], Brassicaceae [105],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Gentianaceae [45], Meliaceae [250],
 Orchidaceae [8, 201, 224], Pittosporaceae [107], Rosaceae
 [12, 40, 128, 219]

 Alkenes
 1-Nonene
 Asteraceae [36]

 Acids
 Nonanoic acid
 Araceae [86, 229], Asteraceae [65], Fabaceae [120], Malvaceae
 [67], Onagraceae [265], Orchidaceae [23]

 Aldehydes
 2,6-Nonadienal
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 (E,Z)-2,6-Nonadienal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Nonanal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Apiaceae [242], Araceae [129, 205, 229,
 262], Arecaceae [143], Asteraceae [65], Berberidaceae
 [215], Brassicaceae [221], Cactaceae [122, 125],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [54, 66, 112],
 Cucurbitaceae [71], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [120],
 Gentianaceae [5], Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74],
 Malvaceae [67], Meliaceae [250], Myrsinaceae [103],
 Orchidaceae [8, 17, 23, 27, 28, 77, 116, 117, 118,
 147, 175, 176, 192, 201,224], Papaveraceae [62], Primulaceae
 [5], Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [12, 72, 219, 220],
 Rutaceae [247], Sapindaceae [46], Sapotaceae [263],
 Solanaceae [69], Valerianaceae [37], Verbenaceae [5],
 Violaceae [248], Vitaceae [42, 44, 47]
 2-Nonenal
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 (E)-2-Nonenal
 Cactaceae [113, 125], Orchidaceae [8, 117]
 Ketones
 Nonanone
 Myrsinaceae [103]
 2-Nonanone
 Araceae [129, 133], Arecaceae [143], Berberidaceae [215],
 Brassicaceae [22], Fabaceae [138], Malvaceae [41],
 Orchidaceae [27, 28, 29, 75, 117, 224], Rosaceae [60]
 3-Nonanone
 Araceae [229]
 Alcohols
 Nonanol
 Araceae [262], Brassicaceae [36], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 29, 30,
 117, 118, 147]
 2-Nonanol
 Araceae [129, 205], Fabaceae [138], Orchidaceae [27, 28, 29,
 30, 224]
 4-Nonenol
 Araceae [86]
 (Z)-3-Nonenol
 Orchidaceae [117], Solanaceae [121]
 (E)-6-Nonenol
 Malvaceae [67]
 (Z)-6-Nonenol
 Solanaceae [121]
 (Z,Z)-3,6-Nonadienol
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Orchidaceae [117], Solanaceae [121]
 Esters
 Methyl nonanoate
 Orchidaceae [13, 117]
 C10
 Alkanes
 Decane
 Apiaceae [31], Araceae [26, 146, 231], Arecaceae [143],
 Brassicaceae [105], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [54], Fabaceae [179, 235], Malvaceae [67], Meliaceae [250],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Oleaceae [57, 58], Orchidaceae [8, 23,
 27, 28, 147, 201, 224], Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [12,
 40, 43, 128, 219], Zingiberaceae [268]
 2,6,8-Trimethyldecane
 Oleaceae [51]
 Alkenes
 1-Decene
 Araceae [133], Asteraceae [36]
 Acids
 Decanoic acid
 Araceae [229], Calycanthaceae [266], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Orchidaceae [8]
 Decatrienoic acid
 Orchidaceae [77]
 (Z)-4-Decenoic acid
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (E)-3-Methyl-4-decenoic acid
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-3-Methyl-3-decenoic acid
 Fabaceae [120]
 Aldehydes
 (E,E)-2,4-Decadienal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117, 121, 227]
 (E,Z)-2,4-Decadienal
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117, 121,227]
 2,5-Decadienal
 Asteraceae [214]
 (Z,Z)-4,7-Decadienal
 Apocynaceae [121], Orchidaceae [118]
 Decanal
 Apiaceae [242], Araceae [129, 229, 262], Asteraceae [5],
 Berberidaceae [215], Brassicaceae [221], Cactaceae [122,
 125], Caprifoliaceae [102, 175], Caryophyllaceae [5, 54, 66,
 112], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [216], Gentianaceae [5, 45],
 Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74], Liliaceae [92], Malvaceae
 [67], Myrsinaceae [103], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae
 [5, 8, 23, 28, 77, 116, 117, 118, 176, 192, 201,224],
 Papaveraceae [62], Primulaceae [5], Rosaceae [12, 43, 72,
 219, 220], Rutaceae [247], Solanaceae [69], Violaceae [73]
 (E,Z,Z)-2, 4,7-Decatrienal
 Apocynaceae [121], Orchidaceae [121]
 Decenal
 Araceae [86]
 (E)-2 Decenal
 Amaryllidaceae [6]
 (Z)-4-Decenal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (E)-3-Methyl-4-decenal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Ketones
 2-Decanone
 Arecaceae [137]
 4-Decanone
 Calycanthaceae [266]
 3-Methyl-3-decen-2-one
 Oleaceae [51]
 Alcohols
 (E,E)-2,4-Decadienol
 Orchidaceae [77, 117, 121]
 (E,Z)-2,4-Decadienol
 Orchidaceae [77, 117, 120, 121]
 (Z,Z)-4,7-Decadienol
 Apocynaceae [121], Orchidaceae [118]
 Decanol
 Malvaceae [67], Orchidaceae [17, 28, 118], Sapindaceae [46]
 2-Decanol
 Orchidaceae [29]
 (E,Z,Z)-2,4,7 -Decatrienol
 Apocynaceae [121], Orchidaceae [121]
 (Z)-3-Decenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 (Z)-4-Decenol
 Orchidaceae [117, 118]
 (Z)-7-Decenol
 Orchidaceae [118]
 (E)-3-Methyl-4-decenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Esters
 Ethyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl (Z,E)-2,4-decadienoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl decanoate
 Orchidaceae [13, 117]
 Ethyl 3-decenoate
 Orchidaceae [13]
 Ethyl (Z)-4-decenoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl caprate, see Methyl decanoate
 Methyl (Z)-cascarillate
 Fabaceae [120], Orchidaceae [120]
 Methyl decadienoate
 Magnoliaceae [240]
 Methyl 2,4-decadienoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Methyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienoate
 Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 Methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
 Orchidaceae [116, 117, 120]
 Methyl decanoate (Methyl caprate)
 Asteraceae [214], Gentianaceae [5], Magnoliaceae [11, 240],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [13,
 117]
 Methyl decatrienoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl decenoate
 Magnoliaceae [11,240]
 Methyl 4-decenoate
 Orchidaceae [13]
 Methyl (Z)-4-decenoate
 Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 Methyl (Z)-3-methyl-3-decenoate
 Fabaceae [120]
 Methyl (E)-3-methyl-4-decenoate
 Fabaceae [120], Orchidaceae [120]
 2-Pentyl decanoate
 Cycadaceae [211]
 C11
 Alkanes
 Undecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26, 146, 231], Arecaceae [68,
 137, 143], Asteraceae [5], Brassicaceae [105],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Fabaceae [216], Malvaceae [67],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Oleaceae [51], Orchidaceae [8, 23, 27,
 28, 30, 147, 175, 201, 224], Pittosporaceae [107],
 Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [12, 33, 35, 51, 220],
 Rutaceae [172, 247], Sapotaceae [263], Violaceae [248]
 Alkenes
 Methylundecene
 Araceae [206]
 (E,E)-1,3,5-Undecatriene
 Cactaceae [21], Orchidaceae [78, 120]
 (E,Z)-1,3,5-Undecatriene
 Cactaceae [21], Orchidaceae [78, 117, 120, 121]
 Undecene
 Apiaceae [31], Orchidaceae [23, 27]
 1-Undecene
 Asteraceae [36], Brassicaceae [22]
 2-Undecene
 Araceae [86]
 Acids
 Undecanoic acid
 Hydnoraceae [48]
 Aldehydes
 Undecanal
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [54], Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74], Orchidaceae [23,
 117, 201, 224]
 Ketones
 2-Undecanone
 Araceae [26], Myrsinaceae [103], Orchidaceae [23, 28, 29, 75,
 117], Rosaceae [51, 60, 61, 128]
 3-Undecanone
 Orchidaceae [27]
 6-Undecanone
 Oleaceae [57, 58], Onagraceae [265]
 Alcohols
 2-Undecanol
 Orchidaceae [28]
 Esters
 Ethyl undecanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl undecanoate
 Orchidaceae [77]
 Ethers and epoxides
 (Z)-5(6)-Epoxy-(E)-1,3-undecadiene
 Orchidaceae [121]
 C12
 Alkanes
 Dodecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26, 86, 231, 262], Arecaceae
 [143], Brassicaceae [105], Cactaceae [113], Calycanthaceae
 [120], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [5], Malvaceae
 [67], Myrsinaceae [103], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae
 [51], Orchidaceae [8, 23, 27, 28, 147, 175, 201, 224],
 Papaveraceae [62], Ranunculaceae [207, 209], Rosaceae [43,
 51, 219], Sapotaceae [263], Valerianaceae [37]
 6-Methyldodecane
 Oleaceae [51 ]
 2,7,10-Trimethyldodecane
 Araceae [262]
 Alkenes
 1-Dodecene
 Araceae [86], Brassicaceae [22]
 Acids
 Dodecanoic acid
 Araceae [152], Fabaceae [120], Hydnoraceae [48], Orchidaceae
 [117]
 Aldehydes
 Dodecanal
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Gentianaceae [5], Orchidaceae [28, 117,
 224]
 Ketones
 Dimethyldodecenone
 Araceae [205, 206]
 2-Dodecanone (Methyl undecyl ketone)
 Orchidaceae [77]
 Methyl undecyl ketone, see 2-Dodecanone
 Alcohols
 (Z,Z)-3,6-Dodecadienol
 Orchidaceae [118]
 Dodecanol
 Oleaceae [51], Orchidaceae [8, 13, 17, 30, 117, 118], Rutaceae
 [172]
 (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-Dodecatrienol
 Orchidaceae [117, 118]
 2-Dodecenol
 Sapindaceae [46]
 (Z)-6-Dodecenol
 Orchidaceae [118]
 Esters
 Butyl dodecanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl dodecanoates
 Orchidaceae [13, 117]
 Methyl dodecadienoate
 Magnoliaceae [240]
 Methyl 3,6-dodecadienoate
 Orchidaceae [13]
 Methyl dodecanoate
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Magnoliaceae [11, 240, 264], Orchidaceae
 [13, 117]
 Methyl dodecenoate
 Magnoliaceae [11, 240]
 C13
 Alkanes
 2,5-Dimethyltridecane
 Oleaceae [51], Rosaceae [51]
 Tridecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26, 86, 231], Arecaceae [137,
 143], Berberidaceae [215], Brassicaceae [105], Cactaceae
 [113], Capfifoliaceae [102], Dipsacaceae [185], Fabaceae
 [120, 216], Magnoliaceae [11, 240], Malvaceae [67],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Nelumbonaceae [184], Orchidaceae [8, 23,
 27, 29, 30, 76, 147, 201,224], Papaveraceae [62],
 Polemoniaceae [5], Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [51, 60,
 128, 219], Sapotaceae [263], Violaceae [73], Zamiaceae [211]
 Alkenes
 Tridecadiene
 Orchidaceae [28, 29]
 Tridecene
 Araceae [26], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 147]
 1-Tridecene
 Araceae [86], Lauraceae [74], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135],
 Vitaceae [44]
 2-Tridecene
 Lauraceae [74]
 6-Tridecene
 Malvaceae [67]
 Acids
 Tridecanoic acid
 Hydnoraceae [48]
 Aldehydes
 (Z,Z)-4,7-Tridecadienal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Tridecanal
 Araceae [262], Orchidaceae [117, 224]
 Ketones
 Tridecanone
 Orchidaceae [227], Vitaceae [47]
 2-Tridecanone
 Arecaceae [137], Asteraceae [214], Orchidaceae [28, 75, 117],
 Rosaceae [51, 60, 61, 128], Vitaceae [44]
 Alcohols
 Tridecanol
 Orchidaceae [227]
 2-Tridecenol
 Sapindaceae [46]
 C14
 Alkanes
 2-Methyltetradecane
 Malvaceae [67]
 Tetradecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Amaryllidaceae [6], Annonaceae [111],
 Araceae [26, 86, 262], Arecaceae [137, 143], Brassicaceae
 [105], Cactaceae [113, 125], Calycanthaceae [120],
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Fabaceae [120], Gentianaceae [45],
 Lauraceae [74], Magnoliaceae [11, 240, 264], Malvaceae [67],
 Nelumbonaceae [184, 198, 199], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135],
 Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 30, 76, 117, 147, 175, 201, 224],
 Papaveraceae [62], Polemoniaceae [5], Ranunculaceae [209],
 Rosaceae [62, 128, 219], Rutaceae [119], Sapotaceae [263],
 Scrophulariaceae [5], Valerianaceae [33], Violaceae [73],
 Zamiaceae [211]
 Alkenes
 Tetradecene
 Arecaceae [137], Magnoliaceae [11,240], Malvaceae [67],
 Orchidaceae [27, 28, 30]
 1-Tetradecene
 Araceae [86], Musaceae [21], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Acids
 Myristic acid, see Tetradecanoic acid
 Tetradecanoic acid (Myristic acid)
 Araceae [152, 229], Fabaceae [120], Hydnoraceae [48],
 Orchidaceae [227], Rutaceae [247]
 Aldehydes
 Tetradecanal
 Araceae [262], Berberidaceae [215], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Orchidaceae [117, 224, 253], Rosaceae [60, 61]
 Alcohols
 1,14-Tetradecanediol
 Caryophyllaceae [5]
 Tetradecanol
 Orchidaceae [30, 117], Rosaceae [128]
 (Z)-7-Tetradecen-1-ol
 Nelumbonaceae [184]
 Esters
 Ethyl tetradecanoate
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Orchidaceae [117]
 Isopropyl tetradecanoate, see 2-Propyl tetradecanoate
 Methyl tetradecadienoate
 Magnoliaceae [240]
 Methyl tetradecanoate
 Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Magnoliaceae [11, 240],
 Orchidaceae [30, 117, 227]
 Methyl tetradecenoate
 Magnoliaceae [11,240]
 Propyl tetradecanoate
 Araceae [152], Orchidaceae [23, 27]
 2-Propyl tetradecanoate (Isopropyl tetradecanoate)
 Asteraceae [5], Dipsacaceae [5], Orchidaceae [195]
 C15
 Alkanes
 Methylpentadecane
 Papaveraceae [62]
 Pentadecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Amaryllidaceae [6], Apiaceae [242, 246],
 Araceae [26, 86, 262], Arecaceae [137, 143], Asteraceae [5],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [5], Fabaceae [126,
 212, 216], Gentianaceae [45], Gerarfiaceae [32],
 Magnoliaceae [11,240, 264], Malvaceae [67], Myrsinaceae
 [103], Nelumbonaceae [178, 184, 198, 199], Nymphaeaceae [14,
 135, 178], Oleaceae [107], Orchidaceae [16, 23, 27, 28, 29,
 30, 117, 147, 201,224, 253], Papaveraceae [62],
 Polemoniaceae [5], Ranunculaceae [2091, Rosaceae [33, 35,
 60, 61, 62, 220], Rubiaceae [5], Rutaceae [119, 172, 247],
 Sapotaceae [263], Thymelaeaceae [5], Valerianaceae [37],
 Verbenaceae [5, 101], Violaceae [73], Zamiaceae [211]
 Alkenes
 Pentadecadiene
 Orchidaceae [28, 29]
 (Z)-1,8-Pentadecadiene
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Pentadecene
 Arecaceae [137, 143], Cucurbitaceae [4], Magnoliaceae [11],
 Nelumbonaceae [198, 199], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 29, 30,
 147], Papaveraceae [62]
 1-Pentadecene
 Araceae [86], Malvaceae [67], Orchidaceae [117], Vitaceae [42,
 44, 47]
 Acids
 Pentadecanoic acid
 Araceae [152], Hydnoraceae [48], Onagraceae [175], Orchidaceae
 [227]
 Ketones
 2-Pentadecanone
 Arecaceae [137], Caprifoliaceae [102], Fumariaceae [56],
 Orchidaceae [75, 117], Rosaceae [61, 128]

 Alcohols
 Pentadecanol
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Rosaceae [128]
 Esters
 Methyl pentadecanoate
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Orchidaceae [30, 117]
 Methyl 13-methylpentadecanoate
 Orchidaceae [180]
 Methyl 14-methylpentadecanoate
 Orchidaceae [227]
 C16
 Alkanes
 Hexadecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Annonaceae [111], Apiaceae [242, 246],
 Araceae [26, 86, 129, 262], Arecaceae [137, 143],
 Berberidaceae [215], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Fabaceae [120, 212], Gentianaceae [5],
 Magnoliaceae [240], Malvaceae [67], Meliaceae [250],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [8, 23,
 27, 28, 29, 30, 117, 147, 201, 224], Papaveraceae [62],
 Polemoniaceae [5], Primulaceae [5], Ranunculaceae [209],
 Rosaceae [33, 35, 43, 62, 128], Rubiaceae [5], Sapotaceae
 [263], Thymelaeaceae [5], Valerianaceae [5], Verbenaceae
 [5], Zamiaceae [211]
 Alkenes
 Hexadecadiene
 Arecaceae [143]
 Hexadecene
 Araceae [129], Arecaceae [143], Magnoliaceae [240], Malvaceae
 [67], Orchidaceae [27, 30], Papaveraceae [62]
 l-Hexadecene
 Musaceae [21], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Acids
 Hexadecanoic acid
 Araceae [152, 229], Fabaceae [120], Hydnoraceae [48],
 Liliaceae [107], Oleaceae [57, 58], Onagraceae [175],
 Orchidaceae [227], Rosaceae [43], Rutaceae [247], Vitaceae
 [44]
 9-Hexadecanoic acid
 Orchidaceae [227]
 (Z)-9-Hexadecenoic acid
 Hydnoraceae [48]
 Aldehydes
 Hexadecanal
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae [60, 61]
 Alcohols
 Hexadecanol
 Hydnoraceae [48], Orchidaceae [27, 30, 117], Rosaceae [128]
 Esters
 Ethyl hexadecanoate
 Orchidaceae [117, 227]
 Methyl hexadecanoate
 Cactaceae [125], Fabaceae [107], Liliaceae [107], Magnoliaceae
 [11], Orchidaceae [30, 117, 141], Rosaceae [37], Vitaceae
 [44, 47]
 Methyl hexadecenoate
 Orchidaceae [30]
 Propyl hexadecanoate
 Orchidaceae [27]
 2-Propyl hexadecanoate
 Orchidaceae [191]
 Ethers
 2-Dodecen-1-yl-succinic anhydride
 Rosaceae [128]
 C17
 Alkanes
 Heptadecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26], Arecaceae [137, 143],
 Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [5],
 Fabaceae [212, 216], Gentianaceae [5], Liliaceae [107],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Nelumbonaceae [198, 199], Oleaceae [107],
 Orchidaceae [16, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 117, 147, 201, 224],
 Papaveraceae [62], Ranunculaceae [207, 209], Rosaceae [33,
 35, 51, 62], Rubiaceae [5], Rutaceae [119, 172, 247]
 Heptadecane isomer
 Caryophyllaceae [5]
 Methylheptadecane
 Papaveraceae [62]
 Alkenes
 Heptadecadiene
 Arecaceae [137, 143], Magnoliaceae [11,240], Nymphaeaceae
 [178], Orchidaceae [27], Papaveraceae [62]
 Heptadecene
 Arecaceae [137, 143], Liliaceae [107], Magnoliaceae [11,240],
 Nelumbonaceae [198, 199], Oleaceae [107, 119], Orchidaceae
 [23, 27, 30, 147], Papaveraceae [62], Rutaceae [119, 247]
 1-Heptadecene
 Geraniaceae [32], Nelumbonaceae [184], Orchidaceae [117]
 8-Heptadecene
 Nelumbonaceae [184]
 (Z)-8-Heptadecene
 Rutaceae [172]
 Acids
 Heptadecanoic acid
 Araceae [152], Hydnoraceae [48]
 Aldehydes
 (Z,Z)-Heptadeca-8,11-dienal
 Caprifoliaceae [102]
 (Z,Z,Z)-Heptadeca-8,11,14-trienal
 Caprifoliaceae [102]
 Ketones
 2-Heptadecanone
 Fumariaceae [56], Moraceae [82], Orchidaceae [28, 117],
 Rosaceae [62]
 C18
 Alkanes
 Octadecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26], Arecaceae [137],
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Orchidaceae [23, 27], Papaveraceae
 [62], Rubiaceae [5]
 Alkenes
 Octadecene
 Araceae [129], Orchidaceae [27], Papaveraceae [62]
 Acids
 Octadecanoic acid
 Araceae [152], Hydnoraceae [48], Lauraceae [74]
 Octadecenoic acid
 Araceae [152]
 (Z)-9-Octadecenoic acid
 Lauraceae [74]
 Alcohols
 Octadecanol
 Orchidaceae [30]
 Esters
 Methyl (Z,Z)-9,12-octadecadienoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl octadecenoate
 Orchidaceae [30]
 C19
 Alkanes
 Methylnonadecane
 Papaveraceae [62]
 Nonadecane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [26, 86], Orchidaceae [23, 27,
 30, 117, 148, 201], Papaveraceae [62], Ranunculaceae [207,
 208, 209], Rosaceae [33, 35], Rutaceae [247], Vitaceae [44]
 Alkenes
 Nonadecadiene
 Papaveraceae [62]
 Nonadecatriene
 Rannnculaceae [209]
 Nonadecene
 Arecaceae [137], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 30], Papaveraceae [62],
 Ranunculaceae [207, 209], Rosaceae [33, 35]
 1-Nonadecene
 Orchidaceae [117], Vitaceae [44]
 Ketones
 2-Nonadecanone
 Orchidaceae [117]
 C20
 Alkanes
 Eicosane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Orchidaceae [23, 117, 201], Papaveraceae
 [62], Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [33, 35]
 Alkenes
 Eicosene
 Papaveraceae [62]
 C21
 Alkanes
 Heneicosane
 Actinidiaceae [237], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 148],
 Papaveraceae [62], Ranunculaceae [209], Rosaceae [33, 35,
 60]
 Alkenes
 Heneicosene
 Papaveraceae [62]
 C22
 Alkanes
 Docosane
 Oleaceae [52]
 C23
 Alkanes
 Tricosane
 Myrsinaceae [103], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [27, 148]
 Alkenes
 Tricosene
 Orchidaceae [23]
 C24
 Alkanes
 Tetracosane
 Myrsinaceae [103]
 C25
 Alkanes
 Pentacosane
 Myrsinaceae [103], Oleaceae [52]

BENZENOIDS AND PHENYL PROPANOIDS

 C6-C0
 Hydrocarbons
 Benzene
 Orchidaceae [23, 28, 147], Rosaceae [12]
 Alcohols
 1,2-Benzenediol, see 1,2-Dihydroxybenzene
 1,2-Dihydroxybenzene (1,2-Benzenediol)
 Orchidaceae [227]
 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol, see 1-Hydroxy-2,6-dimethoxybenzene
 Guaiacol, see 1-Hydroxy-2-methoxybenzene
 Hydroxybenzene (Phenol)
 Araceae [152, 229], Caryophyllaceae [54], Myrsinaceae [103],
 Orchidaceae [106]
 1-Hydroxy-2,6-dimethoxybenzene (2,6-Dimethoxyphenol)
 Orchidaceae [227]
 1-Hydroxy-2-methoxybenzene (Methoxyphenol, Guaiacol)
 Arecaceae [137], Caryophyllaceae [112], Eupomatiaceae [18],
 Orchidaceae [117, 227], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rubiaceae [141]
 1-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzene (4-Methoxyphenol)
 Cactaceae [125]
 2-Methoxyphenol, see 1-Hydroxy-2-methoxybenzene
 4-Methoxyphenol, see 1-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzene
 Phenol, see Hydroxybenzene
 2-Phenoxyethanol
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Fabaceae [81,216], Nelumbonaceae [184],
 Rosaceae [62]
 Esters
 Phenyl acetate
 Caryophyllaceae [112]
 Ethers
 Anisole, see Methoxybenzene
 Dimethoxybenzene
 Orchidaceae [29]
 1,2-Dimethoxybenzene (Veratrole)
 Araceae [134], Arecaceae [137], Caryophyllaceae [112],
 Fumariaceae [56], Hyacinthaceae [123], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Magnoliaceae [9, 11], Oleaceae [107, 108], Orchidaceae [77,
 117, 120], Primulaceae [5], Ranunculaceae [85],
 Rhizophoraceae [10], Rubiaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [268]
 1,3-Dimethoxybenzene
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 1,4-Dimethoxybenzene (Hydroquinone dimethyl ether)
 Amaryllidaceae [63, 232, 233], Arecaceae [137, 143], Cactaceae
 [125], Cucurbitaceae [4], Ericaceae [136, 140], Gesneriaceae
 [77], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Nelumbonaceae [178, 184, 198,
 199], Oleaceae [33, 51, 107, 150, 171, 178, 232, 233],
 Orchidaceae [8, 13, 17, 28, 76, 77, 78, 116, 117, 120, 188,
 201, 253, 258], Salicaceae [245], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Violaceae [248]
 Diphenyl ether
 Oleaceae [107]
 Hydroquinone dimethyl ether, see 1,4-Dimethoxybenzene
 Methoxybenzene (Anisole)
 Araceae [26], Arecaceae [137], Magnoliaceae [9],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [117], Ranunculaceae
 [19], Rosaceae [40, 62, 72, 219]
 4-Methoxybenzene
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 1,2,3,5-Tetramethoxybenzene
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Trimethoxybenzene
 Magnoliaceae [11]
 1,2,3-Trimethoxybenzene
 Arecaceae [137]
 1,2,4-Trimethoxybenzene
 Cucurbitaceae [4], Ericaceae [136, 140], Hyacinthaceae [38,
 123], Malvaceae [142], Oleaceae [107, 150], Orchidaceae [8,
 117, 201]
 1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene
 Cactaceae [125], Ericaceae [136, 140], Oleaceae [107, 108],
 Orchidaceae [13, 17, 77, 117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Veratrole, see 1,2-Dimethoxybenzene
 Chloro
 Dichlorobenzene
 Cucurbitaceae [71]
 N-compounds

 2-Methoxybenzeneamine
 Fumariaceae [56]
 1-Methoxy-2-nitrobenzene
 Fumariaceae [56]
 C6-C1
 Hydrocarbons
 Dimethylbenzene
 Asteraceae [213], Winteraceae [239]
 1,2-Dimethylbenzene
 Annonaceae [111], Caryophyllaceae [112], Meliaceae [250],
 Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 75, 147], Rosaceae [12]
 1,3-Dimethylbenzene
 Actinidiaceae [237], Meliaceae [250], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28,
 147], Rosaceae [12]
 1,4-Dimethylbenzene
 Annonaceae [111], Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 75, 147], Rosaceae
 [12]
 Methylbenzene (Toluene)
 Actinidiaceae [237], Araceae [86, 146], Meliaceae [250],
 Orchidaceae [23, 27, 28, 75, 147], Rosaceae [12]
 Tetramethylbenzene
 Lauraceae [74]
 Toluene, see Methylbenzene
 Trimethylbenzene
 Annonaceae [111], Cucurbitaceae [71], Orchidaceae [147]
 1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene
 Caryophyllaceae [112]
 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
 Lauraceae [74], Meliaceae [250], Rosaceae [12]
 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
 Lauraceae [74], Rosaceae [12]
 Acids
 Benzoic acid
 Araceae [86], Calycanthaceae [266], Nelumbonaceae [184],
 Oleaceae [57, 58], Orchidaceae [8], Rutaceae [247]
 2-Hydroxymethylbenzoic acid
 Oleaceae [58]
 Aldehydes
 Benzaldehyde
 Actinidiaceae [237], Alliaceae [36], Amaryllidaceae [6, 63],
 Annonaceae [111], Apiaceae [31, 242, 246], Apocynaceae [141,
 178, 232, 233], Araceae [86, 133, 146, 258, 262], Arecaceae
 [137], Asteraceae [5, 37, 55, 59, 65, 132], Berberidaceae
 [182, 215], Brassicaceae [22, 36, 70, 202, 217, 221],
 Bromeliaceae [77], Cactaceae [21, 113, 115, 122, 125],
 Calycanthaceae [120], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [5, 66, 112, 141], Cucurbitaceae [175], Dipsacaceae [5],
 Ericaceae [136, 140], Fabaceae [49, 62, 81, 104, 120, 126,
 212, 216], Fumariaceae [56, 197], Gentianaceae [5, 45],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Hydnoraceae
 [48], Lamiaceae [5], Lecythidaceae [144], Linnaeaceae [90],
 Magnoliaceae [9, 11,264], Malvaceae [142], Meliaceae [250],
 Moraceae [82], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [33, 39, 51, 171, 267],
 Orchidaceae [2, 5, 8, 13, 17, 27, 28, 29, 77, 78, 115, 116,
 117, 118, 120, 141, 169, 176, 180, 195, 201, 204, 236, 241,
 243, 244, 253, 254, 258], Papaveraceae [62], Passifioraceae
 [157], Polemoniaceae [5, 232, 233,234], Primulaceae [5, 36],
 Ranunculaceae [208], Rosaceae [12, 33, 35, 37, 43, 62, 72,
 87, 88, 128, 219, 220], Rubiaceae [5, 141], Ruscaceae [141,
 171], Rutaceae [119, 247], Sapindaceae [46], Sapotaceae
 [263], Scrophulariaceae [5, 226], Solanaceae [69, 91, 131,
 141, 154, 165, 166, 167, 168], Theaceae [200],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Thymelaeaceae [5, 24], Valerianaceae
 [37], Verbenaceae [5, 101, 175], Violaceae [73, 248],
 Zamiaceae [211], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 1,4-Dicarboxaldehydebenzene
 Oleaceae [57]
 3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde (Veratralaldehyde)
 Hydrangeaceae [108], Onagraceae [218], Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Hydroxybenzaldehyde
 Apiaceae [246], Cucurbitaceae [71], Fumariaceae [56],
 Magnoliaceae [9], Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [117,
 204], Rosaceae [37], Salicaceae [245]
 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (Vanillin)
 Asteraceae [214], Cactaceae [125], Caryophyllaceae [54],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Onagraceae [218], Orchidaceae [77,
 117, 120, 141, 244, 253], Passifloraceae [157], Rosaceae
 [43], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Methoxybenzaldehyde
 Magnoliaceae [9]
 4-Methoxybenzaldehyde
 Arecaceae [68], Asteraceae [5], Brassicaceae [70],
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Fumariaceae [56], Nymphaeaceae [178],
 Oleaceae [33, 51, 107, 171, 232, 233], Orchidaceae [13, 17,
 28, 115, 116, 117, 118], Primulaceae [36], Rosaceae [33,
 35, 37, 87, 88, 220], Solanaceae [121], Theophrastaceae
 [139]
 4-Methylbenzaldehyde
 Moraceae [83]
 3,4-Methylenedioxybenzaldehyde (Piperonal)
 Malvaceae [41], Oleaceae [150]
 Piperonal, see 3,4-Methylenedioxybenzaldehyde
 3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzaldehyde
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Vanillin, see 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde
 Veratralaldehyde, see 3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde
 Ketones
 Benzophenone
 Araceae [26, 262]
 2,6-Dimethyl-3-methoxymethyl-4-benzoquinone
 Orchidaceae [227]
 Alcohols
 Anisyl alcohol, see Methoxybenzyl alcohol
 Benzyl alcohol (Phenylmethanol)
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 107], Annonaceae [111], Apocynaceae [121,
 141, 173, 232, 233], Araceae [86, 129, 133, 146, 229],
 Arecaceae [10, 68, 137, 143], Asteraceae [5], Berbefidaceae
 [182, 215], Brassicaceae [22, 186, 202], Cactaceae [113,
 115, 122, 125], Calycanthaceae [120, 266], Caprifoliaceae
 [102, 178], Caryophyllaceae [112, 141], Cucurbitaceae [4],
 Cyclanthaceae [225], Ericaceae [136, 140], Fabaceae [49,
 81, 104, 120, 138, 156, 212, 216], Fumariaceae [56, 197],
 Gentianaceae [45], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae
 [38, 123], Lecythidaceae [144], Linnaeaceae [90],
 Magnoliaceae [9, 11, 240, 264], Malvaceae [142], Moraceae
 [82, 84], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135, 178], Oleaceae [33, 39, 52, 114,
 176, 178], Orchidaceae [8, 13, 17, 77, 78, 115, 116, 117,
 118, 120, 141, 169, 175, 195, 201, 203, 204, 241, 243, 244,
 253, 258], Passifloraceae [157], Pittosporaceae [107],
 Polemoniaceae [232, 233], Primulaceae [36], Ranunculaceae
 [207, 208, 209], Rosaceae [12, 33, 35, 37, 43, 51, 60, 61,
 87, 88, 166, 219, 220], Rubiaceae [121, 141, 249],
 Ruscaceae [141, 171, 232, 233], Rutaceae [119], Salicaceae
 [245], Sapotaceae [263], Scrophulariaceae [226], Solanaceae
 [141, 154, 165, 166, 167, 168, 222], Theaceae [200],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Thymelaeaceae [24, 234],
 Valerianaceae [33], Vitaceae [42, 44, 47], Zamiaceae [211],
 Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 5-Benzyloxy-1-pentanol
 Oleaceae [58]
 m-Cresol, see 3-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 o-Cresol, see 2-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 p-Cresol, see 4-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 A,[alpha]-Dimethyl benzyl alcohol, see 2,6-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol
 2,6-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (A,[alpha]-Dimethyl benzyl alcohol)
 Moraceae [82]
 1-Hydroxy-2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene (2,3,5,6-Tetramethylphenol)
 Orchidaceae [227]
 Methoxybenzyl alcohol (Anisyl alcohol)
 Orchidaceae [116]
 4-Methoxybenzyl alcohol
 Arecaceae [68], Cucurbitaceae [4], Orchidaceae [13, 117, 118],
 Polemoniaceae [5], Primulaceae [5], Theophrastaceae [139]
 2-Methoxy-4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene (2-Metboxy-4-metbylphenol,
 4-Methyl-2-metboxy-1-hydroxybenzene)
 Amaryllidaceae [177], Araceae [86], Asteraceae [132], Oleaceae
 [52], Orchidaceae [8]
 2-Methoxy-4-methylphenol, see 2-Methoxy-4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 Methylhydroxybenzene (Methylphenol)
 Asteraceae [132], Caryophyllaceae [54], Oleaceae [171],
 Orcbidaceae [23, 117]
 2-Methyl-1-bydroxybenzene (2-Methylphenol, o-Cresol)
 Apiaceae [31], Araceae [86, 229]
 3-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene (m-Cresol)
 Araceae [86]
 4-Methyl-1-bydroxybenzene (4-Methylphenol, p-Cresol)
 Amaryllidaceae [63, 177], Apiaceae [246], Araceae [86, 129,
 133, 229], Arecaceae [68], Caryophyllaceae [112], Hydnoraceae
 [48], Oleaceae [52, 114], Orcbidaceae [28, 77, 116,
 117, 203, 253, 258], Sapotaceae [263], Theophrastaceae
 [139], Violaceae [248]
 4-Methyl-2-methoxy-1-hydroxybenzene, see
 2-Methoxy-4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 Methylphenol, see Methy-1-hydroxybenzene
 2-Methylphenol, see 2-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 4-Methylphenol, see 4-Methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 Phenylmethanol, see Benzyl alcohol
 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylphenol, see 1-Hydroxy-2,3,5,6-
 tetramethylbenzene
 Esters
 Benzyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63, 177], Annonaceae [111, 170], Araceae
 [77, 146, 152, 229, 258], Arecaceae [137], Asteraceae
 [132], Berberidaceae [215], Brassicaceae [186], Bromeliaceae
 [77], Cactaceae [113, 122, 125], Calycantbaceae [120, 266],
 Caryophyllaceae [54, 112, 141], Eupborbiaceae [7], Fabaceae
 [104, 107, 120, 212], Fumariaceae [197], Hemerocallidaceae
 [33], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lauraceae [74], Lecythidaceae
 [144], Magnoliaceae [240], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae
 [151], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135, 178], Oleaceae [52, 58, 114,
 171, 176, 178, 267], Onagraceae [218], Orchidaceae [8, 17,
 77, 78, 95, 97, 98, 115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 141, 169, 181,
 195, 236, 243, 244, 253, 254, 256, 258, 259], Passifloraceae
 [157], Pittosporaceae [107], Rosaceae [33, 35, 43, 128, 166],
 Rubiaceae [121, 141, 249], Ruscaceae [141, 171, 232, 233],
 Sapotaceae [263], Scrophulariaceae [5], Solanaceae [91, 131,
 154, 165, 166, 167, 222], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Thymelaeaceae [5], Verbenaceae [175], Violaceae [73],
 Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Benzyl angelate, see Benzyl (Z)-2-methyl-2-butenoate
 Benzyl benzoate
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Asteraceae [5, 65], Berberidaceae
 [215], Brassicaceae [36], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae
 [102], Caryophyllaceae [54, 66, 112, 141], Fabaceae
 [120], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123,
 150], Lecythidaceae [144], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [114], Onagraceae
 [218], Orchidaceae [13, 77, 116, 117, 118, 141, 175,
 180, 187, 195, 241,243, 244, 253, 254, [258], Passifloraceae
 [157], Primulaceae [5], Rosaceae [33, 35, 37], Rubiaceae
 [5, 141], Ruscaceae [141], Sapotaceae [263], Solanaceae
 [131, 141, 1671, Thymelaeaceae [5], Vitaceae [42, 44, 47],
 Zingiberaceae [141, 174, 268]
 Benzyl butanoate
 Arecaceae [137], Berberidaceae [215], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orcbidaceae [77, 116, 117],
 Passifloraceae [157], Rubiaceae [249], Sapotaceae [263],
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 Benzyl 2-butenoate (Benzyl crotonate)
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Benzyl crotonate, see Benzyl 2-butenoate
 Benzyl formate
 Berberidaceae [215], Nympbaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae
 [116, 117], Sapindaceae [46]
 Benzyl heptanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Benzyl hexanoate
 Nympbaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Benzyl 2-hexenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Benzyl (E)-2-hexenoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Benzyl (Z)-3-hexenoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Benzyl 2-hydroxybenzoate (Benzyl salicylate)
 Cactaceae [125], Caryophyllaceae [541, Fabaceae [120],
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117], Rubiaceae [121, 141], Solanaceae
 [131, 167]
 Benzyl 2-methylbutanoate
 Berberidaceae [215], Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae
 [117], Thymelaeaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Benzyl 3-methylbutanoate
 Cactaceae [113, 125], Caryophyllaceae [5, 66], Fabaceae [216],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [116, 117], Rubiaceae
 [5, 249], Solanaceae [165], Zingiberaceae [141, 268]
 Benzyl (Z)-2-methyl-2-butenoate (Benzyl angelate)
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Benzyl 4-methylhexanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Benzyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [115, 117], Rubiaceae
 [249], Thymelaeaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [174]
 Benzyl 2-methylpropenoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Benzyl octanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Benzyl pentanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [117], Solanaceae [165]
 Benzyl propanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae
 [157], Rubiaceae [249], Zingiberaceae [141]
 Benzyl salicylate, see Benzyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Benzyl tiglate
 Cactaceae [125], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lauraceae [74],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Nyctaginaceae [151], Nymphaeaceae
 [14, 135], Oleaceae [150], Orchidaceae [116, 117],
 Rubiaceae [121, 249], Sapotaceae [263], Zingiberaceae
 [141, 174]
 Butyl benzoate
 Araceae [229], Caryophyllaceae [54], Magnoliaceae [9],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [117, 180]
 Cyclohexyl benzoate
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [267]
 Dibutyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate
 Onagraceae [265]
 Dibutyl-o-phthalate
 Oleaceae [57]
 Diethyl-o-phthalate
 Oleaceae [57]
 (Z)-3,4-Epoxy-hexyl benzoate
 Oleaceae [114], Orchidaceae [118]
 Ethyl benzoate (a-Oxo-ethyl benzoate)
 Agavaceae [142], Araceae [86], Arecaceae [68],
 Berberidaceae [215], Cactaceae [113, 115, 125],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae [5, 54],
 Fumariaceae [197], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae [9, 11],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [39, 57, 58],
 Orchidaceae [13, 77, 115, 116, 117, 118],
 Pinaceae [25], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae
 [33, 35, 37,401, Rubiaceae [249], Theophrastaceae [139]
 Ethyl 2-hydroxybenzoate (Ethyl salicylate)
 Cactaceae [113, 125], Caryophyllaceae [54], Orchidaceae
 [117], Pinaceae [25]
 Ethyl 2-methoxybenzoate
 Hyacinthaceae [123], Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl 4-methoxybenzoate
 Fumariaceae [197]
 Ethyl salicylate, see Ethyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Hexenyl benzoate
 Oleaceae [114]
 (E)-3-Hexenyl benzoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54]
 (Z)-3-Hexenyl benzoate
 Cactaceae [122, 125], Caprifoliaceae [102, 107],
 Caryophyllaceae [54, 141], Fabaceae [107, 119],
 Hydrangeaceae [107], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [33, 150], Orchidaceae
 [116, 117, 118], Passifloraceae [157], Rubiaceae [5],
 Solanaceae [167], Zingiberaceae [141]
 Hexyl benzoate
 Brassicaceae [36], Caryophyllaceae [54], Nyctaginaceae
 [151], Oleaceae [33], Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae [33,
 35, 37]
 Hexyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54]
 Isoprenyl benzoate, see 3-Methyl-3-butenyl benzoate
 Isopropyl benzoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54]
 Isopropyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 2-Methoxybenzyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Hyacinthaceae [123]
 4-Methoxybenzyl acetate
 Araceae [77, 152, 258], Nymphaeaceae [178], Orchidaceae
 [77, 78, 116, 117, 118, 258], Theophrastaceae [139]
 4-Methoxybenzyl butanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 4-Methoxybenzyl hexanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl anisate, see Methyl methoxybenzoate
 Methyl benzoate
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63, 175], Annonaceae [111, 170],
 Apocynaceae [2, 141, 173, 178], Araceae [77, 133, 146,
 229], Arecaceae [10, 137, 143], Asteraceae [5, 37],
 Berberidaceae [215], Brassicaceae [36], Cactaceae
 [113, 115, 122, 125], Caprifoliaceae [102], Caryophyllaceae
 [5, 54, 112, 141], Ericaceae [140], Eupomatiaceae [18],
 Fabaceae [107, 119, 126, 216], Fumariaceae [56, 197],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123, 150],
 Lecythidaceae [121, 144], Lythraceae [10], Magnoliaceae
 [9, 11, 264], Myrsinaceae [103], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [39, 52, 267], Onagraceae
 [175], Orchidaceae [8, 13, 76, 77, 78, 96, 97, 98, 100,
 115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121, 141, 180, 181, 187, 194,
 195, 241, 243, 244, 253, 255, 258, 259], Passifloraceae
 [157], Pinaceae [25], Polernoniaceae [5], Ranunculaceae
 [85], Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae [33, 35, 37, 128, 196,
 220], Rubiaceae [5, 121, 141, 249], Ruscaceae [141], Rutaceae
 [119], Sapotaceae [263], Scrophulariaceae [64], Solanaceae
 [121, 131, 141, 154, 165, 166, 167, 168], Theaceae [200],
 Valerianaceae [37], Verbenaceae [5, 101, 175], Zingiberaceae
 [141, 174, 268]
 2-Methylbenzyl acetate
 Myrsinaceae [103]
 (E)-2-Methyl-2-butenyl benzoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Methyl-2-butenyl benzoate (Prenyl benzoate)
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Methyl-3-butenyl benzoate (Isoprenyl benzoate)
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Methylbutyl benzoate
 Orchidaceae [117], Zingiberaceae [174]
 3-Methylbutyl benzoate
 Cactaceae [125], Caryophyllaceae [54], Magnoliaceae [11],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Orchidaceae [117], Primulaceae [5],
 Rubiaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [141, 174, 268]
 3-Methylbutyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Magnoliaceae [11], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 3,5-dimethylbenzoate
 Oleaceae [51]
 Methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate (Methyl salicylate)
 Agavaceae [178], Amaryllidaceae [175], Apiaceae [31, 242, 246],
 Apocynaceae [1, 141, 232, 233], Araceae [77, 129], Arecaceae
 [137, 143], Asteraceae [5, 55], Berberidaceae [182, 215],
 Brassicaceae [22], Bromeliaceae [77], Cactaceae [113, 115,
 122, 125], Calycanthaceae [120, 266], Caprifoliaceae [102],
 Caryophyllaceae [5, 54, 66, 112, 141], Combretaceae [10],
 Dipsacaceae [5, 185], Eupomatiaceae [18], Fabaceae [49, 120,
 156, 216], Fumariaceae [56, 197], Gesneriaceae [77],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lauraceae
 [74], Lecythidaceae [121, 144], Magnoliaceae [9, 11],
 Malvaceae [142], Moraceae [83], Myrsinaceae [103],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [39, 57, 267], Onagraceae
 [218], Orchidaceae [13, 76, 77, 78, 97, 98, 116, 117, 120,
 141, 181, 195, 236, 241, 243, 244, 253, 255, 256, 258, 259],
 Passifloraceae [157], Pinaceae [25], Polemoniaceae [5],
 Primulaceae [36], Ranunculaceae [19, 85], Rhizophoraceae
 [10], Rosaceae [12, 33, 35, 87, 88, 128, 220], Rubiaceae [5,
 121, 141, 249], Ruscaceae [141], Rutaceae [119, 247],
 Salicaceae [245], Sapotaceae [263], Solanaceae [131, 141,
 165, 167, 168], Theaceae [200], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Verbenaceae [5, 175], Violaceae [73], Zamiaceae [211],
 Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Methyl 3-hydroxybenzoate
 Orchidaceae [192]
 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
 Orchidaceae [117, 227]
 Methyl 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate
 Orchidaceae [117, 227]
 Methyl methoxybenzoate (Methyl anisate)
 Myrsinaceae [103], Sapotaceae [263]
 Methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
 Asteraceae [5, 55], Caryophyllaceae [141], Hyacinthaceae [38,
 123], Lecythidaceae [144], Oleaceae [108], Orchidaceae [117],
 Rubiaceae [5], Zingiberaceae [141]
 Methyl 4-methoxybenzoate
 Ericaceae [140], Fumariaceae [197], Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae
 [220], Theophrastaceae [139]
 Methyl 2-methylbenzoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Methylpropyl benzoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Magnoliaceae [11], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Orchidaceae [117], Zingiberaceae [268]
 2-Methylpropyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Magnoliaceae [11]
 Methyl salicylate, see Methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 [alpha]-Oxo-ethyl benzoate, see Ethyl benzoate
 Pentyl benzoate
 Asteraceae [214], Caryophyllaceae [54], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Rosaceae [220]
 Pentyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Caryophyllaceae [54]
 Phenylethyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Phenylethyl 2-hydroxybenzoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Prenyl benzoate, see 3-Methyl-2-butenyl benzoate
 Propyl benzoate
 Magnoliaceae [11], Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethers
 Benzyl methyl ether
 Arecaceae [68, 143], Cactaceae [125], Hyacinthaceae [123],
 Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [107, 178, 232, 233],
 Orchidaceae [117], Rosaceae [72]
 1,2-Dimethoxy (methyl) benzene
 Oleaceae [107]
 1,2-Dimethoxy-4-methylbenzene (3,4-Dimethoxytoluene)
 Malvaceae [142], Orchidaceae [8], Valerianaceae [37]
 1,3-Dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene (3,5-Dimethoxy-1-methylbenzene,
 3,5-Dimethoxytoluene) Amaryllidaceae [63, 177, 232, 233],
 Berberidaceae [215], Lecythidaceae [144], Orchidaceae
 [117, 201], Rosaceae [33, 35, 72, 93, 176, 177, 178, 183],
 Solanaceae [121], Theophrastaceae [139]
 1,4-Dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene (2,5-Dimethoxytoluene,
 2,5-Dimethoxy-1-methylbenzene) Ericaceae [136]
 2,6-Dimethoxy-1-methylbenzene (2,6-Dimethoxytoluene)
 Rosaceae [128]
 3,4-Dimethoxytoluene, see 1,2-Dimethoxy-4-methylbenzene
 3,5-Dimethoxy-1-methylbenzene, see 1,3-Dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene
 2,5-Dimethoxytoluene, see 1,4-Dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene
 2,6-Dimethoxytoluene, see 2,6-Dimethoxy-1-methylbenzene
 3,5-Dimethoxytoluene, see 1,3-Dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene
 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl ethyl ether
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Methoxybenzyl methyl ether
 Oleaceae [150]
 4-Methoxybenzyl methyl ether
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methoxymethylbenzene (Methylanisol)
 Apiaceae [31], Oleaceae [171], Rosaceae [40], Rubiaceae [5]
 1-Methoxy-4-methylbenzene (4-Methylanisole, 4-Methylphenyl methyl
 ether)
 Amaryllidaceae [63, 177], Annonaceae [170], Apocynaceae [141],
 Araceae [133], Arecaceae [68, 143], Caryophyllaceae [54],
 Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae
 [9], Malvaceae [142], Oleaceae [33, 150], Orchidaceae [13,
 17, 27, 77, 106, 117, 120, 258], Rosaceae [72], Rubiaceae
 [5], Sapotaceae [263], Valerianaceae [37], Violaceae [248]
 Methylanisol, see Methoxymethylbenzene
 4-Methylanisole, see 1-Methoxy-4-methylbenzene
 4-Methylphenyl methyl ether, see l-Methoxy-4-methylbenzene
 1,2,3-Trimethoxy-5-methylbenzene
 Amaryllidaceae [63]
 N-compounds
 Aminobenzaldehyde
 Orchidaceae [13]
 2-Aminobenzaldehyde
 Agavaceae [108], Apiaceae [31], Cactaceae [125], Cucurbitaceae
 [71], Fabaceae [107, 108, 126], Fumariaceae [56, 197],
 Hydrangeaceae [107, 108], Liliaceae [108], Magnoliaceae [9],
 Orchidaceae [117, 120, 141], Pittosporaceae [107, 108],
 Ranunculaceae [85], Rutaceae [108, 119, 247]
 Benzyl cyanide
 Magnoliaceae [9]
 Carbamoylbenzoate
 Oleaceae [267]
 Diethyltoluamide
 Arecaceae [137]
 2-N-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde
 Orchidaceae [120]
 N-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-4-methylbenzamide
 Malvaceae [67]
 Ethyl 2-aminobenzoate (Ethyl anthranilate)
 Orchidaceae [13]
 2-Formamidobenzaldehyde
 Hydrangeaceae [108]
 Methoxy methyl benzeneamine isomer
 Fumariaceae [56]
 2-N-Methylaminobenzaldehyde
 Fumariaceae [197], Orchidaceae [13, 76, 77, 78, 117, 120]
 Methyl 2-aminobenzoate (Methyl anthranilate)
 Agavaceae [108, 178], Apiaceae [31], Arecaceae [137],
 Asteraceae [5]. Berberidaceae [215], Cactaceae [125],
 Cucurbitaceae [71], Fabaceae [107, 108, 119, 126],
 Fumariaceae [197], Lecythidaceae [144], Nyctaginaceae
 [151], Oleaceae [39, 114, 267], Orchidaceae [115, 116, 117,
 120, 141], Passifloraceae [157], Ranunculaceae [85],
 Rhizophoraceae [10], Rubiaceae [141], Rutaceae [2, 108, 119,
 247], Solanaceae [121]
 Methyl 2-amino-3-methoxybenzoate
 Arecaceae [137]
 N-Methylaniline
 Annonaceae [111]
 Methyl anthranilate, see Methyl 2-aminobenzoate
 Methyl N-formylanthranilate, see Methyl N-methylaminobenzoate
 Methyl N-methylaminobenzoate (Methyl N-formylanthranilate,
 Methyl N-methylanthranilate) Orchidaceae [117], Rutaceae [247]
 Methyl 2-N-methylaminobenzoate
 Hyacinthaceae [38], Orchidaceae [120]
 Methyl N-methylanthranilate, see Methyl N-methylaminobenzoate
 1-Methyl-4-nitrobenzene
 Orchidaceae [180]
 2-Nitro-4-methylphenol
 Araceae [133]
 N-Phenyl formamide
 Dipsacaceae [5]
 C6-C2
 Hydrocarbons
 1,2-Diethylbenzene
 Oleaceae [51]
 1,3-Diethylbenzene
 Oleaceae [51]
 1,4-Diethylbenzene
 Annonaceae [111]
 Dimethyl styrene
 Orchidaceae [254]
 [alpha]-p-Dimethylstyrene
 Orchidaceae [243]
 Ethenylbenzene
 Arecaceae [137], Caryophyllaceae [112], Ericaceae [136]
 1-Ethenyl-4-ethylbenzene
 Rosaceae [40]
 Ethylbenzene
 Actinidiaceae [237], Annonaceae [111], Meliaceae [250],
 Orchidaceae [23, 27, 75], Rosaceae [12]
 Ethylmethylbenzene
 Meliaceae [250], Orchidaceae [147]
 1-Ethyl-2-methylbenzene
 Annonaceae [111]
 1-Ethyl-3-methylbenzene
 Rosaceae [12]
 1-Ethyl-4-methylbenzene
 Rosaceae [12]
 Isopropylbenzene
 Orchidaceae [201]
 (1-Methylethenyl)benzene
 Moraceae [82]
 [alpha]-Methylstyrene
 Rosaceae [12]
 Styrene
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Moraceae [82], Orchidaceae [117],
 Rosaceae [12], Scrophulariaceae [5], Violaceae [248]
 Styrene dimer
 Orchidaceae [180]
 Triethylbenzene
 Asteraceae [213]
 Acids
 Phenylacetic acid
 Asteraceae [65]
 Aldehydes
 Ethylbenzaldehyde
 Araceae [26], Oleaceae [57, 58]
 2-Hydroxy-2-phenylacetaldehyde (Phenylglyoxal)
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117]
 Phenylacetaldehyde
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Apiaceae [246], Arecaceae [137],
 Asteraceae [5, 55], Berberidaceae [215], Brassicaceae [22,
 36, 70, 186, 202, 221], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae
 [102], Caryophyllaceae [5, 112], Cucurbitaceae [175],
 Dipsacaceae [5], Ericaceae [140], Fabaceae [119, 212, 216],
 Fumariaceae [56], Hyacinthaceae [38], Lamiaceae [5],
 Liliaceae [107], Linnaeaceae [90], Lythraceae [10],
 Magnoliaceae [11], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [33, 51,
 108, 150], Orchidaceae [5, 13, 23, 116, 117, 141, 147, 236],
 Orobanchaceae [20], Passifloraceae [157], Polemoniaceae [5,
 232, 233, 234], Rosaceae [62], Scrophulariaceae [5],
 Solanaceae [91, 154]
 Phenylglyoxal, see 2-Hydroxy-2-phenylacetaldehyde
 Ketones
 Acetophenone
 Araceae [26, 86, 134], Asteraceae [5], Calycanthaceae [120],
 Caprifoliaceae [102], Fabaceae [50, 156], Hydrangeaceae [107,
 108], Magnoliaceae [9, 11, 240], Oleaceae [33], Orchidaceae
 [8, 29, 117, 192], Primulaceae [36], Solanaceae [69],
 Theaceae [200], Violaceae [248], Zingiberaceae [174]
 2,4-Dimethylacetophenone (2,4-Dimethylphenylethanone)
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 2,4-Dimethylphenylethanone, see 2,4-Dimethylacetophenone
 4-Ethylacetophenone (1-(4-Ethylphenyl)ethanone)
 Fabaceae [104], Rosaceae [220]
 1-(Ethylphenyl)ethanone
 Orchidaceae [27]
 1-(4-Ethylphenyl)ethanone, see 4-Ethylacetophenone
 [alpha]-Hydroxyacetophenone
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117]
 4-Hydroxyacetophenone
 Araceae [26]
 4-Methoxyacetophenone
 Ericaceae [136], Orchidaceae [117]
 4-Methylacetophenone
 Oleaceae [150], Orchidaceae [117]
 1,1(1,4-Phenylene)-bisethanone
 Oleaceae [58]
 Alcohols
 p-Cymol
 Ruscaceae [171]
 ar-Ethylbenzyl alcohol
 Orchidaceae [180]
 2-Methoxy-[beta]-phenylpropanol
 Amaryllidaceae [6]
 2-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol (o-Methoxy-[beta]-phenylethyl alcohol)
 Amaryllidaceae [6]
 3-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol (3-Methoxyphenylethyl alcohol)
 Oleaceae [177]
 o-Methoxy-[beta]-phenylethyl alcohol, see
 2-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol
 3-Methoxyphenylethyl alcohol, see 3-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol
 4-Methoxyphenylethyl alcohol, see 4-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol
 4-Methoxyphenylethanol, see 4-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol
 4-Methoxy-2-phenylethanol (4-Methoxyphenylethanol,
 4-Methoxyphenylethyl alcohol, 2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)
 ethanol)
 Annonaceae [111], Araceae [134], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123],
 Orchidaceae [13, 117, 120]
 Phenylethanol
 Rosaceae [12], Rutaceae [247]
 1-Phenylethanol
 Fabaceae [50, 156]
 2-Phenylethanol
 Actinidiaceae [237], Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Annonaceae [111],
 Apiaceae [31, 246], Apocy naceae [232, 233], Araceae [26, 86,
 134, 146], Arecaceae [10, 137, 143], Asteraceae [5, 55, 65],
 Acanthaceae [10], Berberidaceae [182, 215], Brassicaceae [22,
 36, 70, 186, 202, 217], Cactaceae [122, 125], Caprifoliaceae
 [102], Caryophyllaceae [5, 112, 141], Cucurbitaceae [4],
 Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [49, 50, 104, 107, 119, 126, 138,
 156, 212], Fumariaceae [197], Gentianaceae [5], Hyacinthaceae
 [38, 123], Lamiaceae [5], Lauraceae [74], Lecythidaceae [121,
 144], Liliaceae [107], Linnaeaceae [90], Lythraceae [10],
 Magnoliaceae [11], Malvaceae [41, 142], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [33, 51, 52], Orchidaceae
 [5, 8, 13, 17, 29, 77, 78, 98, 106, 115, 116, 117, 120, 141,
 169, 180, 204, 253, 258], Passifloraceae [157], Polemoniaceae
 [5, 232, 233, 234], Primulaceae [36], Ranunculaceae [19, 59,
 85], Rosaceae [33, 35, 43, 51, 60, 61, 62, 72, 87, 88, 93,
 115, 128, 155, 166, 176, 177, 178, 183, 196, 228, 232],
 Rubiaceae [5, 141], Rutaceae [119], Salicaceae [245],
 Sapotaceae [263], Scrophulariaceae [5], Solanaceae [131, 154,
 165, 167], Theaceae [200], Theophrastaceae [139],
 Thymelaeaceae [5, 234], Violaceae [73], Vitaceae [42, 44,
 47], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Esters
 2-Methoxyphenylethyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [6]
 2-Methoxyphenylisopropyl acetate (2-Methoxy-[beta]-phenylpropyl
 acetate)
 Amaryllidaceae [6]
 2-Methoxy-[beta]-phenylpropyl acetate, see
 2-Methoxyphenylisopropyl acetate
 2-Methylpropyl phenylacetate
 Berberidaceae [215]
 3-Methylbutyl 2-phenylacetate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 4-Methoxyphenylethyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [78, 117]
 Methoxyphenylethyl acetate
 Orchidaceae [77]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate (Methyl
 2-hydroxy-2-phenylethanoate)
 Eupomatiaceae [18]
 Methyl 2-hydroxy-2-phenylethanoate, see Methyl
 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate
 Methyl 4-methoxyphenylacetate (Methyl 4-methoxyphenylethanoate)
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 4-methoxyphenylethanoate, see Methyl 4-methoxyphenylacetate
 Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl phenylethanoate)
 Brassicaceae [36], Magnoliaceae [11], Orchidaceae [116, 117,
 120], Primulaceae [36]
 Methyl 2-phenylacetate
 Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl phenylethanoate, see Methyl phenylacetate
 Phenylethyl acetate
 Actinidiaceae [237], Amaryllidaceae [6], Brassicaceae [186],
 Bromeliaceae [77], Fabaceae [104, 107], Hyacinthaceae [123,
 150], Nyctaginaceae [151], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [13,
 77, 78, 117, 120, 253], Rosaceae [33, 40, 72, 177, 178, 196]
 1-Phenylethyl acetate
 Araceae [134]
 2-Phenylethyl acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Annonaceae [111], Arecaceae [68, 137, 143],
 Brassicaceae [36], Caryophyllaceae [54], Dipsacaceae [5],
 Fabaceae [126, 212], Gentianaceae [45], Hyacinthaceae [38],
 Lamiaceae [5], Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae [11],
 Malvaceae [41], Orchidaceae [8, 17, 98, 106, 116, 117, 141,
 181, 188, 236, 258], Passifloraceae [157], Rosaceae [35, 43,
 60, 61, 62, 93, 128, 232], Ruscaceae [141], Sapotaceae [263]
 Phenylethyl benzoate
 Hyacinthaceae [123, 150], Nyctaginaceae [151], Orchidaceae [116,
 117]
 2-Phenylethyl benzoate
 Hyacinthaceae [38], Malvaceae [41], Orchidaceae [116, 117],
 Rubiaceae [141], Sapotaceae [263], Zingiberaceae [141]
 Phenylethyl butanoate
 Fabaceae [107, 119]
 2-Phenylethyl butanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144], Orchidaceae [117], Sapotaceae [263]
 Phenylethyl formate
 Orchidaceae [77, 117]
 2-Phenylethyl formate
 Arecaceae [137], Hyacinthaceae [38], Orchidaceae [117],
 Passifloraceae [157]
 2-Phenylethyl hexanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144]
 Phenylethyl 2-methylbutanoate
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135]
 Phenylethyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Rosaceae [33]
 2-Phenylethyl 2-methylpropanoate
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Passifloraceae [157], Rosaceae [35],
 Sapotaceae [263]
 Phenylethyl 3-methylbutanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Phenylethyl 3-methylbutanoate
 Caryophyllaceae [5], Polemoniaceae [5], Sapotaceae [263]
 2-Phenylethyl pentanoate
 Lecythidaceae [144]
 Phenylethyl tiglate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 2-Phenylethyl tiglate
 Sapotaceae [263]
 Ethers
 4-Ethenylanisole, see 4-Methoxy-1-ethenylbenzene
 4-Ethenyl-1-methoxybenzene, see 4-Methoxy-1-ethenylbenzene
 1-Ethoxyethylbenzene
 Oleaceae [57, 58]
 4-Methoxy-1-ethenylbenzene (4-Ethenylanisole,
 4-Ethenyl-1-methoxybenzene)
 Araceae [152], Arecaceae [143], Orchidaceae [117, 118, 120],
 Passifloraceae [157], Rosaceae [33, 35, 72]
 2-Phenylethyl methyl ether
 Rosaceae [62], Salicaceae [245]
 Benzofurans
 7,7-Dimethyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone
 Orchidaceae [120]
 N-compounds
 Benzonitrile
 Fabaceae [179], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Rosaceae [37]
 1-Nitro-2-phenylethane (2-Phenylnitroethane)
 Apocynaceae [2, 173, 178], Brassicaceae [36], Cactaceae [122,
 125], Caprifoliaceae [107], Fabaceae [107, 212],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Lecythidaceae [121], Orchidaceae
 [117], Primulaceae [36], Rutaceae [119]
 Phenylacetaldoxime
 Brassicaceae [36], Cactaceae [125], Caprifoliaceae [102, 107],
 Fabaceae [107], Magnoliaceae [115], Orchidaceae [115, 116,
 117], Rubiaceae [115], Ruscaceae [115, 232, 233], Rutaceae
 [115, 119, 247], Zingiberaceae [115, 141]
 Phenylacetaldoxime-O-methyl ether
 Cactaceae [125], Rubiaceae [109], Rutaceae [119]
 Phenylacetonitrile, see 2-Phenylacetonitrile
 2-Phenylacetonitrile (Phenylacetonitrile)
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 177], Apiaceae [31], Brassicaceae [36, 202].
 Cactaceae [113, 125], Caprifoliaceae [102, 107], Fabaceae
 [107, 212], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Lecythidaceae [121, 144],
 Magnoliaceae [264], Malvaceae [142], Nyctaginaceae [151],
 Orchidaceae [77, 115, 116, 117, 169], Orobanchaceae [20],
 Primulaceae [36], Rubiaceae [141], Ruscaceae [171, 232, 233],
 Rutaceae [119, 247], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Phenylethylamine hydrochloride
 Orchidaceae [180]
 2-Phenylnitroethane, see 1-Nitro-2-phenylethane
 C6-C3
 Hydrocarbons
 Anethole, see 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene
 1-Isopropenyl-4-methylbenzene (4-Isopropenyl-1-methylbenzene)
 Araceae [229], Asteraceae [34], Dipsacaceae [185], Malvaceae
 [41], Orchidaceae [117, 258], Primulaceae [36], Rosaceae [33]
 4-Isopropenyl-1-methylbenzene, see 1-Isopropenyl-4-methylbenzene
 1-Methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
 Cucurbitaceae [71]
 4-Propenylanisole, see 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene
 Aldehydes
 Cinnamic aldehyde (Zimtaldehyde)
 Apiaceae [246], Apocynaceae [141], Caryophyllaceae [141],
 Fabaceae [81, 120], Magnoliaceae [264], Myrsinaceae [103],
 Nymphaeaceae [14, 135], Oleaceae [57, 58], Orchidaceae
 [77, 96, 117, 175, 195, 241, 243, 244, 258], Rosaceae [43]
 (E)-Cinnamic aldehyde
 Berberidaceae [215], Cactaceae [122], Caryophyllaceae [112],
 Ericaceae [136, 140], Oleaceae [33], Orchidaceae [13, 117,
 253], Polemoniaceae [5], Rubiaceae [5], Scrophulariaceae
 [5], Solanaceae [167], Theophrastaceae [139], Yhymelaeaceae
 [5]
 (Z)-Cinnamic aldehyde
 Berberidaceae [215], Ericaceae [136, 140], Orchidaceae [13,
 117, 253], Rubiaceae [5], Scrophulariaceae [5],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Thymelaeaceae [5]
 Cumin aldehyde, see 4-Isopropylbenzaldehyde
 4-Isopropenylbenzaldehyde
 Rosaceae [33, 35]
 4-Isopropylbenzaldehyde (Cumin aldehyde)
 Orchidaceae [117]
 4-Methoxycinnamic aldehyde
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 Phenylpropanal
 Berberidaceae [215], Ericaceae [136]
 3-Phenylpropanal
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Zimtaldehyde, see Cinnamic aldehyde
 Ketones
 1-Phenyl-1-hydroxypropan-2-one
 Oleaceae [108]
 1-Phenyl-1.2-propandione
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Phenyl-2-propanone
 Oleaceae [267]
 Propiophenone
 Berberidaceae [215]
 Propiovanillone
 Asteraceae [214]
 p-Tolyl-2-propanone
 Araceae [86]
 Vanillyl methylketone
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 Alcohols
 Allyl benzoate, see 3-Prop-1-enyl benzoate
 Chavicol, see 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-1-ene
 Cinnamic alcohol (Styralyl alcohol)
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Apocynaceae [141], Araceae [86],
 Caryophyllaceae [141], Ericaceae [140], Fabaceae [81],
 Hemerocallidaceae [33], Magnoliaceae [240], Orchidaceae [53,
 77, 115, 116, 141, 195, 241, 243, 244, 253, 258],
 Polemoniaceae [5], Primulaceae [5], Rosaceae [43], Rubiaceae
 [5], Ruscaceae [141, 232, 233], Scrophulariaceae [5],
 Thymelaeaceae [5, 234]
 (E)-Cinnamic alcohol
 Berberidaceae [215], Cactaceae [125], Calycanthaceae [120],
 Cucurbitaceae [4], Ericaceae [136], Fabaceae [120],
 Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Magnoliaceae [264], Myrsinaceae
 [103], Oleaceae [33], Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117, 118],
 Primulaceae [36], Sapotaceae [263], Solanaceae [167],
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 (Z)-Cinnamic alcohol
 Ericaceae [136], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Magnoliaceae [264],
 Myrsinaceae [103], Orchidaceae [117]
 Cuminol, see 4-Isopropylbenzyl alcohol
 Cuminyl alcohol, see 4-Isopropylbenzyl alcohol
 2,6-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 (2,6-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-phenol)
 Rhizophoraceae [10]
 2,6-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-phenol, see
 2,6-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 2,6-Dimethyl-4-(2-propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 (2,6-Dimethyl-4-(2-propenyl)-phenol)
 Oleaceae [51]
 2,6-Dimethyl-4-(2-propenyl)-phenol, see
 2,6-Dimethyl-4-(2-propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 1-Hydroxy-2,6-dimethoxy-4-(1-propenyl)benzene
 Sapotaceae [263]
 2-Hydroxy-1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)prop-1-ene (Chavicol)
 Fabaceae [107], Orchidaceae [77, 78, 117, 120]
 Isochavicol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 4-Isopropylbenzyl alcohol (Cuminol, Cuminyl alcohol)
 Araceae [229], Oleaceae [33]
 4-Methoxycinnamic alcohol
 Orchidaceae [116, 117]
 4-Methoxyphenylpropanol
 Ericaceae [136], Theophrastaceae [139]
 1-Methoxy-pstolyl-2-propanol
 Araceae [86]
 2-Methoxy-p-tolyl-1-propanol
 Araceae [86]
 Phenylpropanol
 Polemoniaceae [5]
 2-Phenyl-2-propanol
 Orchidaceae [23]
 3-Phenylpropanol
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Berberidaceae [215], Caryophyllaceae [141],
 Ericaceae [136, 140], Fabaceae [120], Hemerocallidaceae [33],
 Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lecythidaceae [144], Myrsinaceae
 [103], Orchidaceae [117, 244, 253], Solanaceae [167],
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 (E)-4-(1-Propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene ((E)-4-(1-Propen-1-yl)phenol)
 Apocynaceae [108], Fabaceae [107], Oleaceae [108]
 (Z)-4-(1-Propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene ((Z)-4-(1-Propen-1-yl)phenol)
 Apocynaceae [108], Fabaceae [107], Oleaceae [108]
 (E)-4-(1-Propen-1-yl)phenol, see
 (E)-4-(1-Propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 (Z)-4-(1-Propen-1-yl)phenol, see
 (Z)-4-(1-Propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene
 Styralyl alcohol, see Cinnamic alcohol
 p-Tolyl-1,2-propanediol
 Araceae [86]
 Esters
 Cinnamic acetate
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Caryophyllaceae [141], Ericaceae [140],
 Fabaceae [81], Hemerocallidaceae [33], Hyacinthaceae [38,
 123], Orchidaceae [77, 78, 116, 195, 236, 241, 243, 244,
 253, 258], Ruscaceae [141]
 (E)-Cinnamic acetate
 Calycanthaceae [120], Ericaceae [136], Fabaceae [120],
 Orchidaceae [77, 116, 117, 120], Sapotaceae [263],
 Solanaceae [167], Theophrastaceae [139]
 (Z)-Cinnamic acetate
 Ericaceae [136], Orchidaceae [117], Rubiaceae [5]
 Cinnamic butanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 Coumarin
 Malvaceae [41], Orchidaceae [117]
 Ethyl 3-phenyl-2-propenoate, see Ethyl cinnamate
 Ethyl 3-phenylpropanoate
 Araceae [86], Fumariaceae [197]
 Ethyl cinnamate
 Arecaceae [137], Fumariaceae [197], Rosaceae [51]
 Ethyl (E)-cinnamate
 Orchidaceae [117], Theophrastaceae [139]
 Ethyl (Z)-cinnamate
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 Eugenyl acetate
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Nyctaginaceae [151]
 4-Methoxycinnamic acetate
 Orchidaceae [117, 118, 120]
 Methyl cinnamate
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Berberidaceae [215], Fabaceae [50,
 156], Fumariaceae [197], Orchidaceae [28, 97, 98, 254, 256,
 257, 258]
 Methyl (E)-cinnamate
 Fabaceae [120], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [77, 78, 116, 117,
 120, 253], Passifloraceae [157], Sapotaceae [263],
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 Methyl (Z)-cinnamate
 Orchidaceae [78, 117, 253], Passifloraceae [157],
 Theophrastaceae [139]
 Methyl 4-methoxycinnamate
 Orchidaceae [258, 260]
 Methyl (E)-4-methoxycinnamate
 Orchidaceae [78, 117, 120]
 Methyl (Z)-4-methoxycinnamate
 Orchidaceae [78, 117, 120]
 Methyl 4-methoxyphenylpropanoate
 Orchidaceae [117, 120]
 Methyl 3-phenyl-2-hydroxypropanoate
 Fumariaceae [197], Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 Methyl 3-phenylpropanoate
 Fumariaceae [197], Orchidaceae [117]
 Methyl 3-phenyl-2-propenoate, see Methyl cinnamate
 Phenylpropyl acetate
 Ericaceae [140], Hyacinthaceae [123], Orchidaceae [258],
 Rubiaceae [5]
 [gamma]-Phenylpropyl acetate, see 3-Phenylpropyl acetate
 3-Phenylpropyl acetate ([gamma]-Phenylpropyl acetate)
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Berberidaceae [215], Caryophyllaceae
 [141], Ericaceae [136], Fabaceae [120], Orchidaceae [117],
 Ruscaceae [141], Theophrastaceae [139]
 Phenylpropyl butanoate
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Prop-1-enyl benzoate (Allyl benzoate)
 Nyctaginaceae [151]
 Ethers
 4-Allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene, see Methyleugenol
 Anethole, see 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene
 (E)-Anethole, see (E)-1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene
 (Z)-Anethole, see (Z)-1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene
 Dillapiole
 Apiaceae [242]
 1,2-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-benzene, see Methyleugenol
 Elemicin
 Arecaceae [68, 143], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123],
 Lecythidaceae [144], Oleaceae [33, 232, 233], Orchidaceae
 [53, 116, 117], Passifloraceae [157]
 (E)-Elemicin
 Orchidaceae [77]
 Estragole, see 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-2-enyl)benzene
 Eugenol (2-Methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-1-hydroxybenzene)
 Apocynaceae [178], Araceae [77, 133, 258], Arecaceae [137,
 145], Asteraceae [214], Acanthaceae [10], Caprifoliaceae
 [102], Caryophyllaceae [54], Fabaceae [81, 119],
 Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lauraceae [74], Lecythidaceae [121,
 144], Magnoliaceae [264], Malvaceae [142], Nyctaginaceae
 [151], Oleaceae [52, 114], Onagraceae [218], Orchidaceae
 [8, 13, 77, 78, 97, 116, 117, 120, 141, 195, 241, 243, 244,
 253, 258], Passifloraceae [157], Polemoniaceae [5],
 Rhizophoraceae [10], Rosaceae [43, 51, 60, 61, 128],
 Rubiaceae [121, 141], Sapotaceae [263], Solanaceae [165],
 Theophrastaceae [139], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 (E)-Isoelemicin
 Orchidaceae [117], Passifloraceae [157]
 (Z)-Isoelemicin
 Passifloraceae [157]
 (E)-Isoeugenol
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Lecythidaceae [121], Oleaceae [52],
 Orchidaceae [78, 117], Zingiberaceae [174]
 Methoxyeugenol, see Methyleugenol
 6-Methoxyeugenol
 Orchidaceae [117]
 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene (4-Propenylanisole, Anethole)
 Araceae [86], Fabaceae [81], Magnoliaceae [11,264], Orchidaceae
 [77, 117]
 (E)-1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene ((E)-Anethole)
 Araceae [152], Fabaceae [107], Ranunculaceae [85]
 (Z)-1-Methoxy-4-(prop-1-enyl)benzene ((Z)-Anethole)
 Araceae [152], Fabaceae [107], Ranunculaceae [85]
 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-2-enyl)benzene (Estragole, Methylchavicol)
 Amaryllidaceae [63], Araceae [77], Cactaceae [125], Fabaceae
 [81], Hyacinthaceae [123], Lamiaceae [261], Magnoliaceae [9,
 11], Oleaceae [33, 150], Orchidaceae [77, 117, 120], Rosaceae
 [72], Sapotaceae [263]
 Methylchavicol, see 1-Methoxy-4-(prop-2-enyl)benzene
 (E)-Methylisoeugenol
 Arecaceae [137], Fabaceae [107], Lecythidaceae [144],
 Passifloraceae [157], Zingiberaceae [141, 174]
 Isoelemicin
 Orchidaceae [258]
 Isoeugenol
 Fabaceae [107, 108], Nyctaginaceae [151], Onagraceae [218],
 Orchidaceae [141, 195, 243, 244], Passifloraceae [157],
 Ranunculaceae [85], Zingiberaceae [141]
 (Z)-Isoeugenol
 Caryophyllaceae [54], Oleaceae [52], Orchidaceae [117],
 Zingiberaceae [174]
 Methoxyeugenol, see Methyleugenol
 Methyleugenol (1,2-Dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl)-benzene,
 4-Allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene, Methoxyeugenol)
 Amaryllidaceae [6, 63], Araceae [152], Arecaceae [137, 143,
 145], Fabaceae [81, 104], Hyacinthaceae [38, 123], Lamiaceae
 [261], Lauraceae [74], Lecythidaceae [144], Magnoliaceae
 [9], Malvaceae [142], Oleaceae [33, 150], Onagraceae [218],
 Orchidaceae [116, 117, 258], Passifloraceae [157],
 Polemoniaceae [233], Primulaceae [36], Rhizophoraceae [10],
 Rosaceae [51, 60, 61, 72, 128], Valerianaceae [37],
 Zingiberaceae [268]
 Methylisoeugenol
 Amaryllidaceae [6], Arecaceae [143, 145], Fabaceae [81],
 Onagraceae [218], Orchidaceae [77, 117], Polemoniaceae [233]
 (Z)-Methylisoeugenol
 Arecaceae [137], Passifloraceae [157], Zingiberaceae [174]
 Benzopyrans
 6,7-Dimethoxy-4H-1-benzopyran
 Fabaceae [110]
 6-Methoxy-4H-1-benzopyran-7-ol
 Fabaceae [110]
 6-Pentyl-[alpha]-pyrone
 Orchidaceae [120]
 C6-C4
 Hydrocarbons
 Butylbenzene
 Moraceae [82]
 4-Isoprenyl-1-methylbenzene, see
 4-(3-Methyl-3-butenyl)-1-methylbenzene
 4-(3-Methyl-3-butenyl)-1-methylbenzene
 (4-Isoprenyl-1-methylbenzene)
 Rosaceae [35]
 Ketones
 Gingerone, see 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone
 3-Hydroxy-4-phenyl-2-butanone
 Orchidaceae [117], Sapotaceae [263]
 4-Hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone
 Orchidaceae [117]
 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone (Gingerone)
 Orchidaceae [117]
 1-Phenyl-2,3-butandione (1-Phenylbutane-2,3-dione)
 Oleaceae [108], Sapotaceae [263]
 1-Phenylbutane-2,3-dione, see 1-Phenyl-2,3-butandione
 4-Phenyl-2-butanone
 Orchidaceae [75, 116, 117], Solanaceae [69]
 4-Phenyl-3-buten-2-one
 Orchidaceae [13]
 Alcohols
 2,6-di-tert-Butyl-4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 (2,6-di-tert-Butyl-4-methylphenol)
 2,6-di-tert-Butyl-4-methylphenol, see
 2,6-di-tert-Butyl-4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
 Calycanthaceae [266], Malvaceae [67], Onagraceae [265]
 Ethers
 2,4-di-tert-Butylanisole, see 2,4-di-tert-Butyl-1-methoxybenzene
 2,4-di-tert-Butyl-1-methoxybenzene (2,4-di-tert-Butylanisole)
 Oleaceae [51]
 C6-C5
 Alcohols
 5-Phenylmethoxypentanol
 Oleaceae [57]
 C6-C7
 Hydrocarbons
 1-Heptenylbenzene
 Asteraceae [213]
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Title Annotation:Appendix I: Distribution of Floral Scent Compounds at the Level of Plant Family
Author:Knudsen, Jette T.; Eriksson, Roger; Gershenzon, Jonathan; Stahl, Bertil
Publication:The Botanical Review
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2006
Words:10696
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