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Distribucion del murcielago de ventosas de Spix, Thyroptera tricolor Spix, 1823 (Chiroptera: Thyropteridae) en Colombia, con nuevos registros para el Valle del Magdalena Medio.

DISTRIBUTION OF THE SPIX'S DISK-WINGED BAT, Thyroptera tricolor SPIX, 1823 (CHIROPTERA: THYROPTERIDAE) IN COLOMBIA, WITH FIRST RECORDS FOR THE MIDDLE MAGDALENA VALLEY

INTRODUCTION

The disk-winged bats family (Chiroptera: Thyropteridae) comprise five species: Thyroptera tricolor, T. discifera, T. lavali, T. devivoi and T. wynneae, the last two recently recognized (Gregorin et al., 2006; Velazco et al., 2014). These bats are characterized by the presence of circular adhesive disks on the sole of the foot and base of the thumb (Simmons, 1998), which they use to roost inside furled leaves of Heliconia (Heliconiaceae), Musa (Musaceae), Calathea (Marantaceae), Phenakospermum (Strelitziaceae) and dead leaves of Musa, Cecropia (Cecropiaceae) or palm fronds (Arecaceae) (Velazco et al., 2014).

Thyropterids inhabit lowland forests (Findley and Wilson, 1974) from southern Mexico to southeastern Brazil, being T. tricolor (Fig. 1) the most widely distributed species (Wilson, 2008); discontinuously in Central America from southern Mexico to Panama (not registered in El Salvador), and continuously in South America through Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Trinidad, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. Studies of this species have focused on ecology (Findley and Wilson, 1974; Vonhof and Fenton, 2004), ethology (Chaverri and Gillam, 2015), development (Wimsatt and Enders, 1980), functional morphology (Riskin and Fenton, 2001; Dechmann et al., 2006) and genetics (Vonhof et al., 2001; Buchalski et al., 2014). Even being considered the most commonly collected and studied thyropterid (Velazco et al., 2014), it presents a low capture incidence with conventional techniques for chiropterans (Castano-Salazar et al., 2004), as occurs with the remaining species of the group. This would be the principal cause of lacking information on distribution, natural history, and phylogenetic relationships of the group (Solari et al., 2004). In this report, we review previous and new collection records of T. tricolor for Colombia, a country with low scientific records for many mammal species (Gardner, 2008; Patton et al., 2015), including comments on geographical information available at present. We also report the first records for the Middle Magdalena Valley (Santander and Antioquia) with external and cranial measurements, plus dental measurement comparisons with unique fossils recorded for the group, coming from the same valley (La Venta deposits, Czaplewski et al., 2003).

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

MATERIALS AND METHODS

All known records of T tricolor for Colombia were obtained by comprehensive revision of the literature published on the species, data bases of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Mammal Networked Information System (MaNIS), Sistema de Informacion sobre Biodiversidad de Colombia (SIB) (data sets including records from the American Museum of Natural History, AMNH; Field Museum of Natural History, FMNH; United States National Museum, USNM; Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, IAvH) and the information directly provided by most scientific collections of mammals in Colombia: Coleccion Mastozoologica del Choco (CMCH), Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena Garcia at the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Museo de Historia Natural-Universidad Industrial de Santander (MHN-UIS), Museo Javeriano de Historia Natural Lorenzo Uribe (MPUJ-MAMM), Universidad del Valle-Vertebrados Mamiferos (UV), Coleccion de Mastozoologia Universidad del Quindio (CMUQ), Museo de Ciencias Universidad El Bosque (MCUB), Coleccion Teriologica Universidad de Antioquia (CTUA) and Museo de Historia Natural Universidad de La Salle (MLS), as well as specimens analyzed from new collects in inclusion process by scientific collections (ICN and CTUA). We offer a gazetteer and a map with all known records of T. tricolor for Colombia (Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]; Fig. 2), excluding records without voucher evidence, and records with no geographical coordinates and locality registered. Each locality available was checked in order to identify any ambiguous information, mistakes, and lack of information. When geographical coordinates or part of the locality was not available, they were inferred from other gazetteers (Lemke et al., 1982; Botero et al., 2005; Gardner, 2008; Ramirez-Chaves, 2011; Saavedra-Rodriguez and Rojas-Diaz, 2011; Velazco et al., 2014) or from the locality information available using point-radius method (Wieczorek and Hijmans, 2004; Escobar et al., 2014) through the software QGIS 2.8.2 (accessed on 05/09/2015; QGIS Project, 2015), generating geographical coordinates with limited accuracy, measured by an uncertainty range in meters.

[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]

New records of T. tricolor reported for Colombia were deposited at ICN and CTUA collections, providing geographical information, kind of preparation, collector name, collection date (Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]), ecological data (Table 1), as well as external and cranial measurements (Table 2). For measurements and identification of specimens we followed Velazco et al., (2014). Dental measurement comparisons with fossil records of thyropterids from the Magdalena Valley (La Venta deposits; Czaplewski, 1996, 1997; Czaplewski et al., 2003) deposited at Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geologico-Mineras, Bogota, Colombia (IGM) were obtained using ImageJ software (Schneider et al., 2012) (Table 3).

RESULTS

We compiled 89 records (80 previous and 9 new), distributed along 37 localities of the 5 natural regions of Colombia, in lowland and subandean forests with altitudes since sea level to aproximately 1800 meters (Table 1; Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]). Just two records were found from our literature revision: MHNUC 381 (Museo de Historia Natural Universidad de Caldas) from Caldas Department (Castano-Salazar et al., 2004) and MPUJ-MAMM 1216 from Quindio Department (Perez-Torres and Cortes-Delgado, 2009). However, the last record was corrected as T. lavali by S. Solari, and has been excluded from this report. The collections of this species in Colombia started in 1910 decade (with two collects), reached its peak in the 1970 decade (with 34 collects), and since 2003 until 2015 increased in just 13 specimens (Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]). Twenty one records presented some ambiguous information that was corroborated, 55 were lacking information that was supplemented (10 cases corresponding to geographical coordinates inferred from locality, 40 geographical coordinates inferred from literature, 5 localities inferred from geographical coordinates), and 18 presented some wrong information that was corrected (Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]).

Six out of the nine new records provided for Colombia were first ones for Santander, and the remaining three for Antioquia. Eight of them were first records for the Middle Magdalena Valley (Fig. 2; Table 1). Records from Santander were captured by hand from its roosting place; a juvenile male from Landazuri municipality was captured in February 2015 inside a furled leaf of Heliconia (Heliconiaceae), within a patch of gallery forest highly intervened beside a paddock. Few minutes later, in the same place, an adult female flew intentionally to roost over the carry bag in which the juvenile was stored, being also captured (Table 1). All individuals from Barrancabermeja municipality (three adults, one juvenile) were captured by hand in July 2015 next to a highly traveled road, in an agro-ecosystem within a patch of secondary forest highly intervened, inside furled leaves of Heliconia and Calathea (Marantaceae) (Fig. 1; Table 1). The individuals from Antioquia were captured in 1993, 1996 and 2008, but only now, with our work, they were catalogued into a scientific collection (CTUA) (Table 1). We lack precise field data (locality and date) for specimens from 1993 and 1996, but we have information for the specimen collected in 2008. This adult female was netted within a secondary growth tropical forest, near to the Alicante River in Maceo municipality, on May (Table 1).

External and cranial measurements of our recent T. tricolor records for Colombia showed slight differences regarding measurements reported by Velazco et al. (2014) for the species (Table 2). Dental measurement comparisons with fossils showed that recent records of T. tricolor specimens have smaller teeth dimensions by about 3.75% to 40.72% (m2 talonid width and M2 transverse width, respectively) regarding T. cf. lavali fossils (Czaplewski, 1996; Czaplewski et al., 2003); nevertheless, they have larger anteroposterior length of the m1 and m2 by about 4.17% to 9.60% (Table 3). On the other hand, similar comparisons of our T. tricolor specimens regarding T. cf. tricolor fossils (Czaplewski, 1997) showed that dental dimensions of current specimens closely match or slightly exceed those of fossil ones (Table 3).

DISCUSSION

According to Galindo-Gonzalez (2004), T. tricolor is sensitive to habitat disturbance, principally because of its highly specialized diet and habitat requirements. However, this author also recognized that the species inhabits secondary forests and agro-ecosystems. The latter agrees with our findings and those of Findley and Wilson (1974) and Boada et al. (2010). While recognizing the likely sensitivity of this species to specialized roosting places availability (Vonhof and Fenton, 2004), in our study, this was observed in plant populations of Heliconia and Calathea located in disturbed and fragmented patches of agro-ecosystems, and gallery forests with recurrent human activities, supporting the fact that this species is tolerant to highly disturbed habitats. Compiled records for Colombia show the presence of the species in subandean forests, between 1000 and 1818 meters (Table 1; Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]), contrasting with the typical lowland distribution (Findley and Wilson, 1974). Previous data on reproductive activity of T tricolor shows pregnant females in Costa Rica during August (Costa Rica; Findley and Wilson, 1974), while in Peru (Ascorra et al., 1996) and Bolivia (Anderson and Webster, 1983) pregnant females were observed from September to November (those from Bolivia coupled with adult females nursing neonates); however, in Nicaragua females were inactive in November (Medina-Fitoria et al., 2015), and a reproductive male was observed in April (Medina-Fitoria, com pers.). This information, along with ours, suggests that this species may reproduce throughout the year; we found two adult females with juveniles in February and July (Table 1), but more evidence is needed to understand its reproductive cycles. Specific echolocation calls are recognized for T. tricolor, allowing group and strong individual recognition (Chaverri and Gillam, 2015). This behavior could be in agreement with the one registered for the adult female collected in Landazuri municipality (Santander; Table 1), which flew to roost over a carry bag containing a juvenile captured few minutes earlier.

New records of T. tricolor for Colombia extend the known distribution of this species in the country, previously restricted to the northernmost and the southern portions, providing continuity and filling the northern portion of the Andean region at the Middle Magdalena Valley (Santander and Antioquia; Fig. 2). Minor differences found between measures of the new records for Colombia (from the Middle Magdalena Valley) and those reported by Velazco et al. (2014) for the species (Table 2) could be interesting. The whole Magdalena Valley is recognized as a complex biogeographic area, where at least six areas of endemism of mammals overlap its boundaries (Noguera-Urbano and Escalante, 2015). Also, the Middle Magdalena Valley is proposed as part of the Nechi-San Lucas refuge, a humid biological refuge during the Pleistocene. Uprising of the Andean cordilleras, initiated during the Cretaceous and completed during the Pliocene and latter Pleistocene, formed three cordilleras and their inter-andean valleys in Colombia, allowing emergence of new environments relatively isolated from others and generating a direct impact on evolution of fauna and flora (Hernandez-Camacho et al., 1992). New records of T. tricolor from the Middle Magdalena Valley provide valuable material for the understanding of the evolution and distribution of disk-winged bats, through comparisons with fossil records of thyropterids from La Venta (Magdalena Valley), a deposit from the Miocene, just before the Andean cordilleras were completely formed (approximately 12.5 million years ago, Czaplewski, 1996; Czaplewski, 1997; Czaplewski et al., 2003; Table 3). These fossils are unique for the family, but their taxonomic affinities are not clearly resolved (Velazco et al., 2014). Dental comparison between new T. tricolor specimens with T. cf. tricolor fossils was consistent with those reported by Czaplewski et al., (2003), showing no significant differences between T. cf. tricolor fossils and current T tricolor specimens (not reaching 0.5 mm difference in any instance; Table 3). This finding reinforces the possible presence of evolutionary stasis (at least in dental dimensions). Additionally, comparisons of new T. tricolor specimens with T cf. lavali fossils was consistent with that reported by Czaplewski (1996; 1997), showing fossils dental dimensions considerably bigger than current T. tricolor specimens. Nevertheless, our report also shows that the anteroposterior dimensions of m1 and m2 teeth are bigger in current T. tricolor specimens than in T cf. lavali fossils (Table 3). In general, the dental dimension with bigger variation between current T. tricolor specimens and thyropterid fossils (T. cf. tricolor and T cf. lavali) is the M2 transverse width.

The review of previous and new records of T tricolor for Colombia reveals a low amount of specimens in scientific collections (89 records). This not necessarily means the species is uncommon (Vonhof and Fenton, 2004), but shows that it is poorly captured with conventional techniques for chiropterans, maybe due to its life history (Castano-Salazar et al., 2004). Most records of this species in Colombia come from the Pacific coasts region (56.18%), followed by the Caribbean coast and the Andean regions (20.22% each), being concentrated in scientific collections out of Colombia (61.80%), principally collected between 1942 and 1975 (65.43%; excluding eight records without collection date; Appendix 1 [Supplementary Material]). This summary urges for an increasing collection of specimens in subsampled regions, to be deposited at local scientific collections, facilitating its physical revision by local researchers. Comprehensive revision of localities registered, correcting and complimenting them, and providing geographical coordinates, constitute a goal of this report, supplying a more accurate idea of previous and current known distribution of T. tricolor in Colombia (Fig. 2). Recent taxonomic arrangements in genus Thyroptera, associated with increased collections in some countries (Velazco et al., 2014), reveal the importance of scientific collections for species whose taxonomy and distribution are poorly known.

Recibido 22 septiembre 2015. Aceptado 13 febrero 2016. Editor asociado: E Lessa

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We thank H. Lopez-Are valo and C. Cardenas-Gonzalez (ICN), A.M. Jimenez (CMCH), M.P. Ramirez-Pinilla (MHN-UIS), J. Perez-Torres (MPUJ-MAMM), H. Mantilla-Meluk (CMUQ), F. Duenas and A. Alviz (MCUB), and D. Zurc (MLS), for providing access to information from the collections they are in charge of. We thank V. Rojas-Diaz for his help obtaining information from the UV collection, A. Jerez at the Laboratorio de Equipos Opticos Compartidos (LEOC) in the Departamento de Biologia-Universidad Nacional de Colombia, for taking the pictures of the teeth of the specimens from Santander, M.C. Calderon-Capote, for helping the inclusion process of specimens from Santander at ICN collection and checking their sex, N. Rey and M. Torres, for their advice in point radius methodology, and the anonymous reviewers, for their valuable comments. We also thank Corporacion para el Desarrollo Tecnologico Sostenible (CINDETS) and Biotica Consultores LTDA, for placing specimens collected in Landazuri (Santander) into a scientific collection (ICN), facilitating its inclusion in this work.

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SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL ONLINE

Appendix 1. Compiled records of Thyroptera tricolor for Colombia. The documented geographical coordinates or altitude marked with asterisk (*) correspond to values previously inferred by scientific collection possessing voucher specimen associated to such information, but not to a real value recorded by the collector.

https://www.sarem.org.ar/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/SAREM_MastNeotrop_23-1_Reyes-sup1.xlsx
Map label                     Collection name

1                   American Museum of Natural History
1                   American Museum of Natural History
3                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
4                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
5                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
6                   American Museum of Natural History
7                     Field Museum of Natural History
7                     Field Museum of Natural History
8                     Field Museum of Natural History
9                     Field Museum of Natural History
9                     Field Museum of Natural History
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum

10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
10                     United States National Museum
11                     United States National Museum

12                     United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
4                      United States National Museum
5                      United States National Museum
5                      United States National Museum
5                      United States National Museum
13                     United States National Museum
14                  Coleccion Mastozoologica del Choco
15                  Coleccion Mastozoologica del Choco
16                  Coleccion Mastozoologica del Choco

7                    Instituto Alexander von Humboldt
7                    Instituto Alexander von Humboldt
17                   Instituto Alexander von Humboldt
                    Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
18             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
19             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
20             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
20             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
20             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
20             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
21             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
22             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
23             Mamiferos Universidad del Valle, Vertebrados
24           Mamiferos Museo Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-
25          Mamiferos Museo de Historia Natural-Universidad de
26             Caldas Coleccion Teriologica, Universidad de
27            Antioquia Coleccion Teriologica, Universidad de
28            Antioquia Coleccion Teriologica, Universidad de

29            Antioquia Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
10               Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
30               Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
31                Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
32                Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
33               Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
34               Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
35               Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
                   Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
36                Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales

36                Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
                  Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
37                Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
                  Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
37                 Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
                  Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
37                Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
                  Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales
37                Coleccion de Mamiferos Alberto Cadena
                  Garcia--Instituto de Ciencias Naturales

Map label   Collection       Catalog number        Voucher specimen
             acronym

1              AMNH            AMNH 31678            Not mounted
1              AMNH            AMNH 31679            Not mounted
3              AMNH            AMNH 233217              Fluid
4              AMNH            AMNH 239077           Not mounted
4              AMNH            AMNH 239078           Not mounted
4              AMNH            AMNH 239079           Not mounted
4              AMNH            AMNH 239080           Not mounted
4              AMNH            AMNH 239081           Unspecified
4              AMNH            AMNH 239082           Not mounted
5              AMNH            AMNH 239083           Not mounted
5              AMNH            AMNH 239084           Not mounted
5              AMNH            AMNH 239085           Not mounted
5              AMNH            AMNH 239086           Unspecified
5              AMNH            AMNH 239087           Unspecified
5              AMNH            AMNH 239088           Not mounted
6              AMNH            AMNH 269505           Not mounted
6              AMNH            AMNH 269506           Not mounted
6              AMNH            AMNH 269510           Unspecified
6              AMNH            AMNH 269511           Unspecified
6              AMNH            AMNH 269512           Unspecified
6              AMNH            AMNH 269514           Unspecified
7              FMNH            FMNH 58749            Skin, Skull
7              FMNH            FMNH 58750            Skin, Skull
8              FMNH            FMNH 89573                Skin
9              FMNH            FMNH 90325               Fluid
9              FMNH            FMNH 90326               Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281197           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281198           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281199           Skin, Skull

10             USNM            USNM 281200           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281202           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281203           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281204           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281205           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281206           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281207           Skin, Skull
10             USNM            USNM 281934              Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281935              Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281937              Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281938              Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281939              Fluid
10             USNM            USNM 281940              Fluid
11             USNM            USNM 339462              Fluid

12             USNM            USNM 445929              Fluid
4              USNM            USNM 461847           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461848           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461849           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461850           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461851           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461852           Skin, Skull
4              USNM            USNM 461853           Skin, Skull
5              USNM            USNM 461854           Skin, Skull
5              USNM            USNM 461855           Skin, Skull
5              USNM            USNM 461857           Skin, Skull
13             USNM            USNM 483945           Skin, Skull
14             CMCH            CMCH 000193           Unspecified
15             CMCH            CMCH 000434           Unspecified
16             CMCH            CMCH 001944           Unspecified

7              IAvH            IavH-M 2198           Unspecified
7              IAvH            IavH-M 2199           Unspecified
17             IAvH             IavH 8335            Unspecified

18              UV               UV 5924             Skin, Skull
19              UV               UV 9890             Skin, Skull
20              UV              UV 10104             Skin, Skull
20              UV              UV 10105             Skin, Skull
20              UV              UV 10106             Skin, Skull
20              UV              UV 10107             Skin, Skull
21              UV              UV 10742             Skin, Skull
22              UV              UV 11505             Skin, Skull
23              UV              UV 11671             Skin, Skull
24              UV              UV 11955             Skin, Skull
25          MPUJ-MAMM         MPUJ-MAMM 648          Skin, Skull
26            MHNUC             MHNUC 381            Skin, Skull
27             CTUA             CTUA 2862            Skin, Skull
28             CTUA             CTUA 2863            Skin, Skull
                                                     Skin, Skull,
29             CTUA             CTUA 2864              Skeleton
10             ICN               ICN 872             Skin, Skull

30             ICN              ICN 6288             Skin, Skull

31             ICN              ICN 6289             Skin, Skull

32             ICN              ICN 7749                Fluid

33             ICN              ICN 7976                Fluid

34             ICN              ICN 14692            Skin, Skull

35             ICN           ICN 16895 ICN              Fluid
                             in process (NR
36             ICN                 44)                  Fluid

36             ICN       ICN in process (NR 45)         Fluid

37             ICN       ICN in process (JLF105)     Skin, Skull

37             ICN       ICN in process (JLF106)     Skin, Skull

37             ICN       ICN in process (JLF107)     Skin, Skull

37             ICN       ICN in process (JLF108)        Fluid

Collection         Collector         Department       Municipality
date (y/m/d)

1910-12-11     W. B. Richardson         Cauca           Timbiqui
1910-12-11     W. B. Richardson         Cauca           Timbiqui
1971-02-15        C. W. Myers           Choco          Litoral de
                                                        San Juan
1972-06-02      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-02      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-02      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19      J. J. Rasweiler    Valle del Cauca         --
1972-12-01        R. Hoffman       Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1972-12-01        R. Hoffman       Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1971-12-01            --           Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1972-03-05            --           Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1972-03-05            --           Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1971-12-01            --           Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
                  T.O. Lemke            Huila            Acevedo
--                T.O. Lemke            Huila            Acevedo
--              K. von Sneidern        Narino            Tumaco
--              K. von Sneidern         Cauca              --
                K. von Sneidern         Cauca
1942-01-27      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-27      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-27      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1931-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1942-01-31      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1963-03-30        W. Thornton      Valle del Cauca       Calima
1967-11          C. Marinkelle         Vaupes             Mitu
1972-06-02       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-06       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-19       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca        Dagua
1972-06-19       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca         --
1972-06-19       J. Rasweiler      Valle del Cauca         --
1967-01-10        A. Arata &       Valle del Cauca        Cali
                   M. Thomas
2005-11-04      G. Vargas-Rivas         Choco            Union
                                                      Panamericana
2003-04-08       Y. Roa-Garcia          Choco            Quibdo
2013-09-06     D. Rodriguez-Mena        Choco            Quibdo
--                T.O. Lemke            Huila            Acevedo
--                T.O. Lemke            Huila            Acevedo
--                    --               Vichada          Cumaribo
1986-03-04      E. Nadachowski     Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1975-04-15       L. Velasquez      Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1988-07-22       M.S. Alberico          Choco            Istmina
1988-07-22     W. Rincon-Tenorio        Choco            Istmina
1988-07-22       M.S. Alberico          Choco            Istmina
1988-07-22     W. Rincon-Tenorio        Choco            Istmina
1991-01-06     N.F. Ospina-Reina        Choco         Bahia Solano
1998-01-27     F. Rincon-Franco    Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1999-09-18       V. Rojas Diaz     Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1999-02-15       V. Rojas Diaz     Valle del Cauca       Obando
2004-11-06     Grupo Vertebrados        Huila             Neiva
2003-11-26           J.H.              Caldas           Manizales
                Castano-Salazar
1993-10-17         G. Gomez           Antioquia          Amalfi
1996-05-01        C. Cuartas          Antioquia         San Luis
2008-05-25         S. Solari          Antioquia           Maceo
1942-06-29      P. Hershkovitz          Cesar             Copey
1975-04-15       L. Velasquez      Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1975-04-15       L. Velasquez      Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1975-04-15       L. Velasquez      Valle del Cauca    Buenaventura
1975-11-15           L.M.             Magdalena        Santa Marta
                Moreno-Bejarano
1994-06-08      O.L. Montenegro        Caqueta           Solano
2003-09-07     A. Marin-Vasquez        Caqueta          Florencia
2015-02-21      N. Reyes-Amaya        Santander         Landazuri
2015-02-21      N. Reyes-Amaya        Santander         Landazuri
2015-06-15     J. Lozano-Florez       Santander      Barrancabermeja
2015-06-15     J. Lozano-Florez       Santander      Barrancabermeja
2015-06-15     J. Lozano-Florez       Santander      Barrancabermeja
2015-06-15     J. Lozano-Florez       Santander      Barrancabermeja

Locality                                     Natural Region

San Jose                                  Pacific Coast (Cauca)

San Jose                                  Pacific Coast (Cauca)

2 kilometers above Playa de Oro,          Pacific Coast (Choco)
upper San Juan River

Dagua, Cali-Buenaventura highway,    Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
near Dagua River

Dagua, Cali-Buenaventura highway,    Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
near Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Buenaventura                         Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero                   Andean (Huila)
Cardona's Farm

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero                   Andean (Huila)
Cardona's Farm

La Guayacana                                 Andean (Narino)

Saija river                               Pacific Coast (Cauca)

Saija river                               Pacific Coast (Cauca)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,        Caribean Coast (Cesar)
rio Ariguanicito

Below, W of Buga on Rio Calima       Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Durania.                                    Amazonas (Vaupes)

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Dagua River

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Anchicaya river                      Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Hormiquero, About 20 Km. S.E.        Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Cali

Union Panamericana, corregimiento         Pacific Coast (Choco)
de Salero, Las Animas (cabecera
municipal)

Corregimiento de Guadalupe                Pacific Coast (Choco)

Corregieminto de Pacurita, rio            Pacific Coast (Choco)
Cabi

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero            Andean (Huila) Andean (Huila)
Cardona's Farm Las Cuevas Parque,
Elicero Cardona's Farm

Corregimiento de Santa Rita,               Orinoquia (Vichada)
P.N.N. El Tuparro

Bajo Calima, Cuartel B-V-83. 9       Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

San Antonio                          Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Kilometro 14 via Istmina                  Pacific Coast (Choco)

Kilometro 14 via Istmina                  Pacific Coast (Choco)

Kilometro 14 via Istmina                  Pacific Coast (Choco)

Kilometro 14 via Istmina                  Pacific Coast (Choco)

Mutis, Carretera Valle-UT.                Pacific Coast (Choco)

Punta aji, rio Naya                  Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Estacion Agroforestal                Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)

Hacienda La Esmeralda Vereda         Andean (Valle del Cauca) Andean
Tamarindo, Centro de                             (Huila)
Investigacion y Educacion
Ambiental La Tribuna HOCOL

Vereda El Palo, Finca Playa Rica             Andean (Caldas)
Villegas

ElJardin                                   Andean (Antioquia)

El Prodigio, Las Confusas                  Andean (Antioquia)

Hacienda Santa Barbara                     Andean (Antioquia)

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito         Caribean Coast (Cesar)

Bajo Anchicaya aproximadamente 4     Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Km. al Oeste

Bajo Anchicaya aproximadamente 3     Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
Km. al Oeste La Depresion aprox.     Pacific Coast (Valle del Cauca)
4 Km. al E. Bajo Anchicaya
(carretera vieja Buenaventura).

Parque Nal. Nat. Tayrona, sector       Caribean Coast (Magdalena)
Canaveral

Bombonal, al margen izquierdo              Amazonas (Caqueta)
(oriental) del Rio Mesay

Florencia                                   Andean (Caqueta)

Vereda Rio Blanco, Finca Proyecto          Andean (Santander)
Minero Rio Blanco.

Vereda Rio Blanco, Finca Proyecto          Andean (Santander)
Minero Rio Blanco.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda            Andean (Santander)
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda            Andean (Santander)
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda            Andean (Santander)
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda            Andean (Santander)
Campo 45.

Locality                                  Latitude

San Jose                            2[grados]46'21.36" N

San Jose                            2[grados]46'21.36" N

2 kilometers above Playa de Oro,       05[grados]19' N
upper San Juan River

Dagua, Cali-Buenaventura highway,      3[grados]40' N
near Dagua River

Dagua, Cali-Buenaventura highway,      3[grados]40' N
near Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Buenaventura                           3[grados]53' N

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero           1[grados]48'0.00" N
Cardona's Farm

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero           1[grados]48'0.00" N
Cardona's Farm

La Guayacana                        1[grados]25'59.99" N

Saija river                          2[grados]52'0.01" N

Saija river                          2[grados]52'0.01" N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12'N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12'N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito,      10[grados]12' N
rio Ariguanicito

Below, W of Buga on Rio Calima         03[grados]56' N

Durania.                               01[grados]16' N

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Cali-Buenaventura highway, near        3[grados]40' N
Dagua River

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Anchicaya river                        3[grados]39' N

Hormiquero, About 20 Km. S.E.          3[grados]19' N
Cali

Union Panamericana, corregimiento   5[grados]20'34.62" N
de Salero, Las Animas (cabecera
municipal)

Corregimiento de Guadalupe          5[grados]43'56.64" N

Corregieminto de Pacurita, rio       5[grados]40'4.01" N
Cabi

Las Cuevas Parque, Elicero           1[grados]48'0.00" N
Cardona's Farm Las Cuevas Parque,    1[grados]48'0.00" N
Elicero Cardona's Farm

Corregimiento de Santa Rita,         4[grados]52'3.18" N
P.N.N. El Tuparro

Bajo Calima, Cuartel B-V-83. 9        03[grados] 57' N

San Antonio                         3[grados]15'53.10" N

Kilometro 14 via Istmina               05[grados]09' N

Kilometro 14 via Istmina               05[grados]09' N

Kilometro 14 via Istmina               05[grados]09' N

Kilometro 14 via Istmina               05[grados]09' N

Mutis, Carretera Valle-UT.          6[grados]13'24.74" N

Punta aji, rio Naya                 3[grados]13'60.00" N

Estacion Agroforestal                4[grados]0'2.304" N

Hacienda La Esmeralda Vereda        4[grados]36'49.00" N
Tamarindo, Centro de                   03[grados]04' N
Investigacion y Educacion
Ambiental La Tribuna HOCOL

Vereda El Palo, Finca Playa Rica     5[grados] 01' 04" N
Villegas

ElJardin                            7[grados] 4'12.32" N

El Prodigio, Las Confusas           6[grados] 1'35.54" N

Hacienda Santa Barbara              6[grados]31'59.88" N

Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito       10[grados]12' N

Bajo Anchicaya aproximadamente 4    3[grados]41'29.44" N
Km. al Oeste

Bajo Anchicaya aproximadamente 3    3[grados]41'31.09" N
Km. al Oeste La Depresion aprox.    3[grados]41'21.91" N
4 Km. al E. Bajo Anchicaya
(carretera vieja Buenaventura).

Parque Nal. Nat. Tayrona, sector    11[grados]18'33.48" N
Canaveral

Bombonal, al margen izquierdo       0[grados] 4'34.07" N
(oriental) del Rio Mesay

Florencia                           1[grados]36'58.15" N

Vereda Rio Blanco, Finca Proyecto   6[grados] 27'56.17" N
Minero Rio Blanco.

Vereda Rio Blanco, Finca Proyecto   6[grados] 27'56.17" N
Minero Rio Blanco.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda     7[grados] 6'57.15" N
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda     7[grados] 6'57.15" N
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda     7[grados] 6'57.15" N
Campo 45.

Corregimiento el Centro, vereda     7[grados] 6'57.15" N
Campo 45.

                          Coordinates
Longitude                 uncertainty   Elevation    Documented
                              (m)          (m)

77[grados]39'59.22" W         890          16
77[grados]39'59.22" W         890          16            --
76[grados]22' W               --           210       Elevation *
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
77[grados]04' W               --           10            --
75[grados]59'0.42" W          --          1,818     Coordinates *
75[grados]59'0.42" W          --          1,818     Coordinates *
78[grados]27'0.00" W          --           260         Both *
77[grados]40'59.99" W         --           100         Both *
77[grados]40'59.99" W                      100         Both *
73[grados]58' W                            400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           400       Elevation *
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
73[grados]58' W               --           100           --
76[grados]50' W               --           102           --
73[grados]58' W               --           184           --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]42' W               --          1.039          --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]56' W               --           360           --
76[grados]29' W               --            1        Elevation *
76[grados]37'43.43" W         --           200          Both
76[grados]34'13.80" W         --           123          Both
76[grados]34'12.00" W         --           113          Both
75[grados]59'0.42" W          --          1.818          --
75[grados]59'0.42" W          --          1.818          --
68[grados]21'39.64" W       15,725         111           --
77[grados]08' W               --           40            --
77[grados]9'17.75" W          --           88            --
76[grados]40' W               --           100        Elevation
76[grados]40' W               --           100        Elevation
76[grados]40' W               --           100        Elevation
76[grados]40' W               --           100        Elevation
77[grados]24'14.93" W         --            7            --
77[grados]31'60.00" W         --           11            --
76[grados]56'55.399"W         --           60            --
75[grados]54'31.00" W         --          1.432     Coordinates *
75[grados]22' W               --           527           --
75[grados]35' 32" W           --          1.35        Elevation
74[grados]56'43.91" W         --           1.5          Both
74[grados]48'50.87" W         --           320          Both
74[grados]37'59.88" W         --           550          Both
73[grados]58' W               --           400           --
76[grados]58'27.70" W        4,500         455           --
76[grados]57'42.37" W        3,500         455           --
76[grados]54'17.78" W        4,500         455           --
73[grados]55'57.36" W          -           13       Coordinates *
72[grados]12'57.17" W       11,542         171           --
75[grados]36'25.09" W        3,418         1.3       Elevation *
73[grados]46' 25.33" W        --           391          Both
73[grados]46' 25.33" W        --           391          Both
73[grados]36'59.82" W         --           73           Both
73[grados]36'59.82" W         --           98           Both
73[grados]36'59.82" W         --           98           Both
73[grados]36'59.82" W         --           98           Both

                          Inferred in this
Longitude                      study             Type/Datum

77[grados]39'59.22" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]39'59.22" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]22' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]04' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]59'0.42" W         Elevation       Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]59'0.42" W         Elevation       Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
78[grados]27'0.00" W             --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]40'59.99" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]40'59.99" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]50' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]42' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]29' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]37'43.43" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]34'13.80" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]34'12.00" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]59'0.42" W            Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]59'0.42" W            Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
68[grados]21'39.64" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]08' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]9'17.75" W            Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]40' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]40' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]40' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]40' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]24'14.93" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
77[grados]31'60.00" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]56'55.399"W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]54'31.00" W        Elevation       Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]22' W                 Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]35' 32" W         Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
74[grados]56'43.91" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
74[grados]48'50.87" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
74[grados]37'59.88" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]58' W             Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]58'27.70" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]57'42.37" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
76[grados]54'17.78" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]55'57.36" W        Elevation       Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
72[grados]12'57.17" W           Both         Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
75[grados]36'25.09" W       Coordinates      Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]46' 25.33" W           --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]46' 25.33" W           --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]36'59.82" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]36'59.82" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]36'59.82" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84
73[grados]36'59.82" W            --          Grad.Min.Seg/WGS 84


Locality observations

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Timbiqui' was corroborated as the municipality, and the term "San Jose' was corroborated as Corregimiento de San Jose. Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2.

Same observations as AMNH 31678

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014). report for this specimen.

As collected in the same month, by the same collector in the same locality, geographic coordinates of this specimen were assumed to be the same that Velazco et al., (2014) reported for AMNH 239077, 239078, 239080 and 239081

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

Same observations as AMNH 239079

As collected the same day, by the same collector, Geographic coordinates for this specimen were assumed to be the same that Velazco et al., (2014) reported for AMNH 239084, 239086 and 239088. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

Same observations as AMNH 239083

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

Same observations as AMNH 239083

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Velazco et al., (2014) report for this specimen.

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Buenaventura" was corroborated as the municipality. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Same observations as AMNH 269505

Same observations as AMNH 269505

Same observations as AMNH 269505

Same observations as AMNH 269505

Same observations as AMNH 269505

According to Lemke et al., (1982), the term "Las Cuevas Parque" was corroborated as the Parque Nacional Natural Cueva de los Guacharos. According to the geographic coordinates registered for this specimen, the municipality was inferred as Acevedo.

Same observations as FMNH 58749

According to the geographic coordinates registered for this specimen, the term "La Guayacana" was corroborated as Corregimiento La Guayacana, and the municipality was inferred as Tumaco.

The localities called "Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito" or "Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito, rio Ariguanicito", where P. Hershkovitz made various collects of Thyroptera tricolor specimens during the years of 1931 and 1942, is not placed in Magdalena State and Santa Marta municipality, as were initially registered by the collections in which the specimens are deposited (ICN and USNM), while they are located in Cesar department and Copey municipality. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

Same observations as USNM 281197

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Calima" was corroborated as the municiality. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Mitu" was corroborated as the municipality. According to Ramirez-Chaves (2011) the term "Durania" was corroborated as Finca Durania, because it was the locality registered for the Holotype of Lonchorhina marinkellei, obtained by the same collector at the same department and municipality in the same year, and deposited at the collection of the ICN. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Mitu" was corroborated as the municipality. According to Ramirez-Chaves (2011) the term "Durania" was corroborated as Finca Durania, because it was the locality registered for the Holotype of Lonchorhina marinkellei, obtained by the same collector at the same department and municipality in the same year, and deposited at the collection of the ICN. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Mitu" was corroborated as the municipality. According to Ramirez-Chaves (2011) the term "Durania" was corroborated as Finca Durania, because it was the locality registered for the Holotype of Lonchorhina marinkellei, obtained by the same collector at the same department and municipality in the same year, and deposited at the collection of the ICN. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.According to the locality registered for this specimen, the term "Mitu" was corroborated as the municipality. According to Ramirez-Chaves (2011) the term "Durania" was corroborated as Finca Durania, because it was the locality registered for the Holotype of Lonchorhina marinkellei, obtained by the same collector at the same department and municipality in the same year, and deposited at the collection of the ICN. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239079

Same observations as AMNH 239083

Same observations as AMNH 239083

Same observations as AMNH 239083

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the tern "Cali" was corroborated as the municiality and the term "Hormiguero" was corroborated as Corregimiento de Hormiguero. Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

This specimen corresponds to the same locality and collector that FMNH 58749 and 58750, so geographic coordinates were assumed to be the same registered for those two records and the same inferences of municipality and locality were made.

Same observations that IavH-M 2198

According to the locality registered for this specimen, the manicipality was inferred as Cumaribo. Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2., using the locality Santa Rita as centroid.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the Geosearch plugin with the software QGIS 2.8.2.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Gardner (2007) report for this locality.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the Geosearch plugin with the software QGIS 2.8.2.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the Geosearch plugin with the software QGIS 2.8.2.

Geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Saavedra-Rodriguez and RojasDiaz (2011) report for this locality.

According to the geographic coordinates registered for this specimen, the term "Obando" was corroborated as the municipality.

Geographic coordinates were taken from the oficial web site of the investigation centre La Tribuna Hocol: h ttp://latribuna.bligoo.com.co/

Geographic coordinates initially provided by Castano-Salazar et al., 2004 for this record were located out of Caldas; so geographic coordinates of this record were assumed to be the ones that Botero et al., (2005) report for this locality.

According to the locality and geographical coordinates registered for this specimen, the term "Amalfi" was corroborated as the municipality and the term "El Jardin" was corroborated as vereda El Jardin. According to the locality and geographical coordinates registered for this specimen, the term "San Luis" was corroborated as the municipality, the term "El Prodigio" was corroborated as Corregimiento el Prodigio and the term "Las Confusas" was corroborated as vereda Las Confusas.

According to the locality and geographical coordinates registered for this specimen, the term "Maceo" was corroborated as the municipality.

Same observations as USNM 281197

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2., using the locality "Bajo Anchicaya Dam" as centroid.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2., using the locality "Bajo Anchicaya Dam" as centroid.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2., using the locality "Bajo Anchicaya Dam" as centroid.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2. We used the plugin Geosearch to find the locality of Bombonal, and then we used it as centroid.

Geographic coordinates were inferred from the locality information using the point-radius method with the software QGIS 2.8.2., using the municipality of "Florencia" as centroid.

Nicolas Reyes-Amaya (1), Julian Lozano-Florez (2), David Flores1, and Sergio Solari (3)

(1) Unidad Ejecutora Lillo (CONICET--Fundacion Miguel Lillo), Miguel Lillo 251, San Miguel de Tucuman, Argentina [Correspondencia: <nicolas.reyes2@gmail.com>].

(2) Universidad Industrial de Santander, Calle 9 con Carrera 27, Ciudad Universitaria, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

(3) Instituto de Biologia, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53-108, Medellin, Colombia.
Table 1

Ecological information associated with Thyroptera tricolor new
collection records from Colombia.

ID.                  Locality          Elevation     Sex
                                          (m)

ICN (NR44)     Santander, Landazuri,      391      [female]
               vereda Rio Blanco,
               Finca Proyecto
               Minero Rio Blanco,
               valle del Magdalena
               Medio.

ICN (NR45)     Santander, Landazuri,      391       [male]
               vereda Rio Blanco,
               Finca Proyecto
               Minero Rio Blanco,
               valle del Magdalena
               Medio.

ICN (JLF105)   Santander, Barranca-       73        [male]
               bermeja, corregimien-
               to el Centro, vereda
               Campo 45, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

ICN (JLF106)   Santander, Barranca-       98       [female]
               bermeja, corregimien-
               to el Centro, vereda
               Campo 45, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

ICN (JLF107)   Santander, Barranca-       98       [female]
               bermeja, corregimien-
               to el Centro, vereda
               Campo 45, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

ICN (JLF108)   Santander, Barranca-       98        [male]
               bermeja, corregimien-
               to el Centro, vereda
               Campo 45, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

CTUA 2862      Antioquia, Amalfi, El     1500      [female]
               Jardin

CTUA 2863      Antioquia, San Luis,       320       [male]
               El Prodigio, Las
               Confusas, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

CTUA 2864      Antioquia, Maceo,          550      [female]
               Hacienda Santa
               Barbara, valle del
               Magdalena Medio.

ID.            Reproductive   Capture     Roosting       Capture site
                  status      method        place

ICN (NR44)       nursing      By hand   Heliconia sp    Gallery forest
                 (Adult)                                highly inter-
                                                        vened beside a
                                                        paddock

ICN (NR45)       Inactive     By hand   Heliconia sp    Gallery forest
                (juvenile)                              highly inter-
                                                        vened beside a
                                                        paddock

ICN (JLF105)     Inactive     By hand   Heliconia sp    Agro-
                 (Adult)                                ecosystem

ICN (JLF106)     nursing      By hand    Calathea sp    Agro-
                 (Adult)                                ecosystem

ICN (JLF107)     Inactive     By hand    Calathea sp    Agro-ecosys-
                 (Adult)                                tem

ICN (JLF108)     Inactive     By hand    Calathea sp    Agro-
                (juvenile)                              ecosystem

CTUA 2862        Unknown        Un-        Unknown      No details
                               known

CTUA 2863        Unknown      Netting      Unknown      No details

CTUA 2864        Inactive     Netting      Unknown      Secondary
                 (Adult)                                growth tropi-
                                                        cal forest

Table 2

External and cranial measurements (mm) and weights (g) of Thyroptera
tricolor new records from Colombia (Total length, TL; Ear, E;
Forearm, FA; Tail, T; Hindfoot, H, Weight, W; Greatest length of
skull, GLS; Condyloincisive length, CIL; Braincase breadth, BB;
Rostral length, ROL; Zygomatic breadth, ZB; Postor-bital breadth, PB;
Maxillary toothrow length, MTRL; Width at M3, M3-M3; Length of
mandible, LMA; Mandibular toothrow length, MANDL). Juveniles were
excluded. Measurements taken from Velazco et al (2014) indicates:
mean, observed range (in parentheses), and sample size. * indicates
values that fall out of the ones reported by Velazco et al. (2014)
for the species.

                                     [female]CTUA   [male]CTUA
                                         2862          2863

Total length (TL)                         --            74
Ear (E)                                   --            --
Forearm (FA)                             35.9           37
Tail (T)                                  --           34 *
Hindfoot (H)                              --            --
Weight (W)                                --            --
Greatest length of skull (GLS)           14.1          14.3
Condyloincisive length (CIL)             13.4          13.4
Braincase breadth (BB)                   7.3           7.2
Rostral length (ROL)                      --            --
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                    --            --
Postorbital breadth (PB)                 2.7           2.8
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)         5.9           5.7
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                      5.3           5.1
Length of mandible (LMA)                 10.3          10.5
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)       5.9          5.4 *

                                     [female]CTUA        ICN
                                         2864       ([female]NR44)

Total length (TL)                         76            44.1 *
Ear (E)                                   12             12.3
Forearm (FA)                              37              36
Tail (T)                                  29             27.8
Hindfoot (H)                             10 *           6.1 *
Weight (W)                               4.5              --
Greatest length of skull (GLS)           13.9             --
Condyloincisive length (CIL)             13.6             --
Braincase breadth (BB)                   7.2              --
Rostral length (ROL)                                      --
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                   7.5              --
Postorbital breadth (PB)                 2.8              --
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)         5.9              --
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                      5.2              --
Length of mandible (LMA)                 10.5             --
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)       5.9              --

                                          ICN               ICN
                                     ([male]JLF105)   ([female]JLF106)

Total length (TL)                        63.6 *            67.5 *
Ear (E)                                   12.0              12.5
Forearm (FA)                              35.6              36.8
Tail (T)                                 24.8 *             27.7
Hindfoot (H)                              5.8               5.2
Weight (W)                                 --               5.0
Greatest length of skull (GLS)            14.6              15.1
Condyloincisive length (CIL)              13.3              13.9
Braincase breadth (BB)                    7.4               7.3
Rostral length (ROL)                      5.1              5.7 *
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                   6.8 *              7.1
Postorbital breadth (PB)                  2.8              2.9 *
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)          5.7               5.9
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                       5.3               5.3
Length of mandible (LMA)                  10.3              11.3
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)        6.0              6.7 *

                                           ICN
                                     ([female]JLF107)

Total length (TL)                         67.9 *
Ear (E)                                   13.4 *
Forearm (FA)                               35.9
Tail (T)                                   25.6
Hindfoot (H)                               5.1
Weight (W)                                 5.0
Greatest length of skull (GLS)             14.8
Condyloincisive length (CIL)               13.5
Braincase breadth (BB)                     7.4
Rostral length (ROL)                       5.4
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                     7.2
Postorbital breadth (PB)                  2.9 *
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)           5.7
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                        5.5
Length of mandible (LMA)                   11.0
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)         6.2

                                       Velazco et al.
                                       (2014) Females

Total length (TL)                      72.9 (68-79) 16
Ear (E)                                12.3 (11-13) 8
Forearm (FA)                           37.1 (35-39) 27
Tail (T)                               27.3 (25-30) 18
Hindfoot (H)                            5.7 (4-6) 18
Weight (W)                            4.5 (3.5-5.1) 12
Greatest length of skull (GLS)       14.6 (13.6-15.5) 24
Condyloincisive length (CIL)         13.7 (12.9-14.3) 24
Braincase breadth (BB)                7.3 (6.7-7.6) 24
Rostral length (ROL)                      5.3, 5.5
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                7.5 (6.9-7.7) 13
Postorbital breadth (PB)              2.7 (2.5-2.8) 25
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)      5.9 (5.5-6.2) 25
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                   5.2 (4.8-5.5) 25
Length of mandible (LMA)             10.6 (9.7-11.3) 23
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)    6.2 (5.7-6.5) 25

                                     Velazco et al. (2014)
                                             Males

Total length (TL)                       71.9 (67-77) 12
Ear (E)                                 12.4 (11-13) 7
Forearm (FA)                          36.7 (33.5-40.0) 18
Tail (T)                                28.6 (25-30) 12
Hindfoot (H)                             5.9 (4-7) 10
Weight (W)                             4.4 (3.4-5.1) 11
Greatest length of skull (GLS)        14.3 (13.8-15.7) 18
Condyloincisive length (CIL)          13.5 (12.9-14.4) 18
Braincase breadth (BB)                 7.3 (6.9-7.5) 17
Rostral length (ROL)                          --
Zygomatic breadth (ZB)                 7.4 (7.1-7.7) 10
Postorbital breadth (PB)               2.7 (2.6-2.8) 17
Maxillary toothrow length (MTRL)       5.9 (5.6-6.3) 18
Width at M3 (M3-M3)                    5.2 (5.0-5.5) 18
Length of mandible (LMA)              10.4 (9.6-10.7) 15
Mandibular toothrow length (MANDL)     6.1 (5.8-6.3) 15

Table 3

Dental measurement (mm) comparisons of Thyroptera tricolor new
records from the m Middle Magdalena Valley with fossil records of
thyropterids from La Venta deposits (Magdalena Valley). Juveniles
were excluded. When fossil measurements have more than one value in
each measure, they correspond to different teeth vouchers (see
Czaplewski, 1996; 1997; Czaplewski et al., 2003). Acronyms: Coleccion
Teriologica Universidad de Antioquia (CTUA) and Coleccion de
Mamiferos Alberto Cadena Garcia at the Instituto de Ciencias
Naturales (ICN).

Measurements                  Thyroptera cf.       Thyroptera cf.
                                  lavali              tricolor
                            (Czaplewski, 1996)   (Czaplewski, 1997)

C1 labial length                   0.98                 0.77
C1 transverse width                0.71                 0.60
C1 anteroposterior length           --                   --
P4 labial length                    --               0.94; 0.92
P4 transverse width                 --               0.94; 0.87
M1 labial length                   1.38              1.17; 1.22
M1 lingual length                  1.09              0.92; 1.05
M1 transverse width                1.71              1.45; 1.35
M2 labial length                   1.48              1.23; 1.21
M2 lingual length                  1.04                 0.80
M2 transverse width                1.94                 1.62
M3 labial length                    --                  0.95
M3 lingual length                   --                  0.57
M3 transverse width                 --                  1.41
p3 anteroposterior length           --                  0.91
p3 trigonid width                   --                  0.51
p4 anteroposterior length           --                  0.91
p4 trigonid width                   --                  0.51
ml anteroposterior length           --                   --
ml trigonid width                   --                   --
ml talonid width                   0.85                  --
m2 anteroposterior length           --                   --
m2 trigonid width                   --                   --
m2 talonid width                   0.85                  --
m3 talonid width                    --                   --

Measurements                Thyroptera cf. lavali    [male]CTUA
                             (Czaplewski et al.,        2862
                                    2003)

C1 labial length                      --                0.81
C1 transverse width                  0.75               0.61
C1 anteroposterior length            0.95                --
P4 labial length                      --                0.96
P4 transverse width                   --                0.95
M1 labial length                     1.55               1.35
M1 lingual length                 1.25; 1.10            0.89
M1 transverse width                  1.65               1.34
M2 labial length                      --                1.40
M2 lingual length                    1.10               0.84
M2 transverse width                   --                1.48
M3 labial length                      --                 --
M3 lingual length                     --                0.79
M3 transverse width                   --                1.65
p3 anteroposterior length             --                0.77
p3 trigonid width                     --                0.46
p4 anteroposterior length             --                0.84
p4 trigonid width                     --                0.47
ml anteroposterior length            1.20               1.15
ml trigonid width                    0.75               0.59
ml talonid width                  0.80; 0.90            0.72
m2 anteroposterior length            1.25               1.27
m2 trigonid width                    0.75               0.66
m2 talonid width                  0.80; 0.90            0.77
m3 talonid width                     0.70               0.55

Measurements                [female]CTUA   [female]CTUA
                                2863           2864

C1 labial length                0.80           0.79
C1 transverse width             0.57           0.55
C1 anteroposterior length        --             --
P4 labial length                0.90           0.88
P4 transverse width             0.96           0.92
M1 labial length                1.25           1.29
M1 lingual length               0.95           0.83
M1 transverse width             1.29           1.21
M2 labial length                1.30           1.22
M2 lingual length               0.75           0.65
M2 transverse width             1.43           1.51
M3 labial length                 --             --
M3 lingual length               0.76           0.72
M3 transverse width             1.49           1.43
p3 anteroposterior length       0.72           0.82
p3 trigonid width               0.44           0.45
p4 anteroposterior length       0.73           0.73
p4 trigonid width               0.49           0.46
ml anteroposterior length       1.16           1.12
ml trigonid width               0.53           0.53
ml talonid width                0.68           0.69
m2 anteroposterior length       1.35           1.37
m2 trigonid width               0.61           0.61
m2 talonid width                0.72           0.76
m3 talonid width                0.53           0.54

Measurements                     ICN               ICN
                            ([male]JLF105)   ([female]JLF106)

C1 labial length                 0.70              0.76
C1 transverse width              0.59              0.64
C1 anteroposterior length        0.70              0.76
P4 labial length                 0.65              0.72
P4 transverse width              0.82              0.99
M1 labial length                 1.09              1.17
M1 lingual length                0.64              0.95
M1 transverse width              1.05              1.32
M2 labial length                 1.17              1.12
M2 lingual length                0.53              0.77
M2 transverse width              1.20              1.36
M3 labial length                 0.25              0.61
M3 lingual length                0.58              0.75
M3 transverse width              1.21              1.59
p3 anteroposterior length        0.69              0.78
p3 trigonid width                0.56              0.50
p4 anteroposterior length        0.70              0.75
p4 trigonid width                0.57              0.52
ml anteroposterior length        1.09              1.25
ml trigonid width                0.52              0.51
ml talonid width                 0.54              0.72
m2 anteroposterior length        1.14              1.11
m2 trigonid width                0.54              0.62
m2 talonid width                 0.60              0.73
m3 talonid width                 0.63              0.57

Measurements                      ICN
                            ([female]JLF107)

C1 labial length                  0.76
C1 transverse width               0.59
C1 anteroposterior length         0.76
P4 labial length                  0.85
P4 transverse width               0.74
M1 labial length                  1.17
M1 lingual length                 0.70
M1 transverse width               1.06
M2 labial length                  1.19
M2 lingual length                 0.51
M2 transverse width               1.15
M3 labial length                  0.36
M3 lingual length                 0.65
M3 transverse width               1.29
p3 anteroposterior length         0.67
p3 trigonid width                 0.50
p4 anteroposterior length         0.70
p4 trigonid width                 0.51
ml anteroposterior length         0.99
ml trigonid width                 0.51
ml talonid width                  0.70
m2 anteroposterior length         1.00
m2 trigonid width                 0.63
m2 talonid width                  0.72
m3 talonid width                  0.52
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Author:Reyes-Amaya, Nicolas; Lozano-Florez, Julian; Flores, David; Solari, Sergio
Publication:Mastozoologia Neotropical
Date:Jun 1, 2016
Words:11892
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