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Disentangting a loyalist family tree.

I started researching the Rupert families of Osnabruck to answer a seemingly simple question: who was the husband of Elizabeth Winter, daughter of Henry Winter UE?

I say this seemed to be a simple question since, in her 1807 (1) petition, Elizabeth Winter states that she is the wife of Peter Rupert of Osnabruck. As it turns out, figuring out exactly which Peter Rupert of Osnabruck was her husband took a lot more work and research than anticipated. Since there is a lot of misinformation on the Internet and even in some books about the Rupert families of Osnabruck, I decided to publish the results of my research.

The Rupert families of Osnabruck have many descendants all over Canada and the United States. They are also allied by marriage to many other early Loyalist families from Eastern Ontario.

Originally from New York, specifically Johnstown, Tryon County, they were already allied to the VanKoughnet, Fikes and Albrandt families before their flight to Canada after the Revolution. After their settlement in the Eastern District in what is now the County of Stormont, they intermarried with Mattice, Winter, Campbell and Andrew families and over the years they became interwoven in a substantial number of Loyalist lineages.


I wish to thank the UELAC for the use of their fabulous library collection in Toronto. The Archives of Ontario also has wonderful resources and their extended hours have made it possible to conduct some of this research. Many of the most important documents for this research are found in the Archives of Ontario. Thanks to the helpful staff at A.O. and to Wanda Sinclair for sharing her research in the Fikes connections of the Rupert families.

The Rupert Families in New York

I will not attempt to trace the Rupert families back to Germany, since this is outside the scope of this short article, but the family probably came to New York in the mid 1750s. At the time, France had gained the Province of Alsace and many more German families decided to leave their homes for the New World and religious freedom. The original German name is usually spelled with two Ps as in Ruppart or Ruppert but in Canada the name became Rupert or Ruport. One of the first records of Adam Rupert in New York is his naturalization in 1759 but he had probably been in New York for a little while before that.

A Franz Rupert who was involved in the potash industry in Johnstown appears in the Sir William Johnson papers. He and his wife, Margarethe, appear as sponsors to many baptisms, but no children of theirs were baptized in the Mohawk Valley. From the letters in the Johnson collection, he had at least one son and a brother in the Mohawk Valley.


Adam Rupert, the Loyalist who came to Osnabruck, was probably either the son or the brother of this Franz Rupert. He had four children baptized in Mohawk Valley parish registers, but Adam and his wife had at least six sons and three daughters. In addition, a John Rupert and a George Rupert also appear in the Johnson papers and in parish registers of the Mohawk Valley.

Like many families from Johnstown who were tenants of Sir William Johnson, the Ruperts found themselves affected by the Revolution and, when it was time to make choices, they usually chose loyalty over rebellion.

Francis and Peter Rupert, aged 21 and 19, born in America, appear on the Roll of Captain Anderson's company of the KRRNY. (2) They later appear on land records in Charlottenburg and Osnabruck Townships.

Their father, Adam Rupert, as well as sons Peter Junior and John, (3) were not found on any military list, but they came to Osnabruck in 1786 and were given land by the Lunenburg Land Board as Loyalists. (4) Adam Rupert the father received 500 (5) acres, while sons Francis, Pader (later Peter), Peterand John each received 100 acres in Osnabruck in addition to the 100 acres that Francis and Peter had received in Charlottenburg Township in 1784.

The Sources for this Research

There are thirty-one Upper Canada Land Petitions in the Collection at LAC with variations on the name Rupert and only two of them pertain to different Rupert families. All the UCLP were reviewed. In addition, the land registry records were reviewed for wills, quit claims and other useful documents that provide filiation information. The collections known as the Township Papers for Osnabruck (6) and other nearby Townships were also reviewed to glean information about the earliest settlement of Ruperts in Osnabruck and Charlottenburg Townships.

Some of the interesting and new information came from much later documents found in the Archives of Ontario. Two collections containing later petitions allowed the researchers to separate some of the families of the earliest Ruperts. These collections are the Second Heir and Devisee Commission (7) filings that contain much information about old Adam Rupert and his eldest son, Francis, and the Petitions for Land 1826-1856 (8) that contains six petitions under the name Rupert which helped establish the children of Peter, John and Francis Rupert of Osnabruck.

For a complete listing of these petitions and a summary of the information they contain, I refer the reader to the entry under Adam Rupert in the UELAC Directory. The following is my summary based on the information that I found in those sources. It is a starting point but it is definitely not the final word on this very numerous family.

The Ruperts in Osnabtuck

The first record of the Rupert families in Stormont County is from the 1784 Provision list copied in the book Early Settlers of Ontario. (9) Francis Rupert is listed as "Gone to the States" while his brother, Peter Rupert, is listed as "At Lachine" along with many other settlers. It is quite possible that Francis went to the States to retrieve his father and siblings since, in the 1786 Provision List, in addition to Francis and Peter Rupert, who drew land in Charlottenburg Township, Adam, with a wife and six children over 10, as well as Hans, John and Peter Rupert, are also listed in Osnabruck. (10)

Old Adam Rupert received 100 acres before 1786 and a further 400 acres in 1789. According to papers filed in 1826, 1830 and 1850 by Adam F. Rupert, grandson of Adam Rupert, his grandfather died around 1790 (11) probably after he drew his land from the Land Board. Adam's wife, Barbara Rupert, appears as a sponsor at a baptism for a granddaughter in 1793, (12) so she probably died after this date.

The baptism of four children of Adam and Barbara were recorded in Stone Arabia between 1762 and 1770. Other dates of birth for their children are based on estimates of their age based on their children's petitions years after the fact and from some census records.

Burial records and gravestones for this family are also very rare and, if they still exist, they are probably under the St. Lawrence Seaway. Many dates of death are approximate based on recollections and land records, wills or petitions.

Based on the various petitions and other documents created in their search for land in Upper Canada, the family of Old Adam Rupert and his wife, Barbara, can be reconstituted.


Family of Adam (d. 1790) and Barbara Rupert (d. after 1793)

Francis Rupert, born circa 1755, married Elizabeth Coghnet (or Von Goghnet) in 1794. He died before 1826 and is probably buried in Johnstown, New York. His widow was still alive on the 1850 US census of Johnstown. His son, Adam, petitioned to have Francis Rupert added to the UE list.

Pader Rupert, also known as Peter the Elder, born circa 1756, wife Elizabeth Winter, married sometime before 1788. Pader died circa 1845 based on his will. His children petitioned as SUE and DUE as they came of age.

Peter Rupert, also known as Peter Junior, born 21 March 1764 in Stone Arabia, married Elizabeth Helmer in 1793. He died circa 1844. His children succeeded in having him added to the UE list in 1850.

Johannes Rupert, born 16 February 1766, married Margaret Campbell before 1793. He died circa 1850. His children were able to receive scrip (13) as DUE and SUE in 1850.

Margaret Rupert, born 03 March 1768, married Jacob Andrew in 1793. They had a large family.

Maria Rupert, born 21 July 1770. I would welcome information about her.

Elizabeth Rupert, born circa 1772, married Adam Mattice before 1799. This family is very well researched in the Mattice book by Rex Mattice. She received land in 1799 as a DUE, daughter of Adam Rupert UE.

Adam Rupert, born circa 1775, married Hannah Shaver. Adam died before the 1861 census. In 1830, Adam stated that he was a son of the original nominee, Old Adam Rupert, and that his brother, Francis, was the eldest son of his father.

Conrad Rupert, born circa 1779, married Margaret Cline in 1803. Conrad was 64 years old in 1843. Conrad was living in Rawdon Township in the 1861 census and died circa 1866, based on his will. Conrad tried to get land as a SUE, son of Adam Rupert UE, but he found out his father was not on the UE list, possibly because he died in 1790.

There were possibly more children born to this couple.

Francis Rupert, Eldest Son of Adam Rupert of Osnabruck

A lot of the information I found about Francis Rupert UE was in the many claims and petitions for land filed by his eldest son, Adam F. Rupert. It seems that Adam F. Rupert, his uncle Adam, and his cousin Adam P. Rupert, were always confused by the Surveyor's office. As a result, Adam F. had to file numerous petitions and claims to have his father added to the UE list so that he could claim more land as a SUE. Adam F. got statements from various persons to show that his father was a soldier in Captain Samuel Anderson's company in the KRRNY. Adam F. Rupert's credentials were finally accepted in 1850.

Francis Rupert is always described as the eldest son and heir-at-law of Adam Rupert of Osnabruck and, as such, he probably kept an interest in the property his father abandoned in Johnstown, New York. Francis Rupert received land in Charlottenburg before 1784. At that time he went to the United States, probably to get his father's family who had remained in Johnstown, New York.

Francis Rupert is listed in the Schedule of Location for Lunenburg District in 1790. (14)

Francis Rupert came to Johnstown, New York, after the 1790 census and he married Elizabeth Coughnet in 1794 (15) in Johnstown. An Elizabeth Rupert, widow, is on the 1850 census of Mohawk, Montgomery County, age 75. She is quite possibly the widow of Francis Rupert, who was a bit older than she. Elizabeth Coughnet is possibly a cousin of her husband Francis, since an Elizabeth Rupert married Johannes Coghnet in 1766 in Stone Arabia. She was definitely a cousin to Philip VanKoughnet of Cornwall. (16)

Francis' eldest son was Adam F. Rupert of Osnabruck who states on his 1849 petition that he is 57 years old, which means that he was born in 1792-93, thus before Francis' marriage to Elizabeth Coughnet. Adam F. was also the only child of Francis who was not baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church. Since he was accepted as the eldest son and heir-at-law of his father, his parents must have been married at the time of his birth. Given his choice to come back and settle in Osnabruck, while his siblings all stayed in New York, there is a good chance that his mother was not Elizabeth Coughnet and that his mother's family was a Loyalist family from Osnabruck.

Adam F. Rupert worked tirelessly to have his father added to the UE list.

Francis Rupert UE appears on the 1800, 1810 and 1820 census of Johnstown, Montgomery County, New York, with his growing family. He died before January 1826 when his son, Adam F., claimed land in Osnabruck as his heir. (17)

All his other children appeared to stay in New York. Their baptisms and many of their records can be found in the parish register of Caughnawaga Reformed Church, now known as Fonda Reformed Church, and St. James Episcopal Church. This U.S. branch of the family does not seem to be aware of their Loyalist connections.

In his 1849 petition (18) Adam F. states that he is 57 years old and that, if his father, Francis, was still alive, he would be upward of ninety years old (born before 1759). He also names his siblings: John, aged 52, Francis aged 50, Peter, aged 49, Nancy aged 47, William aged 34, Henry aged 44, Elizabeth aged 42, Margaret, aged 40, Mary Ann aged 33, Catherine aged 36, Joshua aged 34, and finally Barbara, aged 32.

To summarize the children of Francis Rupert UE (before 1759-1825):

* Adam F., eldest son and heir-at-law, born 1792-93 if 57 in 1849. Married Polly in United States and had a few children baptized in Johnstown, New York.

* John, born 11 December 1796, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Francis, born 29 November 1798, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Peter, born 08 October 1800, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Nancy, born 06 December 1802, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Henry, aged 44 in 1849 so born in 1805.

* William, born 17 April 1807, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Joshua, born 13April 1809, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Barbara, born 13 June 1811, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Catherine, aged 36 in 1849 perAdam's petition, so born in 1813.

* Elizabeth, born 25 October 1815, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Mary Ann, born 19 November 1818, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.

* Margaret, born 08 January 1821, baptized in Caughnawaga Reformed Church.



The TWO Peter Ruperts of Osnabruck

The most confusing thing about the Rupert family of Osnabruck is the fact that there were TWO brothers known as Peter Rupert of Osnabruck. It caused a lot of confusion for both the Surveyor's Office and for the Executive Office when it was time to grant land to their children. Both Peters filed many petitions and their children filed many petitions that often contain complementary information.

The eldest of the Peters was probably baptized Pader Rupert. Pader, or Pather, is a fine German name that means father and it might be a name given in honour of someone in Barbara's family. Pader became known as Peter in the English speaking army and eventually he was known as Peter the Elder to distinguish him from his younger brother, Peter. In his will, he is referred to as Pader Rupert. In their petitions, his children sometimes call him Peter or Pader or Pather.

In 1807, when Peter the Elder applied for his extra military land, he attached a letter signed by John Crysler J.P., who stated that he knew the family well and that there were two brothers, both sons of Adam Rupert and they were both Peter. (19)

In order to distinguish the two Peter Ruperts of Osnabruck, the trail of their land ownership was followed.

Land Owned by Peter Rupert

Peter the Elder, also known as Pader of Osnabruck, received from the government, as a military grant, the following land:

Charlottenburg, Concession 1 S.S. River Raisin, Lot 17 E 1/2 was patented by Peter Rupert in March 1823 and sold to Alexander McMartin in March 1827.

Osnabruck, Concession 4, Lot 7, was patented by both Francis and Peter Rupert in 1807. The will of Pader Ruport is registered in 1848 (20) and the will of his relict (widow), Elizabeth, in 1854. Son Adam, Peter and Henry are named. No daughters are named in the will.

Finch Township, Concession 10, E. Pt. 21 was patented in March 1808 but sold by the Sheriffto George Crawford in 1841. At the time, land in Finch was very cheap and they might not have found it worthwhile to pay taxes on this land.

Pader the Elder Rupert married Elizabeth and died in 1845. His widow Elizabeth died in 1854. (21) They had sons Adam, Peter and Henry still alive in 1845, since they are mentioned in their father's will.

No other children are mentioned. Adam was still alive in 1854 when he registered his mother's will in the Cornwall Land Registry office.

Land Granted to Peter Rupert Junior

Peter Rupert Junior received the following land:

Osnabruck Township, Concession 4, Lot 6 E 1/2, was patented in September 1797 and sold in 1814 to Frederick Shaver.

Mountain Township, Concession 9, Lot 24, was patented by Peter Rupert in November 1802. In 1861 the lot was sold by William Rupert and wife to John Nicholson with quit claim by Gerome Rupert. (22) The Deeds of Sale dated in 1861 establish that the heirs-at-law of Peter Rupert of Osnabruck were William Rupert of Sidney Township, heir-at-law, and Jerome Rupert of Sidney Township, heir-at-law of John Rupert, deceased, and himself heir-at-law of Peter Rupert of Osnabruck.

So it appears that Peter Rupert died intestate and his wife probably predeceased him, since no mention is made of dower rights in her name.

From these land records it became easier to distinguish the two Peter Ruperts of Osnabruck. Pader lived to 1845 and left a will. He had children named Peter, Henry and Adam who were still alive in the 1851 census, while Peter Junior died intestate and had sons William and John who lived in Sidney Township, Hastings County.

With this information, it became a bit easier to divide up the various petitions and list of children they included.

The Children of Pader Rupert and Elizabeth

In 1850, Adam Rupert, son of Peter (Pader), who had petitioned for land as a SUE in 1833, but was turned down possibly because his cousin, Adam F. Rupert, petitioned at the same time causing a lot of confusion in the Executive Council, petitioned again for land. His petition, using the new pre-printed forms used for UE petitions, names and gives the age of his siblings and it also states that if his father, Pader, was still alive he would be 93 years old, giving him a birth year of 1757. (23)

Since many of his siblings had already petitioned successfully for land, it was possible to trace all of them and to get the married names of the daughters of Pader Rupert.


Summary of the Children of Pader Rupert

Mary Rupert, age 62 in 1850. Mary petitioned in 1833 as a DUE (24) and wife of Thomas Porter of Darlington. She called her father Pader Rupert. The Porter family moved to Lambton County (25) and they had eleven children. Most of their descendants moved to Michigan.

Peter Rupert, age 57 in 1850. He appeared in the baptismal records of Reverend Schwertfeger. (26) Peter petitioned in 1833 as a SUE. (27) Peter was still alive and living with Adam on the 1861 census of Osnabruck.

Henry Rupert, age 55. Henry petitioned in 1833 as a SUE. Henry Rupert inherited a lot in his father's will. When he sold that lot in 1861, he was described as Henry Rupert of Cornwall.

Conrad Rupert, age 51. Conrad petitioned in 1826 as a SUE. He received land in Goulbourn Township. He is possibly the same Conrad as the blacksmith in Finch Township on various census returns.

Barbara Rupert, age 49. Barbara petitioned in 1833 and 1839 as a DUE and wife of John Utto of Osnabruck. She called her father Pader Rewport. Barbara Otto remarried William Larkin in 1849 and she died in 1889. (28)

Adam Rupert, age 47. His first petition was in 1833 at same time as Adam F. The petition does not appear to have been successful, which is why he petitioned again in 1850.

Catherine Rupert, age 45. Catherine petitioned in 1826 as a DUE and then again in 1833 as the wife of Henry Cole of Darlington. She called her father Pader in her 1833 petition and Peter in her 1826 petition.

Elizabeth Rupert, age 42. Elizabeth petitioned in 1826 as a DUE and a spinster. She was granted a lot in Russel Township, Concession 3, Lot 23, that she sold with her husband, Elisha Loucks of Osgoode, in 1842. (29)

The will of Pader Rupert of Osnabruck in 1845 only mentions the sons Peter, Henry and Adam but it could be simply because the other children were already taken care of since most of them were still alive and can be found on the 1851 census of Osnabruck.

Children of Peter Rupert Junior

In 1840, Joseph Rupert of Sidney petitioned for land as son of Peter Rupert of Osnabruck. (30) This petition includes statements by Conrad Rupert of Madoc, brother to Peter, who states that he is 64 years old and he remembers his brother Peter (the younger)joining "His Majesty's Service Briganting [sic]. He, Conrad, was too young to join but he has a perfect memory of the event." Conrad's statement, written in 1843, also includes that Peter was lately living in Osnabruck and was 80 years old, giving Peter Junior a birth year of 1863, in line with the Stone Arabia baptism.

Then I found some further petitions in the Collection called "Petitions for land 1827-1856" at the Archives of Ontario and found out that Sarah and Sophia Rupert, daughters of Peter, petitioned for land on the same date. Their petitions name their siblings and indicate that Peter Junior died circa 1844. (31) All the ages on the 1850 petitions seem to be off by about 8-10 years. It is possible that the petition was prepared a few years earlier, but only read in Council in 1850.

It should be noted that many women shaved years off their age on land petitions and on the census, which makes their age unreliable in the absence of birth registration.

According to their 1850 petitions, the children of Peter Junior are:

Sarah Rupert, widow of the late William McEwen. (32) of Osnabruck, aged 40 in 1850, giving her a year of birth of 1810. She is probably the Sarah Ruport of Osnabruck who got a Marriage Bond to William Keown on 26 May 1823, so she is probably older than she states unless she was married at 13. (33)

John "who died about 12 years ago" (a quote from Sophia Rupert's land petition dated 1850, therefore he died circa 1838), is the father of Jerome Rupert of Sidney Township. Since Jerome Rupert married in 1843, John was probably born before 1800. John's wife was named Elizabeth.

Sophia, married to Alva Annable, (34) aged 37, but on the 1851 census she is 40 years old.

William aged 39 but on the 1851 census of Sidney, Hastings County, William is listed as 48 years old (census asked age you will become in 1852), so born circa 1804.

Joseph aged 38, but from the 1861 census of Rawdon, Hastings, Joseph was born in 1807.

There are possibly more children to this family: for example, a Barbara Rupert, who married Charles Phelix; and Elizabeth Rupert, who married Chesley Pitts.

Which Peter Rupert Married Elizabeth Winter?

The main question after separating the two Peter Ruperts of Osnabruck is which one married Elizabeth Helmer and which one married Elizabeth Winter. This is not as obvious as it seems and I would welcome any extra information that would prove or disprove this theory.

At this point, the evidence points to Pader the Elder being the husband of Elizabeth Winter. Here are the arguments in favour of this.

Elizabeth Winter, daughter of Henry and Catherine, baptized in 1770, (35) so quite in line with her age on the 1851 census where she resides with her son, Adam, in Osnabruck.

Daughter Mary, born circa 1788, so the missing marriage of Elizabeth Winter is probably a very early one. Elizabeth would be 18 to 20 at the time.

Son Peter Rupert, son of Petrus and Elizabeth, is baptized BEFORE the marriage of Peter Rupert and Elizabeth Helmer. One of the sponsors is actually Peter Rupert.

Pader Rupert and Elizabeth named a son, Henry, and a daughter, Catherine. Those are the names of Elizabeth Winter's parents. Henry is an unusual name for the Rupert family.

Peter Rupert the Elder and Elizabeth Winter petitioned the government for land on the same date in January 1807.

Interestingly enough, the lots that Peter Rupert and Elizabeth Winter Rupert were given in 1807 were patented but both of them were sold for taxes in the 1840s. The lots were not mentioned in their wills and were probably forgotten.

I would welcome more evidence regarding the marriage of Elizabeth Winter and Peter Rupert. Very little is known about Elizabeth Helmer, including her age and date of death, so it is hard to judge whether those things would apply to her.

The Other Children of Adam and Barbara Rupert

John Rupert and His Family

John Rupert, born 1766, married Margaret Campbell before the 1792 baptism of their daughter, Barbara, by Reverend Schwerdfeger. (36) John was granted land in Osnabruck before 1790 and patented it in 1797. In 1811, John bought land from his brother, Francis, who was already residing in Johnstown, New York. In 1807, Margaret Rupert, daughter of James Campbell UE and wife of John Rupert, petitioned the government as a DUE, (37) but John did not petition at the same time, possibly because he had already received land in 1789.

In 1850, Amanda Rupert, a daughter of John Rupert, and the wife of her cousin, Levi Rupert, petitioned the government for a land grant as a DUE.

In her petition, Amanda stated that her father John was now deceased and, if he was alive, he would be 88 years old (born circa 1762). She names her siblings as Elizabeth aged 58, Barbara aged 56, Ann aged 57, Katharine, 53, Margaret, aged 47, James no age given, John aged 33, "your petitioner aged 41", and Mary no age given.

Given that Amanda is the daughter of John, and her husband, Levi Rupert, is not listed as a son of Francis, Pader or Peter, he is probably a son of Adam Rupert and Hannah Shaver.

This is a summary of the children of John and Margaret Rupert. More work needs to be done to identify the married name of the daughters.

* Elizabeth, born in 1792.

* Barbara, born 19 May 1793. Her baptismal sponsor was Barbara Rupord, probably her namesake grandmother.

* Ann, born in 1794.

* Katharine, born in 1797.

* Margaret, born in 1803.

* James, no age given.

* Amanda, born in 1809, wife of her cousin Levi Rupert of Osnabruck. They had seven children living with them in the 1851 census. There is a marriage bond dated 1832 between Levi Rupert and Mandy Rupert. (38)

* John, born in 1817.

* Mary, no age.

Adam Rupert, son of Adam

Adam Rupert was born circa 1775 according to the 1851 census. His wife, Hannah, was a widow in the 1861 census so he probably died between those two dates. His wife Hannah Shaver, was a daughter of Frederick Shaver UE who was a neighbour in Osnabruck. Hannah Rupert petitioned for land as a DUE in 1838. (39)

There is a family story that Adam Rupert was a drummer boy during the Revolution but so far no documentation has been found. He was frequently confused with his two nephews, also named Adam. I did not find any petition for Adam on his own behalf or by his children. Given that his siblings and nephews, including Conrad, were trying to gain land as Loyalists or Sons of a Loyalist, it is odd that Adam did not seem to have at least attempted to petition for land.

There are many lists of the children of Adam and Hannah online but without sources. I did not attempt to document his children. Given the list of children for his siblings, it is quite possible that any leftover male Rupert is from his family. The only two children for whom I found documentations are his sons, Frederick and William, who received land from their father Adam during his life. (40)

Conrad Rupert, Son of Adam

Conrad Rupert, born 1779, married Margaret Cline, daughter of Adam Cline, in 1803. (41) She petitioned for land as a DUE in 1807. (42) The family of Adam Cline was also from Johnstown, New York, and Adam Cline was a private in the KRRNY as well who drew land close to the Ruperts in Osnabruck. Adam Cline was deceased at the time of his daughter's marriage and his widow had remarried John Eamon.

Conrad Rupert leased land on Baxter Island until 1824. (43) Baxter Island, now named Croil's Island, once belonged to Canada but it was exchanged with the United States in 1823 for Wolfe Island, near Kingston that had a more strategic importance to the British. This left the pro-British settlers on the island in the lurch. Conrad then moved to Madoc Township in 1839. Conrad Rupert petitioned for land in 1843 but he does not appear to have been successful. In 1843 Conrad stated that he was 64 years old, so he was born circa 1779, and his father, Adam Rupert, would then be over 100 years old if still alive. He also stated that he was too young to join the Loyalist army but that he remembers his brother, Peter Junior, joining.

Conrad and Margaret Rupert were still alive in 1852 when they sold their lot in Madoc Township, Hastings County, and moved to Rawdon Township. Conrad Rupert appeared on the 1861 census of Rawdon as a widower with his son Leonard. Conrad wrote his will on 17April 1868 and he left his property to his youngest son Leonard. (44)

It is quite probable that Conrad and Margaret had more children.

Children of Conrad Rupert (1779-1866) and Margaret Cline

John Rupert (1803-1878) married first Jane Nelson (died 1869) and then Hannah Eamon Zeran in 1872. (45)

Leonard Rupert (1820-1908) married Harriet Bradshaw (1829-1908). His obituary mentions that he was born in Dickenson's Landing.

Julia Rupert (1817-1915) married Norman McCloud. At the time of her death in 1915, she was the oldest person in Belleville. (46)

Elizabeth Rupert Wife of Adam Mattice

Rex Mattice wrote an excellent and well-researched book about the Mattice family. The family of Elizabeth and Adam is fully explored there. Elizabeth petitioned for land as a DUE as a daughter of Adam Rupert in 1799. (47) Her baptism was not recorded in StoneArabia but she is probably one of the three daughters aged over 10 years old on the 1786 Provision List. Adam Mattice, born in 1768, who was a drummer in the KRRNY, was a son of Nicholas Mattice and Sophia Ingold. In his will, Adam Mattice named his brother-in-law, Adam Rupert of Osnabruck, an executor.


The children of Adam and Elizabeth, who is usually known as Amanda Elisabeth Mattice, were as followed:

* Sophia Mattice, born in 1792, married Frederick Winter. (48)

* Nancy Mattice, born in 1794.

* Adam Mattice, born in 1796, married Mary Brownell.

* Abraham Mattice, born in 1798, married Polly Emily Fletcher.

* John A. Mattice, born 1800, married Nancy Loucks.

* Elisabeth Mattice, born 1803.

* Peter Mattice, born 1805, married Margaret Ault.

* Sarah Mattice, born 1806, married Peter Pabst.

* Amanda Mattice, born 1809, married James Raymond

* Guy Edward Mattice, born 1811, died 1813.

* Priscilla Mattice, born 1812, unmarried.

* Nicholas Mattice, born 1814, died 1814.

* James Harvey Mattice, born 1816, died 1816. (49)

Margaret Rupert, Wife of Jacob Andrew

I did not find a petition for Margaret Andrew as a DUE. Margaret married Jacob Andrew in 1793 (50) and they had a son, Petrus, baptized later the same year. I believe there are extensive genealogies of the Andrew families both online and in books but I did not have the time to verify the information in those trees.

Jacob Andrew is most likely the same Jacob Andrews who served in Jessup's Loyal Rangers and petitioned for land in 1789. (51)

In December 1839, (52) Barbara Andrews and her siblings petitioned the government to have their father, Jacob Andrew, added to the UE list. Even though she provided testimonials for her father that he had served with Jessup's Rangers, and that he resided in Osnabruck and maintained his loyalty during the War of 1812, the petition was not recommended.

The names of the children of Jacob Andrews as they appear on the 1839 petition are: Barbara, Mary, John, Nancy, lain [or Lain], Peter, Clarry, and Francy.

The 1839 petition was actually signed by Barbary, Mary, John, Nancy, Clarry and Franny Andrew.

In early January 1850, Barbara Andrew (53) and her sister, Clara, and brother, John Andrew, all petitioned again in a special session in Cornwall to have their father added to the UE list and to receive scrip as DUE and SUE. At the time of this petition, more information such as the age of the children, were added to the petitions. For some reason, the petitions of the sisters differ from the information found in the petition of John Andrew in minor details but, since none of the siblings actually signed the petition, they were filled out by other persons who might have missed some information. For example, in his petition, John Andrew states that his mother is Katherine Ruport. John Andrew also leaves out siblings Lain and Peter Andrew. It is quite possible that Margaret Rupert was known as Margaret Catherine, or the petition writer made a mistake.

From the petition, here is the list of the children of Margaret Rupert and Jacob Andrew:

* Petrus baptized by Reverend Schwerdtfeger 7 August 1793. Since another son is named Peter later on, this son probably died before 1807.

* Barbara Andrew, wife of John C. Weart. She is listed as 55 years old in January 1850, so she was born circa 1795. She was gravely ill in February 1850 and did not appear at the Special Session. She is not on the 1851 census, so she probably died in 1850.

* Mary Andrew, born circa 1797. She is described as Mary Brownell.

* Lain Andrew, born circa 1799. I am not sure if this is a man or a woman. Lain does not appear on the petition of John Andrew.

* Nancy Andrew, born circa 1801. She is described as Nancy Brownell in 1849.

* John Andrew, born either 1801 or 1803. He describes himself as 50 years old, but his sisters state that he is 47 years old in 1850.

* Clara, born 1805 or 1803. She states in her petition that she is 45 years old, but her siblings state that she is 47 years old. Clara Andrew married Hector Thompson in 1836 and died before the 1851 census.

* Peter born circa 1807.

* Fanny born circa 1809. (Fanny might be the Fanny Andrew who married Michael Hawn in 1844. Age is a bit off.)

Maria Rupert

There were three daughters with Adam and Barbara on the 1786 Provision list. Anna Maria Rubert, born 21 July 1770, daughter of Adam and Barbara Rubert, was baptized in 1770 in Stone Arabia. It is not known yet whether she married or died. More information might come to light with more research.

The Later Families

Much more work needs to be done to detail the further descendants of the Rupert families of Osnabruck. A book would be needed. In this work, I have documented the earliest Rupert of Osnabruck. The descendants of Peter the Younger and Conrad can be found mostly in Hastings County but there is still quite a bit of work needed to track the families back to the original Rupert ancestors in Osnabruck. The repetitions of the same names: Adam, Peter, Barbara, Catherine, adds to the confusion.

Many of the later Ruperts settled in the United States especially in St. Lawrence County, New York, but eventually they spread out all over North America. Their descendants can also be found under many other names: Mattice, Warner, Loucks, Otto, Alguire, McEwen, Annable, etc. Their story is tied and tangled with the history of all the other families of Stormont County. I hope the many descendants will find this article useful for their own genealogical research.


Appendix One

Many researchers have confused the different Adam Ruperts of Osnabruck, so here is a simple summary of some of the Ruperts found on the 1851 census.

The 1851 census of Osnabruck has three Adam Ruports:

* Adam F. Rupert, aged 57, married to Polly, who is the son of Francis.

* Adam Rupert, aged 45, married to Dorothy, who is the son of Pader.

* Adam Rupert, aged 77, married to Hannah, who is the uncle of the other two.

Editor's Note:

In the endnotes you'll find references to Luneburg. This is not a typo. The web site explains:

In 1788 Lord Dorchester created by proclamation four districts west of the Ottawa River ... Either to please George Ill from Hanover ... or because a large number of Germans were among the first Loyalists ... Dorchester had given the four districts German names: (1) Luneburg (later Lunenburg) extended from the western border of Lower Canada to the Gananoque River.


(1.) Library and Archives Canada. [hereafter L&AC] RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 426, bundle R 8, etition 39, microfilm C-2741.

(2.) Cruickshank, Ernest and Watt, Gavin. The King's Royal Regiment of New York (OHS published 1931, reprinted 1984).

(3.) John Rupert appears as an addition to the UE list.

(4.) L&AC. RG 1 L4. Upper Canada Land Board. Luneburg. Schedule of locations. Volume 12-13. C-14028 See the index on the LAC website for land locations asned to the Ruperts in 1790.

(5.) Francis Rupert appears on the list of Lot owner for Osnabruck in 1786 Lot 16, 3 Conc., but in addition, the Land Board records shows that he received lot 35 in 6th Conc. and 3rd lot in 7th, each was 200 acres. L&AC. RG 1 L4. Upper Canada Land Board. Luneburg. Schedule of locations. Volume 12-13. C-14028 There are four entries for Francis Rupert.

(6.) Archives of Ontario. [hereafter A.O.] Township Papers. RG 1 C-IV. Osnabruck Township. MS 658 reel 367 various pages for the different lots located near the Rupert family and neighbours.

(7.) A.O. Second Heir and Devisee Commission. Microfilm 657 reel 67. File number 40-3611. For a description of the kind of information contained in these files see the ADD on the Archives of Ontario website.

(8.) A.O. RG 1-54. Petitions for land 1827-1856. Petition of Sarah Rupert. Microfilm MS 691 reel 57. These petitions are arranged in alphabetical order, so all the Rupert petitions are together on one roll of microfilm. These microfilms are also available from the LDS Family History Centers.

(9.) Crowder, Norman, Early Ontario Settlers: a source book. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub, 1993. Page 100.

(10.) Crowder, Norman Early Ontario Settlers: a source book. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub, 1993. Page 153.

(11.) A.O. Second Heir and Devisee Commission. Microfilm 657 reel 67. File number 40-3611. Statement of Adam Rupert son of Adam Rupert of Osnabruck.

(12.) L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm M1496 Baptism of Barbara Rupord daughter of Johannes and Margaretha Rupord.

(13.) During the late period SUE and DUE were issued land scrip which could be exchanged for waste land as it became available. So there are no Order-in-Council recording the location of the land received.

(14.) L&AC. RG 1 L4. Upper Canada Land Board. Luneburg. Schedule of locations. Volume 12-13. C-14028. There are four entries for Francis Rupert.

(15.) Kelly, Arthur C.M. Marriage Records of Caughnawaqa Reformed Church. Arthur C.M. Kelly. 1986.

(16.) Jone, Henry Z. Even more Palatine families. Rockport, ME: Picton, 2002. Entry on Johannes Eberhart Von Goghnet. Pages 721-722. Also entry on the Ruppert page 570.

(17.) A.O. Second Heir and Devisee Commission. Microfilm 657 reel 67. File number 40-3611.

(18.) A.O. RG 1-54. Petitions for land 1827-1856. Petition of Adam F. Rupert. Microfilm MS 691 reel 57.

(19.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 426, bundle R 8, petition 45, microfilm C-2741 Petition of Peter Rupert 1807.

(20.) A.O. RG 61 Stormont County deeds. Copybook of Instruments. Vol A. page 75 Instrument #70 dated January 14 1845, Registered February 9 1848. Will of Pader Rupert. Microfilm #5588.

(21.) A.O. RG 61 Stormont County deeds. Copybook of Instruments. VoI. B page 29. Instrument #471 dated April 12 1854, Registered April 17 1854. Will of Elizabeth Rupert. Microfilm #5589.

(22.) A.O. RG 61-8 Dundas County Land Registry. Mountain Township. Vol. B. page 493, Instrument #1013 dated August 1861, registered September 1861. GSU 201635. Indenture of B & S between Jerome Rupert of Sidney, Hastings, heir at law of John Rupert deceased, son and heir at law of Peter Rupert deceased of Osnabruck, regarding same Lot 24, Conc. 9 in Mountain Township. A.O. RG 61-8 Dundas County Land Registry. Mountain Township. Vol. B. page 496, Instrument #1016 dated August 28 1861, registered August 291861. GSU 201635A.O. RG 61-8 Dundas County Land Registry. Mountain Township. VoI. B. page 516, Instrument #1038 dated November 5 1861, registered January 10 1862. GSU 201635. Quit claim deed of Jerome Rupert to Michael Gillespie.

(23.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 441A, bundle R 5, petition 691, microfilm C-2801.

(24.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 407, bundle P 18, petition 47, microfilm C-2731A.

(25.) Kelly, Susan. Genealogical "Dream" Document. Lambton Lifelines. Volume 21, Issue 3 September 2004. pp. 37-40. This article lists the 11 children of Mary Rupert and Thomas Porter as well as many grandchildren.

(26.) L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm M1496 Baptism of Peter Rupord son of Petrus and Elizabeth Rupord.

(27.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 433, bundle R 18, petition 26, microfilm C-2746.

(28.) A.O. Registrar of deaths. Stormont Dundas Glengarry. Barbara Ruport, relict (widow) of John Otto died August 3, 1889 aged 94 years and 7 months. Informant was her son George Otto.

(29.) Indenture of B & S between Elisha F. Loucks of the Township of Osgoode in the Ottawa District and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Pather Rupert, U E. And Francis Armstrong for the E 1/2 of Lot 23, 3rd Concession of Russell Township, as well as other lots. A.O. RG 61-50. Russell County Land Registry Office. Copybook of Instruments. Register 1. pp 22-23. Instrument #3463 dated May 11 1842, registered July 14 1842. Indenture of B & S. Microfilm 5335.

(30.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 441A, bundle R 5, petition 75, microfilm C-2801.

(31.) A.O. RG 1-54. Petitions for land 1827-1856. Petition of Sarah and Sophia Rupert. Microfilm MS 691 reel 57.

(32.) This William McEwen is most likely the son of David McEwen who petitioned for land in 1821. L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 344, bundle M 13, petition 53, microfilm C-2203.

(33.) L&AC. RG 5 B 9. Upper Canada Marriage Bonds. Vol. 16, Bond 885. microfilm C-6778.

(34.) This Alva Annable is most likely son of John Annable, Sgt in the KRRNY who petitioned for land on October 9, 1832. L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 12, bundle A 18, petition 10, microfilm C-1613.

(35.) New Concord, August 19 1770 Baptized Elizabeth, dau of Hendrick Winter and Catherine his wife. Source: Earliest records of St. James church, Great Barring. p. 201 St. James church records (1903) by Louis Hasbrouk Sahler. Retrieved from stjameschurchrec00qrea.

(36.) L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm M1496.

(37.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 426, bundle R 8, petition 41, microfilm C-2741 Petittion of Margaret Rupert.

(38.) L&AC. RG 5 B 9. Upper Canada Marriage Bonds. Vol. 23, Bond 3016. microfilm C-6781.

(39.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 426, bundle R 8, petition 41, microfilm C-2741 Petition of Hannah Rupert daughter of Frederick Shaver.

(40.) A.O. Stormont County Land Registry. Osnabruck Township, Instrument #770 and #771 , registered February 10 1857.

(41.) Marriage of Conrad Ruport, son of Adam Ruport and Margaretha Clyne, daughter of Adam Cline, deceased and stepdaughter of John Eamon of Osnabourg. L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm M1496.

(42.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 426, bundle R 8, petition 43, microfilm C-2741. Petition of Margaret Rupert daughter of Adam Cline.

(43.) L&AC. RG 5 AI Civil Secretary's Correspondence Upper Canada Sundries, Volume 68, Pages 35994-35996, microfilm C-4613.

(44.) A.O. RG 61-21. Hastings County Land Registry office. Copybook of Instruments for Rawdon Township. Vol. E 1867-1869. p.117 Deed #95 dated 17 April 1866 registered 28 April 1867. Will of Conrad Rpert of Rawdon.

(45.) A.O. Ontario Marriage Registration. Stormont Dundas & Glengarry 1872, page 208.

(46.) Belleville Intelligencer. February 1 1915.

(47.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 325, bundle M Misc, petition 57, microfilm C-2189.

(48.) L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm Then Sophia Winter petitioned for land as a daughter of Adam Mattice. UCLP.

(49.) Mattice, Rex, Mattice family book, 1962, pages 402-410.

(50.) L&AC. F 978. Baptism, Marriage, and Burial Registers of the parishes of Williamsburgh, Matilda, Osnabruck and Edwardsburgh, 1790-1886. Microfilm M1496.

(51.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 16, bundle A Misc. 1788-1843, petition 60, microfilm C-1615. Petition of Jacob Andrews of Matilda.

(52.) L&AC. RG 1 L3. Upper Canada Land Petitions. Volume 14, bundle A 22, petition 16, microfilm C-1614 Petition of Barbara Andrews et al.

(53.) A.O. RG 1-54. Petitions for land 1827-1856. Petition of John Andrew, Petition of Barbara Andrew, Petition of Clara Andrew. Microfilm MS 691 reel 53.

Guylaine Petrin is a research librarian who is passionate about history and writing. When not working at Glendon College, she can be found in archives and libraries following the clues to a good story. She has published two articles so far: one about the many uses of the Upper Canada Land Petitions, and another on the trial of Moses Winter in 1831. The research on the Rupert family was done to answer a puzzling question regarding the Winter family. She is currently working on the story of Henry Winter UE and his son, Nicholas Winter, a Patriot.
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Author:Petrim, Guylaine
Publication:The Loyalist Gazette
Geographic Code:1U2NY
Date:Sep 22, 2011
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