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Disaster Risk Reduction in Support of Improved Agriculture Production for Vulnerable Returnee Families in Aweil North, Northern Bahr el Ghazal.

Sector/Cluster : Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL)

Objectives Food insecurity is one of the most persistent and pervasive challenges faced by families in South Sudan. Returnee households, particularly vulnerable families, in Northern Bahr el Ghazal are susceptible to livelihood shocks and food insecurity because they still struggle to adjust after more than 20 years of war and instability with regards to food security. DRC has been working in NBeG since 2010 and observes that drought and flood cycles negatively impact farm households, damage harvests and exacerbate food insecurity. Recently, DRC galvanized the NBeG Food Security cluster to conducted a rapid crop performance assessment and with other NGO partners and UN agencies. The

assessment measured the impact of a dry spell during the period May July 2013. The results suggest a reduction of production of approximately 45% compared with 2012. Although the Cluster has not published the results of the assessment, the MoA and agencies agree the impact from the dry spell is significant enough to extend the lean season in affected areas. The heavy

flooding that followed the dry spell has seriously affected distressed crops and could be responsible for an additional 20% drop in production compared with last year. The assessment, which was conducted in all counties in NBeG, showed the effects of the dry spell and floods was widespread across the

State, but also concentrated in zones where microclimates exist. The shock, flooding in low lands and drought affecting high lands, is so devastating that direct food assistance may be required for vulnerable households this year. The aim of the project is to improve production and food security for 500 vulnerable families affected by seasonal dry spell and flooding. Immediate

support, training and temporary employment to families affected by

erratic/extreme weather conditions in 2013 will introduce disaster risk reduction concepts and improved seed varieties.

Beneficiaries : Total: 500 Vulnerability and food insecurity are the primary determinants for selection. Female headed households would participate in even numbers as other households; elderly households would be classed with male households.

Women: 250

Other group: 250 Men and elders

Current Funds Requested : $222,500

Location : Northern Bahr El Ghazal

Priority : Medium (M)

Gender Marker Code : 0 - No signs that gender issues were considered in project design

Enhanced Geographical Fields : Northern Bahr el Ghazal - Aweil North

Need : Improving production and addressing environmental hazard, a fundamental cause of reduced production year

after year, contributes to increases in household food security. Insufficient attention to preparation for cyclical

natural disaster leads to the inability of returnees in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG) to cope adequately with

the effect of flood, drought, dry spells, erratic weather patterns and insect pests that effect agricul

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Publication:Mena Report
Date:Sep 5, 2014
Words:458
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