Different Logics of Organizing and Controlling Work -A Literature review.
According to Freidson (2001) professionalism can be seen as the state in which the professional themselves are capable of determining the terms and conditions of their employment, their welfare, their working environment, their incentives, etc.
Freidson (2001, p.2) states that under the professional logic the professionals are the only ones who are legally allowed to decide who should work under which department and who should get hired or fired. Freidson (2001, p.2) further adds that colleges' competence and potentials are judged through the so called "peer view". Under this logic the professionals are considered to be very well put together and they are identified as individuals who are contended with their extensive and elusive power.
According to Freidson (2001, p.2) they are incapable of abusing this exclusive power since they are merely interested in the betterment of their carrier and attaining maximum job satisfaction other than to increase their personal professional incomes or other such economic incentives.
Defining Market Logic
Under Freidson's (2001) explanation, the term market logic could be comprehended by simply understanding the definition of the supply and demand definition. The notion of market logic is that the consumers are the ones who are in the decision making chair and they make these decisions under well informed circumstances, meaning that they understand the quality and the cost of the available goods Freidson (2001, p.1).
According to Freidson (2001), value of a product of service is measured primarily by cost. The ideal situation here is the market is free and unregulated competition, according to Freidson (2001, p.1) this encourages the invention of innovative products and varieties in the products available. The market logic is that the consumers decide which supplier would succeed and which supplier would fail based on their judgment on price and quality of the available products.
Defining Bureaucratic Logic
Bureaucratic Logic could be comprehended as the state whereby the organizational rules and policy dictates everything from input, outputs, productions, distribution, etc of services and goods within an organization. According to Freidson (2001, p.1) the executive officers or managers within an organization are in full control regarding what is produced and who produces these services and products. The primary aim of the bureaucratic logic is predictability and efficiency.
The executives and top managers are solely concerned about the input and the outcome rather than the resources or the output. Corporate set of rules and regulations such as code of conduct and corporate governance policy override the organization and each and every staff member has to follow these set of rule to the t in order to satisfy the bureaucratic aim and expectations.
A case presented in the media.
Example of how the professional logic has clashed with bureaucratic logic was well explained in a documentary called Waiting for Superman which was filmed in the United State of America. In recent years, the quality of American education standard has been decreasing; the documentary talks about the education system in USA, for instance 12 percent of children in Washington, DC are able to do math at their grade level according to the film. The big problem is that US education was based on professionalism before; however now there is an organization called the American Federation of Teachers that makes teacher play more in the bureaucratic logic.
A good example of how the professional logic has clashed with bureaucratic logic from the film is when Michelle Rhee who is the chancellor of Washington DC public school tries to fix the school system by making them function under the old professional logic state they used to have. Michelle Rhee wants to get rid of the tenure system that teachers get.
The system is that teachers are protected by the American Federation of Teachers and cannot be fired even if they do bad thing such as not teaching students, so their job is just requires them to show up for classes without teaching anything. The reason that teachers are capable of not doing their work as the American Federation of Teachers states that one cannot discriminate against teachers solely because of how they good/bad they teach.
The American Federation of Teachers says that "a teacher is a teacher is a teacher", which mean all teachers are equal no matter what, so they all have their job protected. This is a very strong example of bureaucratic logic because in reality all teachers are not equally qualified as one another, some teachers are better than others. Michelle Rhee wants to fix this by making the system more like the professional logic, this means that teacher teach better as they want to attain job satisfaction and be contended with them performance.
Freidson. E. (2001), "Professionalism. The Third Logic". Cambridge: Policy Press
"Waiting for Superman" (documentary film) 2010, Davis Guggenheim- Walden Documentaries.
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|Publication:||Asian Tribune (India)|
|Date:||Jan 14, 2012|
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