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Die Personennamen der kassitenzeitlichen Texte aus Nippur.

Die Personenamen der kassitenzeitlichen Texte aus Nippur. By MONICA HOLSCHER. Imungla, vol. 1. RHEMA, 196. Pp. vii + 306.

This systematic and updated collection of all the anthroponyms occurring in texts from Middle-Babylonian Nippur (fully or partly published) can serve also as a starting point for a prosopography of this important urban center. Each occurrence is followed, wherever applicable, by its date. The book consists of an introduction (pp. 1-12), where the methodological aspects (types of sources, lemmatization, structure of the entries, titles and occupations, dating) are fully explained. Then follow an analysis of the main name types of the Akkadian anthroponyms and a discussion of problematic and ambiguous readings. Most of the book (pp. 13-242) is devoted to the corpus, where all the names are listed alphabetically (the broken ones at the end; all the explicable Akkadian names are translated). The author is cautious and judicious regarding interpretation and etymology. The book includes detailed analytical indexes: Akkadian words (= name components, pp. 245-64), deities (disregarding their linguistic affiliation, pp. 265-72), toponyms (pp. 272-73), temple names (p. 274), as well as Elamite, Hurrian, Kassite, and West Semitic anthroponyms (pp. 275-79). The book ends with a list of occurrences of cuneiform signs and Sumerograms (pp. 281-94), abbreviations (pp. 295-99) and a bibliography (pp. 301-6). On the whole this is a useful and reliable monograph. The following remarks touch upon a small sample from the rich onomastic material:

Pp. 9f. with n. 15. -te a occurs only in a Kassite name (Ur-pa-te-ia, whose LB survival may be Ur-pa(*)-di-ia [Strassmaier 1897, 535, 5], Sippar or its region, 500/499 B.C.).

P. 15. Ab-da-da-nu is not straightforward Iranian, but perhaps Indo-Aryan (cf. Hinz 1975, 17; Zadok 1976b, 213b). Ab-du-Nergal and Mu-ti-e-kur (144b) are West Semitic, as the linguistic affiliation is determined by the predicative element.

P. 24. Ahlamu and Ahlamitu should be rendered as "the West Semitic (semi-)nomad" rather than "Aramean" (see Zadok 1991, 104f.).

P. 26b. A(k)-kidini is possibly Elamite (cf. Zadok 1987, 15: 154). [supf]Ak-ka-da-a(-a)-i-tu[sub4] and [supf]Til-mu-na-a-(a)-i-tu[sub4] (220b) contain the gentilic suffix -aj- (~-ayy-; cf. Du-ra-a-a-u, Kar-ka-ra-a-u, 61b, 118b; cf. also Zadok 1987, 107), whereas Ak-ka-du-u ends in the more ancient gentilic suffix -u.

P. 33a. [supf]An-di-ia-(a)-tu[sub4] is not a gentilic of Andiya (one would expect (*)Andiyayitu ((*)Andiyayyitu)/(*)Andiyitu), but is based on amtu > andu (elsewhere in this corpus it is written with a Sumerogram, [supf]GEME-[supd]Nusku, 28a; for mt > nd in MB, see Aro 1955, 38f.).

P. 37b. A-ra-hi-ma-ni, cf. A-ri-ha-ma-nu (38b)?

P. 38a. Ar-du-me-en-ni is hardly West Semitic.

P. 39b. A-ru-ki is not necessarily related to NA A-ru-uk-ku (R. Schmitt, in Radner and Schmitt 1998, where he aptly etymologizes the NA form as Old Iranian (*)Ary-uka-. Since the -y- is not represented by the NA rendering, I think that (*)Arv-aka- is a legitimate alternative source of the NA form).

P. 70a. [supd]En-lil-tu-ru? <t> for WSem. (*)/z/would be exceptional in such an early period (one would expect <s> as in Esag-il-su-ri-ia, 74a). Since the reading of the last sign is doubtful, the name is not necessarily West Semitic.

P. 71a. Does Eriba-[supd]Am-ma end in a West Semitic theophorous element (cf. Huffmon 1965, 196f.)?

P. 74a. E-ra-miq is hardly to be interpreted as Erra-miq in view of the non-gemination of the r and the fact that both components are otherwise not recorded at MB Nippur. Does E-si-mu-u- tu[sub4] end in Elam. Simut (extant in [supd]Si -mu-ut- x , 184a)?

P. 76a. (DUMU) E-zi-ia, cf. NA E-zi-IA-e (Lanfranchi 1990, 100, 4) from Kumme, a region where there is good reason for thinking that dialects related to Hurro-Urartian were spoken. MB (DUMU) E-ze-e from Taanach may alternatively be Hurrian (for a West Semitic etymology, see Sivan 1984, 205).

P. 82. Hi-ra-a-nu and Hi-ir-di may be West Semitic (cf. Grondahl 1967, 138f.).

P. 97b. For Im-ba-ha-ha cf. however, Ha-ha-sa-ah (Kass.).

P. 98a. Im-bu-uk-ki is not necessarily Elamite. The N/LB gentilic Im-bu-ka-A+A, which is based on the same form, may refer to a group originating in northeastern Iran or eastern Armenia (see Zadok 1976a, 66).

Pp. 114f. Ia-an- zu -u the Ahlamite has a Kassite name ("ruler") like la-an-zu-u of Hubuskia (see A. Fuchs apud Na aman 1998, 242, n. 17), if NA Si-il-ta (qitl-) is strictly analogous (this is not beyond doubt as long as the exact form of the Phoenician equivalent of Arab sultan "authority" > "ruler," Aram. sltn, Bibl. Heb. sltwn is unknown; note Arab. sulta[suph] "power, dominion," i.e., qutl + -at). Ia-a-zu-ba-ni is West Semitic, being a yaqtul formation of -Z-B "to help, deliver" (cf. Zadok 1985, 62). For the type yaqtVl + an, cf., e.g., la-ab-na-na, Ia-ap-lu-ta-nu, Ia-ri-ma-na/nu, Ia-as-ku-ra-na and Ia-as-li-ma-na from MB Ugarit (Grondahl 1967, 57f., 119, 173, 182, 335, 337f.).

P. 119a. Ka-sak-te, cf. Ku-sak-te (Sassmannshausen 1997, 196 and 205: 9, 4).

P. 126b. Ku-kul-me is perhaps Elamite with a Hurrian theophorous element (see Zadok 1987, 14).

P. 141a. Me-li-si-HU. For the reading -Sihu rather than -Sipak, see Zadok 1976a, 65 with n. 38 ad N/LB Na-din-si-i-hi.

P. 168f. Pi-ra-d/ti may be West Semitic (to P-R-D "to divide, separate" or P-R-T "to break off, divide," cf. Grondahl 1967, 174). Pir-na-qu is probably Kassite in view of B/ Pur-na-ak-ki (cf. Zadok 1994, 48a). Is[supf]Pi-si-us Elamite? (cf.[supf]Pi-si-ut, Zadok 1983, 115, conceivably ending in the marker of the third and second person, respectively).

P. 170a. Qa-ma-si (Ahlamite) is West Semitic. It derives from Q-M-S "to shrink, split up," cf. Mandaic qms' "locust."

P. 205a. Samas-tamkar is odd.

P. 217a. Tam-da-Sah. Is NA Ta-an-da-A+A (Borger 1996, 180, 33) based on a form related to Tamda?

P. 229f. Up-pu-qu, cf. NA U-pu-q[u], U-pu-qu (Kwasman and Parpola 1991, 158, r. 4; 237, r. 4). Does Ur-su-un-gu consist of Elamite ur and sunki (cf. Zadok 1984, [sections] [sections]209f., 276: Su-un-gu-ur)?

P. 267a. Hala/u. The same element is extant in NA Ha-la-su-ri (Kwasman 1988, 107: 9), which is probably non-Semitic.

P. 266f. Ubriyas is also extant in MB Su-hi-ku-ub-ri-ia-as (Sassmannshausen 1997, 192 and 203: 5, 4'). Is [supd]Ib-ba-Elamite? cf. I-bi-na-pir (Zadok 1984, [sections] [sections]48, 157b). B/ Pu-us-su-ut/tu may be homonymous with the NA toponym B/Pu-su-ut/tu referring to a town in Mannea (Borger 1996, 33, C iv 45, followed by As-di-ia-as, which seems to end in -yas a common element in Kassite toponymy).


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Borger, R. 1996. Beitrage zum Inschriftenwerk Assurbanipals: Die Prismenklassen A, B, C = K, D, E, F, G, H, J und T sowie andere Inschriften, mit einem Beitrag von Andreas Fuchs. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

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--. 1994. Peoples from Iran and the Persian Gulf Region in Early Mesopotamian Sources. Iran 32: 31-51.

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Title Annotation:Review
Publication:The Journal of the American Oriental Society
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Oct 1, 1999
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