Dictionary of American Regional English: some transposals.
But the First World War intervened, then came the Depression, then the Second World War, and no systematic plan had been made to carry out a dictionary project. Eventually, in 1962, a chief editor of the proposed dictionary was appointed (Fred Cassidy, a professor of English at the University of Wisconsin).
The various lists already collected were further supplemented by extensive fieldwork. Between 1965 and 1970, Cassidy arranged for 80 fieldworkers to visit 1002 communities across the US. The fieldworkers, armed with approximately 1600 questions about the local names for a variety of objects and activities, questioned almost 3000 people. The fieldworkers needed to capture as many of the old- fashioned words as possible. Those people had witnessed the rise of the automobile, the airplane, telephone, radio, television, general electrification, indoor plumbing, mechanization of farming--all tremendous changes in the way that US society works--and they would still have had the words for the objects and processes of bygone eras.
Editing of the Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) began in 1975, with Volume I (Introduction and A-C) being published by Harvard University Press in the fall of 1985. Volume II (D-H) followed in 1991, Volume III (I-O) appeared in 1996, and Volume IV was published in 2002. Currently (September 2010), Volume V remains unpublished. On different webpages of the DARE website, it is noted that "Volume V will appear in 2010" and "Volume V is presently scheduled for publication in 2011".
From a logological perspective, there is a wealth of valuable material in the four DARE volumes so far published. I have spent a while turning the pages of DARE Volumes I-IV, looking for transposals of 10 or more letters. Following this work, I could have waited another year or two until Volume V has been published, but--as with most dictionary projects--dates tend to slip. I decided to share 100 of the best transposable words from DARE I-IV with readers of Word Ways now, rather than wait for Volume V.
I have checked the 100 DARE words against Webster's Third (W3) to ensure that none is already listed in that dictionary, thereby ensuring that the DARE words in this article are unlikely to have been "discovered" as transposable. By and large, the transposals of the DARE words are in W3, but I have included a few located in sources other than W3--these are defined and identified here. I particularly wanted the transposal of PENNY SOCIAL (=NANCY PELOSI) to appear in print during 2010, just in case the House speaker is defeated in the 2010 US midterm elections.
I hope to be able to add a further selection of transposals once DARE Volume V is published.
Much of the introductory text in this article is taken from the DARE website (dare.wisc.edu), which I gratefully acknowledge.
DARE words / terms Transposals acting pole optic angle aldermites (plural of misaltered (W2), misrelated (W2) aldermite) ambleshoot smoothable (W2) antigoslin insolating ants-mashers harassments apple shiner planisphere apron strap pro-Spartan (W2) aquadiente inadequate blow adders (plural of sword blade (W2) blow adder) blue martins (plural of bus terminal (OED), subterminal blue martin) bottle-arsed (from battledores bottle-arsed tupelo) cactus rose coruscates careless pin alpine cress castermine incremates (W2), metarsenic (W2), semitrance (a type of trance-like state (www.webster-dictionary.org) charcoal pit toparchical (W2) China plant plainchant Chinese tag escheating clearstone tolerances coarse coin occasioner, reoccasion (W2) come-a-Christian iatromechanics (OED), Neocharismatic (a reference to Christians who have received Pentecostal-like experiences; www.wordiq.com) conniverate noncreative (W2), nonreactive constabule locust bean contrarisome sermocinator (W2) coral teeth trochleate (W2) cortenions (plural of consertion (Webster's Revised Unabridged cortenion) Dictionary, 1998) cream toast macrostate (OED) cream-shitters (plural Christmas tree of cream-shitter) Denver omelette Love Me Tender (Elvis Presley film and song from 1956; www.imdb.com) desert spoon Prostenodes (a genus of moth in the family Geometridae, now considered a synonym of Anisodes; en.wikipedia.org desert straw streetwards (OED) dingnation innodating (W2) don't-care-ish achondrites easing powder spear widgeon (W2) Easter fire fire-eaters eddication dedication engine tamer engerminate (W2) English rail hell-raising (W3), narghillies (OED), raising hell (OED) false heart heartleafs farmer's oil Miraflores (an upscale district of Lima, Peru; en.wikipedia.org) farmer's oil formaliser (OED quote) frolicated (from tolfraedic (W2) frolicate) frolicates (from fortalices frolicate) gala-nipper appareling gallinapper apparelling garde-soleil allegorised (The Chambers Dictionary, 2008) German goiter George Martin (record producer, especially of the Beatles; en.wikipedia.org) ginger-tailed trailing edge glacier pine recipiangle (W2) glummerins (from summerling (W2) glummerin) go in halvers overlashing (W2) golondrina lion dragon (W2) grab dinner brandering, rebranding (W2), ring bander (W2) great doin's designator green strip perstringe grind organ ranging-rod (OED) ground tea outranged groundswine undersowing hame string nightmares hare tangle Earth Angel (US doowop song by the Penguins from 1954; en.wikipedia.org) hendersome shoe mender (W2) herricanes rancheries (OED) horse ball tree helleboraster (W2) horse scoop horoscopes horse smelt motherless horsepital hospitaler, trophesial (W2) hot regions reshooting (W2), soothering hotel prime thermopile hurtingest reshutting (W2), shuttering languister granulites, resaluting leader horse horse dealer (W2) leather bat earth table leingister leistering maniportia Maria Pinto (one of various fashion designers used by Michelle Obama; www.huffingtonpost.com) nature-course turneraceous nigger flea gingerleaf (W2) nigger hater regathering night pasture straighten up no'theaster earth tones oatsmobile maltobiose (OED) Oregon mist ergonomist penetentir terpentine (OED) penny social Nancy Pelosi (US congresswoman and Speaker of the House of Representatives; pelosi.house.gov) pestle-tail paillettes, stipellate poison cedar scorpaenoid polecat sumac Saccopetalum (a genus of plants in family Annonaceae; en.wikipedia.org) possum hair aphorismus (a figure of speech that calls into question the meaning of a word; en.wikipedia.org) presmuterian serpentarium rain go-devils devalorising (OED quote) redhead teal death-dealer (OED) redtop cane coparented (Random House Dictionary; 2010) roving Charley overarchingly (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000) sacred harp sharp cedar salvagerous sugarloaves sand shiner sanhedrins sangre de cristo Castres-Gironde (a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in south-western France; en.wikipedia.org) saterfaction fractionates scoot train cartoonist, ostraciont (OED), scortation (W2) second line declension, indolences short sauce out-crashes (OED) sidegodlin disloigned (W2)
Thursby, Cumbria, England