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Exile or dispersion, used almost invariably with reference to the exile of the Jewish people from the land of Israel. Diaspora may be used to refer not only to the state of being in exile, but also to the place of exile -- any place outside of Israel where Jews are living -- to the communities in exile, and to a state of mind that results from living in exile. The Hebrew term galut (also golus, galuth ) expresses the Jew 's feeling of living as a member of a relatively defenseless minority, subject to injustice if not to outright persecution, of an unfulfilled life and destiny as a Jew, and of living in an unredeemed -- though not unredeemable -- world.

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Publication:Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1987
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