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Diabetes linked to baby birth defects.

PREGNANT women with diabetes are almost four times more likely to have a baby with a birth defect, according to new research.

Experts found a higher risk of infants suffering serious problems if women had diabetes, compared to women without the condition.

The birth defects included problems such as spina bifida, digestive, musculoskeletal and cardiovascular defects and urinary disease.

Women with diabetes had a 7% risk of a having a baby with a birth defect, compared to an average of around 2% in women without diabetes.

The chance of a birth defect was lowest in women who had normal blood glucose levels.

Experts analysed data from more than 401,000 pregnancies of single babies, including 1,677 in women with diabetes, between 1996 and 2008.

For women with Type 1 diabetes, the chance of a birth defect was 82.2 per 1,000 pregnancies and 57.9 per 1,000 in women with Type 2.
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Publication:South Wales Echo (Cardiff, Wales)
Date:Feb 6, 2012
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