Denmark most "development-friendly" donor country; Japan lags.
In the 2005 edition, Denmark ranks first, thanks to its generous foreign aid program (for its size), substantial contributions to international peacekeeping, and relatively strong environmental performance. Japan comes in last because of minimal foreign aid (for its size), tight borders to products and people from developing countries, an historical lack of participation in peacekeeping, and a poor international environmental record. The United States scores 5.0 (average), earning it 12th place. It too gives little aid for its size, but its tariffs on crop imports from developing countries are not as high as Europe's and it is relatively progressive in supporting healthy investment in developing countries. But even the top-ranked Danes are no better than average in four of seven policy areas, showing that every rich country could do much more.
CGD revised the environment component of the Index in 2005 in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. It now incorporates indicators of how rich countries damage shared resources like the atmosphere and fisheries, and measures rich-country imports of commodities such as tropical timber and coffee, whose production does environmental harm in developing countries. Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and the U.K. all score high on the environment largely because they actually reduced emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) over the last decade even as their economies grew. Behind those successes lie high gas taxes and strong support for wind power and other renewable energy sources. The United States scores low because of its high GHG emissions and refusal to sign the Kyoto Protocol. Somewhat surprisingly, high fishing subsidies and tropical timber imports pull Japan into last place on the environment. To learn more, visit www.cgdev.org/cdi.
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|Title Annotation:||ENVIRONMENTAL INTELLIGENCE|
|Date:||Jan 1, 2006|
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