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Death and destruction on the Day of Judgment.. delivered from Scotland (; CAMPAIGNERS CALL ON ARMS SUPPLIERS TO STOPSENDING MISSILES TO SAUDI AFTER YEMEN BLOODBATH missilesHuman rights group link horror to Scots factory.

Byline: Billy Briggs

Smart bombs thought to have been part-made in Scotland were among weapons used in Yemen that killed or injured nearly 1000 civilians.

Yemeni group Mwatana for Human Rights investigated 27 allegedly unlawful attacks carried out in the Arab country by a Saudi-led coalition between April 2015 and April 2018.

Its report - which was also compiled by the University Network for Human Rights - reveals that laser-guided Paveway IV bombs made by Raytheon were among munitions dropped by the coalition, who use UK-built warplanes.

At least 122 children and 56 women were among casualties when civilian sites were hit, the report says.

Raytheon's smart-bombs have been linked previously to war crimes allegations in Yemen.

The firm employs about 700 people at its Glenrothes bomb factory and is a major contributor to Scotland's economy.

The Sunday Mail last year revealed Raytheon has received more than PS200,000 in grants from Scottish Government jobs quango Scottish Enterprise.

Smith Mwatana said remnants of Paveway IV laser-guided bombs thought to have been made in Glenrothes were found at four civilian sites after airstrikes.

Survivors gave eyewitness accounts to researchers.

One likened the devastation of coalition airstrikes to the "Day of Judgment" - the name of Mwatana's report.

The human rights organisation said: "These 27 airstrikes killed at least 203 people and injured at least 749."

Raytheon makes bombs in the US and UK.

Five alleged war crimes involved bombs made in the UK - four of them by Raytheon.

Khadija Saleh, 46, witnessed an airstrike on April 2015 when a Raytheon bomb killed a woman and injured six others, including a child, in the Dar Sa'ad district.

She said: "When the bomb exploded, the light turned the night into daylight. The sound shook the house as if it were the Day of Judgment."

On January 2016, a "UK-made Paveway IV laser-guided bomb with US-made Mk-82 warhead" was dropped on a warehouse in Al Hudaydah Governorate.

Ahmed Qayed, 83, Al-Muqbeli Corporation sales director, said: "Because of this horrible scene, the two people who were with me went unconscious."

A Raytheon Paveway IV laser-guided bomb was used in a strike at an industrial estate in the Al-Marawi'ah district in another attack on the same day.

One person died and at least three others were injured.

Five factories and a cultural centre were destroyed in the Al Hudaydah strikes.

The report also details an attack on September 20, 2016, when a US-made Raytheon Paveway II laser-guided bomb dropped on a civilian truck , killing 12 children and three women.

Mwatana added: "Under customary international law as reflected in Article 16 of the International Law Commission's Articles on State Responsibility, the US, the UK and other countries supporting the Saudi/UAE-led coalition may also bear responsibility for aiding or assisting the coalition's indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks. "If many of the companies supplying Saudi Arabia, the UAE and other coalition countries with arms were undertaking reasonable human rights due diligence processes, they would find that their products are being used to kill and maim Yemeni civilians in attacks that violate international humanitarian law's proportionality and distinction requirements.

"These arms suppliers would also find that, after four years of conflict, the coalition has failed to end its unlawful attacks. Arms suppliers should, therefore, end sales to Saudi Arabia, the UAE and other coalition countries."

Andrew Smith, of the Campaign Against Arms Trade, said: "The evidence is now clear, direct and undeniable that Saudi forces are using weapons made in Scotland to commit war crimes.

"But the appalling cases the report analyses are only the tip of the iceberg.

"The bombing has lasted four years and has killed tens of thousands of people.

"It has destroyed vital infrastructure and created the worst humanitarian catastrophe in the world."

Raytheon did not respond to our request for a comment.

A Foreign and Commonwealth Office spokesman said: "The Government takes its export control responsibilities very seriously and will not grant a licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the UK's obligations under the Arms Trade Treaty.

"All export licence applications for Saudi Arabia are assessed rigorously on a case-by-case basis, taking into account all available information from a wide range of sources."

Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Textron and GEC-Marconi Dynamics are also named in Mwatana's report.

The report said the Houthi armed group has violated the laws of war by shelling civilians, committing acts of torture and conscripting child soldiers.

UNICEF said last week that eight kids a day were being killed in Yemen.

Germany has a ban on arms sales to Saudi and the US House of Representatives voted to end US funding for the war in Yemen.

Five air attacks.

Just one arms firm Mwatana for Human Rights have highlighted five alleged war crimes involving UK-made bombs.

strike One Date: April 30, 2015 Location: Dar Sa'ad district Casualties: One killed (a woman) and six injured (including a child and two women) Target: Civilian home in a residential neighbourhood Remnants identified: US-made GBU-12 Paveway II laser-guided bomb with Mk-82 warhead Weapons manufacturer: Raytheon STRIK E TWO Date: January 6, 2016 Location: Kilo 7 district Target: Al-Muqbeli warehouse Remnants identified: UK-made Paveway IV laserguided bomb with US-made Mk-82 warhead.

Weapons manufacturer: Raytheon STRIKE THREE Date: January 6, 2016 Location: Al-Marawi'ah district Target: Derhim industrial factory Remnants identified: Likely a UK-made Paveway IV laserguided bomb with US-made Mk-82 warhead.

Weapons manufacturer: Raytheon STRIKE FOUR Date: September 12, 2016 Location: Bani Al-Harith district Target: Al-Senidar factory complex Remnants identified: UK-made Paveway IV laserguided bomb with US-made Mk-82 warhead Weapons manufacturer: Raytheon STRIKE FIVE Date: September 2, 2016 Target: Government cultural centre Location: Al-Mina district Civilian casualties: One killed and five injured Weapons manufacturer: Raytheon

CAPTION(S):

EVIDENCE Andrew Smith

CLUE Boy with part of a missile that hit bus in Yemen last year

TARGET Smoke above Yemeni capital Sanaa after bombing on January 6, 2016. Right, child hurt in 2018 airstrike

HELL FIRE Fire crews tackle flames after an airstrike at a food warehouse in Al Hudaydah on January 6, 2016. Pic Abduljabbar Zeyad

LETHAL Raytheon Paveway missile
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Publication:Sunday Mail (Glasgow, Scotland)
Geographic Code:7YEME
Date:Mar 10, 2019
Words:1011
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