Dead animals should not be left on the roads.
Managing animal by-products is compulsory under the European Union's Regulation (EC) 1069/2009. It is essential because it protects public and animal health, as well as the environment. The EU regulation covers the management of all animal products through approved methods depending on how hazardous they are and the category they come under.
Animal by-products are dead animals or parts of dead animals (bones, organs, blood, etc.) which are unsuitable for human consumption.
The need to adopt the regulations arose from the food crisis in the 1990s which highlighted the role animal products play in the transmission of infectious diseases (such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also known as Mad Cow disease, LSD -- Lumpy skin disease of cattle etc.). These animal by-products must not enter the food chain. This is why the Regulations introduce stringent health rules as regards their management so as to ensure high levels of health and safety standards. In particular they prohibit animals being fed other dead animals.
Animal by-products can be divided into three categories, depending on how dangerous they are to public and animal health, with Category 1 being the most dangerous.
Category 1 includes pets (non-productive, mainly cats and dogs) as well as animals suspected of having been infected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy or animals that contain specified risk material (SRM).
Such waste, once collected, is transferred without delay to an approved incineration unit or to an approved unit for processing using a specific procedure based on regulation 1069/2009 EC. Since 2009, seven municipalities in the district of Nicosia (Strovolos, Aglandjia, Engomi, Latsia, Nicosia, Lakatamia and Ayios Dhometios) cooperate with a licensed unit to collect (from a special centre in Strovolos), transport and process dead pets. In 2014, some 1,730 dead animals were collected from these municipalities (an 85% increase compared to the number collected in 2009).
For reasons already given, it is forbidden to leave these animals out in nature, dispose of them in landfills or bury them.
Category 2 covers animals that do not contain specified risk material (SRM) and which were not slaughtered for human consumption, e.g. dead pigs. Category 2 covers animal by-products which were suitable for human consumption but for some reason were thrown out (e.g. butchers' waste).
To manage animal by-products from farms, the Veterinary Services of the Ministry of Agriculture has been cooperating since 2007 with the only licensed unit which is in Kofinou.
This unit offers collection, transport, processing and final disposals services of animal by-products for the whole of Cyprus. It is licensed by the Veterinary Services to manage all the categories of animal by-products (that is 1, 2 and 3). The same company also cooperates with the Fisheries Department, Customs and Excise, veterinary clinics, animal shelters and other organisations.
Solonas Karasialis, Electrical Engineer, Telecommunications Engineer
Director Sigan Management Ltd
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