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David, St.

David, St.

(fl 6th century ad ) The patron saint of Wales. Legend relates that David was son of Xantus, Prince of Cereticu, now called Cardiganshire. He was brought up a priest, became an ascetic in the Isle of Wight, preached to the Britons, confuted Pelagius, and was preferred to the see of Caerleon or Menevia (i.e., main aw, " narrow water or firth " ). Here the saint had received his early education, and when Dyvrig, the archbishop, resigned his see to him, St. David removed the archiepiscopal residence to Menevia, which was henceforth called St. David's. The waters of Bath " owe their warmth and salutary qualities to the benediction of this saint. " The leek worn by Welshmen on St. David's Day is in memory of a complete victory obtained by them over the Saxons (March 1, 640). This victory is ascribed to the prayers of St. David and his judicious adoption of a leek in the cap, that the Britons might readily recognize each other. The Saxons, having no badge, not unfrequently turned their swords against their own supporters.

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Publication:Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1987
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