Data bolster guidelines for surveillance after polypectomy.
Adults with no polyps at baseline colonoscopy and average risk for colorectal cancer can still wait 10 years until their next colonoscopy, according to updated surveillance guidelines from the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer.
The guidelines were published in the September issue of Gastroenterology.
New concerns, including the risk of interval colorectal cancer (CRC), the risk of proximal colorectal cancer, and the role of serrated polyps in carcinogenesis prompted an update to the guidelines, which were last revised in 2006, according to lead author Dr. David A. Lieberman of Oregon Health and Science University Portland, and his colleagues.
The task force is composed of GI specialists representing the three major GI professional organizations: American College of Gastroenterology (ACG), American Gastroenterological Association Institute (AGAI), and American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).
Overall, the recommendations have not changed, but the task force reviewed the most recent literature and found additional evidence to support several categories of surveillance and screening intervals for adults with average risk of CRC at the time of a baseline screening.
Recommendations supported by new evidence include a 10-year interval for individuals with no polyps, and a 5-to 10-year interval for those with one or two tubular adenomas less than 10 mm in size. New evidence also supports a 3-year interval for patients with 3-10 tubular adenomas of any size, and also 3 years for patients with one or more tubular adenomas 10 mm or larger. In addition, data reported since 2006 support a 3-year surveillance interval for patients with one or more villous adenomas.
Recommendations that remain unchanged without additional evidence are a 10-year surveillance interval for individuals with hyperplastic polyps in the rectum or sigmoid, an interval of less than 3 years for those with more than 10 adenomas, and an interval of 3 years in cases of an adenoma with high-grade dysplasia.
In addition, serrated lesions are now included as part of the surveillance schedule after a baseline colonoscopy. Individuals with one or more sessile serrated polyps less than 10 mm in size and no dysplasia should be rescreened after .5 years. Those with one or more sessile serrated polyps 10 mm or larger, or any sessile serrated polyp with dysplasia, or a traditional serrated adenoma should be rescreened after 3 years.
Individuals with serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) should be rescreened after 1 year. Serrated polyposis syndrome is defined as meeting one of three criteria (in agreement with the World Health Organization definition): at least five serrated polyps proximal to the sigmoid, with at least two measuring 10 mm or larger; any serrated polyps proximal to the sigmoid in patients with a family history of SPS; and more than 20 serrated polyps of any size throughout the colon.
The authors noted that the quality of the evidence supporting the current guidelines is low, and will require updates. "There are no longitudinal studies available on which to base surveillance intervals after resection," they said.
In addition, given new evidence about the increased risk of colonoscopy with advancing age, surveillance and screening should be discontinued when the risks outweigh the benefits, according to the guidelines.
"The United States Preventive Services Task Forces determined that screening should not be continued after age 85 years because risk could exceed potential benefit," the task force noted. "It is the opinion of the MSTF that the decision to continue surveillance should be individualized, based on an assessment of benefit, risk, and co-morbidities."
However, "the guidelines are dynamic, and will be revised in the future, based on new evidence. This new evidence should include information about the quality of the baseline examinations," the authors said. "The task force recommends that all endoscopists monitor key quality indicators as part of a colonoscopy screening and surveillance program," they noted.
Major Finding: Recommendations supported by new evidence include a 5-to 10-year interval for individuals with one or two tubular adenomas less than 10 mm in size.
Data Source: The data come from a review of English-language articles published between 2005 and 2011.
Disclosures: Lead author Dr. David Lieberman has served on the advisory boards of Given Imaging and Exact Sciences.
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|Publication:||Internal Medicine News|
|Date:||Sep 1, 2012|
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