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Damaszener Mitteilungen, Band 3.

These handsomely produced, hard-bound volumes offer twenty-eight articles whose subjects range from the Early Bronze Age down to recent Islamic times. The photographs and drawings are excellent and this reviewer could find very few proofreading errors.(1) While all the articles are of high quality, there is not space in this short review to do much more than indicate their topics. These are listed below according to period for the convenience of scholars with particular interests:

Bronze Age (4 articles). Volkmar Fritz: Egyptian influence on the designs of Late Bronze age houses at Tell el-Fara (S.), Beth Shan, Khirbet el-Msas and Garizim (Dam 3:27-34). Harmut Kuhne and Gerwulf Schneider: Four variants of "Metallic Ware" defined through macroscopic and chemical analysis of a sampling of sherds from various sites (Dam 3:83-139). Peter Pfalzner et al.: The Early Bronze and Late Bronze Age remains found in the 1985 season at Tell Bderi (DaM 3: 223-386). Helga Seeden and Jim Wilson: Third-millennium remains at village sites northeast and northwest of Hasseke (DaM 4:1-3 1).

Iron Age (4 articles). As ad Mabmoud et al.: Neo-Assyrian architecture at Tell Ajaja and a ceramic sequence from neo-Assyrrian to Islamic times (DaM 3:140-84). Thomas Weber: A bronze statuette which was probably made in Greece in the fifth century B.C. and is now in the Aleppo museum (DaM 3:413-16). Ursula Moortgat-Correns: A neo-Assyrian bronze statuette from Tell Halaf (Dam 4:33-39). Rolf A. Stucky: A basalt column capital of the early first millennium B.C. from Tell el Hajj (DaM 4:41-44).

Roman Period (13 articles). Fred C. Albertson: A marble portrait head of Marcus Aurelius which was probably made by a Syrian or north Judean sculptor who had trained under a Greek master (DaM 3:1-9). Peter C. Bol: Roman bronze statues which may reflect a Syrian tradition of representing Adonis-Tammuz (Dam 3:11-15). Klaus S. Freyberger (4 articles): Architectural ornament of the theater at Bosra, which suggests a late second or early third century A.D. date for the theater (DaM 3:17-26); a reevaluation of the existing ruins at Bosra, suggesting that many belong to the early third century A.D. (DaM 4:45-60); a review of the inscriptional and archaeological evidence for the Roman temple of Jupiter in Damascus (DaM 4:61-86); the Roman temple of Tyche at as-Sanamain in the northern Hauran (DaM 4:87-108, with a contribution by Renate Barscay-Regner). Ernest A. Knauff: A rock drawing from the Jebel Qurna which may show Sassanian horsemen (DaM 3:77-82). Klaus Parlasca (2 articles): Iconographic problems of Palmyrene tomb reliefs (DaM 3:215-21); Tomb no. 3 (Qasr el-Abiad), the so-called Funerary Temple, and Tomb no. 150 (the Marona House tomb) at Palmyra (Dam 4:181-90). G. R. H. Wright: Origins and possible meanings of the "severed human head" motif on two fragmentary reliefs from Petra (DaM 3:417-25). Manfred Klinkott: A detailed architectural study of the Roman "temple" in the village of Dmeir northeast of Damascus (DaM 4:109-61). Guntram Koch: Eighteen Roman-period sarcophagi in the Damascus Museum, which exemplify both regional and foreign styles (DaM 4:163-79). Gerhard Kleiner: The Helienistic, Roman, and oriental elements in the sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitan at Baalbak and the Temple of Bel at Palmyra (DaM 4:191-203).

Byzantine Period (1 article). Geoffrey R. D. King, J. L. King, and J. D. Deemer: Nine Byzantine churches in the Jordanian Hauran (DaM 3:33-75).

Islamic Period (6 articles). Michael Meinecke (2 articles): The Iranian origin of the axial arrangement of four iwans around a courtyard and its spread westward via the Seljuks' promulgation of madrasas (Dam 3:185-202); wall tiles of a master tile maker of the fifteenth century in Egypt, Syria, and Anatolia, which demonstrate the influence itinerant workshops had in creating an international artistic language (Dam 3:203-14). Helga Seeden: An Umayyad house found on the northwest tell of Bosra and some evidence of Middle Bronze and Late Bronze occupation from a small sounding there (DaM 3:387-41 1). Khaled al-As ad and Franciszek M. Stepniowski: The remains of a stone built suq of the Umayyad period in the colonnaded street at Palmyra (Dam 4:205-23). Ghazi Bisheh: Clearance and restoration work on the Umayyad period Hammam al-Sarah, 55 kilometers northeast of Amman (DaM 4:225-30). Annette Gangler and Heinz Gaube: A sociological, historical and architectural study of a residential quarter east of the Bab el-Hadid in Aleppo (DaM 4:231-49).

Certainly specialists within each period will find points of dispute among the offerings here, but this does not lessen the value of these two volumes for whose publication the Deutsches Archaologisches Institut in Damascus is to be commended.

(1) In DaM 4 on page 63 last two lines of the first paragraph are printed twice. On plate 58 of this same volume the "b") has been left out the caption to the second paragraph.
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Author:Dunham, Sally
Publication:The Journal of the American Oriental Society
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Jul 1, 1993
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