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DOH says only four provinces remain endemic for malaria.

By Analou De Vera

The Department of Health (DOH) said that only four provinces in the country remain endemic for malaria.

The four provinces are Palawan, Sulu, Occidental Mindoro, and Sultan Kudarat, the health department said in a statement.

"Of the total 81 provinces in the country, 50 are already declared malaria-free, 27 are now under elimination phase, and only four remain as having local transmission," it said.

Last year, there are a total of 4,870 malaria cases and four deaths were reported, the DOH said.

"By 2022, the DOH aims to reduce malaria incidence rate by 90 percent. To realize this goal, the strategies include early diagnosis and complete treatment, use of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying of insecticide," the health department stated.

The DOH reminded that malaria is preventable.

"Key measures for malaria prevention are awareness of endemic areas, bite prevention through wearing of long sleeved clothes and using of insect repellants and mosquito nets (preferably insecticide-treated), and prophylactic treatment when traveling to endemic areas," it said.

Malaria is contracted from a bite of an infective female Anopheles mosquito that breeds in rivers and lakes. It can also be transmitted by blood transfusion, and possibly mother to child before and or during birth, said the DOH.

Some of its symptoms include high fever, headache, chills and shivers, nausea, and vomiting.

"If symptoms of malaria are observed, seek immediate medical consultation," the DOH said.

CAPTION(S):

An Anopheles stephensi mosquito obtains a blood meal from a human host through its pointed proboscis in this undated handout photo obtained by Reuters November 23, 2015. A known malarial vector, the species can found from Egypt all the way to China. (REUTERS/Jim Gathany/CDC/Handout via Reuters / MANILA BULLETIN)

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Title Annotation:National
Publication:Manila Bulletin
Geographic Code:9PHIL
Date:Apr 26, 2019
Words:290
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