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DEVELOPMENT OF A FOOD COMPOSITION TABLE TO ANALYZE SENEGALESE FOOD EXPENDITURE DATA.

INTRODUCTION

Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys (HCES) are increasingly used to estimate the potential of food fortification programs [1]. In the absence of nationally representative 24-hour dietary recall or food frequency data, HCES can estimate the apparent consumption of foods that can potentially be fortified or are already fortified [2]. In 2011, the Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Demographie collected the Enquete de Suivi de laPauvrete au Senegal survey. A food composition table was needed to use the survey to estimate the potential impact of fortification on apparent nutrient intake in the Senegalese population. As no Senegal food composition table exists, this project aimed to develop one.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The French-language survey contained 50 foods items; these were translated into English using an internet translation tool. A native French speaker verified the results. Several sources were searched to identify the foods' content of 13 micronutrients: biotin, folate, iodine, iron, niacin, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin D, and zinc. Table de Composition des Aliments dAfrique de l'Ouest [3] was the main source, followed by USDA Food Composition Databases [4] and the Frida Fooddata [5]. For foods missing nutrient information, literature reviews were conducted in the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis [6] and Agricola database [7] and books were consulted [8 - 13]. When nutrient information could not be found for the genus and species of interest, these same sources were searched for foods in the same family. For example, goat (Capra aegagrus) and lamb (Ovis aires) are in the same subfamily (Bovidae). If a food item in the same family could not be found, then other shared characteristics were used. For some nutrients, potato values were used for cassava because they are both tubers.

For some food items, the survey collected data on food groups instead of specific foods such as alcoholic beverage. Two steps were followed to identify a suitable specific food to represent a group. Food and Agriculture Organization food balance sheet data from Senegal were used to identify leading foods in a category such as beer for alcoholic beverages [14]. A Senegalese chef was the final arbiter in identifying the most suitable specific food.

Senegal has mandatory fortification of oil, salt and wheat flour and voluntary fortification of bouillon cube. Fortified versions of ten foods were also added to the table. For palm oil, vegetable oil, groundnut oil, soya oil [15], and salt [16], the nutrient values in the Senegal fortification standard were added to the nutrient values of unfortified food to obtain the fortified food's total nutrient values. For example, 9000 ug of iodine must be added per 100 g of fortified salt [16]. Unfortified salt is estimated to have 42 ug of iodine per 100 g. Fortified salt was calculated to contain 9042 ug of iodine per 100 g. For fortified bouillon cube, Maggi bouillon cube served as the source of micronutrient levels [17]. Because bouillon cube is a processed food with no natural counterpart, it was established that non-fortified bouillon cube does not contain any micronutrients. For nutrients that were not included in fortification standards such as iron for salt, the level for the non-fortified version of the product was used for the fortified version as well.

Four foods contain wheat flour, oil, and salt: baguette, croissant, water biscuits, and fried egg sandwich. Fortified and non-fortified versions of these foods were included in the table. To calculate the nutrient content of the fortified version, the country's fortification standards for wheat flour [18], oil [15], and salt [16] were used together with recipes for those four foods (i.e. manual calculation). For example, water biscuits contain 120 g of wheat flour, 14.2 g of vegetable oil, and 2.8 g of salt. Iron values for wheat flour, vegetable oil, and salt were provided by the Table de Composition des Aliments d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Multiplying the iron value from the source by the amount used in the recipe and dividing by 100 yielded the iron value of each ingredient. The final amount of iron (mg/100 g) for water biscuits was calculated by summing the iron value of each ingredient, dividing that by the total grams of recipe ingredients, and multiplying by 100. Emory University's Institutional Review Board determined that this study did not require ethics review because the data are de-identified.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The food composition table contains 13 micronutrients (expressed per 100 g of food) for 60 foods (50 unfortified and 10 fortified) as shown in Table 1. Several limitations were encountered while compiling the table. First, biotin, iodine, and pantothenic acid are not available in the Table de Composition des Aliments d'Afrique de l'Ouest, nor are biotin and iodine included in the USDA Food Composition Databases. Since Frida Fooddata includes these nutrients, it was the main source of the information. Second, for some fortified food products, nutrients values were calculated manually using recipes. It is possible that nutrient values are overestimated as nutrient losses caused by storage, preparation, and cooking were not taken into account. Third, for some foods, it was necessary to use the nutrient value of a food in the same family, but not genus or species. It is possible that these values do not accurately represent the nutrients in the foods of interest. Fourth, for some foods we were unable to find different food composition values and thus the nutrient profile is the same for two foods. Lastly, foods selected to represent a food category may not accurately reflect Senegalese consumption, and the nutrient values extracted from multiple sources may not accurately reflect the nutrient levels of foods as grown or sold in Senegal.

The main strength is that the compiled table allows the analysis of HCES data that otherwise could not be used to estimate food-intake patterns, nutrient-intake patterns, and the potential for fortified foods to improve nutrient intakes for particular sociodemographic groups in Senegal.

CONCLUSION

A food composition table was constructed to analyze Senegal's most recent HCES. It has data on 13 micronutrients for 50 non-fortified and 10 fortified foods. The food composition table is available for any researcher interested in analyzing Senegal's 2011 HCES for apparent nutrient intake.

Acknowledgements

Young Moo Yoo's time was supported by the Food Fortification Initiative. Helena Pachon's time was supported by an agreement between the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), McKing Consulting Corporation, and Emory University.

Thanks are extended to Julia Merrill for English-French translation, Hillary Chen and Sharon Dorsey for administrative assistance, Ruth Charrondiere and Nicole Dermers for assistance with identifying relevant food composition tables, and Marie-Claude Mendy for helping to identify Senegalese foods and recipes.

Disclaimer

The findings and conclusions of this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

REFERENCES

[1.] Dary O and B Imhoff-Kunsch Measurement of Food Consumption to Inform Food Fortification and Other Nutrition Programs: An Introduction to Methods and Their Application. Food. Nutr. Bull. 2012; 33(3 Suppl): S141-5.

[2.] Bermudez OI, Lividini K, Smitz MF and JL Fiedler Estimating Micronutrient Intakes from Household Consumption and Expenditures Surveys (HCES): An Example from Bangladesh. Food. Nutr. Bull. 2012; 33(3 Suppl):S208-13.

[3.] Barbara S Table de Composition des Aliments d'Afrique de l'Ouest. FAO 2012: Rome.

[4.] United States Department of Agriculture. USDA Food Composition Databases. National Agricultural Library. Version 3.7.1. 2017.

[5.] National Food Institute. Frida Fooddata. Technical University of Denmark. Version 2. 2015.

[6.] Pennington JAT, Bowes ADP and HN Church Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. Lippincott, Philadelphia. 1998.

[7.] United States of Department of Agriculture. AGRICOLA. National Agricultural Library. 2006.

[8.] Souci SW, Fachmann W, Kraut H, Scherz H, Kloos G and F Senser Food Composition and Nutrition Tables. J. Appl. Botany. Food. Qual. 2016.

[9.] Pinndal K and W Hjarde Jodindholdet i den danske kost. Husholdningsradet. 1982.

[10.] McCane R and E Widdowson The Composition of Foods, 4th edition. HM Stationery Office, London. 1978.

[11.] James D Nicotinic Acid, Pantothenic Acid and Biotin in Fruits, Vegetable and Nuts. University of Bristol Research Station, 1950: Long Ashton.

[12.] Pennington JAT Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. 17th ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1998.

[13.] Staggs CG, Sealey WM, Mccabe BJ, Teague AM and DM Mock Determination of the Biotin Content of Select Foods Using Accurate and Sensitive HPLC/avidin Binding. J. Food. Compost. Anal. 2004.

[14.] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO. 2017: Rome

[15.] Traore T Report of Regional Consensus Meeting on Harmonizing Standards and the Regulatory Framework for Food Fortification in ECOWAS Member States, 2013: Accra.

[16.] Le President de la Republique. Decret Rendant Obligatoire l'Iodation du sel. Republique du Senegal. 2000.

[17.] Nestle Nigeria PLC. Nutritional Information of Maggi Seasoning Cubes. 2016: Lagos.

[18.] Le President de la Republique. Soft Wheat Flour Fortified with Iron and Vitamin B9, Specifications. 2013: Senegal.

Yoo YM (1), Atkin RA (2) and H Pachon (3*)

(*) Corresponding author email: helena.pachon@emory.edu

(1) Alumnus, MSPH, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE Room 2409, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

(2) Principal, MBA, Double Beta Consulting 1000 2nd Avenue, Suite 4000, Seattle, WA 98104, USA

(3) Senior Nutrition Scientist, PhD, MPH, Food Fortification Initiative and Research Professor, PhD, MPH, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE Room 2409, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

Yoo YM (1), Atkin RA (2) and H Pachon (3*)

* Corresponding author email: helena.pachon@emory.edu

1 Alumnus, MSPH, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE Room 2409, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

2 Principal, MBA, Double Beta Consulting 1000 2nd Avenue, Suite 4000, Seattle, WA 98104, USA

3 Senior Nutrition Scientist, PhD, MPH, Food Fortification Initiative and Research Professor, PhD, MPH, Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE Room 2409, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Table 1: Food Composition Table (nutrient values are expressed per
100 g)

Classification  Food    English food  Iron (mg)  Folate dig)
                Number  name
                        (French
                        name)

Food                                       9.5       29
Source (3)      1       Millet            [3]        [3]
                        (Mil)
Code (4)                              01_015     01_015
Food                                       3.4       30
Source (3)      2       Sorghum           [3]        [3]
                        (Sorgho)
Code (4)                              01_041     01_041
Food                                       3.5       26
Source (3)      3       Maize             [3]        [3]
Code (4)                (Mais)        01_006     01_006
Food                                       8.5       29
Source (3)      4       Fonio             [3]        [3]
Code (4)                (Fonio)       01_001     01_001
Food            5                          3.22      14.67

Classification  Vit A-RAE  Vit B12    Vit D (|ig)    Zinc     Thiamin
                (ng)       (ng)                      (mg)     (mg)

Food                 0          0          0            1.47       0.30
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]        [3]

Code (4)        01_015     01_015     01_015       01_015     01_015
Food                 0          0          0            1.97       0.36
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]        [3]

Code (4)        01_041     01_041     01_041       01_041     01_041
Food                50          0          0            1.70       0.33
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]        [3]
Code (4)        01_006     01_006     01_006       01_006     01_006
Food                 0          0          0            1.50       0.25
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]        [3]
Code (4)        01_001     01_001     01_001       01_001     01_001
Food                19.06       0.35       0.06         0.69       0.11

Classification  Riboflavin  Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin     Iodine (ng)
                (mg)                     (mg)

Food                 0.13        0.73         1.7        5
Source (3)          [3]         [3]          [3]        [5]

Code (4)        01_015      01_015       01_015        385
Food                 0.16        0.25         3.3        0.5
Source (3)          [3]         [3]          [3]       ([5]) (2)

Code (4)        01_041      01_041       01_041         59
Food                 0.15        0.40         2.2        0.5
Source (3)          [3]         [3]          [3]        [5]
Code (4)        01_006      01_006       01_006         31
Food                 0.10        0.73         1.7        5
Source (3)          [3]         [3]          [3]       ([5]) (2)
Code (4)        01_001      01_001       01_001        385
Food                 0.145       0.25         0.58       8.8

Classification  Pantothenic   Biotin dig)
                acid (mg)

Food                 0.848       1.9
Source (3)          [4]       ([5]) (2)

Code (4)         20031         189
Food                 0.367      19
Source (3)          [4]        ([5]) (2)

Code (4)         20067          59
Food                 0.54        0.5
Source (3)          [5]        [5]
Code (4)            31          31
Food                 0.848       1.9
Source (3)         ([4]) (2)   ([5]) (2)
Code (4)         20031         189
Food                 0.47        2

Classification  Food    English food  Iron (mg)  Folate dig)
                Number  name
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Millet        CMR (1)    CMR (1)
                        porridge
                        (Bouillie de
                        millet)
Code (4)                                NA         NA
Food                    Imported           0.7       20
                        whole rice
                        (Riz entier
                        importe)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]
Code (4)        6                     01_036     01_036
Food                    Imported           0.7       20
                        broken rice
                        (Riz brise
                        importe)
Source (3)                            [3]        [3]
Code (4)        7                     01_036     01_036
Food                                       1.7       95
Source (3)      8       Red rice      [3]           [4]
                        (Riz local)
Code (4)                              01_067      20088

Classification  Vit A-RAE  Vit B12  Vit D (|ig)    Zinc
                (ng)       (ng)                    (mg)

Source (3)      CMR (1)    CMR (1)  CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)          NA         NA       NA           NA
Food                 0          0        0            1.10
Source (3)          [3]        [3]      [3]          [3]
Code (4)        01_036     01_036   01_036       01_036
Food                 0          0        0            1.10
Source (3)      [3]        [3]      [3]          [3]
Code (4)        01_036     01_036   01_036       01_036
Food                 0          0        0            5.96
Source (3)         [3]        [3]      [3]          [4]
Code (4)        01_067     01_067   01_067        20088

Classification  Thiamin    Riboflavin  Vit B6 (mg)   Niacin
                (mg)       (mg)                      (mg)

Source (3)      CMR (1)    CMR (1)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)          NA         NA            NA            NA
Food                 0.07       0.03          0.13           0.4
Source (3)          [3]        [3]           [3]           [3]
Code (4)        01_036     01_036        01_036         01_036
Food                 0.07       0.03          0.13           0.4
Source (3)      [3]        [3]           [3]            [3]
Code (4)        01_036     01_036        01_036         01_036
Food                 0.06       0.10          0.391          2.0
Source (3)         [3]        [3]            [4]           [3]
Code (4)        01_067     01_067         20088         01_067

Classification  Iodine (ng)     Pantothenic  Biotin dig)
                                acid (mg)

Source (3)       CMR (1)         CMR (1)      [10]
Code (4)           NA              NA           NA
Food                  2.2            0.55       3
Source (3)           [5]           [5]        [5]
Code (4)           1252           1252       1252
Food                  2.2            0.55       3
Source (3)            [5]           [5]        [5]
Code (4)            1252          1252       1252
Food                   4.5           1.074      3
Source (3)           ([5]) (2)      [4]       ([5]) (2)
Code (4)             156         20088        156

Classification  Food         English food  Iron (mg)   Folate (dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Food                         Groundnut           3.91      110
                             (Arachide
                             decortiquee)
Source (3)      9                               [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                    06_010      06_010
Food                         Peanut paste        4.0       110
                             (Pate
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)      10                              [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                    06_026      06_026
Food            11           Groundnut           4.0       110
                             paste
                             (Pate
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                      [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                    06_026      06_026
Food            12           Palm oil            0.01        0
                             (Huiles de
                             palme)
Source (3)                                     [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                   11_007      11_007
Food            12           Palm oil           0.01        0
                (Fortified)
Source (3)                                     [3]         [3]

Classification   Vit A-RAE   Vit B12   Vit D (|ig)    Zinc     Thiamin
                (ng)        (ng)                     (mg)     (mg)

Food                0           0         0              2.5        0.87
Source (3)           [3]         [3]       [3]          [3]        [3]
Code (4)         06_010      06_010    06_010       06_010     06_010
Food                  0           0         0            2.0        0.39
Source (3)           [3]         [3]       [3]          [3]         [3]
Code (4)         06_026      06_026    06_026       06_026     06_026
Food                  0           0         0            2.0        0.39
Source (3)           [3]         [3]       [3]          [3]        [3]
Code (4)         06_026      06_026    06_026       06_026     06_026
Food                  0           0         0            0          0
Source (3)            [3]         [3]       [3]          [3]        [3]
Code (4)          11_007      11_007    11_007       11_007     11_007
Food                1750           0         0            0          0
Source (3)          CMR (1)       [3]       [3]          [3]        [3]

Classification    Riboflavin    Vit B6 (mg)    Niacin  Iodine (ng)
                 (mg)                         (mg)

Food                  0.14          0.59         15.5      0.5
Source (3)           [3]           [3]            [3]     [5]
Code (4)         06_010        06_010        06_010      150
Food                  0.14          0.59         15.3      0.5
Source (3)            [3]           [3]          [3]      [5]
Code (4)         06_026        06_026        06_026     1162
Food                  0.14          0.59         15.3      0.5
Source (3)           [3]           [3]           [3]      [5]
Code (4)         06_026        06_026        06_026     1162
Food                  0             0             0        0
Source (3)          [3]           [3]            [3]      ([5]) (2)
Code (4)        11_007        11_007         11_007      1345
Food                 0             0              0         0
Source (3)          [3]           [3]            [3]      ([5]) (2)

Classification   Pantothenic  Biotin dig)
                acid (mg)

Food                2.8          34
Source (3)         [5]          [5]
Code (4)          150           150
Food                1.04         30
Source (3)         [5]          CMR (1)
Code (4)         1162           NA
Food                1.04         30
Source (3)        [5]          CMR (1)
Code (4)         1162           NA
Food                0            0
Source (3)           [5]          ([5]) (2)
Code (4)           1355           1415
Food                  0              0
Source (3)           [5]           ([5]) (2)

Classification  Food         English food   Iron (mg)  Folate dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                    11_010     11_010
Food            13           Vegetable oil       0          0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                      [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                    11_010     11_010
Food            14           Groundnut           0.03       0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                      [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                    11_003     11_003
Food            14           Groundnut           0.03       0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                      [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                    11_003     11_003

Classification  Food         English food   Vit A-RAE   Vit B12
                Number       name           (ng)        (ng)
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                      11_010    11_010
Food            13           Vegetable oil  1750         0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                  CMR (1)     [3]
Code (4)                                    NA          11_010
Food            14           Groundnut         0         0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                    [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                      11_003    11_003
Food            14           Groundnut      1750         0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                  CMR (1)     [3]
Code (4)                                    NA          11_003

Classification  Food         English food    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                     11_010       11_010
Food            13           Vegetable oil    0            0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_010       11_010
Food            14           Groundnut        0            0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003       11_003
Food            14           Groundnut        0            0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003       11_003

Classification  Food         English food    Thiamin   Riboflavin
                Number       name            (mg)      (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                     11_010    11_010
Food            13           Vegetable oil    0         0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     11_010    11_010
Food            14           Groundnut        0         0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003    11_003
Food            14           Groundnut        0         0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003    11_003

Classification  Food         English food    Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                     11_010       11_010
Food            13           Vegetable oil    0            0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_010       11_010
Food            14           Groundnut        0            0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003       11_003
Food            14           Groundnut        0            0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_003       11_003

Classification  Food         English food    Iodine (ng)  Pantothenic
                Number       name                         acid (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                     1345         04513
Food            13           Vegetable oil      0             0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                    ([5]) (2)      [4]
Code (4)                                     1345         04513
Food            14           Groundnut          0             0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                    ([5]) (2)      [5]
Code (4)                                     1345          1380
Food            14           Groundnut          0             0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                    ([5]) (2)      [5]
Code (4)                                     1345          1380

Classification  Food         English food    Biotin dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Code (4)                                     NA
Food            13           Vegetable oil       0
                (Fortified)  (Huiles
                             vegetales)
Source (3)                                     [10] (2)
Code (4)                                     NA
Food            14           Groundnut           0
                             oil
                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Source (3)                                     ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                                      1415
Food            14           Groundnut           0
                (Fortified)  oil
Source (3)                                     ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                                      1415

Classification  Food         English food    Iron (mg)   Folate dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil             0.1         0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009      11_009
Food            15           Soya oil             0.1         0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009      11_009
Food            16           Tomato               3.0        10
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     04_066      04_066
Food            17           Cabbage              0.6        48
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     04_005      04_005

Classification  Food         English food    Vit A-RAE   Vit B12
                Number       name            (ng)        (ng)
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil           0         0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       11_009    11_009
Food            15           Soya oil        1750         0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                    CMR (1)    [3]
Code (4)                                      NA         11_009
Food            16           Tomato            75.1       0
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       04_066    04_066
Food            17           Cabbage            8         0
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       04_005    04_005

Classification  Food         English food    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil         0            0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009       11_009
Food            15           Soya oil         0            0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009       11_009
Food            16           Tomato           0            0.40
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_066       04_066
Food            17           Cabbage          0            0.20
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_005       04_005

Classification  Food         English food    Thiamin   Riboflavin
                Number       name            (mg)      (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil         0         0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009    11_009
Food            15           Soya oil         0         0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009    11_009
Food            16           Tomato           0.06      0.153
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     04_066    04_066
Food            17           Cabbage          0.05      0.04
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     04_005    04_005

Classification  Food         English food    Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil         0            0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009       11_009
Food            15           Soya oil         0            0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     11_009       11_009
Food            16           Tomato           0.216        3.08
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_066       04_066
Food            17           Cabbage          0.10         0.3
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_005       04_005

Classification  Food         English food    Iodine (ng)  Pantothenic
                Number       name                         acid (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil           0             0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                     1461          1461
Food            15           Soya oil           0             0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                     1461          1461
Food            16           Tomato             4.4           0.44
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                     1216          1216
Food            17           Cabbage            0.1           0.324
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                       44            44

Classification  Food         English food    Biotin dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

                             (Huiles
                             d'arachide)
Food            15           Soya oil            0
                             (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                      1461
Food            15           Soya oil            0
                (Fortified)  (Huile de
                             soja)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                      1461
Food            16           Tomato              3
                             paste
                             (Concentre
                             de tomates)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                      1216
Food            17           Cabbage             0.1
                             (Choux)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                        44

Classification  Food         English food    Iron (mg)   Folate dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato               0.6        21
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     04_021      04_021
Food            19           Onion                0.3        16
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     04_018      04_018
Food            20           Dried                7.3        417
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     03_004      03_004
Food            21           Cassava              0.7        24
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     02_001      02_001
Food            22           Carrot               0.7        31
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                       [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                     04_006      04_006

Classification  Food         English food    Vit A-RAE   Vit B12
                Number       name            (ng)        (ng)
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato            52         0
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       04_021    04_021
Food            19           Onion              0         0
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       04_018    04_018
Food            20           Dried              3         0
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       03_004    03_004
Food            21           Cassava            1.25      0
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       02_001    02_001
Food            22           Carrot           713         0
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                     [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                       04_006    04_006

Classification  Food         English food    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato           0            0.70
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_021       04_021
Food            19           Onion            0            0.26
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_018       04_018
Food            20           Dried            0            4.61
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     03_004       03_004
Food            21           Cassava          0            0.34
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     02_001       02_001
Food            22           Carrot           0            0.26
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_006       04_006

Classification  Food         English food    Thiamin   Riboflavin
                Number       name            (mg)      (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato           0.06      0.04
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     04_021    04_021
Food            19           Onion            0.05      0.04
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     04_018    04_018
Food            20           Dried            0.71      0.15
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     03_004    03_004
Food            21           Cassava          0.04      0.05
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     02_001    02_001
Food            22           Carrot           0.06      0.05
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                   [3]       [3]
Code (4)                                     04_006    04_006

Classification  Food         English food    Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin
                Number       name                         (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato           0.09         0.6
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_021       04_021
Food            19           Onion            0.10         0.2
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_018       04_018
Food            20           Dried            0.36         3.1
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     03_004       03_004
Food            21           Cassava          0.088        0.677
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     02_001       02_001
Food            22           Carrot           0.23         0.7
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                   [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                     04_006       04_006

Classification  Food         English food    Iodine (ng)  Pantothenic
                Number       name                         acid (mg)
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato             0.2           0.33
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                       52            52
Food            19           Onion              0.9           0.13
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                      716           716
Food            20           Dried              0.5           2
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                      592           592
Food            21           Cassava            1.2           0.107
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                    ([5]) (2)      [5]
Code (4)                                        4           939
Food            22           Carrot             3             0.28
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                     [5]           [5]
Code (4)                                       24            24

Classification  Food         English food    Biotin dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Food            18           Tomato              1.5
                             (Tomates)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                        52
Food            19           Onion               0.9
                             (Oignons)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                       716
Food            20           Dried               0.5
                             cowpea
                             (Niebe sec)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                       592
Food            21           Cassava             0.47
                             (Manioc
                             frais)
Source (3)                                     ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                                         4
Food            22           Carrot              3.4
                             (Carotte)
Source (3)                                      [5]
Code (4)                                        24

Classification  Food         English food  Iron (mg)  Folate dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Food            23           Bouillon           0.0        0.0
                             cube
                             (Bouillon)
Source (3)                                 NA         NA
Code (4)                                   NA         NA
Food            23           Bouillon          63.0       32
                (Fortified)  cube
                             (Bouillon)
Source (3)                                 Reed           [3]
Code (4)                                   NA         13_008
Food            24           Mango              0.6       21
                             (Mangue)
Source (3)                                     [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                   05_037     05_037
Food            25           Fried egg          1.65      63.83
                             sandwich
                             (Sandwich
                             aux oeufs
                             frits)
Source (3)                                 CMR (1)    CMR (1)
Code (4)                                   NA         NA
Food            25                              4.50     284.44

Classification  Vit A-RAE  Vit B12    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                (ng)       (ng)                    (mg)

Food                 0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0
Source (3)      NA         NA         NA           NA
Code (4)        NA         NA         NA           NA
Food                 0          1          0            0.21
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_008     13_008     13_008       13_008
Food                59          0          0            0.10
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)        05_037     05_037     05_037       05_037
Food                54.76       0.30       0.71         1.45
Source (3)      CMR (1)    CMR (1)    CMR (1)      CMR
Code (4)        NA         NA         NA           NA
Food               100.18       0.30       0.71         1.45

Classification  Thiamin    Riboflavin  Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin
                (mg)       (mg)                     (mg)

Food                 0.0        0.0         0.0          0.0
Source (3)      NA         NA          NA           NA
Code (4)        NA         NA          NA           NA
Food                 0.20       0.21        1.00         3.3
Source (3)          [3]        [3]         [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_008     13_008      13_008       13_008
Food                 0.04       0.03        0.09         0.3
Source (3)          [3]        [3]         [3]          [3]
Code (4)        05_037     05_037      05_037       05_037
Food                 0.19       0.23        0.19         0.96
Source (3)      CMR (1)    CMR (1)     CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)        NA         NA          NA           NA
Food                 0.19       0.23        0.19         0.96

Classification  Iodine (ng)  Pantothenic  Biotin dig)
                              acid (mg)

Food                 0.0          0.0          0.0
Source (3)      NA           NA           NA
Code (4)        NA           NA           NA
Food              2800            0            0
Source (3)      Reed             [5]          [5]
Code (4)        NA             1253         1253
Food                 0.32         0.16         0
Source (3)          [5]          [5]         [11]
Code (4)           545          545       NA
Food                10.80         0.98        10.46
Source (3)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)        NA           NA           NA
Food                99.41         0.98        10.46

Classification  Food         English food  Iron (mg)  Folate dig)
                Number       name
                             (French
                             name)

Source (3)      (Fortified)  Fried egg     CMR (1)    CMR (1)
                             sandwich
                             (Sandwich
                             aux oeufs
                             frits)
Code (4)                                   NA         NA
Food            26           Salt               1.2        0
                             (Sel)
Source (3)                                     [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                   13_015     13_015
Food            26           Salt               1.2        0
                (Fortified)  (Sel)
Source (3)                                     [3]        [3]
Code (4)                                   13_015     13_015
Food            27           Herring            1.3        1.10
                             (Hareng)
Source (3)                                     [3]        [4]
Code (4)                                    9_041      15039
Food            28                              1.11       8

Classification  Vit A-RAE  Vit B12    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                (ng)       (ng)                    (mg)

Source (3)      CMR (1)    CMR (1)    CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)        NA         NA         NA           NA
Food                 0          0          0            0.10
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_015     13_015     13_015       13_015
Food                 0          0          0            0.10
Source (3)          [3]        [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_015     13_015     13_015       13_015
Food                28         13.7        4.2          0.99
Source (3)          [4]        [4]        [4]          [4]
Code (4)         15039      15039      15039        15039
Food                28.8        2.39      10.71         0.44

Classification  Thiamin     Riboflavin  Vit B6 (mg)  Niacin
                (mg)        (mg)                     (mg)

Source (3)      CMR (1)     CMR (1)     CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)        NA          NA          NA           NA
Food                 0.00        0.00        0.00         0.0
Source (3)          [3]         [3]         [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_015      13_015      13_015       13_015
Food                 0.00        0.00        0.00         0.0
Source (3)          [3]         [3]         [3]          [3]
Code (4)        13_015      13_015      13_015       13_015
Food                 0.092       0.23        0.302        3.2
Source (3)          [4]         [4]         [4]          [4]
Code (4)         15039       15039       15039        15039
Food                 0.227       0.060       0.260        1.560

Classification  Iodine (ng)  Pantothenic  Biotin dig)
                             acid (mg)

Source (3)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)        NA           NA           NA
Food                42            0            0
Source (3)          [5]          [5]          [5]
Code (4)           556          556          556
Food              9042            0            0
Source (3)      CMR              [5]          [5]
Code (4)        NA              556          556
Food                26.5          0.615        6.4
Source (3)          [5]          [5]          [5]
Code (4)            48           48           48
Food                 0.92         2.51         8.82

Classification  Food    English food   Iron (mg)  Folate dig)  Vit A-RAE
                Number  name                                   (ng)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Smoked         CMR (1)    CMR (1)      CMR (1)
                        catfish
                        (Poisson-caht
                        fume)
Code (4)                               NA         NA           NA
Food            29      Dried              4.10      11           39
                        whitefish
                        (Coregone
                        sechee)
Source (3)                                [4]        [4]          [4]
Code (4)                               35165      35165        35165
Food            30      Beef               2.9        5.5         16
                        (Viande de
                        boeuf)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                  07_002     07_002       07_002
Food            31      Goat               2.4        5            0
                        (Chevre)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                  07_046     07_046       07_046
Food            32      Lamb               2.1        2           10

Classification  Food    English food   Vit B12    Vit D (|ig)  Zinc
                Number  name           (ng)                    (mg)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Smoked         CMR (1)    CMR (1)      CMR (1)
                        catfish
                        (Poisson-caht
                        fume)
Code (4)                               NA         NA           NA
Food            29      Dried             18.40      (0)           5.00
                        whitefish
                        (Coregone
                        sechee)
Source (3)                                [4]        [5]          [4]
Code (4)                               35165      948          35165
Food            30      Beef               1.1        0.6          3.4
                        (Viande de
                        boeuf)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                  07_002     07_002       07_002
Food            31      Goat               1.1       (0.278)       3.45
                        (Chevre)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                                  07_046     07_004       07_046
Food            32      Lamb               2.9        0.278        3.33

Classification  Food    English food   Thiamin    Riboflavin  Vit B6
                Number  name           (mg)       (mg)        (mg)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Smoked            [4]     CMR (1)     CMR (1)
                        catfish
                        (Poisson-caht
                        fume)
Code (4)                               15233      NA          NA
Food            29      Dried              0.053      0.438       0.37
                        whitefish
                        (Coregone
                        sechee)
Source (3)                                [4]        [4]         [4]
Code (4)                               35165      35165       35165
Food            30      Beef               0.06       0.28        0.32
                        (Viande de
                        boeuf)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                  07_002     07_002      07_002
Food            31      Goat               0.18       0.29        0.40
                        (Chevre)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]         [3]
Code (4)                                  07_046     07_046      07_046
Food            32      Lamb               0.13       0.19        0.40

Classification  Food    English food   Niacin      Iodine (ng)
                Number  name           (mg)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Smoked         CMR (1)     CMR (1)
                        catfish
                        (Poisson-caht
                        fume)
Code (4)                               NA          NA
Food            29      Dried             11.200    230
                        whitefish
                        (Coregone
                        sechee)
Source (3)                                [4]       ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                               35165        948
Food            30      Beef               5.6        1
                        (Viande de
                        boeuf)
Source (3)                                [3]        [5]
Code (4)                                  07_002   1053
Food            31      Goat               6.1        0.7
                        (Chevre)
Source (3)                                [3]      ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                                  07_046     71
Food            32      Lamb               3.5        0.7

Classification  Food    English food   Pantothenic   Biotin dig)
                Number  name           acid (mg)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              Smoked         CMR (1)      CMR (1)
                        catfish
                        (Poisson-caht
                        fume)
Code (4)                               NA           NA
Food            29      Dried              2.57        0
                        whitefish
                        (Coregone
                        sechee)
Source (3)                                [4]        ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                               35165         948
Food            30      Beef               0.47        0
                        (Viande de
                        boeuf)
Source (3)                                [5]         [5]
Code (4)                                1053        1053
Food            31      Goat               0.55        1
                        (Chevre)
Source (3)                              ([5]) (2)   ([5]) (2)
Code (4)                                  71          71
Food            32      Lamb               0.55        1

Classification  Food    English food  Iron (mg)  Folate       Vit A-RAE
                Number  name                     ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)
                        (French
                        name)

Source (3)              (Agneau)          [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                              07_004     07_004       07_004
Food            33      Pork               1.4       2             0
                        (Porc)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                              07_006     07_006       07_006
Food            34      Chicken            1.31      30          232
                        (Poulet)
Source (3)                                [4]        [4]          [4]
Code (4)                               05001      05001        05001
Food            35      Sugar              0.05      0             0
                        (Sucre)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                              13_002     13_002       13_002
Food            36      Sugar              0.05       0            0
                        (Sucre)
Source (3)                                [3]        [3]          [3]
Code (4)                              13_002     13_002       13_002
Food            37      Coffee bean        4.10      22.00         0.50

Classification   Vit B12      Vit D        Zinc        Thiamin
                 ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)   (mg)        (mg)

Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]         [3]
Code (4)         07_004       07_004       07_004      07_004
Food                  0.8          0.7          3.60        0.72
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]         [3]
Code (4)         07_006       07_006       07_006      07_006
Food                  1.11         0.2          1.48        0.061
Source (3)           [4]          [4]          [4]         [4]
Code (4)          05001        05001        05001       05001
Food                  0            0            0.01        0
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]         [3]
Code (4)         13_002       13_002       13_002      13_002
Food                  0            0            0.01        0
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]         [3]
Code (4)         13_002       13_002       13_002      13_002
Food                  0.00         0.00         0.79        0.07

Classification   Riboflavin   Vit B6 (mg)   Niacin      Iodine
                 (mg)                       (mg)        ([micro]g)

Source (3)           [3]          [3]           [3]       [5]
Code (4)         07_004       07_004        07_004        71
Food                  0.22         0.32          3.8       1
Source (3)           [3]          [3]           [3]       [5]
Code (4)         07_006       07_006        07_006      1112
Food                  0.186        0.34          6.6       0.9
Source (3)           [4]          [4]           [4]       [5]
Code (4)          05001        05001         05001      1037
Food                  0.02         0             0         0
Source (3)           [3]          [3]           [3]       [5]
Code (4)         13_002       13_002        13_002       876
Food                  0.02         0             0         0
Source (3)           [3]          [3]           [3]       [5]
Code (4)         13_002       13_002        13_002       876
Food                  0.20         0.00         15.00      0.5

Classification   Pantothenic   Biotin
                 acid (mg)     ([micro]g)

Source (3)         [5]           [5]
Code (4)           71            71
Food                0.6           2.6
Source (3)         [5]           [5]
Code (4)         1112          1112
Food                0.885         2
Source (3)         [5]           [5]
Code (4)         1037          1037
Food                0             0
Source (3)         [5]           [5]
Code (4)           77            77
Food                0             0
Source (3)         [5]           [5]
Code (4)           77            77
Food                0.23          0.14

Classification   Food     English food   Iron (mg)     Folate
                 Number   name                         ([micro]g)
                          (French
                          name)

Source (3)                (Cafe en             [5]           [5]
Code (4)                  grains)            1075          1075
Food                      Instant               4.4           2
Source (3)       38       coffee               [3]           [3]
Code (4)                  (Cafe moulu)     12_005        12_005
Food                                            0.00          0
Source (3)       39       Green tea            [4]           [4]
Code (4)                  (The vert)        14261         14261
Food                      Hibiscus tea          0.08          1.00
Source (3)       40       (The a               [4]           [4]
Code (4)                  l'hibiscus)       14649         14649
Food                                            0.00          0
Source (3)       41       Coca-cola            [4]           [4]
Code (4)                  (Coca-cola)    45130960      45130960
Food             42                             1.07         (3)

Classification   Vit A-RAE     Vit B12       Vit D         Zinc
                 ([micro]g)    ([micro]g)    ([micro]g)    (mg)

Source (3)             [5]           [5]           [5]           [5]
Code (4)             1075          1075          1075          1075
Food                    0             0             0             0.73
Source (3)             [3]           [3]           [3]           [3]
Code (4)           12_005        12_005        12_005        12_005
Food                    0             0             0             0.01
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]           [4]
Code (4)            14261         14261         14261         14261
Food                    0.00          0.00          0.00          0.04
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]           [4]
Code (4)            14649         14649         14649         14649
Food                    0             0             0             0.013
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]           [4]
Code (4)         45130960      45130960      45130960      45130960
Food                    1.16          0.00          0.00          0.70

Classification   Thiamin       Riboflavin    Vit B6 (mg)    Niacin
                 (mg)          (mg)                         (mg)

Source (3)             [5]           [5]           [5]            [5]
Code (4)             1075          1075          1075           1075
Food                    0.02          0.08          0.03          28.2
Source (3)             [3]           [3]           [3]            [3]
Code (4)           12_005        12_005        12_005         12_005
Food                    0.00          0.00          0.00           0.0
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]            [4]
Code (4)            14261         14261         14261          14261
Food                    0.00          0.00          0.00           0.04
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]            [4]
Code (4)            14649         14649         14649          14649
Food                    0.00          0.00          0.00           0.0
Source (3)             [4]           [4]           [4]            [4]
Code (4)         45130960      45130960      45130960       45130960
Food                    0.07          0.01          0.003          0.41

Classification   Iodine       Pantothenic   Biotin
                 ([micro]g)   acid (mg)     ([micro]g)

Source (3)         [5]           [5]        ([13]) (2)
Code (4)         1075          1075           NA
Food                0.5           0.4          0.14
Source (3)         [5]           [5]         [13]) (2)
Code (4)          720           720           NA
Food                0.22          0            0.14
Source (3)         [5]           [5]        ([13]) (2)
Code (4)          115           115           NA
Food                2             0            0.14
Source (3)        [12]           [4]        ([13]) (2)
Code (4)           NA         14649           NA
Food                0.9           0            0
Source (3)         [9]          [10]         [10]
Code (4)           NA           878          878
Food                1.3           0.12         1

Classification   Food          English food    Iron (mg)   Folate
                 Number        name                        ([micro]g)
                               (French
                               name)

Source (3)                     Baobab fruit    CMR (1)         [5]
                               juice
Code (4)                       (Jus de fruit   NA             191
                               de baobab)
Food                                                0.1         5
Source (3)       43            Beer                [3]         [3]
Code (4)                       (Biere)         12_001      12_001
Food                                                2.20       83.75
Source (3)       44            Baguette        CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)                       (Baguette)      NA          NA
Food                                                7.45      455.53
Source (3)       44            Baguette        CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)         (Fortified)   (Baguette)      NA          NA
Food                           Croissant            1.63       57.6
Source (3)       45            (Croissant)     CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)                                       NA          NA
Food                                                5.38      321.3
Source (3)       45            Croissant       CMR (1)     CMR (1)
                               (Croissant)

Classification   Vit A-RAE    Vit B12      Vit D        Zinc
                 ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)   (mg)

Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                  0            0.02         0            0.01
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]          [3]
Code (4)         12_001       12_001       12_001       12_001
Food                 22.29         0.11         0.31         1.82
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                 22.29         0.11         0.31         1.82
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                227.9          0.23         0.38         1.36
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                330.6          0.23         0.38         1.36
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)

Classification   Thiamin      Riboflavin   Vit B6 (mg)   Niacin
                 (mg)         (mg)                       (mg)

Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.01         0.03         0.07          0.7
Source (3)           [4]          [3]          [3]           [3]
Code (4)          14006       12_001       12_001        12_001
Food                  0.29         0.17         0.220         1.54
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.29         0.17         0.220         1.54
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.210        0.170        0.160         1.150
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.210        0.170        0.160         1.150
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)

Classification   Iodine         Pantothenic   Biotin
                 ([micro]g)     acid (mg)     ([micro]g)

Source (3)          ([5]) (2)   ([10]) (2)    ([10]) (2)
Code (4)            191          879           879
Food                  4.1          0.065         0.5
Source (3)           [5]          [5]           [5]
Code (4)         198             198           224
Food                  6.69         0.87          7.12
Source (3)       CMR (1)        CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA             NA            NA
Food                156.01         0.87          7.12
Source (3)       CMR (1)        CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA             NA            NA
Food                  5.8          0.57          3.62
Source (3)       CMR (1)        CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA             NA            NA
Food                111.69         0.57          3.62
Source (3)       CMR (1)        CMR (1)       CMR (1)

Classification   Food          English food    Iron (mg)   Folate
                 Number        name                        ([micro]g)
                               (French
                               name)

Code (4)                                       NA          NA
Food                                                5.38      321.3
Source (3)       45            Croissant       CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)         (Fortified)   (Croissant)     NA          NA
Food                                                1.78       21.02
Source (3)       46            Water biscuit   CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)                       (Craquelin)     NA          NA
Food                                                7.03      393.18
Source (3)       46F           Water biscuit   CMR (1)     CMR (1)
Code (4)                       (Craquelin)     NA          NA
Food                                                0.10       12
Source (3)       47            Yoghurt             [3]         [3]
Code (4)                       (Yaourt)        10_005      10_005
Food                                                0.7        39
Source (3)       48            powder milk         [3]         [3]

Classification   Vit A-RAE    Vit B12      Vit D        Zinc
                 ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)   ([micro]g)   (mg)

Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                330.6          0.23         0.38         1.36
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                  0.00         0.00         0.00         1.58
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                 36.33         0.00         0.00         1.58
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA           NA
Food                 30.0          0.3          0.1          0.58
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]          [3]
Code (4)         10_005       10_005       10_005       10_005
Food                228            3.3          1.2          3.51
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]          [3]

Classification   Thiamin      Riboflavin   Vit B6 (mg)   Niacin
                 (mg)         (mg)                       (mg)

Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.210        0.170        0.160         1.150
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.250        0.090        0.180         1.050
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.250        0.090        0.180         1.050
Source (3)       CMR (1)      CMR (1)      CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA           NA           NA            NA
Food                  0.04         0.20         0.040         0.1
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]           [3]
Code (4)         10_005       10_005       10_005        10_005
Food                  0.30         1.32         0.25          0.71
Source (3)           [3]          [3]          [3]           [3]

Classification   Iodine        Pantothenic   Biotin
                 ([micro]g)    acid (mg)     ([micro]g)

Code (4)         NA            NA            NA
Food             111.69         0.57          3.62
Source (3)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA            NA            NA
Food               2.54         0.44          1.66
Source (3)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA            NA            NA
Food             189.39         0.44          1.66
Source (3)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)       CMR (1)
Code (4)         NA            NA            NA
Food              12            0.28          1.8
Source (3)        [5]          [5]           [5]
Code (4)          12           12            12
Food             115            3.6          10
Source (3)        [5]          [5]           [5]

Classification   Food     English food   Iron (mg)   Folate
                 Number   name                       ([micro]g)
                          (French
                          name)

Code (4)                  (Lait en       10_002      10_002
                          poudre)
Food                                          0.05       10
Source (3)       49       Milk               [3]         [3]
Code (4)                  (Lait)         10_001      10_001
Food                      Gruyere             0.17       10
Source (3)       50       cheese             [4]         [4]
Code (4)                  (Gruyere)       01023       01023

Classification  Vit A-RAE   Vit B12     Vit D        Zinc
                ([micro]g)  ([micro]g)  ([micro]g)   (mg)

Code (4)        10_002      10_002      10_002       10_002

Food                33.0         0.6         0.1          0.39
Source (3)          [3]         [3]         [3]          [3]
Code (4)        10_001      10_001      10_001       10_001
Food               271           1.6         0.6          3.90
Source (3)          [4]         [4]         [4]          [4]
Code (4)         01023       01023       01023        01023

Classification  Thiamin     Riboflavin  Vit B6 (mg)   Niacin
                (mg)        (mg)                      (mg)

Code (4)        10_002      10_002      10_002        10_002

Food                 0.038       0.180       0.05          0.090
Source (3)          [3]         [3]         [3]           [3]
Code (4)        10_001      10_001      10_001        10_001
Food                 0.06        0.279       0.081         0.106
Source (3)          [4]         [4]         [4]           [4]
Code (4)         01023       01023       01023         01023

Classification  Iodine      Pantothenic  Biotin
                ([micro]g)  acid (mg)    ([micro]g)

Code (4)        511         511          511

Food             10.7         0.356        1.56
Source (3)       [5]         [5]          [5]
Code (4)          6           6            6
Food             10.4         0.3          1.7
Source (3)       [5]         [5]          [5]
Code (4)        341         341          341

(1) CMR: Calculation using the mixed recipe calculation system; NA: not
applicable; RAE: Retinol Activity Equivalents.
(2) (): Figures in parentheses are estimates taken from related foods.
(3) Source: Resource provides food micronutrient information.
(4) Code: Within that source, codes are assigned to each food item
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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Short Communication
Author:Yoo, Young Moo; Atkin R.A.; Pachon, H.
Publication:African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Geographic Code:6SENE
Date:Mar 1, 2019
Words:8013
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