Croker, Thomas Crofton.
Croker, Thomas Crofton (b. Jan. 15, 1798, Cork, Ire.--d. Aug. 8, 1854, London, Eng.)
Irish antiquary whose collections of songs and legends formed a storehouse for writers of the Irish Literary Renaissance.
Croker had little formal education but read widely. During rambles in southern Ireland from 1812 to 1816, he collected legends, folk songs, and keens (dirges for the dead), some of which he sent to the poet Thomas Moore, who acknowledged a debt to Croker in his Irish Melodies. This collection formed the basis of Croker's Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland (1825-28), which was translated into German by the Brothers Grimm. After 1818 Croker lived in England, working as a clerk in the Admiralty until 1850. His later works include Popular Songs of Ireland (1839).