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Critical left main coronary artery stenosis diagnosed by computed tomographic coronary angiography.

A 60-year-old man with previous cerebrovascular accident, hypercholesterolemia, and tobacco use presented with a several-month history of worsening exertional dyspnea. Immediate catheterization was considered unsafe, as the patient was taking warfarin (international normalized ratio, 2.9), and nonemergent, as the patient's symptoms were relatively stable. Warfarin was stopped, and multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) was performed (Lightspeed 16, GE Systems) after obtaining appropriate consent. CTCA demonstrated a high-grade narrowing at the ostium of the left main coronary artery (Figure 1, arrowheads). The ostium of the left main coronary artery had a tapered appearance and a large plaque in its ostial and proximal portions (Figure 1b, black arrow). A large amount of plaque was seen in all coronary distributions.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTEED]

Cardiac catheterization was performed using a 4F system in an attempt to avoid excessive trauma to the artery. In addition, an intraaortic balloon pump and console were positioned inside the cardiac catheterization suite. Invasive coronary angiography demonstrated a critical stenosis of the left main coronary artery (Figure 2, arrowhead), with pressure damping upon engagement of the 4F Judkins left catheter. The intraaortic balloon was placed, and the patient went on to have successful 5-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting that afternoon.

[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]

CTCA allowed us to "preview" the coronary anatomy in a patient whose invasive catheterization was delayed due to anticoagulation. Demonstration of the critical stenosis prior to the catheterization allowed us to change the timing of the catheterization (which was originally planned for the next week) as well as the strategy. Normally, 6F catheters would have been used, which might have been more traumatic given the severity of the ostial left main artery stenosis. In addition, foreknowledge of the severity of the stenosis allowed us to plan for likely intraaortic balloon insertion.

Jeffrey M. Schussler, MD, William D. Dockery, MD, Kenneth B. Johnson, MD, Robert L. Rosenthal, MD, and Robert C. Stoler, MD

From the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine (Schussler, Johnson, Rosenthal, Stoler) and Department of Radiology (Dockery), Baylor University Medical Center/Baylor Jack and Jane Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital, Dallas, Texas.

Corresponding author: Jeffrey M. Schussler, MD, 621 N. Hall Street, Suite 500, Dallas, Texas 75226 (e-mail: JSchussler@heartplace.com).
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Title Annotation:Images in Cardiology
Author:Schussler, Jeffrey M.; Dockery, Wiliam D.; Johnson, Kenneth B.; Rosenthal, Robert L.; stoler, Robert
Publication:Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings
Article Type:Clinical report
Geographic Code:1U7TX
Date:Oct 1, 2005
Words:369
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