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Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED).

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), defensible space, and situational crime prevention are terms that are often used interchangeably, but they have important distinctions.

CPTED. CPTED is the design and use of the built environment so as to lower the fear and incidence of crime and to improve quality of life, according to Timothy Crowe in CPTED, Second Edition. The three principal elements of CPTED are natural surveillance, natural access control, and territorial reinforcement.

Defensible space. In his seminal work on that subject, Oscar Newman defined the term as the range of mechanisms "that combine to bring an environment under the control of its residents." According to Crowe, "It is similar to CPTED in that it shares the basic characteristics of natural surveillance, natural access control, and territorial concern." But CPTED moves the concept of defensible space from residential to commercial and industrial environments.

Situational crime prevention. This term is "much more comprehensive" than CPTED, writes Crowe, because it incorporates other law enforcement and crime-prevention strategies in addressing site-specific crime.
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Title Annotation:Jargon Watch
Publication:Security Management
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Jun 1, 2005
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