Printer Friendly

Court upholds invalidation of containers rules.

The International Longshoremen's Association (ILA) and Atlantic and Gulf Coast shippers, already facing daunting problems in their 1989 contract negotiations, faced another problem when the Supreme Court let stand a 1987 Federal Maritime Commission ruling invalidating their "Rules on Containers." The rules, adopted in 1959, had reserved to ILA members the packing and unpacking of containerized cargo within 50 miles of a port where the union holds bargaining rights. In 1980 and 1985, the Supreme Court held that the container rules were valid work preservation measures consistent with labor law. The Court accepted the Maritime Commission's 1987 ruling because it was limited to a finding that the negotiated rules imposed unwarranted costs on shippers.

The container rules have been a cornerstone of the bargaining relationship since their inception, giving employers the right to automate operations in return for guaranteed work for employees and annual pay guarantees they receive in most ports, financed by an employer payment for each container handled.

Other issues to be addressed in a new contract to succeed the one scheduled to expire in September 1989 include increasing competition for cargo from non-ILA ports and reduced shipments of some types of cargo, particularly in the South. In the last round of bargaining, in 1986, the workers in the southern ports generally accepted wage cuts, while those in the northern ports won wage increases.
COPYRIGHT 1989 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1989 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Developments in Industrial Relations
Author:Ruben, George
Publication:Monthly Labor Review
Date:Apr 1, 1989
Previous Article:UAW organizes GM salaried workers.
Next Article:Legal rulings.

Related Articles
Longshore workers at 36 ports.
U.S. Supreme Court vacates and remands Texas decision striking down tax on domestically owned cargo containers used in international shipping.
Uni boss faces job fix claims.
EU throws out shipping fines.
US court upholds Kennedy Group's patents.
Senate Should Explore Whether Judge Sotomayor Agrees with Views of Dissenters in Gonzales v. Carhart.

Terms of use | Copyright © 2016 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters