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Contributions of space energy in the search for control systems in biology.

Abstract

This paper argues from the evidence of studies revealing a loss of control of biochemical function, that the controller is clearly a non-local energy phenomenon and that the various energy types involved exercise control by subtle wavelength-difference behavior exerted on the valency electrons of atoms coordinated at the Fermi surface. We propose an association of short (optic) wavelengths with longer (infraoptic) wavelengths (termed a dual) due to temperature waves of intermediate wavelength. Through its proposed control of chemical reactions, this association allows a clear-cut definition of health versus disease available macroscopically as a resonance associated with the dual specific for each domain of the organism dissipated.

Introduction

A previous article introduced a concept of the importance of waves of imaginary, intangible, or virtual origin as a component in interactions with classical waves of electromagnetism such as those of electric and magnetic fields. (1)

Papers are appearing in which the concept of the interactions as outlined may play an important part involving the topic of control of chemical cycles of metabolism. These interactions may be more macroscopic and therefore manipulable than has previously been recognized.

The Evidence

There have been several recent reports indicating a non-locality of disease processes. These include keratin molecule derangement in the hair shaft of women with breast cancer, (2) unusual persistence of the glow area around an electric arc produced in the serum of cancer patients, (3) spectral abnormalities in the DNA of cancer and nearby precancer tissues, (4) and the association of disease with a variation in heart beat interval. (5)

We explore the possibility that the wave interaction can somehow impact upon valency-determining orbital energy of the atom.

Theoretical Considerations: Energy Flux At The Fermi Surface

A forum for the interaction between real and imaginary force at the level of the atom may be a convenient site for tracing the source of these interactions. This site is the Fermi level or surface of the atom. (6) We list their components as follows:

i. Streams of space elements of the type recognized by theoretical physicists. (7)

ii. These elements coupled to heat were first conceived in the 1930s and termed phonons. (8) A close relative, although with no coupling to temperature, are vibrations that move atoms in their lattice dispositions. These waves can move particles, such as electrons and cell inclusions, by a force described by Casimir. (9) They do not radiate and are termed radiationless.

Vortices are considered elements of space. They have a tendency to begin and end on the matter that they are presently dissipating. Thus a group of atoms about 2 or 3 manometers in length is associated with nanometer length waves whereas the lattice in which they reside may accommodate longer length waves. A convenient wavelength for discussion on wave function is that of red and infrared parts of the spectrum, some three orders of magnitude greater, familiar as the heat range at about one micron in length. On either side of the heat range are color (or optic) wavelengths and those below red-infrared are referred to as infraoptic from microns to kilometers and beyond, a region of extra long frequencies (ELF).

iii. Energy radiating from space as the electromagnetic spectrum. Maxwell's formalism imposes two waves of electric and magnetic field origin that envelope virtual waves of space. (1) Classical treatment of radiation recognizes three components, near field, intermediate, and far fields. The near field has a straight trajectory representing the electric field, the intermediate field initiates a curling process of the envelope and its contents brought about by a magnetic field. The far field is the classical wave complex of electromagnetic theory with two 90[degrees] phase-separated enveloping sine waves of electric and magnetic field origin with the half waves of the imaginary or space field enclosed.

iv. A specialized part of space energy residual to the enveloping process of iii and known as vacuum energy or the zero point field because it can be shown as an energy form (it moves atoms, for example) that is unrelated to temperature.

v. As shells orbiting the atom. There are outer shells (concerned with valency), and those closer to the nucleus, the inner shells. Components of the latter can leave the atom and so come to dissipate stacks of atoms, molecules, and eventually whole macroscopic structures. In such a long flight any associated electrons are called delocalized in contrast to local orbitals.

Noting interaction at the Fermi surface, the background idea canvassed is the establishment of an equilibrium involving the omnipresent Coulombic forces between orbiting electrons and nucleons. As the former, in cloud form, orbit the nucleus subject to a well-known jostling (zitterbeweguing) an equally refined jostling of the relations with the nuclear perturbations is called for to sustain the atomic structure. Spectroscopists early this century were aware of equilibrium preservation and derived a formalism to accommodate it--the fine structure constant. (10) In a relation concerned with atomic stability on a universal basis, an experiment shows that this constant is one of the most steadfast in all physics. Energy supply to sustain the constant is rigorous. Equilibrium disturbance involves minor shell alterations, which can translate to corresponding chemical changes. The equilibration process is clearly complex. Events can lead to a clear-cut schism between faulty and non-faulty flux regimes reflecting on metabolic cycles: more simply as a schism between health and disease. We now examine origins of the flux.

Origins Of Fermi Surface Flux Components

i & ii That pure space gave origin to a force was due to Casimir. (9) Two plates at, say, micron separation in space would be pushed together by circumstances that the gap between them would select a wavelength of integer value (fractions are inadequate) that would be exceeded by the heterogeneity of wavelengths pushing from outside. The force was recently measured at 10-7 Newtons, and can carry physical entities such as heat and particles from electrons to protons and, perhaps, up to atoms. These traverses are radiationless.

iii For features of the radiative state the story is better known from the epoch--making labors of Planck (see Milonni & Shih). (11)

In summary, theorists late last century applied workable mathematical formalisms to the peculiar asymmetry of the radiation of one energy mode (heat) from a hot body. Earlier attempts went awry at higher frequencies of light, the asymmetrical part of the curve. To match this asymmetry and with much travail, Planck was led to a statistical method wherein he took pairs of entities three at a time. By convention, the imaginary part of space energy is regarded by theorists as n dimensional. Planck's use of what amounts to a three-dimensional structure to space (when radiated as heat) and the fit of his approach to the experimentalist's curves, can be seen as, de facto, a transition to three dimensions. Something in the transition from pristine space to radiative energy carries with it the vexatious transition, n to 3 dimensional space. Deeper analysis of the Planck formalism involves his choice of paired structures in the wave. The sine wave has an upward plus a downward excursion around the axis. In his formalism, the proportionality of some of the equations required a constant that Planck dubbed h. It turned out to be a force (with a dimension of rotational erg seconds) resident on one of the half waves. Which half is indeterminate, (resulting in a whole philosophy of indeterminism). Planck had derived his equations from a modification of the linear formalism of Boltzmann in which temperature was an important term. However, further modifications of this work by Planck showed that the elements of the force h could persist in the absence of temperature, a fact then discerned by Einstein. Einstein showed the non-radiative aspects of parts of the formalism by considering the fate of half of the half wave population. Thus was born the concept of the zero point energy.

Earlier, Maxwell assembled another important formalism on wave action. The inclusion of the Planck half waves as an imaginary component in the electromagnetic wave of radiation is dealt with in a previous article.1 The involvement of the electric and magnetic fields as sine waves allowed the inclusion of the Planck waves much as information is included in an envelope. The envelope is sealed (near and far radiation) to receive the information and is opened by collision to release it. The half wave content now enters the Fermi surface.

Orbiting electrons are radiators of atomic energy and, indeed, viewing the atom as an oscillator was consistent with Planck's thinking in his development of the structure of radiant energy. Thus the orbital energy cloud is radiative and therefore composed of Planck half waves. Use of a half wave (containing a rotating force h), rotating up or down to counter possible dispersions in the electron cloud (as by jitter) itself composed of half waves would seem an able fit to the proposed equilibrium fine structure of the atom. This means the same process (non-local) could control the interaction of atoms through their valency shells. Control requirements become the more requisite in atoms of biosystems whose orbital energy surmounts those of simpler systems, such as a gas (Boltzmann energy) by at least 20 orders of magnitude.12

The Contribution Of A Dual Wave Complex To The Flux

The role of temperature in chemical reactions invites an association with wave mechanics. The coupling phonons with temperature undoubtedly plays a role. Returning to the concept that space moves matter to which space has tailored its wave shape (including wavelength) then we expect chemicals to be associated with waves in the nanometer range. At the same time we expect waves associated with polyatoms (say of lattices) to be micron and above in their wavelengths. It is probable that an intermediate wavelength, that is the heat part of the electromagnetic spectrum, is an appropriate adapter for fitting together waves of the two components. We now couple two aspects of the wave mechanics of the solid state based on wavelength as suggested by the presence of a two different wavelength adapter closely concerned with chemical reactions. The idea is not new: previous authors refer to wave duals. (13) Wave duals could be very significant conceptually for considering control of the building blocks and therefore of any rational consideration of structure and function of the biosystem.

Phonons occur as two types of wavelength temperature-associated space waves referred to as auditory and optical. One of their properties is a force (enough to produce atomic and molecular rotation and vibration) that could be used to assist partners into the dual state. For Whangbo, (14) the address process aids the association of long to short wavelength, the integrity of the dual and thus of the related atomic equilibrium. In this two-way process long-short wavelengths associate, the former becomes a sort of reservoir for the complex. The key feature is that while the liberation of optic wavelength waves from the parent infraoptic wave is straightforward, the reverse is beset with problems. The renowned Second Law of Thermodynamics comes to mind because in the real world few interactions provide for an equating return to equilibrium: there is an obligate surplus of less ordered entities. The biosystem is no exception as the aging process attests. The return route has at is disposal several paths of equal (degenerate) energy but seemingly only one path imposes a successful return of the optic wavelength to its equilibrium state. Successful here means that, upon arrival at the infraoptic wave the latter, in complete equilibrium, can now become a stable standing wave and, what is of signal significance, the equilibrium wave can attract fellow waves as bosons from space and this results in a system of coherent waves whose Casimir-type force becomes considerable. (14)

The Equilibrium State Revisited

The equilibrium state was emphasized earlier this century. This state allowed nil or very little perturbation so that in functional terms nothing happens. For events to occur there has to be a smaller or larger break with equilibrium; the intervention of some action is only then followed by a return to equilibrium, a regime called the metastable state.

Conclusions of this article highlight the ill-defined line where the reaction concerned is faced with the dilemma, a return to equilibrium and stability, or progress to a condition where the chemicals are interacting autonomously among themselves in the absence of an equilibrium controller. The whole concept is rendered the more subtle because much useful activity occurs in the biosystem in the eventful metastable non-equilibrium phases. These events can be seen as comprising the bulk of normal physiology where they are the building blocks now in legitimate cycles exploring the return to equilibrium by a series of degenerate energy paths. Possibly only one of these paths guarantees a legitimate return to standing wave stability. The capricious outcome resides in the alternate directions of half spin available to the reorganizing of the dual wave.

Return To The Evidence

We consider the evidence from the four papers cited:

1. A finding of molecular packing disarray using a rigorous test such as X-ray diffraction and in a site remote from the cancer itself (a single hair shaft) obliges that the cancer process must accommodate a component that is non-local. (2) A standing wave(s) distributed throughout the healthy organism is to be considered.

2. An "extract" of cancer tissue in the form of the patient's serum when compared to normal serum exhibits a striking difference in its behavior toward an electric arc. (3) This difference is not unlike that in the above examples wherein the chemicals concerned possibly as liquid crystals, by their display of colored glow following the discharge, are less tightly organized than in the normal case. The

generality of the change extends beyond the solid to the liquid state.

(3.) Using DNA extracted from normal and cancer patients subject to statistical treatment of infrared spectroscopy, the authors4 showed that values for the former were tightly clustered (termed order) while for the latter there was a scatter of values (termed disorder). They interpreted from this that the key parameter was an orderliness in the normal tissue DNA structures. Furthermore the disorderliness in the cancer tissue was more manifest at shorter wavelengths.

(4.) Perhaps the most striking evidence for the contribution of a process of non-local wave origin is derived from the wavelet analysis technique applied to the parameter, heartbeat interval. (5) This study of wave structure shows a superimposition of successive waves in the healthy subject whereas in the diseased patient superimposition is forbidden. The healthy state exhibits a single dominant state, submerged in the diseased state by alternative waves. The disease process itself, often of a serious nature, need not primarily involve the heart.

Conclusions and Prospects

Several general threads connect these diverse papers that are important to the parent thesis developed along basic lines of physics and physical chemistry.

1. A control system responsible for the integrity of molecular packing in ontogenic processes is both widespread and integrated throughout the organism.

2. Although sampling or reflecting very numerous individual chemical reactions, the control system pays limited attention to those individual chemicals that permit its passage. Rather is it a true synopsis earned during the dissipation.

3. The control system is manifest by a resonance with externally placed resonators at power levels that can be called truly macroscopic. The dual wave restoration is the seat of a resonance whose magnitude guarantees its recognition outside the organism.

4. It would not be surprising if signatures for whole organs or functional domains throughout the organism do not soon become available. A topologeal model of the distribution of such resonances for a given organism is in prospect with a rather simple relation between energetic and anatomic.

5. The presence or absence of such a resonance is obliged by theoretical considerations to be a clean-cut discernment between health and disease with minimal reference to the matter complexity beneath, degenerate modes of the latter can be replaced by a simple dominant for that site. A rationale for therapy emerges.

6. The organism in view is, of course, man. The tenets used are both general and basic involving energy mechanisms to preserve the stability of atomic structure. Applications to other living systems in the plant and animal kingdoms are warranted.

References

(1.) Reid, B. L. (1995). Aspects of intangible energy in biosystems. Frontier Perspectives, 5, 5-33.

(2.) James, V. et al. (1999). Using hair to screen for breast cancer. Nature, 398, 33-34.

(3.) Gurvits, B and Korotov, K. (1998). A New Concept of the Early Diagnosis of Cancer Consciousness and Physical Reality, 1, 84-89.

(4.) Malins, D. C. et al. (1998). A unified theory of carcinogenesis based on order-disorder transitions in DNA structure as studied in the human ovary and breast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 95, (pp. 7,637-7,642). Washington, D. C.

(5.) Plamen, C.L.I. et al. (1996). Scaling behavior in heart beat intervals obtained by wavelet-based time-series analysis. Nature, 383, 323-327.

(6.) Cracknell, A. P. and Wong, K. C. (1973). The Fermi surface. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(7.) Del Guidice, E. et al. (1986). In S. W. Kilmister (Ed.), Spontaneously broken symmetres and dissipative structures in disequilibrium and self organisation (pp. 197-205). New York: D. Reidel.

(8.) Srivastava, G. P. (1990). Physics of phonons. Bristol: Hilger.

(9.) Milonni, P. W., Shih, M. K., and Forces, C. (1992). Casimir forces. Contemporary Physics, 33, 313-322.

(10.) Aspden, H. (1980). Physics unified. Southampton: Sabberton.

(11.) Milloni, P. W. and Shih, M. L. (1991). Zero-point energy in early quantum theory. American Journal Physics, 59, 684-697.

(12.) Popp, F. A. et al. (1988). Physical aspects of biophotons. Experientia, 44, 576-585.

(13.) Evans, J. (1986). Mind, body and electromagnetism. Cambridge, U.K: D.A.P.A., Ed. 2.

(14) Whangbo, M. H. (1990). Band orbital mixing and electronic instability of low-dimensional metals in electron transfer in biology and the solid state. In J. K. Johnson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the American Chemical Society (pp. 269-286), Washington, D. C.

B.L. Reid, Polartechnics Pty, Sydney, Australia

C. Bourke, Analogue Wave Applications, Croydon, Australia

R. Meyer, Meyer Medical Electronics, Mordialloc, Australia
COPYRIGHT 1999 Temple University - of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education, through its Center for Frontier Sciences
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1999 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:News & Views
Author:Reid, B.L.; Bourke, C.; Meyer, R.
Publication:Frontier Perspectives
Date:Sep 22, 1999
Words:3019
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