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Contribution and Citation Impact of Panjab University in Mathematics Research during 2005-14.

1. Introduction

The Panjab University has a long tradition of pursuing excellence in teaching & research in science and technology, humanities, social sciences, performing arts and sports. The seventyeight Departments and four Chairs on the campus and the four Regional Centres are grouped under the Faculties of Arts, Science, Languages, Law, Education, Fine Arts, Business Management & Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Medical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Dairying, Animal Husbandry & Agriculture. The University offers several diploma, degree, postgraduate and Ph.D. courses. The University Grants Commission and the Department of Science and Technology have recognized a large number of Departments of the university under various programmes, such as the Special Assistance Programme/Departmental Research Support (SAP/DRS), Centre for Advanced Study (CAS), Funds for Improvement of Science and Technology (FIST) and the Department of Special Assistance (DSA). The University is collaborating with several national and international organizations and also participating in major international multi-collaborative research projects [1].

The Department of Mathematics of Panjab University at Chandigarh is one of the leading departments of mathematics among the Indian universities. It began its journey as the Department of Computation at Hoshiarpur in 1950 under the stewardship of Dr. Hans Raj Gupta and it admitted students for M.A. in Mathematics and was renamed as "Department of Mathematics and Computation" in 1953. The department was shifted to Chandigarh in 1958. The department extended its activities and scope manifold since then. The University Grants Commission recognized the department as "Centre for Advanced Studies in Mathematics" in 1963. The department offers various courses like B.Sc. (Hons. School) in Mathematics and Mathematics & Computing and M.Sc. (Hons.] and Ph.D. The department has mushroomed as a centre of advanced research in numerous branches of pure and applied mathematics, such as number theory, algebra, continuum mechanics, nonlinear phenomena and applied mathematics. Currently, 14 research scholars are pursuing research under the guidance of of faculty members. The department promotes research in mathematics by conducting various mathematical instructional schools, annual foundation schools, Olympiad courses, seminars, symposia etc with the financial assistance from National Board for Higher Mathematics. The department has conducted several funded national projects.

1.1 Literature Review

A number of studies have been published on the performance Indian organizations, including the universities in Mysore [2], Jammu [3], Orissa [4], Kerala [5] and Rohtak [6] based on their publications output and citations received covering different periods. Similar studies were also published on the performance of Indian universities in broad fields of science and technology [7-8], physical sciences [9] and life sciences [10]. In addition, quantitative studies were also published on the performance of Indian universities in chemistry [11-13], zoology [14] and mathematics [15-16].

2. Objectives

The main objectives of this study are to study the performance of Panjab University in mathematics research during 2005-14, based on publications output, as indexed in Scopus database. In particular, the study focused on the following objectives--

* To study the growth of its publications and study its distribution by type of documents and sources;

* To study the impact of its publications using citations per paper and impact factor per paper;

* To study the citation pattern of its research output;

* To compare its performance with other leading universities;

* To study the distribution of its research output by broad subject areas and identification of significant keywords;

* To study the publication productivity and citation impact of its most productive authors;

* To study the leading medium of communication and to study the characteristics of high cited papers

3. Methodology

The study retrieved and downloaded the publication data of Panjab University in mathematics from the Scopus database (http://www.scopus.com) during 2005-14. We started first in "Affiliation Search" with first keyword "Chandigarh" and then the keyword "Panjab University" and then limited this search to years 2005 to 2014. Once we got all the publications of Panjab University (7057 publications), we further restricted it to "Mathematics" on "Subject Area" tag. Here we got 432 publications. Here we noticed too much of overlapping in mathematics publications with physics publications. Then we again revised our search strategy and excluded physics publications from this output. This we got 230 publications of Panjab University in mathematics during 2005-14. These publications were pertaining to mathematics only and were relevant. The Final search strategy string used is given below.

(AF-ID("Panjab University" 60018526) OR AF-ID("University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences India" 60018483)) AND (LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2015) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2014) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2013) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2012) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2011) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2010) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2009) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2008) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2007) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2006) OR LIMIT-TO(PUBYEAR,2005)) AND (LIMIT-TO(SUBJAREA,"MATH")) AND (EXCLUDE(SUBJAREA,"PHYS"))

When the main search string is further restricted to "author name tag"", source title tag", "keyword tag" "Affiliation tag" and "country/Territory tag", we got information on distribution of publications by authors, source, significant keywords, collaborating organizations and countries, etc. The citation data was collected from date of publication till the end of September 2015 for all publications. The study has used both quantitative and qualitative indicators to study the performance of Panjab University in mathematics research.

4. Analysis

The number of publications by Panjab University in mathematics comprised of 230 publications during 2005-14 and these increased from 13 publications in 2005 to 30 in 2014, witnessing an annual average growth rate of 17.15%. The cumulative number of publications by Panjab University in mathematics increased from 87 during 2005-09 to 143 during 2010-14, witnessing a growth rate of 64.37%. The average citation per paper registered by Panjab University publications in mathematics was 2.92 during 2005-14, which decreased from 4.57 during 2005-09 to 1.91 during 2010-14 (Table 1). Of the 230 publication by Panjab University in mathematics, 90.43% (208) appeared as articles, 6.96% (16) as conference papers, 0.87% (2 each) as book chapters and erratum and 0.43% (1 each) as editorial and article in press during 2005-14

4.1 Distribution of Publications by Citations

Of the total 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 43.91% (101 publications) did not get any citation (zero citation) since their publication till August 2015. The remaining 56.09% (129) publications received 1 or more citations: 49.57% (114 publications) received 1 to 10 citations, 4.78% (11 publications) received 11 to 20 citations and 1.74% (4 publications) received 21 to 30 citations during 2005- 14. The average number of citations per paper was 2.92 (Table 2).

4.2 Distribution of Publications by Impact Factor

Of the 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 213 publications appeared in 95 journals. Of these 213 journal publications, only 178 publications appearing in 67 journals had impact factor information. The largest number of publications (121) appeared in 45 journals with impact factor range 0.01 to 1.00, 42 publications in 15 journals with impact factor range from 1.01 to 2.00, 15 publications in 7 journals with impact factor range 2.01 to 5.0. The average impact factor per publication was 0.89 for these 178 publications (Table 3).

4.3 Comparison of Panjab University with other Universities in Mathematics

Among the top 15 universities contributing to mathematics research during 2005-14, Panjab University was placed at 10th rank in terms of publications output, but had 12th rank in average citation per paper, h-index, share of international collaborative papers and share of high cited papers and 6th rank in share of national collaborative papers during 2005-14 (Table 4)

4.4 Distribution of Publications by National Collaboration

Of the 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 85 (36.96%) involve collaboration between Panjab University and other organizations from India. These 85 national collaborative publications received 248 citations, leading to the average citation impact per paper of 2.92, same as for overall publications of Panjab University (Table 5). It means the Panjab University has not benefited in terms of citation impact by way of national collaboration.

About 44 Indian organizations (including 10 institutes of national importance, 12 universities, 7 research institutes, 8 engineering & technical colleges, 6 colleges and 2 others) collaborated with Panjab University in mathematics research during 2005-14. Of the 44 collaborative organizations, 21 organizations collaborated in 1 publications, 10 organizations in 2 publications each, 5 organizations in 3 publications each, 2 organizations each in 4 and 5 publications, 1 organization in 6, 8, 12 and 16 publications each during 2005-14.

Among 13 collaborating universities, the largest collaboration (12 papers) of the Panjab University was with Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, followed by Thapar University, Patiala (8 papers), Kurukshetra University (5 papers), Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur Ambala and South Asia University, Delhi (3 papers each), Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, University of Delhi, Karunya University, Coimbatore, Lovely Professional University, Jallandhar, University of Hyderabad, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi, University of Jammu and Jayee Univ of Technology, Himachal (1 paper each).

Among 10 collaborating institutes of national importance, the largest collaboration (16 papers) of Panjab University was with Indian Institute of Science Education & Research, Mohali, followed by IIT-New Delhi (4 papers), IIT-Kanpur (3 papers), Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi and IIT-Roorkee (2 papers each), IIT-Mandi, IIT-Ropar, IIT-Bombay and Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata (1 paper each). Among 7 collaborative research institutes, the largest collaboration (6 papers) of Panjab University was with Central Scientific Instrument Organization, Chandigarh, followed by Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh (4 papers), Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai, Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai. Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Mohali and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research--CAM, Bangalore

Among 8 collaborating engineering and technical institutions, the largest collaboration (6 papers) of Panjab University was with Panjab Engineering College (PEC)/PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh followed by Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal (5 papers), Indo Global College of Engineering, Abhipur, Mohali and National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Chandigarh (2 papers) each, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Jayee University of Technology, Yadavindra College of Engineering, Punjabi University, Guru Kashi Campus, Talwandi Sabo-Bathinda, Punjab, and BBSB Engg College Fatehgarh Sahib (1 paper each). Among 6 collaborating colleges, the largest collaboration (2 papers each) of Panjab University was with by Govt. Postgraduate College, Nalagarh, MCM DAV College, Chandigarh, DAV College, Jallandhar, Lord Shiva College of Pharmacy, Sirsa and JH Govt Postgraduate College, Betul, GGD-SD College, Chandigarh

4.5 Distribution of Publications by International Collaboration

Of the 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 32 (13.91%) involve international collaboration and these have received 144 citations, leading to average citation impact per paper of 4.5, much better than for overall publications of Panjab University [Table 6] . It means the Panjab University benefited substantially in terms of citation impact by way of international collaboration. A large number of organizations and scholars from 15 foreign countries collaborated in research with Panjab University, of which the largest number of papers (12) came from USA, followed by China (4), Canada and Russia Federation (3), Brazil, Germany and South Africa (2 each), France, Greece, Iran, Nepal, Serbia, Singapore, Spain and U.K. (1 each).

Twenty nine foreign organizations collaborated with Panjab University in mathematics, of which the largest number of collaborative papers (4) was with University of California, Berkeley, USA followed by Steklov Mathematical Institute, Moscow, Russia Federation (3 papers), Brigham Young University, USA, Ohio University, USA, Center for Communications Research, San Diego, USA, University of Pretoria, South. Africa and Honghe University, Mengzi, Yunnan, China (2 papers) and 1 paper each with University of Iowa, USA, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS USA, Quintiles Inc., Kansas City, MO, USA, Wellesley College, Wellesley, USA, University of Calgary, Canada, University of Guelph, Canada, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, Universitat Bremen, Germany, University of Bristol, U.K., Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain, Institut fur Informatik, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France, University of Nis, Aleksandra, Serbia, Khaje Nassir-Al-Deen Toosi University, Tehran, Iran. Universidade de Sao Paulo (IME-USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil, IMECC-UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Tribhuvan University, PN Campus, Pokhra, Nepal, Southeast University, Nanjing, China, Hubei Engineering University, Xiaogan, Hubei, China and Baoshan University, Baoshan, China

4.6 Subject-Wise Distribution of Publications

A subject-wise analysis of publications of Panjab University in mathematics during 2005-14 revealed that the maximum share and number of publications (28.7%, 66) were published in algebra, followed by numerical analysis (20.9%, 48), statistics & probability (19.1%, 44), application of mathematics in different subjects (14.3%, 33), number theory (7.39%, 17), operations research (1.74%, 4) and others (7.83%, 18) during 2005-14. Except miscellaneous publications, operations research registered the highest citation impact per paper (5.25), followed by numerical analysis (4.10), algebra (2.74), number theory (2.35), and statistics & probability (2.34) during 2005-14 (Table 7)

4.7 Significant Keywords

A list of 25 significant keywords (along with their frequency of occurrence) appearing in publications of Panjab University in mathematics during 2005-14 is shown in Table 8. These keywords through some light on the trends of research in differential subject fields.

4.8 Contribution and Citation Impact of Top 20 Authors

In all, 160 authors participated in mathematics research by Panjab University during 2005-14, of which 63 authors contributed 1 paper each, 41 authors 2 papers each, 19 and 10 authors 3 and 4 papers each, 7 and 3 authors 5 and 6 papers each, 4 and 2 authors 7 and 9 papers each, 3, 1 and 1 authors 10, 11 and 12 papers each, 3, 1, 1 and 1 authors 13, 19, 24 and 26 papers each. The average number of papers per author was 3.14. The top 20 most productive authors individually had published 5 to 26 papers and together contributed 220 papers and 649 citations, accounting for 95.65% and 96.72% share of total publications and citations by Panjab University in mathematics during 20005-14.

Seven authors have published more than the average productivity (11) per author: Sudesh K Khanduja (36 papers), K.K. Sharma (24 papers), V. Kanwar (19 papers), M. Raka, G.K. Bakshi and I.B.S. Passi (13 papers each) and S.K. Tomar (12 papers) during 2005-14. Nine authors have registered higher impact than the average citation per paper (2.95) of all authors: K.K. Sharma (6.0), S.K. Tomar (5.92), D. Khurana (5.30), M. Raka (3.92), G.K. Bakshi (3.77), V. Kanwar (3.37), A. Sharma (3.33), A.Kaushik (3.29) and R.Sehmi (3.0) during 2005-14. Six authors have achieved more than the average h-index (3) of all authors: K.K. Sharma (7), S.K. Tomar, M. Raka, V. Kanwar and Sudesh K Khanduja (5 each). Nine authors had higher share of national collaborative papers than the average share (30.0%) of all authors: R. Sehmi (100.0%), A.Kaushik (85.71%), S.K. Tomar (66.67%), I. B. S. Passi (61.54%), A.N.Gill (44.44%), A.Goyal (42.86%), V. Kanwar (42.11%), M. Raka (38.46%) and G.K. Bakshi (30.0%) during 2005-14. Six authors have registered more share of international collaborative papers (ICP) than the average (12.73%) of all authors: D. Khurana (80.0%), I. B. S. Passi (53.85%), N. Kumar (30.0%), A.Kaushik (28.75%), G.P.Mehta (20.0%) and K.K. Sharma (16.67%) during 2005-14 (Table 9).

4.9 Medium of Communication

Out of 230 papers by Panjab University in mathematics, 213 papers appeared in journals, 9 in book series, 6 in conference proceedings and 2 as books during 2005-14. These 213 papers appeared in 87 journals, of which 48 journals published 1 paper each, 14 journals 2 paper each, 8 journals 3 papers each, 4 and 5 journals 4 and 5 papers each, 2 journals each 6, 7 and 8 papers and 1 journal each 11 and 19 papers during 2005-14. A list of 25 most productive journals publishing 3 and more papers are given in Table 10. The top 25 journals together contributed 142 papers, accounting for 61.74% share of the total output of Panjab University in mathematics during 2005-14. The largest number of papers (19) was published in Applied Mathematics & Computation (IF=1.60), followed by Communications in Algebra (11 papers, IF=0.388J, Finite Fields and Their Applications and Statistics & Probability (8 papers each, IF=0.459 and 0.531), Journal of Algebra and Journal of Pure & Applied Algebra (6 papers each, IF=0.604 and 0.578), etc. (Table 10)

4.10 Higher Cited Papers

The top 15 comparatively higher cited papers (11 papers with 11 to 20 citations range and 4 papers with 21 to 30 citations range) together account for 275 citations, leading to average citation per paper of 18.33. Among 15 higher cited papers, 3 had the participation of single institution (zero collaboration), 7 involve national collaboration (participation 2 or more Indian organizations) and 5 involve international collaboration (participitation of 2 or more Indian and foreign organization). These 15 higher cited papers involve 26 authors and 30 Indian and foreign organizations and were published in 9 journals. The largest number of papers (6) were published in Applied Mathematics & Computation (IF=1.60), followed by 2 papers each in Journal of Algebra (IF=0,604) and BMC Bioinformatics (if=2,672), and 1 paper each in Algebra Colloquiam (IF=0.272), European Journal of Operations Research (IF=1.843) , Finite Fields & their Applications(IF=0.459), International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering (IF=1.961) and Reliability Engineering & Systems Safety.

5. Summary & Conclusions

The Panjab University in mathematics published 230 publications during 2005-14, increasing from 13 publications in 2005 to 30 in 2014, leading to an annual average growth rate of 17.15%. Its cumulative publications had increased from 87 to 143, witnessing a growth rate of 64.37% from 2005-09 to 2010-14. The university publications had registered the average citation impact per paper of 2.92 and the average impact factor per publication of 0.89 during 2005-14. Only 56.09% publications of Panjab University in mathematics received 1 or more citations: 49.57% received 1 to 10 citations, 4.78% received 11 to 20 citations and 1.74% received 21 to 30 citations during 2005- 14. Of the 230 publications by Panjab University in mathematics, 213 publications appeared in 95 journals. Of these 213 journal publications, only 178 publications appearing in 67 journals had impact factor information.

Around 36.96% publications of Panjab University were involved in national collaboration between Panjab University and 44 other Indian organizations (including 10 institutes of national importance, 12 universities, 7 research institutes, 8 engineering & technical colleges, 6 colleges and 2 others) collaborated with Panjab University in mathematics research during 2005-14. In contrast, only 13.91%) of publications of Panjab University in mathematics involved international collaboration with 15 countries (29 organizations): USA (12 publications), China (4), Canada and Russia Federation (3), Brazil, Germany and South Africa (2 each), France, Greece, Iran, Nepal, Serbia, Singapore, Spain and U.K during 2005-14.

The largest share (28.7%) of publications of Panjab University in mathematics were in algebra, followed by numerical analysis (20.9%), statistics & probability (19.1%), application of mathematics in different subjects (14.3%), number theory (7.39%), operations research (1.74%) and others (7.83%) during 2005-14. About 160 authors participated in mathematics research by Panjab University, of which the top 20 most productive authors accounting for 95.65% and 96.72% share of its publications and citations during 20005-14.

The top 25 journals publishing papers by Panjab University in mathematics together accounted for 61.74% share of the total output of Panjab University during 2005-14. Applied Mathematics & Computation (IF=1.60) published the largest number (19) of papers, followed by Communications in Algebra (11 papers, IF=0.388J, Finite Fields and Their Applications and Statistics & Probability (8 papers each, IF=0.459 and 0.531), Journal of Algebra and Journal of Pure & Applied Algebra (6 papers each, IF=0.604 and 0.578), etc.

The top 15 comparatively higher cited papers together got 275 citations, leading to average citation per paper of 18.33. Among 15 higher cited papers, 3 had the participation of single institution (zero collaboration), 7 involve national collaboration and 5 involve international collaboration. These 15 higher cited papers involve 26 authors and 30 Indian and foreign organizations and were published in 9 journals.

6. Conclusion

From the above analysis, it is clear that Panjab University contribution in mathematics research lags far behind with other leading universities, in terms of both publications output and citation impact. The University must seriously think in terms of increasing its research output by way of enlarging the size of qualified faculty and intake of serious Ph.D. students and also improving its citation impact through enlarged participation of its faculty in national and international collaborative projects and increasing participation of its Ph.D. students in international conferences and workshops. In addition, more efforts should be made to attract extra-mural grants for getting research projects from different major Indian funding agencies.

References

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Madhu Bansal *, Jivesh Bansal ** ([yen]), Harinder Singh Saini **, B.M. Gupta ***

* Department of Mathemetics, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). madhu@pu.ac.in

** A C Joshi Library, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). jivesh@pu.ac.in; harinder.pul@gmail.com

*** 1173, Sector-15, Panchkula-134 113, Haryana (India). bmgupta1@gmail.com

([yen]) Corresponding Author
Table 1. Growth of Publications and Citations of Panjab University in
Mathematics during 2005-14

Publication   TP    TC    ACPP
Year

2005          13    69    5.31
2006          9     92    10.2
2007          20    80    4.00
2008          20    110   5.50
2009          25    47    1.88
2010          19    74    3.89
2011          26    71    2.73
2012          38    83    2.18
2013          30    36    1.20
2014          30    9     0.30
2005-09       87    398   4.57
2010-14       143   273   1.91
2005-14       230   671   2.92

TP=Total Papers; TC=Total Citations; ACPP=Average
Citation Per Paper

Table 2. Distribution of Panjab University Publications in Mathematics
by Citations during 2005-14

Range of    TP    Citations   % TP     %Citations
Citations

0--0        101   0           43.91    0
1--10       114   396         49.57    59.0
11-20       11    171         4.78     25.5
21-30       4     104         1.74     15.5
Total       230   671         100.00   100.0

TP=Total Publications

Table 3. Distribution of Panjab University Publications in Mathematics
by Impact Factor, 2005-14

Range of        No of    No. of     Total     Average
Impact Factor   Papers   Journals   Impact    Impact
                                    Factor    per Paper
0.01--1.00      121      45         56.143
1.01--2.0       42       15         63.211
2.010--3.00     12       5          27.664
3.010--4.00     2        1          7.202
4.010--5.00     1        1          4.035
Total           178      67         158.255   0.89

Table 4. Scientometric Profile of Top 10 Universities in Mathematics
during 2005-14

S.No   Name of the        TP     TC    ACPP   HI   ICP
       University

1      Anna University,   1150   247   2.15   20   89
       Chennai                   5

2      Jadavpur           854    620   7.26   33   252
       University,               2
       Kolkata

3      Aligarh Muslim     711    394   5.55   27   366
       University                5

4      University of      644    229   3.56   20   142
       Delhi                     0

5      University of      412    152   3.69   19   64
       Calcutta                  2

6      SASTRA             368    794   2.16   10   21
       University

7      Banaras Hindu      302    872   2.89   12   86
       University

8      University of      264    757   2.87   12   60
       Hyderabad

9      Bharathiar         250    130   5.23   17   74
       University                8

10     Panjab             230    671   2.88   12   32
       University,
       Chandigarh

11     Thapar             209    716   3.43   13   46
       University,
       Patiala

12     Annamalai          208    358   1.72   8    7
       University

13     University of      193    147   7.66   22   44
       Pune                      8

14     Cochin             188    631   3.36   13   44
       University of
       Science &
       Technology

15     University of      185    240   1.3    6    26
       Mysore

S.No   Name of the        %      NCP   %NCP    HCP   %
       University         ICP                        HCP

1      Anna University,   7.74   493   42.87   0     0
       Chennai

2      Jadavpur           29.5   427   50.00   6     0.7
       University,
       Kolkata

3      Aligarh Muslim     51.5   93    13.08   1     0.1
       University                                    4

4      University of      22.0   188   29.19   0     0
       Delhi              0

5      University of      15.5   206   50.00   0     0
       Calcutta

6      SASTRA             5.71   139   37.77   0     0
       University

7      Banaras Hindu      28.5   88    29.14   0     0
       University

8      University of      22.7   40    15.15   0     0
       Hyderabad

9      Bharathiar         29.6   95    38.00   2     0.8
       University

10     Panjab             13.9   85    36.96   0     0
       University,        1
       Chandigarh

11     Thapar             22     73    34.93   1     0.4
       University,                                   8
       Patiala

12     Annamalai          3.37   53    25.48   0     0
       University

13     University of      22.8   52    26.94   0     0
       Pune

14     Cochin             23.4   49    26.06   0     0
       University of
       Science &
       Technology

15     University of      14.1   58    31.35   0     0
       Mysore

TP=Total Papers; TC=Total Citations; ACPP=Average
Citations Per Paper; HI-h-index; NCP=National
Collaborative Papers; ICP=International Collaborative
Papers

Table 5. Distribution of Publications of Panjab University in
Mathematics by National Collaboration during 2005-14

Publication   TP    NCP   %NCP
Year

2005          13    1     7.69
2006          9     2     22.2
2007          20    3     15.00
2008          20    8     40.00
2009          25    11    44.00
2010          19    9     47.4
2011          26    7     26.9
2012          38    14    36.8
2013          30    17    56.7
2014          30    13    43.3
2005-09       87    25    28.7
2010-14       143   60    42.00
2005-14       230   85    37.00

TP=Total Papers; NCP=National
Collaborative Papers

Table 6. Number & Share of International Collaborative Papers of
Panjab University in Mathematics during 2005-014

Publication   TP    ICP   %ICP
year

2005          13    2     15.38
2006          9     3     33.33
2007          20    3     15.00
2008          20    5     25.00
2009          25    3     12.00
2010          19    3     15.79
2011          26    3     11.54
2012          38    2     5.263
2013          30    1     3.333
2014          30    7     23.33
2005-09       87    16    18.39
2010-14       143   16    11.19
2005-14       230   32    13.91

TP=Total Papers; ICP=International
Collaborative Papers

Table 7. Subject-Wise Distribution of Publications of Panjab
University in Mathematics during 2005-14

S.No   Subject Area                 TP    TC    ACPP   %TP

1      Algebra                      66    181   2.74   28.7
2      Numerical Analysis           48    197   4.10   20.9
3      Statistics & Probability     44    103   2.34   19.1
4      Number Theory                17    40    2.35   7.39
5      Application of Mathematics   33    62    1.88   14.3
       in Different Subjects
6      Operations Research          4     21    5.25   1.74
7      Miscellaneous                18    67    3.72   7.83
       Total                        230   671   2.92   28.7

TP=Total Papers; TC=Total Citations; ACPP=Average Citation Per Paper

Table 8. List of Significant Keywords appearing in Papers of Panjab
University in Mathematics, 2005-14

Keywords                  # of
                          Papers

Nonlinear Equations       14

Valued Fields             14

Numerical Methods         13

Newton's Method           12

Non-Archimedean           11
Valued Fields

Differential Equations    9

Singular                  9
Perturbations

Cyclotomic Cosets         7

Finite Differences        7
Methods

Perturbation Techniques   7

Algorithms                7

Finite Element Method     6

Halley's Method           6

Mathematical Models       6

Optimization              6

Differential Equations    5

Newton-Raphson            5
Method

Chebyshev's Method        4

Combinatorial             4
Interpretations

Computer Simulation       4

Differential (Calcus)     4

Field Theory &            4
Polynomials

Finite Fields             4

Partial Differential      4
Equations

Banach Algebra            3

Table 9. Scientometric Profile of Top 20 Most Productive Authors of
Panjab University in Mathematics during 2005-14

S.No   Name of Author      Affiliating   TP      TC      ACPP   HI
                           Deptt.

1      Sudesh K            Math          26      53      2.04   5
       Khanduja
2      K.K. Sharma         Math          24      144     6.00   7
3      V. Kanwar           UIET          19      64      3.37   5
4      M. Raka             Math          13      51      3.92   5
5      G. K. Bakshi        Math          13      49      3.77   4
6      I. B. S. Passi      Math          13      25      1.92   3
7      S.K. Tomar          Math          12      71      5.92   5
8      A.K. Agarwal        Math          11      18      1.64   2
9      N. Kumar            Stat          10      4       0.40   1
10     S. Arora            Math          10      9       0.90   1
11     D. Khurana          Math          10      53      5.30   3
12     A.N.Gill            Stat          9       11      1.22   2
13     A.Kaushik           Math          7       23      3.29   3
14     A.Goyal             Stat          7       13      1.86   2
15     K K Mahajan         Stat          7       3       0.43   1
16     R. Behl             UIET          7       12      1.71   2
17     K. Jain             Stat          6       10      1.67   2
18     A. Sharma           Math          6       20      3.33   3
19     G.P.Mehta           Stat          5       1       0.20   1
20     R.Sehmi             Math          5       15      3.00   3

       Total of 20                       220     649     2.95   3
       authors

       Total papers of                   230     671
       Panjab University

       Share of 20                       95.65   96.72
       authors in total
       output of Panjab
       University

S.No   Name of Author      NCP   %NCP     ICP   %ICP

1      Sudesh K            6     23.08    2     7.69
       Khanduja
2      K.K. Sharma         7     29.17    4     16.67
3      V. Kanwar           8     42.11    1     5.26
4      M. Raka             5     38.46    0     0.00
5      G. K. Bakshi        5     38.46    0     0.00
6      I. B. S. Passi      8     61.54    7     53.85
7      S.K. Tomar          8     66.67    0     0.00
8      A.K. Agarwal        1     9.09     0     0.00
9      N. Kumar            3     30.00    3     30.00
10     S. Arora            1     10.00    0     0.00
11     D. Khurana          3     30.00    8     80.00
12     A.N.Gill            4     44.44    0     0.00
13     A.Kaushik           6     85.71    2     28.57
14     A.Goyal             3     42.86    0     0.00
15     K K Mahajan         1     14.29    0     0.00
16     R. Behl             2     28.57    0     0.00
17     K. Jain             0     0.00     0     0.00
18     A. Sharma           1     16.67    0     0.00
19     G.P.Mehta           0     0.00     1     20.00
20     R.Sehmi             5     100.00   0     0.00

       Total of 20         77    35.00    28
       authors

       Total papers of
       Panjab University

       Share of 20
       authors in total
       output of Panjab
       University

TP=Total Papers; TC=Total Citations; ACPP=Average Citations Per Paper;
Hl-h-index; NCP=National Collaborative Papers; ICP=International
Collaborative Papers; UIET=University Institute of Engineering &
Technology

Table 10. List of Top 25 Most Productive Journals of Panjab University
in Mathematics during 2005-14

S.No    Name of the Journal          TP      IF2013

1       Applied Mathematics          19      1.600
        and Computation

2       Communications in            11      0.388
        Algebra

3       Finite Fields and Their      8       0.459
        Applications

4       Statistics & Probability     8       0.531

5       Journal of Algebra           7       0.604

6       Journal of Pure &            7       0.578
        Applied Algebra

7       Advance Science Letters      6       1.253

8       Indian Journal of Pure &     6       0.206
        Applied Mathematics

9       Ars Combinatoria             5       0.204

10      American Journal of          5       Nil
        Mathematics &
        Management Science

11      Applied Mathematics          5       2.158
        Modelling

12      Journal of Algebra and its   5       0.373
        Applications

13      Model Assisted Statistics    5       NA
        & Applications

13      Model Assisted Statistics    5       NA
        & Applications

S.No    Name of the Journal          TP      IF2013

14      Communications in            4       0.288
        Statistics Stimulation &
        Computation
15      International Journal of     4       0.721
        Computational
        Mathematics
16      International Journal of     4       0.379
        Pure & Applied
        Mathematics
17      Proceedings of the Indian    4       0.380
        Academy of Sciences-
        Mathematical Sciences
18      Chemical Product &           3       NA
        Process Modeling
19      Computers & Mathematics      3       1.996
        with Applications
20      Algebra Colloguim            3       0.272
21      Utilitas Mathematica         3       0.316A

22      Asian European Journal of    3       NA
        Mathematics
23      MBC Bioinformatics           3       2.672
24      International Journal of     3       0.460
        Mathematical Education in
        Science & Technology
25      Journal of Number Theory     3       0.392

Total   Total of 20 journals         142

                                     61.74
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