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Contraceptive pill linked to cancer.

Dyer O: WHO links long term pill use to cervical cancer. BMJ 2002;324:808

Multiple pregnancies and prolonged use of the contraceptive pill increase the risk of cervical cancer in women infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), according to studies by the World Health Organization. It is estimated that a third of women in their twenties in the United Kingdom have the HPV infection. HPV is considered a prerequisite for cervical cancer, and more than 99% of British women with cervical cancer have HPV. The lifetime risk for cervical cancer is 1 % in North America and Europe, compared to 5% in parts of Africa, India, and Latin America. The Family Planning Association maintains that the benefits of oral contraception outweigh the risks, however, and regular screenings detect changes before they develop into cancer.
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Publication:Southern Medical Journal
Article Type:Brief Article
Date:Nov 1, 2002
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