Continued Strong Silver Investment Demand Drove Annual Average Price to Second Highest on Record.
Investors remained significant net buyers of silver in 2012, as evidenced by the 21 percent increase in implied net silver investment (which includes physical bar investment, exchange traded funds and fund activity on Comex) to set an all-time high of 160.0 Moz. By comparison, in 2004, the level of implied net silver investment was 5.4 Moz.
Global silver ETF demand was robust, up by 55.1 Moz last year, hitting a historic high of 631.4 Moz. Total ETF holdings rose to a record $18.9 billion at year-end, up 16 percent from the figure recorded at year-end 2011.
Buoyant investor interest was also seen in demand for coins & medals at 92.7 Moz in 2012, the third highest level ever recorded. Coin minting in China posted a strong increase, realizing a 47 percent gain over 2011.
Total silver fabrication demand in 2012 dipped to 846.8 Moz, reflecting losses in key areas. Industrial silver fabrication slipped by 4 percent to 465.9 Moz, the result of the challenging economic environment seen in many industrialized countries. However, India recorded a 4 percent gain while China experienced a small increase in industrial demand.
Worldwide jewelry fabrication at 185.6 Moz remained effectively unchanged from 2011, thereby proving far more resilient than gold with its 4% decline. Growing consumption in India and China for silver jewelry offset softer western markets. Photographic demand for silver fell to 57.8 Moz, while the silverware sector slipped to 44.9 Moz due to ongoing structural factors and economic weakness.
Mine Supply and Costs
Global silver mine production grew last year to 787.0 Moz, primarily due to by-product output from the lead/zinc sector. Primary silver mine supply grew by 1 percent to account for 28 percent of global silver mine output. Mexico was the world's largest silver producing country in 2012, followed by China, Peru, Australia and Russia. Primary silver mine cash costs rose to $8.88 an ounce, reflecting higher prices for labor, electricity, and maintenance charges.
Supply of silver from above-ground stocks fell by 7.5 percent to 261.3 Moz in 2012, driven by a continued decline in government stock sales, a drop in scrap supply, and the absence of net-producer hedging. Producer de-hedging added 41.5 Moz to the demand equation in 2012. Government stock sales fell a staggering 39 percent to a 15-year low of 7.4 Moz. A continued decline in disposals from Russia and an absence of government stock sales from China and India were the primary factors. A drop in western supplies of recycled jewelry and silverware, combined with further falls from photographic sources, drove silver scrap supply down further by 1.6 percent to 253.9 Moz.
About the "World Silver Survey," the Silver Institute and "Survey" Ordering Information
The 2013 edition of the "World Silver Survey" was independently researched and compiled by London-based Thomson Reuters GFMS, the leading metals research company. The Silver Institute has published this annual report on the global silver market since 1990, to bring reliable supply and demand statistics to market participants and the public at large.
"World Silver Survey 2013? was sponsored by 24 companies and organizations from North and South America, Europe and Asia. These firms are involved in most aspects of the global silver industry, from mining and refining to trading and manufacturing. Founded in 1971, the Silver Institute is an international industry association. Its members include leading silver producers, refiners, manufacturers and dealers.
Copies of "World Silver Survey 2013? are available to the media upon request and can be purchased for US$225 from the Silver Institute, 1400 I Street NW, Suite 550, Washington, DC, 20005; by phone at 202/835-0185; or from the Institute's web site www.silverinstitute.org.
For copies outside North America, please contact Thomson Reuters GFMS by phone at +44 (0) 20 7542 1682. You can also email your request to the Silver Institute at firstname.lastname@example.org and Thomson Reuters GFMS at: email@example.com.
World Silver Survey 2013 Sponsors
- A-Mark Precious Metals, Inc.
- Coeur d'Alene Mines Corporation
- Fresnillo Plc
- Industrias PeEoles, S.A.B. de C.V.
- Pan American Silver Corp.
- Silver Wheaton Corp.
- Alexco Resource Corp.
- Barrick Gold Corporation
- Cia. de Minas Buenaventura, S.A.A.
- Endeavour Silver Corp.
- Goldcorp Inc.
- Hecla Mining Company
- KGHM Polska Miedz S.A.
- Republic Metals Corporation
- Silver Standard Resources Inc.
- CME Group
- Diamond State Depository, LLC
- Golden Minerals Company
- Johnson Matthey Inc.
- Mitsui Global Precious Metals
- Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.K.
- TD Bank
- Valcambi sa
About The Silver Institute:
The Silver Institute is a nonprofit international association that draws its membership from across the breadth of the silver industry. This includes leading silver mining houses, refiners, bullion suppliers, manufacturers of silver products and wholesalers of silver investment products. Established in 1971, the Institute serves as the industry's voice in increasing public understanding of the many uses and values of silver. For more information on the Silver Institute, or silver in general, please visit www.silverinstitute.org.
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|Date:||Apr 25, 2013|
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