Congressional tax agenda: busy and fluid. (Washington Insights).
First, they will take up Medicare reform, and how to provide seniors with a new prescription drug benefit. Both the House and the Senate have announced an ambitious timetable to complete this legislation by the July 4 recess. The major debate will center on providing all seniors with the option of a subsidized prescription drug benefit. Another, related issue will be the offsets that Congress may include to keep the total cost below $400 billion.
Then the House Ways and Means Committee is expected to take up HR 1776, legislation that builds on the retirement savings reforms included in the 2001 tax cut package. The bill accelerates some provisions of the 2001 law, including scheduled increases in contribution limits for IRAs and qualified plans. It also proposes several new reforms, including provisions dealing with minimum required distributions, retiree health and incentives for retirees to take annuities.
Finally, the bill includes a provision to permanently replace the 30-year Treasury rate for purposes of pension plan funding and lump-sum payment calculations. The 30-year Treasury issue requires near-term consideration, and both houses are expected to act on a replacement before the year ends.
Of great interest to FEI is the ongoing debate over international tax reform. Congress faces growing pressure to respond to the adverse World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling on the U.S. foreign sales corporation (FSC)/Extraterritorial Income (ETI) tax regimes. The European Union has obtained WTO approval to impose slightly over $4 billion in trade sanctions on U.S. exports if the U.S. does not repeal FSC/ETI.
House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Bill Thomas is likely soon to reintroduce his comprehensive international tax reform legislation, which repeals the FSC/ETI. The new bill will probably include provisions designed to garner support among wavering Republicans, including: a 2 1/2-year extension of the research and development tax credit; a modified version of the Homeland Investment Act; and an elective, not mandatory, worldwide interest allocation regime.
In the meantime, the number two Republican on Ways and Means, Rep. Phil Crane, and the ranking Democrat, Rep. Charles Rangel, have introduced a competing international tax reform bill, the "Job Protection Act of 2003." It would phase out the ETI over five years and eventually provide a 10 percent deduction for income attributable to U.S.-based production activities (if your company is 100 percent domestic, you stand to see a 3.5 percent cut in your corporate income tax rate).
The Joint Tax Committee estimates that the bill will cost $126 million over the next 10 years. However, EU officials have indicated that they doubt the extended ETI phase-out period is WTO-compliant.
ETI repeal legislation is also on the Senate's agenda. However, both Senate Finance Committee Chairman Charles Grassley and ranking member Max Baucus have issued statements supporting a "manufacturer's credit" consistent with the concept of the Crane-Rangel legislation.
Finally, the Senate continues its campaign against corporate "inversions," in which companies locate headquarters offshore for tax purposes. The Senate included the Finance Committee anti-inversion provisions in the Senate's version of the reconciliation tax package, but the provisions were dropped in conference. Chairman Grassley has indicated, however, that he will continue pushing for legislation to deny the reduced 15 percent dividend rate to inverted companies.
CEO Certification of Tax Returns
FEI has been deeply involved in the debate over whether CEOs should be required to sign their companies' federal income tax filings. The Senate version of the comprehensive tax bill originally included the CEO signature provision, but it was removed at the last minute due to procedural concerns. However, Sens. Grassley and Baucus remain committed to addressing this issue in future tax legislation.
FEI continues to speak with relevant Senate and House staff about our concerns, and we continue to advocate that, as a worst-case scenario, the CEO should only be required to sign Form 1120 once.
Mark Pryosck (email@example.com) is FEI's Director of Tax Policy.
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|Date:||Jul 1, 2003|
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