Comprehension Instruction in Content Area Classes.
Neufeld cites surprising research indicating that 4th- and 5th-grade teachers identified as the top in their fields did not directly teach comprehension skills, but rather offered opportunities to practice comprehension strategies. In this article, he provides convincing evidence of the benefits of explicitly teaching students comprehension strategies.
Neufeld examines the reading behaviors of expert comprehenders to clarify what comprehension consists of as the child experiences text. He then describes several comprehension strategies that are "teachable and useful" (p. 303). These strategies are divided into Getting-Read-to-Read strategies and During-and-After Reading Strategies. He offers detailed comprehension check lists, graphic organizers for different text structures, and key words. Having covered what is needed to teach students, Neufeld then explains how to teach these strategies in two phases, called Explicit Instruction of Individual Strategies and Teaching for Self-Regulated Strategy Use.
Neufeld ends the article by emphasizing the importance of comprehension in all aspects of learning. He also offers a list of suggestions for effective comprehension instruction. He cautions that if left to "their own devices, many students struggle to read and learn from texts" (p. 310). Although much of learning develops naturally, Neufeld believes that comprehension should not be left to chance, as it is a determining factor in future success. Reviewed by Angela Walker.
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|Date:||Jan 1, 2006|
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