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Comparing mental health level of epileptic patients with healthy people.

INTRODUCTION

Health psychology is knowing behaviors and individual life styles that affect a person's physical health. Preventing and curing disease, knowing risky factors related with disease improving health care systems through knowing good exercises and forming public ides have helped peoples health [1,2,3]. Using psychological principles about health have helped arrange of positive out comes that among them we can name of: lowering blood pressure controlling cholesterol level of blood giving up cigarettes preventing and confronting with cancer and aids and modifying unsafe behaviors. Fields and ways of preventing and promoting health and well-being level such as: different tendencies of health different skills of medicine different branches of psychology physiology and sociology and in fact there is a kind of similarity among them [4,5,6].

Research Method:

In the present research comparing method has been used in this case that independent variable I mean epilepsy has already happened and it isn't manipulate able and control able by the researcher but its effects are measurable and study able. So it is tried to by variables explain their probable relations with hypothetical independent variable or epilepsy in this way that after doing the test we can compare normal and epileptic people. In this research studied universe were all epileptic people between 20-50 years old that as out patients had gone to the center of supporting from Iran,s epilepsy society for following epilepsy therapy. Witness group from normal people had the same age range and healthy people that were tested were those who had come to the center with epileptic patients. It should be said that compared groups matched with each other from the point of age sex marriage situation job situation social and economical situation. A sample with 60 people (30 epileptic ones, 30 healthy ones) was selected with the above said cases. Sampling used in this research was available sampling method. In this way that some people went to the above mentioned cure center and by studying medical records of patients who had gone there or doctor confirmed their epilepsy and had gone there for getting brain strip were chosen for this research. About choosing healthy people samples it should be said that they had the same situations with this difference that they didn't have any mental or physical disease and they had gone to that clinic with patients as their companions [7,8,9]. The device for gathering data in this research is that doesn't have any clear and certain norm and for using in any group sectional selection norm should be done, and almost it is used with usual form along with other tests for knowing personality different group that the test has been done for them. This test has 90 questions for measuring mental signs that is completed by the responder [10,11,12]. This test for the first time showed that psychological sides of physical and mental patens have already been designed. Their primary from were prepared by Dirogatiz, Lip man and Kouri. On the basis of clinical experiences and psychometrics analyzes they were reviewed and at last the final form was prepared [13,14,15].

Results:

In this part, research data are measured and studied using statistical tests for studying main hypothesis of the research in a way that after seeing answers and recording data in SPSS software and extracting the results descriptive information are presented in descriptive tables. Frequency distribution of studied subjects in healthy group and group of epileptic patients are presented in table one according to their age.

As it is seen in table 1 in healthy and epileptic groups in age range between 20- 30 years old there are 36.7% in age range between 31-40 years old there are 26.7% of people. Frequency distribution of studied subjects in healthy and epileptic groups according to the sex are presented in table 2.

Frequency distribution of studied subjects in healthy and epileptic groups according to their marriage situation is presented in table 3.

As it is seen in table 3, in healthy and patient groups there are 50% married ones and 50% are unmarried ones frequency distribution of studied subjects in healthy and epileptic groups according to their employment situation is presented in table 4.

Frequency distribution of studied subjects in healthy and epileptic groups according to their previous record of mental and physical illness is presented in table 5.

Results of table 5 show that in non of the groups (healthy or epileptic ones) there haven't been a record of mental disorder, but in epileptic group all have had the record of physical disease.

After that mean and standard deviation of scores of mental health sub- scale about healthy and epileptic groups are presented in descriptive tables.

As it is seen in table 6 mean of scores of all mental health sub scales of epileptic people is some how higher than that of healthy people and degree of depression of epileptic patients is higher than healthy people so we conclude that mental health level of healthy people is higher than mental health level of epileptic patients.

Table 7: shows mean and standard deviation of illness coefficient of mental health sub-scales in healthy and epileptic groups.

As it is seen in table 7, mean of illness coefficient of all mental health sub -scales in epileptic patients is higher than that of healthy people.

Table 8 shows mean and standard deviation of discomfort coefficient standard in healthy and epileptic groups.

Discussion and conclusion:

Hypothesis of present research is that: mental health level of healthy people is higher than that of epileptic patients. On the basis of result of independent t test, the difference between mean of mental health of healthy people and epileptic patients isn't meaningful and the hypothesis is rejected. (p>5%)

Result of this hypothesis with what Stivense et al have done in a research with the topic of disorders of epileptic patients in relation with this hypothesis that mental health level of healthy persons is higher than that of epileptic patients show that, although epileptic patients have got higher scores in depression psychosis and paranoia scales but there isn't meaningful difference between healthy people and epileptic patients and they are homolateral.

Result of this hypothesis with what Dardil and Betzel have done in study with the topic of comparing mental health of healthy persons and epileptic ones in a hospital in U.S.A by SCI 1 90-r in relation with this hypothesis that mental health of healthy people is higher than epileptic ones show that there isn't meaningful difference between then and they are homolateral.

ARTICLE INFO

Article history:

Received 15 March 2014

Received in revised form 9 April 2014

Accepted 2 May 2014

Available online 5 June 2014

REFERENCES

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[4] Najmolhada, F. and Z. Ghanbarpour, 2014. Adolescents Interaction with the Family from the Islam Prospective, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture, 9 (1): 388-395.

[5] Zndedel N., M. Nsani, 2006. IBS and psychological disorders in university students. Scientific Journal of the Iranian Association of Gastroenterology and Hematology, 11(1): 22-26.

[6] Blanchard, E.B., L. Keefer, T.E. Galovski, A.E. Taylor, 2001. Turner SM. Gender differences in psychological distress among patience in psychological distress among patients with IBS. J psychosomatic Res, 50(5): 271-5.

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[8] Tafazoli, S., and F. Bagheri, 2014. Comparison of Life Quality Identity Crisis Among Usual and Menopause Women, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture, 9(3): 1336-1339.

[9] Madani, N., F. Bagheri, J. Bolhari, 2014. Comparison Between the Communication Skills in Two High and Low Levels of Need for Love and Belonging, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture, 9(3): 1340-1345.

[10] Guthrie, E., F. Creed, D. Dawson, B. Tomenson, 1993. A randomized controlled trial of psychotherapy in patients with refractory irritable bowel syndrome. Br. Psychiatry, 19: 163-315.

[11] Abbasian, S., G.R. Jahanshahloo and M. Zohrehbandian, 2014. Technology Selection Based on Decision Maker Preference Information, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture, 9 (4): 1948-1955.

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Majid Mahvi-Shirazi, Ebrahim Ahmadi, Masoumeh Beheshti

Department of Psychology, Buinzahra Branch, Islamic Azad University, Buinzahra, Iran.

Corresponding Author: Majid Mahvi-Shirazr Department of Psychology, Buinzahra Branch, Islamic Azad University, Buinzahra, Iran.

E-mail: msht7537@gmail.com
Table 1: frequency distribution of studied sample in healthy
group and group of epileptic patients according to the age.

                                               group of
                                               epileptic
Group                       Healthy            patients

age                 Frequency   Percent   Frequency   Percent

Between 20 t0 30       11        36.7        11        36.7
Between 31 t0 40       11        36.7        11        36.7
Between 41 t0 50        8        26.7         8        26.7
Total                  30         100        30         100

Table 2: frequency distribution of studied sample in
healthy and epileptic groups according to the sex.

Group            Healthy         group of epileptic patients

Sex       Frequency   Percent     Frequency      Percent

Woman        15         50           15             50
Man          15         50           15             50
Total        30         100          30            100

As it is seen in table 2, in healthy and patient groups
there are 50 percent men and 50 percent women.

Table 3: Frequency distribution of studied sample in healthy
and epileptic groups according to marriage situation.

Group                      Healthy         group of epileptic patients

Mariage Condition    Frequency   Percent     Frequency      Percent

Married                 15         50           15            50
Unmarried               15         50           15            50
Total                   30         100          30            100

Table 4: Frequency distribution of studied sample in healthy and
epileptic groups according to their employment situation.

Group                    Healthy      group of epileptic patients

Job Condition   Frequency   Percent    Frequency      Percent

Employed           15         50          15             50
Unemployed         15         50          15             50
Total              30         100         30            100

As it is seen in table 4, in healthy and patient
groups there are 50% employed people and 50% are unemployed ones.

Table 5: Frequency distribution of studied sample in healthy and
epileptic groups according to their record of mental and physical
illness.

Group                Responce             Healthy

History of illness               Frequency   Percent

Mental Illness          Yes          0          0
                        No          30         100
Physical Illness        Yes          0          0
                        No          30         100
Total                               30         100

Group                group of epileptic patients

History of illness   Frequency    Percent

Mental Illness           0           0
                        30          100
Physical Illness         0           0
                        30          100
Total                   30          100

Table 6: Shows mean and standard deviation of mental health
sub- scales in healthy and epileptic groups.

Variable                     Healthy Group      Unhealthy Group

                                   Standard            Standard
                            Mean   Deviation   Mean    Deviation

Agression                   4.47     3.45      4.67      3.24
Stress                      5.17     4.34      9.27      5.54
Obsession                   6.67     5.29      8.53      6.51
Individual susceptibility   6.97     6.10      9.33      6.36
Physical Complain           7.70     5.75      8.60      4.97
Worried Mental              4.40     5.41      6.87      6.54
Depression                  9.70     9.20     12.87      8.84
Fear                        2.03     2.17      4.60      3.51

Table 7: Mean and standard deviation of illness coefficient of
mental health sub- scale in healthy and epileptic groups.

                        Healthy Group       Unhealthy Group

                              Standard             Standard
Variable             Mean    Deviation    Mean    Deviation

Agression            0.74       0.58      0.77       0.54
Stress               0.52       0.43      0.93       0.55
Obsession            0.67       0.53      1.03       1.14
Individual           0.77       0.68      1.03       0.71
  susceptibility
Physical Complain    0.64       0.48      0.71       0.41
Worried Mental       0.44       0.54      0.69       0.65
Depression           0.74       0.71      0.99       0.68
Fear                 0.29       0.31      0.65       0.50

Table 8: Mean and standard deviation of discomfort coefficient
standard (sc1 90) in healthy and epileptic groups.

Variable   Healthy               group of epileptic patients

                     Standard
            Mean     Deviation     Frequency       Percent

GSI         0.67       0.48          0.88           0.50
PST        36.83      17.65         47.73          14.51
PSDI        0.02       0.01          0.02           0.01

Table 8 shows that medium score (GST) and so (PST) of
epileptic patients are higher than healthy persons.
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Article Details
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Author:Mahvi-Shirazi, Majid; Ahmadi, Ebrahim; Beheshti, Masoumeh
Publication:Advances in Environmental Biology
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:7IRAN
Date:Apr 15, 2014
Words:2178
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