Printer Friendly

Coffee consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in men and women with normal glucose tolerance: the strong heart study.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It was reported that high coffee consumption was related to decreased diabetes risk. The aim of this study is to examine the association between coffee consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in persons with normal glucose tolerance in a population with a high incidence and prevalence of diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective cohort study, information about daily coffee consumption was collected at the baseline examination (1989-1992) in a population-based sample of American Indian men and women 45-74 years of age. Participants with normal glucose tolerance (N = 1141) at the baseline examination were followed for an average of 7.6 years. The incidence of diabetes was compared across the categories of daily coffee consumption. The hazard ratios of diabetes related to coffee consumption were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for potential confounders. Levels of coffee consumption were positively related to levels of current smoking and inversely related to body mass index, waist circumference, female gender, and hypertension. Compared to those who did not drink coffee, participants who drank 12 or more cups of coffee daily had 67% less risk of developing diabetes during the follow-up (hazard ratio: 0.33, 95% confidence interval: 0.13, 0.81). CONCLUSION: In this population, a high level of coffee consumption was associated with a reduced risk of deterioration of glucose metabolism over an average 7.6 years of follow-up. More work is needed to understand whether there is a plausible biological mechanism for this observation.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Jun;21(6):418-23

COPYRIGHT 2013 LE Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2013 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Glucose and Cancer, Reishi, Tocopherol, and Hawthorn
Publication:Life Extension
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Feb 1, 2013
Words:258
Previous Article:Higher normal fasting plasma glucose is associated with hippocampal atrophy: the PATH Study.
Next Article:Protective effects of Ganoderma lucidum spore on cadmium hepatotoxicity in mice.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2021 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters