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Clavis commentariorum of Hebrew liturgical poetry in manuscript.


Clavis commentariorum of Hebrew liturgical poetry in manuscript.

Hollender, Elisabeth.

Brill Academic Publishers


979 pages



Clavis commentariorum; v.4


Hollender (Jewish studies, Heinrich-Heine U., Dusseldorf, Germany) offers a key to commentaries on Hebrew liturgical poetry, piyyut, contained in manuscripts. Psalms seem to have adorned synagogue services from the earliest times, she says, but by the fourth century CE, new poetic texts were added to the regular prayer and may have partly substituted for it. After two or three centuries, these became canonical, and commentaries on them became necessary to maintain their meaning sense and to update their message as conditions changed. It is these unpublished commentaries that she cites. Nearly half of them, more than 9,400, are from Ashkenaz and 2,500 from Tsarfat. Smaller numbers are from Roma, Italia, Romania, the Karaite community, Carpentras, North Africa, and Yemen. They are arranged alphabetically according to the first line of the piyyut they comment on, which she gives in Hebrew; the tradition and author of the commentary, and location of the manuscript are identified.

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Publication:Reference & Research Book News
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Nov 1, 2005
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