Chemical elements inside of other elements.
Others papers have offered more transadditions (Francis, 2006a), old names for some of the elements, elements in US placenames, and words composed exclusively of the element symbols, such as CoAgULaTe.
All the symbols of chemical elements as an ordered collection of letters have been examined too (Francis 2002, 2006b). Viewing the symbols as a sequence of more of two hundred letters, Francis presented words that occurred "naturally" in that sequence (CLARK and CONIC were five-letter examples), words that could be made by transposition of the letters in adjacent symbols (e.g. SPORTIER can be formed from the symbols Re Os Ir Pt with atomic numbers 75-78), and words that can be made by transposition of symbols and partsymbols.
An analysis of the chemical symbols that compose the names of the elements with atomic numbers 1 to 111 is presented in this paper in puzzle format as a new contribution to this word play about chemical elements. We have detected that solely 15 names of the 111 chemical elements are composed by the chemical symbols of others elements of the periodic table. Chemical symbols of the isotopes of hydrogen (deuterium (D) and tritium (T)) have been included in this analysis too. The shady and empty squares in Figure 1 correspond with the position of those 15 elements at the periodic table. If you are chemist, you will know easily these elements with transposition.
[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]
In order to know those 15 special elements, names of elements that compose them are showed as clues. To solve the puzzle, you must find the symbols that correspond to the elemental names and rearrange them into the chemical elements' names. For example, if the clues at  are nitrogen, carbon, argon, oxygen and boron, symbols are N, C, Ar, O and B. If you rearrange these symbols, it will appear CARBON, correct?. Find the rest of elements.
 neon, nitrogen, oxygen
 cobalt, nitrogen, lithium, silicon
 ruthenium, sulfur, oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorus
 oxygen, nitrogen, iridium
 cobalt, aluminium, tritium, boron
 erbium, phosphorus, carbon, oxygen
 carbon, nickel, arsenic, selenium
 yttrium, tritium, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, krypton
 iodine, tritium, nitrogen
 iodine, neon, deuterium, oxygen
 nitrogen, oxygen, xenon
 samarium, uranium, bismuth, thorium
 tantalum, arsenic, titanium, neon
 deuterium, oxygen, radon, nitrogen
In conclusion,  CARBON,  NEON,  SiLiCoN,  PHOSPHORUS,  IRON,  CoBAIT,  COPPEr,  ArSeNiC,  KRYPTON,  TIN,  IODINe,  XENON,  BiSmUTh,  AsTaTiNe and  RADON are formed by other chemical symbols.
In addition to that, names of elements formed for a collection of chemical symbols with a shortest transaddition have been detected in other 61 chemical elements. Those elements include an additional letter that it does not correspond with chemical symbols.
M consonant as additional letter is contained in the 84% of these elements approximately. It is odd that this letter has a chemical meaning too. On the one hand, M is the initial of the scientific' surname that made the periodic table of chemical elements, Dimitd Mendeleiev, and on the other, M is the symbol for molar, that descdbe the concentration of chemical solutions.
We should add M to 51 elements. The shady and empty squares in Figure 2 correspond with the position of these 51 elements at the pedodic table. Other 10 elements that can be formed by chemical symbols and other different additional letter to M are included in Figure 2 too at white squares with a letter from A to J. All chemical clues to solve this puzzle are showed after Figure 2.
[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]
 lithium, uranium, helium
 lithium, iodine, uranium, thorium
 oxygen, sulfur, deuterium, iodine, uranium
 silver, uranium, silicon, neon
 iodine, uranium, aluminium, nickel
 phosphorus, arsenic, uranium, silicon, oxygen, tritium
 aluminium, carbon, uranium, iodine
 calcium, nitrogen, uranium, sulfur, deuterium, iodine
 titanium, tantalum, iodine, nitrogen, uranium
 oxygen, bromine, neon, iodine
 bismuth, ruthenium, deuterium, uranium, iodine
 uranium, iodine, boron, oxygen, nickel
 tellurium, titanium, uranium, neon, carbon, hydrogen
 tritium, uranium, ruthenium, helium, nickel
 rhodium, oxygen, uranium, iodine, deuterium
 aluminium, iodine, phosphorus, deuterium, lanthanum, uranium
 deuterium, iodine, calcium, uranium
 deuterium, indium, uranium, iodine
 sulfur, iodine, uranium, cerium
 boron, uranium, iodine, argon
 nitrogen, tantalum, lutetium
 iodine, uranium, osmium
 deuterium, iodine, uranium, iridium
 titanium, uranium, nitrogen, phosphorus, lanthanum
 thorium, lithium, aluminium, uranium
 carbon, uranium, nitrogen, fluorine, iodine, radium
 uranium, radium, deuterium, iodine
 uranium, nickel, boron, deuterium
 silicon, uranium, arsenic, hydrogen
 argon, deuterium, tantalum, sulfur, titanium, uranium
 erbium, carbon, uranium, iodine
 dysprosium, oxygen, phosphorus, uranium, radium, iodine, selenium
 neon, oxygen, uranium, iodine, dysprosium
 sulfur, argon, iodine, uranium, americium
 uranium, nickel, lithium, oxygen, deuterium, gallium
 tellurium, iodine, uranium, rubidium
 dysprosium, sulfur, uranium, iodine, osmium, praseodymium
 bismuth, uranium, erbium
 uranium, thorium, lithium
 tritium, rubidium, iodine, uranium, yttrium, tellurium
 tellurium, titanium, uranium, lutetium
 titanium, nickel, actinium, uranium
 praseodymium, titanium, uranium, actinium, oxygen, tritium, nickel
 uranium, nickel, radium
 platinum, neon, uranium, nickel
 phosphorus, oxygen, uranium, lutetium, tritium, nickel
 iodine, erbium, americium, carbon, uranium
 uranium, calcium, oxygen, iodine, fluorine, lithium, radon
 erbium, fluorine, uranium, iodine
 beryllium, lithium, nobelium, uranium
 nitrogen, tungsten, lanthanum, uranium, carbon, iodine, rhenium
In conclusion,  HeLiUM,  LiThIUM,  SODIUM,  MAgNeSiUM,  AIUMINiUM,  POTAsSiUM,  CALCIUM,  SCANDIUM,  TiTaNIUM,  BrOMINe,  RuBiDIUM,  NIOBIUM,  TeCHNeTiUM,  RuTHeNiUM,  RHODIUM,  PAlLaDIUM,  CADMIUM,  INDIUM,  CESIUM,  BARIUM,  TaNTaLuM,  OSMIUM,  IRIDIUM,  PLaTiNUM,  ThAlLiUM,  FRANCIUM,  RADIUM,  DUBNiUM,  HAsSiUM,  DArMSTaDTiUM,  CERIUM,  PRaSeODyMIUM,  NeODyMIUM,  SAmArIUM,  GaDOLiNiUM,  TeRbIUM,  DySPrOsiUM,  ErBiUM,  ThULiUM,  YTTeRbIUM,  LuTeTiUM,  AcTiNiUM,  PrOTAcTiNiUM,  URaNiUM,  NePtUNiUM,  PLuTONiUM,  AmErICIUM,  CaLiFORnIUM,  FERMIUM,  NoBeLiUM, and  LaWReNCIUM, are formed by other chemical symbols plus M letter.
Next clues and different additional letters to M that you need to form the others 10 elements are:
[A] R, germanium, nitrogen, deuterium, yttrium, oxygen, hydrogen
[B] R, oxygen, boron, nitrogen
[C] R, nickel, germanium, nitrogen, oxygen, tritium
[D] X, yttrium, oxygen, germanium, nitrogen
[E] R, iodine, neon, oxygen, fluorine, lutetium
[F] G, argon, nitrogen, oxygen
[G] Z, iodine, carbon, nitrogen
[H] L, erbium, vanadium, silicon
[I] A, nitrogen, yttrium, molybdenum, titanium
[J] G, nitrogen, uranium, tellurium, sulfur, tritium
Therefore, [A] HYDROGEN, [B] BORON, [C] NiTROGeN, [D] OXYGEN, [E] FLuORINe, [F] ARGON, [G] ZINC, [H] SiLVEr, [I] ANTiMoNY, and [J] TUNGSTEN are these last elements.
Finally, if we want form the names of the rest of chemical elements as a series of chemical symbols we need from two to six additional letters.
BORGMANN, D. (1968): "An elementary problem", February.
BORGMANN, D. (1974): "Elementary, my dear Watson", 57-58, February.
BORGMANN, D. (1978): "Elementary transpositions", 138-145, August.
FRANCIS, D. (1977): "Elementary, my dear reader", November.
FRANCIS, D. (2006a): "Elementary transadditions", February.
FRANCIS, D. (2006b): "Chemical symbols of elements 110 and beyond", May.
FRANCIS, D. (2002): "The symbols of the chemical elements", February.
ANTONIO JOAQUIN FRANCO MARISCAL
Instituto de Educacion Secundaria Javier de Uriarte--Rota (Cadiz) (Spain)
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Author:||Mariscal, Antonio Joaquin Franco|
|Date:||Nov 1, 2007|
|Previous Article:||Transposing 4-letter words.|
|Next Article:||Lettuce prey.|