Printer Friendly

Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor (742-814).

King of the Franks from 768 and emperor from 800, he launched a vast expansion of his rule, conquering Germany, Bavaria, and Saxony, bringing Christianity to the people. At the request of the pope he took his army over the Alps into Italy, where he conquered Lombardy and established his son as king. His first expedition into Spain ended in failure and in the death of his commander, Roland (the hero of the romantic legend, Chanson de Roland). By 800 Charlemagne was the supreme power in western Europe. Although Charlemagne read little and never learned to write, he encouraged the foundation of monastic and episcopal schools. From his court at Aix he stimulated the revival of arts and letters known as the Carolingian Renaissance.

COPYRIGHT 1992 HarperCollins Publishers
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1992 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:McCoy, Kathleen; Harlan, Judith A.V.
Publication:English Literature to 1785
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Words:124
Previous Article:Literary names and terms: glossary.
Next Article:Caxton, William (c. 1422-1491).

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2020 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters