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Chapter 7 medium size shrubs.

Pieris japonica (pi-e'-riss juh-pon'-e-kuh)

Japanese Pieris, Japanese Andromeda

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 5' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderately slow.

HABIT: Upright; irregular and open.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green; new growth reddish.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and one-third as wide, broad linear to oblanceolate shape with acute tip and cuneate base. Serrulate margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny and urn-shaped, appearing in 5" to 6" pendulous panicles. SHOWY. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Part shade or shade. Does best in moist, organic, well-drained soil of acidic reaction. Pruning is minimal. Prune after flowering for shaping.

PEST PROBLEMS: Lacebugs, rootrot, stem dieback (phytophthora).

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Dorothy Wycoff'--Deep pink flowers. 'Mountain Fire'--New foliage is fiery-red. White flowers. 'Temple Bells'--New foliage varies from bronze to red and finally, dark green. Dense ivory flower clusters. 'Valley Valentine'--Buds and flowers deep red. 'Variegata'--New leaves narrowly margined with pink, maturing to white. 'White Cascade'--Profuse flowering (white) for a longer period of time.

RELATED SPECIES: P. floribunda--Mountain Andromeda. Has stiff branches and upright, 4" panicles. More adaptable with less problems. Zone 4 hardy. P. formosa--Much larger plant (20') with large, 6" leaves. Erect flower panicles to 6". Zone 7.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Japanese Pieris has graceful, showy flower clusters in spring. The foliage resembles Mountain Laurel when flowers are gone. This is an attractive plant that combines well with other plantings as a foundation or specimen plant. Flowers are very similar to Lily-of-the-Valley. Great for naturalizing.

Pinus strobus 'Nana' (pi'-nus stro'-bus)

Dwarf White Pine

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ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 4 1/2' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 4" brown cones.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Compact and globose; branch tips ascending.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Blue-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: NEEDLE-LIKE, 3" to 4" long, appearing in bundles of 5 needles. Finely serrated margins. Bundles ALTERNATELY arranged.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Greenish, monoecious (male and female cones); NOT ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Best suited for well-drained, organic soil, but is adaptable to extremes. Prune when terminal buds elongate in spring, if desired.

PEST PROBLEMS: White pine blister rust.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. strobus, a large evergreen tree.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: The unusual nature of this pine makes it appropriate as a specimen plant in a well-selected location. It could be used to accent an entry or to add interest to a rock garden or even a Japanese garden.

NOTE: 'Compacta' and 'Prostrata' may be other cultivar names used for this cultivar.

Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis' (proo'-nus lar-o-sir-a'-sus)

Schip Laurel

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/2" purplish drupe.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Irregular, upright, and spreading.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3" to 6" long and 1" to 1 3/4" wide, narrow elliptic to oblong shape with acute tip. Serrated margins near tip. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny, in 2" to 4" ascending racemes. Fragrant. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Does best in organic, well-drained soil. Can be used in coastal plantings. Takes shearing, if desired.

PEST PROBLEMS: "Shothole" fungus, chewing insects.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. laurocerasus, English Laurel, a large evergreen shrub or small tree.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Schip Laurel is a versatile plant that makes an excellent natural hedge or foundation plant, even in shady locations. It is not spectacular in flower, but the foliage provides good textural contrast. This plant is taller and more upright than 'Otto Luyken', and, although it is less spectacular in flower, it is still a great choice when more height or stronger texture is needed.

Prunus laurocerasus 'Zabeliana' (proo'-nus lar-o-sir-a'-sus)

Zabel Laurel

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 8' to 10'

FRUIT: Purplish drupe.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Broadly spreading; irregular.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3" to 5" long and 1" to 1 1/2" wide, narrow elliptic to oblong shape with acute tip. Entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny, in 2" to 4" racemes. Fragrant. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Performs well in moist soils that are well-drained and high in organic matter. Very hardy. Prune or shear as desired.

PEST PROBLEMS: "Shothole" fungus, chewing insects.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. laurocerasus.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Zabel Laurel is a broad plant that can be used as a foundation or border plant. It produces more flowers than Schip Laurel and is broader and shorter. An excellent plant when given adequate space for growth. It is a choice plant for use in dense shade where so many species fail. This is truly one of the best and most versatile Laurels in existence.(Listed here as a medium plant because of the broad spread.)

Rhododendron carolinianum (ro-do-den'-drun ka-ro-lin-e-a'-num)

Carolina Rhododendron

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Brownish capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Rounded and irregular.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green with faint blue tinge.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and 1" to 1 1/2" wide, elliptic shape with entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, pink, or rose, 1 1/2" wide in 4" racemes. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Shade or part shade. Must be planted in well-drained, organic soil of acidic reaction. Plant in shallow holes, if any, and mound with mulch. Prune carefully; leave in natural shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Dieback, rootrot, leaf gall, leaf spots, lacebugs. (Lacebugs can devastate this plant in full sun.)

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Album'--White flowers. var. album--Lighter green leaves. Flowers white with a yellow-green throat. var. luteum--Has yellow flowers.

RELATED SPECIES: R. catawbiense--Catawba Rhododendron. (Treated in this text as a Large Evergreen Shrub.)

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Carolina Rhododendron is an excellent plant for the more natural landscape. It does well in the filtered light of birch, honeylocust, pines, and other "open" trees. It should be utilized where the strong textural effect will provide needed contrast in the garden when the flowers are spent.

Rhododendron hybrida (ro-do-den'-drun hi-brid-uh)

Hybrid Rhododendron

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ZONES: H1, 4-7; H2, 5-8; H3, 6-8

HEIGHT: 5' to 7'+

WIDTH: 6' to 7'+

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Slow at first, then moderate.

HABIT: Irregularly rounded and dense.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green; may show purple or yellow tinge in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 4" to 6" long and 1 3/4" to 2" wide, elliptic or oblong with obtuse tip and rounded base. Entire margins. Very firm and thick. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Many shades of red, pink, white, lilac, purple, or yellow. 2" to 5" in umbel-shaped racemes (trusses) of several flowers. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Must be planted in well-drained, organic soil of acidic pH. Plant on top of ground or in shallow hole. Mound with good, composted mulch. Prune carefully, after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: Dieback, rootrot, leaf gall, leaf spots, nematodes, beetles, borers, aphids, leaf miner, cankers, blights, lacebugs, mealybugs, scale. Rhododendrons are bothered by numerous pests. Consult the local extension office for your area. Many hundreds of cultivars exist!

SELECTED CULTIVARS: H1 hybrids: 'America'--Bright red in bell-shaped racemes. 'English Roseum'--Lilac-purple blooms with yellow throats. 'Nova Zembla'--Red blooms; vigorous and compact. 'Roseum Elegans'--Rose-lilac trusses. Extremely vigorous. H2 hybrids: 'Gomer Waterer'--Soft white blooms on compact plant. 'Rocket' Coral-pink blooms with red blotches; stamens white. 'Scintillation'--Pastel-pink with bronze blotches. 'Trilby'--Crimson blooms with black blotches. Red-stemmed plant. H3 hybrids: 'Anna Rose Whitney'--Huge rose-pink trusses. 'Elizabeth'--Solid red trusses. 'Unique'--Yellow blooms with peach tinge.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Hybrid Rhododendrons are some of the showiest specimen plants in landscaping. Flower clusters are large and come in many choices of colors. A gourmet plant for serious gardeners.

Rosa chinensis (rose'-uh chi-nen'-sis)

Chinese Rose

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Small achene; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and open; somewhat rounded.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium to dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND (3 to 5 leaflets), leaflets 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with pointed tip and entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Various shades of pink and white on the same plant. 2" wide small corymbs. Flowers in spring and summer. Very showy.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun to light shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil, but is reasonably adaptable. Prune after flowering as needed.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Minima'--Very dwarf (1 1/2' to 2'). Rosey-red flowers. 'Semperflorens'--Crimson-red, solitary flowers. 'Viridiflora'--Flowers green; double.

RELATED VARIETIES: NOTE: There are more than 100 species of roses and thousands of cultivars--too numerous to consider in this text.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Chinese Rose is a very noticeable rose species with its multicolor flowers on the same plant. Give this plant a prominent site in the garden border, and be prepared to answer questions from your guests. A real "eye-catcher."

Taxus cuspidata 'Thayerae' (tax'-us kus-pe-da'-tuh)

Japanese Yew

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 5' to 6'

WIDTH: 6' to 8'

FRUIT: Tiny, red; showy.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Broadly spreading.

FAMILY: Taxaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: NEEDLE-LIKE, 1" long, linear, 2-ranked with ranks forming "vees," 2 yellowish bands on underside, SPIRALLY arranged.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: (Dioecious plants); NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Grows in any well-drained soil. pH adaptable. Does not like windy locations. Prune as desired to thicken or shape. May be sheared.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of T. cuspidata, a small evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Dark Green Spreader'--This cultivar has darker green needles that hold their true color better during winter.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is a hardy plant with many uses in the home garden or commercial business. Yews respond very well to pruning, and, as a result, make outstanding hedges. They may be sheared into shapes (topiary). Unclipped, they are loose and informal. Attractive bark is reddish-brown and exfoliating.

Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold' (thu'-yuh oc-se-den-ta'-liss)

Rheingold Arborvitae

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ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/2" brown cone; 4 or 5 scale pairs; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Very slow.

HABIT: Globe-shaped; dense.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Golden-yellow in summer; copper-gold in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE older leaves; juvenile leaves needle-like, 1/10". ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun. Does best in well-drained soil that is moist. Mulch heavily to hold moisture. Pruning is not generally necessary.

PEST PROBLEMS: Bagworms, mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of T. occidentalis, American Arborvitae, a large evergreen tree.

SIMILAR CULTIVARS: 'Aurea'--Broad cone shape with yellow foliage. 'Ellwangeriana Aurea'--Very similar to 'Rheingold', which was developed from this cultivar. 'Golden Globe'--This is more of a dwarf mounded form (3' or less) with golden-yellow foliage. 'Sunkist'--Has attractive yellow foliage on a medium-sized pyramidal form.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is a cone-shaped or global shrub with very noticeable foliage that makes it a definite specimen plant. Careful site selection and placement are necessary for this very striking accent plant.

Yucca gloriosa (yuk'-uh glor-e-o'-suh)

Spanish Dagger, Moundlily Yucca

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Indehiscent black capsules, numerous on long stalks; NOT ORNAMENTAL. Should be removed.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright; very stiff trunk; older leaves drooping.

FAMILY: Agavaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2' to 2 1/2' long and 2" to 2 1/2" wide, long linear shape with pointed tips and entire margins. ALTERNATE in whorled pattern.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tinged reddish, 4" long on 4' to 8' spikes. Flowers July to September. VERY, VERY SHOWY.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun. Does best in well-drained, sandy soils, but can be grown in clay. No pruning except to remove terminal stalk when flower petals die.

PEST PROBLEMS: None

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Yuccas make a bold accent in the landscape and are sometimes mistaken for palms. However, the flower spikes distinguish them easily. All Yuccas thrive in any soil and are native to sandy beaches. Do not plant where small children play--leaves are a definite hazard.

Azalea x 'Exbury' (Rhododendron x 'Exbury') (uh-zay'-lee-uh)

Exbury Hybrid Azalea

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ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Low-spreading, irregular, and open.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and 3/4" to 1" wide, elliptic shape with entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow to orange to red, 2" to 3" in large, many-flowered trusses. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Azaleas do best in well-drained, organic soil with consistent moisture and a pH reaction that is acidic. Good drainage is essential; do not plant too deeply. Pruning is minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: Lacebug, spider mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Cannon's Double'--Double, golden-yellow flowers with orange blotch. 'Firefly'--Red flowers. 'Golden Flare'--Yellow with reddish-orange blotch. 'King Red'--Bright red flowers, slightly fringed. 'Orange Ball'--Large, ball-like trusses, orange. 'Sun Chariot'--Yellow flowers. 'Sunset Pink'--Rose-pink flowers with yellow blotch. 'White Swan'--White flowers with yellowish blotch. There are many, many more.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Exbury Azaleas are some of the best deciduous Azaleas. These are among the finest plants for naturalizing in wooded locations and borders of the garden. Much more hardy than the evergreen types.

Berberis thunbergii (bur'-bur-iss thun-bur'-je-i)

Japanese Barberry

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" red berries.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense and rounded with arching branches.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright green in summer; orange or reddish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and one-third as wide, narrow obovate in shape with entire margins, sometimes having a single spine at the tip. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, 1/2" in small clusters. Not spectacular. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Grows in most soils, except very wet soils. Moderately drought-tolerant. Prune anytime, but retain natural shape. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Green Ornament'--Dark green foliage in summer becoming yellowish in fall. Upright form producing shiny red fruit. 'Kelleris' Medium green foliage with white blotches on new growth persisting into fall. 'Sparkle'--Very deep, dark green becoming red-orange in fall. Very noticeable red fruit. 'Tara'--Emerald Carousel[TM]. Deep green leaves maturing to red or purplish-red in fall. Hybrid of B. thunbergii and B. Koreana.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Japanese Barberry is an "old standby" that has been used in difficult environments such as schools and parks for years. It still has merit in the residential or commercial landscape, and a little attention will yield quality performance. Stems usually have small spines at leaf nodes, but they are not very hazardous. This plant is making a comeback with many new cultivars.

Berberis thunbergii 'Aurea' (bur'-bur-iss thun-bur'-je-i)

Golden Japanese Barberry

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" red berries; NOT ABUNDANT.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and mounded; dense.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright yellow.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and one-third as wide, narrow obovate to oblong shape with entire margins, sometimes spine-tipped. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, 1/2" in small clusters; NOT ABUNDANT. Flowers in April.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Best color in full sun. Reasonably drought-tolerant and adaptable to soils, except wet soils. Prune to natural shape. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of B. thunbergii.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Bogozam'--Bonanza Gold[TM]. A super dwarf (1 1/2'-2'), twice as broad. Gold foliage with bright red berries. Full sun. 'Monler'--Gold Nugget[TM]. New growth orange, maturing to gold. Super dwarf, 1' to 1 1/2', broader than tall (2'+). Monrovia Nurseries. 'Monry'--Sunsation[TM]. New growth green or goldish-green, becoming bright gold. Medium size. Monrovia Nurseries.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is a bold accent or specimen plant that can be used effectively in well-chosen locations in the garden. It probably should not be used in quantity, except in very large gardens. This plant will not go unnoticed. Very beautiful foliage.

Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea (bur'-bur-iss thun-bur'-je-i var. at-tro-pur-pur-e'-ah)

Red Japanese Barberry

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" red berries.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense and rounded; somewhat arching.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Red to purplish-red.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and one-third as wide, narrow obovate shape with entire margin, sometimes spine-tipped. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, 1/2" in small clusters. Flowers in spring. Not spectacular.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Adaptable to any soil, except wet soils. Very drought-tolerant. Can be sheared to any form, but looks best natural. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Erecta'--More upright than var. atropurpurea with burgundy leaves and red berries. 'Red Pillar' - Columnar or fastigiate with red-purple leaves that are orange tinted in fall.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Red Japanese Barberry provides color to the garden border and is a carefree, easy to grow plant. The stems have the characteristic spines, but are not considered hazardous. Does well in urban landscapes.

Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Rose Glow' (bur'-bur-iss thun-bur'-je-i var. at-tro-pur-pur-e'-ah)

Red Glow Barberry

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" red berries; NOT ABUNDANT.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright mound; open and pendulous.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Reddish-purple; leaves on new growth are mottled with pinkish-red.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and one-third as wide, narrow obovate to oblong shape with entire margins, sometimes spine-tipped. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, 1/2" in small clusters. Flowers in April. NOT ABUNDANT.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soil, but adapts to dry conditions. Can be sheared, but looks best natural.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of B. thunbergii.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is a very popular selection. It provides interesting foliage and adapts well to urban conditions. Can be used effectively in both residential and commericial applications.

Callicarpa americana (kal-uh-car'-puh uh-mer-e-cay'-nah)

American Beautyberry

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 5' to 6'

FRUIT: Violet drupes, encircling the leaf axils; shiny. OUTSTANDING AND VERY ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Irregularly mounded; open and loose.

FAMILY: Verbenaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green; yellowish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 4" to 6" long and 2" to 2 1/2" wide, elliptic to oblong-ovate with serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Bluish-pink, tiny, in cymes in leaf axils. Flowers on new growth in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. Tolerant of most soils, but does best where moisture level is moderate. Mulch to maintain moisture level. Cut to ground every few years to control size or to rejuvenate.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: var. lactea--Has white berries.

RELATED SPECIES: C. bodinieri--A large shrub with violet fruits in dense cymes, arising from leaf axils. Not as showy as C. americana.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This plant looks good as an individual specimen or in groupings. It is a border plant for the garden, and does well in partial shade under border trees, and is a fine choice for naturalizing. Fall fruiting can be spectacular and the branches can be used in fall arrangements.

Callicarpa japonica 'Leucocarpa' (kal-uh-car'-puh juh-pon'-e-kuh)

White Japanese Beautyberry

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 6' to 8'

FRUIT: White drupes in clusters (NOT ENCIRCLING THE STEM).

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Irregularly mounded; open.

FAMILY: Verbenaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green in summer; yellowish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2 1/2" to 5" long and half as wide, elliptic shape with serrate or serrulate margins, long acuminate tip with cuneate base. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White or pink, arising in multi-flowered cymes from leaf axils on new growth in summer. NOT ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. The plant is adaptable to most soils, but is partial to moist soil. Prune to ground every 4 or 5 years to rejuvenate.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of C. japonica, the species, which has bright violet to purple fruits.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Japanese Beautyberry is best suited for naturalizing in garden borders, as a specimen, or in groupings. It is not especially noticeable until the fruits appear. Under favorable conditions, the plant can be spectacular in fruit.

Chaenomeles speciosa (key-nom'-uh-leez spee-se-o'-suh)

Flowering Quince

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 6' to 7'

WIDTH: 6' to 7'

FRUIT: 2" to 3" apple-like; edible.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and open.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate to oblong shape with cuneate base. Serrated margins. Stipule pairs at bases of petioles. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, pink, red or orange-red, 1 1/4" to 1 3/4" wide. Flowers in March. SHOWY.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Prefers moist, organic, well-drained soils. Does best in acid soils. Prune to thin after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: Scale, fire blight, mites, leaf spot.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Alba'--Single white flowers, tinged with pink. 'Orange Delight'--Very bright salmon-orange flowers. Single. 'Rosea Plena'--Semi-double, pink to coral-pink flowers. 'Rubra Grandiflora'--Single. Deep crimson-red flowers. 'Sanguinea Plena'--Semi-double. Rosey-red flowers. 'Toyo-Nishiki'--Single. White, pink, and red flowers on same plant.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Flowering Quince is a beautiful shrub when in flower. It should be used in combination with other plantings in the border, and is prized for its early blooms, which are useful in flower arrangements.

Enkianthus campanulatus (in-key-an'-thus kam-pan--u-la'-tus)

Red-veined Enkianthus

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ZONES: 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 5' to 8'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/2" to 2/3" brown, 5-valved capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Upright and layered.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green in summer; orange to red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 3" long and half as wide, elliptic shape with serrated margins. Sparsely pubescent above and beneath. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellowish to pale orange with red veins, 1/2", bell-shaped corolla with 5 lobes, appearing in pendulous racemes or umbels. Flowers in late spring. Showy.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun to part shade. The plant prefers moist, organic, well-drained soil of acidic pH. Should be mulched to maintain consistent moisture. Prune after flowering to shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Albiflorus'--Flowers are white to off-white with no red veins. var. palibinii--This variety has solid red flower racemes. 'Rubrum'--Flowers deep red, fire-red foliage in fall. 'Variegata'--Foliage is green and white variegated in summer and pink and variegated in fall.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Enkianthus makes a nice landscape plant for garden borders as a specimen or screen. It has attractive flowers and excellent fall foliage. This is an ideal plant for naturalizing, and it grows under similar conditions as Rhododendron species.

Euonymus alatus 'Compactus' (u-on'-e-mus uh-la'-tus)

Burning Bush, Winged Euonymus

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 5' to 6'

WIDTH: 5' to 6'

FRUIT: Purplish capsule; aril orange.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to slow.

HABIT: Spreading and mounded; dense.

FAMILY: Celastraceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green; turning brilliant glowing red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and half as wide, elliptic to obovate shape with acute apex. Serrated margins. Usually OPPOSITE; occasionally alternate or whorled.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Greenish, tiny, in cymes. Late spring. NOT ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Adaptable to a wide range of well-drained soils. Plant can be sheared into extremely dense character. Sometimes used as a sheared hedge.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of E. alatus, a large deciduous shrub.

SIMILAR CULTIVARS: 'Rudy Haag'--More compact than 'Compactus'. Lighter fall color.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is an outstanding selection for the garden border or planting beds. Choose a site that is noticeable and not crowded. Sometimes used as a clipped hedge on larger properties. BOLD! Note: Stems have corky growths, similar to Winged Elm, which add interest in winter.

Hydrangea quercifolia (hi-dran'-jee-uh kwer-kuh-fol'-le-uh)

Oakleaf Hydrangea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 5' to 8'

FRUIT: Small brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Open and broad-spreading; colonizing.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green in summer; orange to reddish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 5" to 8" long and almost as wide, nearly circular with 3 to 7 lobes (usually 5), lobes coarsely serrated, sometimes deeply cut. Lower surface whitish and hairy (downy). OPPOSITE arrangement. Young stems reddish-brown and hairy; older bark exfoliating to show brown inner bark.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, maturing to pinkish (sterile flowers), inner fertile flowers greenish, 1" in 6" to 12" erect panicles, appearing in May and June. VERY SHOWY.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Light shade to shade. Does best in moist, well-drained soil. Not prosperous in dry, sunny sites. Prune after flowering to thicken or shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Pee Wee'--A dwarf cultivar that also has smaller leaves and flower panicles. A very promising plant for landscapes with limited space. 'Snowflake' - Large pure white flower panicles to 12" or larger. 'Snow Queen'--White flowers maturing to pink. Fall color is burgundy and very showy. Outstanding.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Oakleaf Hydrangea is one of the showiest deciduous shrubs for summer flowers and fall foliage color. It prospers in shady areas and should be used as a specimen in garden borders. Coarse foliage provides an interesting contrast as a background plant for fine-textured plants. Outstanding and reasonably low-maintenance.

Itea virginica (i-te'-uh vir-gin'-e-kuh)

Sweetspire, Virginia Sweetspire

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 5' to 6'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Erect and spreading.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green in summer; crimson-red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and one-third as wide, elliptic shape with serrulate margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny in 4" to 6" racemes, upright and pendulous.

Flowers in May and June. Very unusual and showy.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Prefers moist, organic soils of any pH. Tolerates wetter conditions than most plants. Requires minimal pruning after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Henry's Garnet'--This is a dwarf form (less than 4") with garnet-red foliage in fall. Great cultivar. 'Long Spire'--Has darker, lustrous leaves than the species, and longer flower racemes. Fall color more orange-red.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Sweetspire makes an excellent addition to the garden border. It is desirable for its racemes of noticeable flowers in spring, as well as good foliage color in fall. This is an outstanding choice for naturalizing.

Kerria japonica (kerr'-e-uh juh-pon'-e-kuh)

Japanese Kerria

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Achene; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and arching; open and loose.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 3" long and half as wide, oblong-ovate shape with double serrate margins, awl-shaped stipules. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, single or double, to 2" wide. VERY SHOWY. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. Very adaptable to most soils, but does not like heavy, wet soils. Considered durable and easy to grow. Pruning is minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: Chewing insects. None serious.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Aureovariegata'--Has green leaves with yellow margins. 'Picta'--Leaves edged with white. 'Pleniflora'--Double-flowered. The most common cultivar.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Kerria is a very attractive plant that is especially useful for naturalizing. Does well under polluted, urban conditions, and should be used more for public areas. It is a great plant for use in the perennial garden.

Lonicera xylosteum 'Clavey's Dwarf' (lon-iss'-er-uh zi-los'-te-um)

Dwarf European, Fly Honeysuckle

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Dark red berry.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Mounded with arched branches.

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bluish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with cuneate base and entire margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellowish-white, 1/2" long, appearing in pairs. Fragrant. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. Does well in most well-drained soils. Needs occasional pruning to control or prevent leggy nature.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of L. xylosteum, a large shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is a nice plant that can be used in foundation planting, borders, and informal hedges. Considered very easy to grow, and is a good plant for naturalizing.

Neviusia alabamensis nev-uh-u'-se-uh al-uh-bam-en'-sis)

Alabama Snow Wreath

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Brown achene; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and arching; rhizomatous.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and 1" to 2" wide, ovate shape with doubly serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, lacking petals, numerous showy anthers. Appearing in multi-flower cymes. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Grows in any moist, well-drained soil. Considered easy to grow. Prune after flowering to maintain shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Alabama Snow Wreath is a native plant that can work well in garden borders and planting beds. It is a great choice for naturalizing, and could be used effectively in perennial-type plantings as a background plant.

Rhodotypos scandens (ro-do-ti'-pus scan'-denz)

Black Jetbead

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 5' to 6'

FRUIT: Black achene; shiny and pea-like.

TEXTURE: Medium to coarse.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Irregular and open.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate shape with narrow pointed tips, double serrated margins, puckered between veins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 4-petaled, solitary, 1 1/2" to 2" wide. Showy. Flowers in late spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. The plant will prosper in most soils and locations. Can be pruned after flowering to encourage a more dense habit. Almost care-free.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Black Jetbead is not a plant in great demand, but has its merits and performs with little attention. It is a good choice for naturalizing. Oftentimes we forget that a plant does not have to look like a nice, symetrical, well-groomed ball to be attractive or to enhance the landscape. Contrasting the coarse with the refined is a design technique to be considered.

Ribes alpinum 'Pumilum' (ri'-beez al-pi'-num)

Compact Alpine Currant

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Scarlet berry.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Rounded, upright, and dense.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and wide, palmately lobed (usually 3) with serrated margins on lobes. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Male and female plants. Female flowers greenish-yellow in erect racemes after the leaves. NOT SHOWY. Flowers in early spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Tolerant of any well-drained soil. pH adaptable. Easily pruned to desired shapes.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spot, anthracnose.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of R. alpinum, a somewhat larger shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Compact Alpine Currant is a good plant for massing, and is especially well-suited to clipped, semi-private hedges. There are outstanding hedges of Compact Alpine Currant at the Morton Arboretum.

Salix gracilistyla (sa"-licks grass-ill-is'-till-uh

Rosegold Pussy Willow

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 6' to 8'

WIDTH: 5' to 6'

FRUIT: Small brown capsule. NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright with multiple stems.

FAMILY: Salicaceae

LEAF COLOR: Grayish-green above; grayish beneath.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2 1/2" to 4" long and 1/2" to 1 1/2" wide, narrow ovate shape, acute base and tip, finely toothed (serrulate) margin. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: DIOECIOUS, male catkins ornamental, light pink to darker pink with golden yellow anthers, appearing in early spring before the foliage. VERY ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Adaptable as to soil. Will grow in clayey soils with slower drainage. Does great along streams.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf-eating insects and canker.

BARK: Light to darker brown with large lenticels. Thin.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None important.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Rosegold is the best Pussy Willow for smaller residential gardens because of its smaller mature size. It is absolutely one of the best plant choices for naturalizing, taking on a different character with the changing of seasons. The catkins are especially interesting in early spring, and often make their way inside the residence as a part of floral arrangements.

Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound' (spi-ree'-uh nip-on'-e-kuh)

Snowmound Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicle; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Rounded and open; somewhat arching.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark bluish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3/4" to 1 1/2" long and one-third as wide, elliptic to obovate shape and serrated at tips. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4" in multi-flower, rounded corymbs. VERY SHOWY. Flowers in May or June.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Does best in well-drained soil with moderate or higher levels of moisture for best bloom. Prune older stems to ground to thin or to rejuvenate.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. nipponica, a larger deciduous shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Rotundifolia'--Has larger leaves and appears denser.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Snowmound Spirea provides colorful flowers and foliage in the garden. Although it needs ample water for best performance, it is a rugged plant that tolerates urban conditions. It looks especially good in mass.

Spiraea thunbergii (spi-ree'-uh thun-bur'-je-i)

Thunberg Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicles; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Upright and arching.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Light to medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1 1/4" long and one-fourth as wide, linear-lanceolate shape with serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4" in small, 1" to 2" sessile umbels. VERY SHOWY. Flowers in early spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun. Does best in moist, well-drained soil, but is adaptable. Needs to be pruned heavily after flowering to promote dense habit.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Thunberg Spirea is an "old standby" that has proven itself over the years. It is rugged, and with a little care, can be an attractive plant throughout the warm season. It is one of the first plants to bloom in spring.

Syringa microphylla (si-ring'-guh mi-kro-fill'-uh)

Littleleaf Lilac

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 5' to 6'

WIDTH: 6' to 8'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Broad and dense.

FAMILY: Oleaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 1 1/2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with entire margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Lilac color, 1/4" in 3" to 4" lateral panicles. Fragrant. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. Does best in moist, light, deep soils, but is adaptable. Pruning is minimal after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests. Bothered less by blights and mildews than Common Lilac.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Littleleaf Lilac is a relatively easy to grow form as compared to other Lilacs. It is not as spectacular in flower as Common Lilac, but is adequately attractive. It is probably best suited for garden borders or in small masses.

Vaccinium ashei (vac-sin'-e-um ash'-e-i)

Rabbiteye Blueberry

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4' to 7'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/3" glaucous, blue-black berry; edible; July.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and rounded; multi-stemmed and open.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Blue-green and glaucous in summer; yellowish, orange, or red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate to elliptic shape with entire margins, sparsely pubescent. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, often tinged pink, 1/4" to 1/3" long and urn-shaped, borne in racemes arising from leaf axils. Flowers in spring with the leaves. ABUNDANT AND SHOWY.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. The plant does best in organic, well-drained soil, and it requires an acidic pH. Prune after fruit drop to thin or head-back canes.

PEST PROBLEMS: Spider mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Brightwell'--Has medium-sized berries that ripen in early season. 'Tifblue'--Has large, light blue berries that ripen in late season. Widely used in commerce. Note: Many others exist. Consult the Extension Service in your area for recommended cultivars.

RELATED SPECIES: V. corymbosum--Highbush Blueberry. This species is similar to V. ashei, but is hardy further north (zone 4). It performs poorly in the Southeast.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Rabbiteye Blueberry is a commercial fruit that makes a dual-purpose plant in the modern landscape. It is a beautiful plant under landscape conditions, while supplying edible fruit in the garden. Bird-lovers will find that the plant attracts many species of birds. This is a great plant for xeriscaping.

Viburnum carlesii (vi-bur'-num car-le'-se-i)

Korean Spice Viburnum

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 4' to 6'

WIDTH: 5' to 8'

FRUIT: Blue-black drupe; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderately slow.

HABIT: Rounded and dense; somewhat upright.

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green; reddish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 4" long and half as wide, ovate shape with serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4" to 1/3" in 2" to 4" cymes. Fragrant. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Plant is very adaptable, and grows in most soils except wet soils. Prune after flowering as desired.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Carlotta'--A handsome cultivar with larger, broad leaves. 'Compactum'--More compact than the species and having more flowers. 'Diana' Buds and new flowers red, maturing to pink. Compact nice cultivar.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Korean Spice Viburnum has deep pink buds that open to white flowers with a sweet, spicy fragrance. It is an interesting plant that can be used to brighten dull garden borders or planting beds. Should be used more in landscaping.
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Title Annotation:Pieris japonica-Viburnum carlesii
Author:Bridwell, Ferrell M.
Publication:Landscape Plants, Their Identification, Culture, and Use, 2nd ed.
Article Type:List
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2003
Words:6469
Previous Article:Chapter 7 medium size shrubs.
Next Article:Chapter 8 large shrubs.
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