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Chapter 6 dwarf shrubs.

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Dwarf shrubs that grow less than 4' in height have become increasingly popular in recent years. People have increased their knowledge of landscape plants, and they have learned that, in most cases, dwarf plants are much easier to maintain in the landscape. In addition, home gardens have become smaller as a result of suburban living.

The nursery industry continues to develop dwarf forms of larger landscape plants, and this trendwill most certainly continue for many years. Some of the popular uses of dwarf shrubs are as follows:

* Plantings under low windows in the foundation.

* "Bed" areas or groupings in the landscape.

* Plantings in raised beds and berms.

* Garden borders or low-growing hedges.

* Massed plantings on banks and other sloping areas for erosion control or ground cover effect.

Abelia x grandiflora 'Sherwood' (ah-bee'-l-e-uh gran-duh-floor'-uh)

Dwarf Abelia, Sherwood Abelia

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3 1/2' to 4'

FRUIT: One-seeded achene; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderately rapid.

HABIT: Spreading and mounded, with arching branches.

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green with slight purple tinge in summer; bronze or red tint in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and 3/8" to 5/8" wide, ovate shape with serrated margins (widely spaced), short petiole, OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: 1/2" to 3/4" long, white, bell-shaped in small terminal panicles. Flowers from June until the first killing frost.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun to light shade. Blooms less in shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil but is adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Will not bloom as well during drought unless supplemental water is provided. Prune to maintain shape and remove irregular growth.

PEST PROBLEMS: Aphids, along with ants, are seen frequently on new growth. Easily controlled.

RELATED CULTIVARS: Confetti[TM]--Leaves green with cream margins; cream margins turn rose-red in winter. 'Little Richard'--A more hardy cultivar with dark, lustrous foliage and profuse flowering. 'Prostrata' (PP1431)--Lower-growing (2") ground cover type. 'Sun Rise'--Has green leaves with gold margins.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Abelia is a compact, dense-growing form of Glossy Abelia (medium shrub) which has interesting form. It combines well with other evergreens, and it can be used effectively as a foundation plant or in massed planting beds. The plant has a very long bloom period as compared to most flowering shrubs. Stems are smooth and reddish. TENDS TO BE SEMI-EVERGREEN, having less foliage in winter.

Azalea obtusum (Rhododendron obtusum) (uh-zay'-l-e-uh ob-too'-sum)

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Kurume Azalea

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 6'

FRUIT: Capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense and spreading.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green in summer; green to red in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 1 1/2" long and 1/2" to 1" wide, ovate to oval in shape with entire margins, hairy (downy) surface, ALTERNATE arrangement. Stems of plant hairy.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: 1" to 1 1/2", pink, red, white, violet, scarlet, or salmon color, depending on the cultivar. Flowers in April or May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Light (filtered) shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil, with acidic reaction. Very sensitive to deep planting. Should be planted slightly higher than surrounding soil. Also, very sensitive to drought. Should be mulched heavily and fertilized with organic fertilizers. Pruning should be minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: Spider mites, lace bugs, leaf gall, leaf spot.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Appleblossom'--Flowers are pink with a white throat. 'Coral Bells'--Pink flowers. One of the hardiest and most popular cultivars. 'Hershey's Red'--Bright red. Very popular. 'Hinodegiri'--Compact with red flowers. Very hardy and reliable. 'Mother's Day'--Large, red flower that blooms around Mother's Day. 'Sherwood Red'--Has orange-red flowers. 'Snow'--Most popular white azalea. Heavy bloomer. There are many, many more.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Kurume Azaleas offer a breathtaking display of color in spring. They cover themselves with flowers and are most effective when planted in groups or masses of the same color. Some cultivars make nice foundation plants.

Azalea x satsuki (Rhododendron x satsuki) (uh-zay'-le-uh sat-soo'-key)

Satsuki Hybrid Azalea

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Wide, spreading, compact mounds.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 1 1/2" long and 1/2" to 3/4" wide, ovate shape with entire margins, downy surface. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: 2" to 4 1/2", white, pink, rose, orange, purple, or variegated, depending on cultivar. Flowers late, May and June. Often has more than one color of flowers on the same plant. This is characteristic of Satsuki hybrids.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun to part shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil of acidic reaction. Subject to drowning if planted deep. Needs supplemental water during drought. Fertilize with organic fertilizers only. Prune lightly after flowering to maintain shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Spider mites, lace bugs.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Beni-Kirishima'--Has orange-red flowers. 'Gumpo Pink' Very compact with rose-pink flowers. 'Gumpo White'--Very compact. White flowers. 'Gunrei'--White flowers with occasional pink flowers on same plant. 'Heawa'--White with spots of pink and rose. 'Higasa'--Deep rose-pink. 4 1/2" flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Satsuki Azaleas add color when other Azaleas are out of bloom. These plants are valuable for outstanding foliage all year long. Can be used in beds or as foundation plants. Very popular form for low-maintenance landscaping. There are many cultivars.

Berberis verruculosa (bur'-bur-iss ver-ruck--u-l-o'-suh)

Warty Barberry

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3 1/2" to 4"

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4' black berries.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Somewhat slow.

HABIT: Rounded and spreading; pendulous branches.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous green in summer; mahogany-bronze in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3/4" to 1 1/4" long and 3/8" to 5/8" wide, ovate to long ovate shape with spinose margins, margins curving under, ALTERNATE arrangement, appearing somewhat clustered.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: 1/4" to 1/2" yellow flowers, showy but not dominant. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Prefers well-drained loamy soil, but is tolerant of most soils, except wet. Some light pruning might be necessary to maintain habit of growth. Leaves are spiny but not considered greatly hazardous.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Apricot Queen'--Flowers are apricot yellow, and new growth is true bronze, maturing to green.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Warty Barberry gets its name from the wart-like growths covering the stems. It has an informal habit that makes it adaptable for a wide range of functions. The foliage is quite handsome, and changes with the seasons. Flowers and berries, though not abundant, add interest to the plant. Should be more widely used.

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' (buck'-sus sim-per-vi'-renz)

Dwarf Boxwood,

Dwarf Old English Boxwood

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ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 1' to 3'

WIDTH: 1' to 3'

FRUIT: Capsule; INCONSPICUOUS.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: EXTREMELY slow.

HABIT: Very dense with globular shape.

FAMILY: Buxaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green. New growth in spring is medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 3/4" long and to 1/2" wide, ovate to obovate shape with entire margins, OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: INCONSPICUOUS

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil but appears quite adaptable. Should be mulched for best growth. Very low-maintenance, except for occasional light pruning to keep plants similar in size and shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spots, leaf miner, nematodes, spider mites, root rot. Not as susceptible to leaf miner as other Boxwoods.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of B. sempervirens, a large shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Boxwood can be used in mass or as an edging or border plant. It is useful for bordering flower beds, planting beds, lawn borders, walks and drives, and makes a nice dwarf hedge. It is generally associated with more formal architecture, but it is adaptable. It is especially appropriate for use with colonial architecture. EXPENSIVE.

Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis' (cam-e-sip'-uh-riss ob-too'-suh)

Dwarf Hinoki False Cypress

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/4" round cones (8-10 scales); RARE.

TEXTURE: Medium fine.

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Forms an irregular pyramid with drooping, frond-like branches.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous green with white markings underneath.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: Tiny scale-like leaves that are closely pressed to the stem. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. Prefers well-drained soil in locations that are humid. The roots prefer to be cool, but one must avoid excessive mulching, as the plant is not tolerant of high moisture. Highly individualized character, so avoid pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: Juniper twig blight, root rot, mites. None serious.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Nana'--A dwarf, compact plant that grows broader than tall. LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Hinoki False Cypress is a plant to feature in the landscape. Individual plants have their own character, often leaning or twisting. Especially useful for an oriental effect. EXPENSIVE.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filifera Aurea Nana' Dwarf Gold Thread-branch Cypress (cam-e-sip'-uh-riss pi-siff'-er-uh)

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/4" round cone. NOT COMMON.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Rounded with stringy, drooping branches. Dense.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright yellow when exposed to full sun.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: Two-ranked, long pointed, needle-like foliage on flattened branchlets.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Best in full sun, but tolerant of light shade. Prefers well-drained, loamy soils, in humid locations. Avoid addition of lime. Requires little, if any, pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of C. pisifera, a large evergreen tree.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Gold Thread-branch Cypress is a bold accent plant with noticeable color and habit of growth. It is well suited to both residential and commericial landscapes, and requires a minimum of maintenance activities. It looks good in combination with broadleaf plantings, and it performs well in rock garden settings. Color of buildings and structures should be considered prior to using.

Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Little Jamie' cam-e-sip'-uh-riss th-e-oy'-deez)

Little Jamie Whitecedar

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 4' to 5'

WIDTH: 2' to 2 1/2'

FRUIT: Tiny, 1/3" or less, bluish bloom, round cone.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Very slow.

HABIT: Upright; oval to cone shape. Ascending branches.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Gray-green in summer; purplish brown in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: AWL-LIKE, 1/8" long (or less), sharp, pointed, older leaves in spreading points, young leaves tightly pressed in pairs.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; male yellowish, female green. NOT SHOWY and NOT ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Does best in moist, sandy soils similar to the species in its native habitat--a lowland, bog plant. No pruning needed to maintain shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

BARK/STEMS: Bark medium gray to rich brown with irregular fissures.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Andelyensis'--Similar to 'Little Jamie', but a little faster growing with abundant cones.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: 'Little Jamie' is a plant with interesting foliage and shape. Because of its slow growth, it is probably best as an accent plant in borders or planting beds in full sun. This is a plant for avid gardeners.

Cotoneaster glaucophyllus (k-o-toe'-nee-ass-ter glaw-ko-fill'-us)

Gray Cotoneaster

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" orange-red drupe.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderately rapid.

HABIT: Spreading with arching branches.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Greenish-gray during all seasons.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 5/8" long and half as wide, ovate shape with acute base and entire margins, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4" to 1/2", in clusters of 6 to 20. Flowers in mid-spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Prefers well-drained soil and moderate moisture; however, it is tolerant of dry conditions and will thrive in poor soils. Selective pruning of limbs to maintain its natural shape is all that is needed.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests. Occasionally bothered by lacebugs, mites, fire blight.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Gray Cotoneaster is valued for its dramatic foliage color, flowers, and fruits. It is an ideal plant to feature in the landscape. It is useful for foundation plantings, borders, and low screens. It is especially useful for ground covering on steep banks. This plant should be more widely used in the recommended zones.

Cotoneaster microphyllus (ko-toe'-nee-ass-ter my-kro-fill'-us)

Little-leaf Cotoneaster

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ZONES:

5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 1' to 3'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/4" scarlet red pomes in fall.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Low spreading mound with arching branches.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous dark green with gray underside.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/4" to 1/2" long and half as wide, obovate shape with obtuse tip, entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: 1/4" to 1/2" white flowers, noticeable but not all that showy. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. This plant is adaptable to a wide range of soils, except wet soils. Adapts well to almost any pH, and is tolerant of salt. Occasional pruning might be necessary to maintain shape. Responds well to moderate fertilization.

PEST PROBLEMS: Fire blight, spider mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Emerald Spray'--Emerald green leaves with a very dense growth habit. var. thymifolius--Thyme Rockspray Cotoneaster. Leaves are narrow and curl under. This is a very tight-branched variety with numerous branches. Very nice variety.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Little-leaf Cotoneaster is really a semi-deciduous shrub that is often used as a ground cover. It is the finest textured Cotoneaster, and provides good contrast in combination with coarse-textured plantings.

Danae racemosa (dan'-uh-e ra-se-mo'-suh)

Alexandrian Laurel

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ZONES: 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" orange-red berry in fall.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Irregularly rounded with arching branches.

FAMILY: Liliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green and glossy.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 4" long and one-third as wide, broad lanceolate shape with entire margins, ALTERNATE arrangement. NOTE: Leaves of this plant are really flattened stems.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Tiny whitish flowers in terminal racemes in spring. Not especially noticeable.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Must be grown in shade; burns in the presence of too much direct light. Prefers well-drained, organic soil. Responds favorably to supplemental watering and moderate fertilization. Requires very little maintenance pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Alexandrian Laurel is a very graceful plant with a growth habit that reminds one of Dwarf Bamboo. Both the leaves and fruit are very attractive. The leaves are often used in floral arrangements because of the flattened and glossy appearance. Unfortunately, its range is limited, but it can be grown in Zone 7, with protection. This plant makes a good indoor container plant.

Daphne odora (daf'-nee o-dor'-uh)

Winter Daphne

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: To 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Brown drupe; NOT COMMON.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Dense and mounded under ideal conditions.

FAMILY: Thymelaeaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green. Cultivars vary in leaf colorings.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2 1/2" to 3 1/2" long and one-third as wide, narrow elliptical shape with entire margins, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Rose-purple in 1" to 1 1/2" terminal clusters. Very fragrant. Flowers in January and February. Showy, but noted more for its fragrance.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Light shade to shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil. Does not take kindly to fertilization, and is considered by many as hard to grow. Pruning is minimal, but necessary, to thicken wherever dense plants are desired.

PEST PROBLEMS: Fungus diseases, viruses, mealybugs.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Alba'--Has pale white flowers. 'Aureo-marginata'--Has pale yellow leaf margins. Flowers rose-purple with white centers. 'Rose Queen' Has very dense clusters of dark carmine colored flowers. 'Variegata'--Bright yellow leaf margins with pink flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Winter Daphne adds color and fragrance to the garden during the "dead" of winter when many plants are dull. Variegated forms add color and accent to the garden throughout the year. Considered temperamental by many, it is not a choice for mass plantings or extensive use in commericial landscapes.

Gardenia jasminoides 'Radicans' (gar-de'-nee-uh jaz-min-oy'-deez)

Dwarf Gardenia

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 1 1/2' to 2'

WIDTH: 2 1/2' to 3'

FRUIT: Small berry; NOT COMMON.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Spreading, free-flowing mound.

FAMILY: Rubiaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark glossy green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and half as wide, elliptical to lanceolate shape with entire margins, OPPOSITE pairs, but sometimes WHORLED in threes.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, double, 1 1/2" to 2" across. Very fragrant. Flowers in June.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or part shade. Prefers well-drained, organic soil that is acidic in reaction. Responds favorably to supplemental moisture, especially when blooming. Pruning is very minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: White flies, aphids, scale, mites, nematodes.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Radicans Variegata'--Very similar to 'Radicans' but having green leaves with cream colored margins. 'White Gem'--Smaller, more compact plant with single white flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Gardenia is a beautiful dwarf shrub under ideal conditions, and is somewhat hardier than the species. It has many uses in the garden, but is especially useful in mass where it provides a ground cover effect. It is prized for its fragrant and delicate flowers. It is best below Zone 7, but will thrive in Zone 7 with limited protection. Can be grown indoors.

Hypericum patulum (hi-per'-e-cum pat'-u-lum)

Goldencup St. Johnswort

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ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 3 1/2'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Spreading with arched branches.

FAMILY: Hypericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 2 1/2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with entire margins, OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Golden yellow, approximately 2" wide, borne solitary or occasionally in cymes, five-petaled with long stamens that give a "brush" effect. Flowers throughout summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. Prefers well-drained soil of any pH. Does not flourish as well in extremes of high heat and humidity. Prune in early spring to produce lush growth and abundant flowers in summer.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Sungold'--Hardy cultivar with 2 1/2" flowers. var. grandiflorum--Has the largest flowers; 3" and greater. var. henryi--The most vigorous form with larger flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Goldencup St. Johnswort is an excellent plant for naturalizing in the shrub border in sun or light shade. It offers an accent of yellow that is noticeable, but not overdone. It is a SEMI-EVERGREEN plant in the NORTHERNMOST of the recommended zones.

Ilex cornuta 'Carissa' (i'-lex cor-nu'-tuh)

Carissa Holly

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: NONE

TEXTURE: Medium to coarse.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to slow.

HABIT: Compact, densely branching mound.

FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green and waxy.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate to elliptical shape, entire margins, except for one spine at the tip. Leaf appears "raised" between veins (bullate), ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Tiny, yellowish; VERY RARE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or part shade. Tolerates a wide range of conditions and soil types, except wet soils. Very heat- and drought-resistant. Requires a minimum of pruning to shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Scale insects.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a sport (mutation) of I. cornuta 'Rotunda'.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Carissa Holly has become widely used in the recommended zones, primarily as a substitute for the over-planted 'Rotunda'. It has the same culture and growth habit as 'Rotunda', but is less hazardous to plant and maintain. Dense growth and superior foliage make this an ideal foundation plant or low hedge.

Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda' (i'-lex cor-nu'-tuh)

Dwarf Horned Holly, Rotunda Holly

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 3 1/2'

WIDTH: 4' to 4 1/2'

FRUIT: 1/4' red berries; NOT ABUNDANT.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to slow.

HABIT: Extremely dense and mounded.

FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" and half as wide, general shape is oblong with prominent spinose margins, very stiff, ALTERNATE arrangement. Leaves somewhat hazardous.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Tiny, yellowish in axils of leaves, NOT CONSPICUOUS.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or part shade. Adaptable to a wide range of soil types and conditions, except wet soils. Handles heat and drought very well, and is often used in the harsh extremes of commercial landscapes. Requires very little pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: Scale is the major problem.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of I. cornuta, a large shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Horned Holly is an extremely dense shrub that is rugged enough for a wide range of landscape conditions. It is excellent as a foundation shrub or as a low hedge. Equally ideal for residential or commercial usage.

Ilex crenata 'Green Lustre' (i'-lex cre-na'-tah)

Green Luster Holly

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ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: 1/4' black drupe.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Low and broad-spreading; broader than tall.

FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 1 1/4" long and half as wide, elliptic or oval shape, crenate to serrulate margins, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Tiny, greenish-white on tiny cymes, NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. Does best in slightly acid, heavy soils. Not suited for sandy soil or dry conditions. Responds favorably to supplemental fertilizer and water. Prune to shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Spider mites, nematodes.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of I. crenata, a large shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Green Luster Holly is yet another of the ever-popular Japanese Hollies. It provides interesting form, being somewhat flat in habit, yet attaining good size. The leaves are larger than 'Helleri', and remind one of 'Rotundifolia'. The plant is more cold hardy than 'Rotundifolia'.

Ilex crenata 'Helleri' (i'-lex cre-na'-tah)

Helleri Holly

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ZONES: 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: NONE, usually.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense mound; broader than tall.

FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" long and 1/4" wide, elliptic or oval shape, crenate to serrulate margins, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Prefers slightly acid, heavy soils. Not as drought-tolerant as some Hollies. Does not perform well in sandy soils or soils that are alkaline. Responds well to pruning. Supplemental water and moderate fertilization are favorable.

PEST PROBLEMS: Scale, spider mites. Nematodes in sandy soils.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of I. crenata, a large shrub having many cultivars of various sizes.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Green Island'--More open in growth habit than 'Helleri'. Similar in size. 'Green Luster'--More open growth. Leaves larger than 'Helleri'. (SEE PREVIOUS PLANT.) 'Kingsville Green Cushion'--Low-growing to 1". 'Repandens'--Similar to 'Helleri', but noticeably spreading in habit. 'Stokes' - Not as prostrate as 'Helleri', but with superior glossy foliage. 'Tiny Tim'--More open in habit and having superior cold hardiness. 'Wayne'--A low spreading cultivar that is very similar to 'Helleri'.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Helleri Holly is a proven selection for the recommended zones. Overplanted, but still superior.

Ilex vomitoria 'Nana' (i'-lex vom-e-tore'-e-uh)

Dwarf Yaupon Holly

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" red drupe; usually not seen.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense and mounded; broader than tall.

FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green; new foliage in spring much lighter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and half as wide, elliptic to oval in shape, margin has a few widely-spaced teeth (serrated), ALTERNATE arrangement. DISTINCT GRAY STEMS SEPARATE IT FROM HELLERI HOLLY.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun to part shade. Adaptable to a wide range of soil types and conditions. Will grow in clay or sand. Very drought-tolerant, but will withstand moderately wet, humid conditions. Superior to Helleri Holly for hot or sandy conditions. Very little pruning needed.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of I. vomitoria, a large shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Schilling's Dwarf'--Stokes Dwarf. Leaves smaller, giving it a similarity to Helleri Holly. More compact than 'Nana' and new growth has a purple tinge. 'Straughan's'--Leaves smaller than 'Nana'. Compact in youth but becomes more open in habit as it matures.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Yaupon makes an outstanding foundation plant or low hedge. It performs better than Helleri Holly under adverse conditions. ALL YAUPONS HAVE BEAUTIFUL SMOOTH, GRAY-WHITE BARK.

Jasminum floridum (jaz-mi'-num flor'-e-dum)

Florida Jasmine, Showy Jasmine

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ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 5" to 6"

FRUIT: Tiny black berry; VERY RARE.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Open mound with pendulous branches.

FAMILY: Oleaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium to dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, 3 leaflets (sometimes 5), each leaflet 1" long and half as wide, leaflets ovate in shape with entire margins, ALTERNATE arrangement of the compound leaves.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, approximately 3/4" long, 5-petaled. Flowers April through June.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or part shade. Prefers well-drained soil, but is adaptable to a wide range of soil types and moisture conditions. It is a graceful plant when left unpruned; however, it is easily pruned to a variety of shapes.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

RELATED SPECIES: J. multipartitum--African Jasmine. Dark shiny leaves. White, fragrant flowers, opening from pink buds. Zone 9. J. nitidum--Angel Wing Jasmine. Large leaves with fragrant, white pinwheel flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Florida Jasmine is showy, but not boldly so. It adds sparkle to dull areas of the garden and is sometimes used in foundation plantings. It can be used as a low hedge or ground cover.

Juniperus chinensis 'Armstrong' (jew-nip'-er-us chi-nen'-sis)

Armstrong Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/3" blue cone; maturing to brown.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Upright with spreading horizontal branches. Graceful.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Light green to yellowish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE, 1/16", soft and lacy except for very old growth. Arranged in OPPOSITE pairs or WHORLED in threes.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Dioecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun, not tolerant of shade. Adaptable to any soil type or pH level. Will withstand drought, but does not thrive in wet soils. Grouped plants display uniformity of growth, so pruning is not normally needed. VERY, VERY easy to grow.

PEST PROBLEMS: Juniper twig blight, spider mites, bagworms. None severe.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of J. chinensis 'Pfitzeriana', a large evergreen shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Fruitlandii'--Very dense, vigorous growing form with bright green foliage. 'Nick's Compacta'--Very compact form to 3' with gray-green foliage. 'Pfitzeriana Compacta'--Similar to 'Nick's Compacta', but growing only 1' to 2' high.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Armstrong Juniper is superior in form and foliage. It combines well with broadleaf evergreens, and it is a great plant for massing on larger properties (commercial and residential). It is especially attractive in spring with its soft yellowish foliage.

Juniperus chinensis 'Gold Coast' (jew-nip'-er-us chi-nen'-sis)

Gold Coast Juniper

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ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/3" bluish cone; maturing to brown.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Compact and spreading.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Golden yellow new growth; older growth, yellow-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: NEEDLE-LIKE juvenile growth to SCALE-LIKE mature growth, 1/16", soft and lacy. Arranged in OPPOSITE pairs or WHORLED in groups of three.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Dioecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Needs full sun, not tolerant of shade. Chinese Junipers are adaptable to many soil types and pH levels. One of the best plants for drought tolerance, but cannot handle wet conditions. Pruning is not usually necessary.

PEST PROBLEMS: Twig blight, spider mites, bagworms.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Golden Glow'--Very similar to 'Gold Coast' with brighter gold foliage. 'Gold Sovereign'--Bright yellow foliage all year. Slow growing to around 2'. 'Old Gold'--Foliage is bronze-gold all year. Moderate grower to about 3'. 'Saybrook Gold'--Bright yellow-gold in summer; bronze-gold in winter. To about 3'.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Gold Coast Juniper is a refined plant with colorful foliage all year. It looks best as a foreground plant in combination with dark green broadleaf plants. An accent or specimen plant.

Juniperus communis 'Repanda' (jew-nip'-er-us ko-mu'-nis)

Dwarf Common Juniper

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ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 1' to 1 1/2'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" blue or black cone.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Slow to moderate.

HABIT: Dense, semi-prostrate with ascending branches; very symmetrical.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green in season; develops slight bronze cast in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: AWL-LIKE to NEEDLE-LIKE, sharply pointed, 1/4" to 1/2" long, WHORLED in groups of three. Top surface concave with a white, linear band (stripe).

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Dioecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or very light shade. Tolerates any soil except extremely wet soils. Thrives under dry, sandy conditions. Requires little, if any, pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: Twig blight, spider mites, bagworms.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of J. communis, a small evergreen tree. However, the following is a related variety: var. depressa--Grows 3' to 4' tall with branchlets growing at 45 degrees to 60 degrees to the ground.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Gold Beach'--Very dwarf ground cover type, 4' to 6' tall and 1 1/2' to 2 1/2' across. New growth is yellow, turning green in summer. 'Green Carpet'--Another super dwarf similar in size to 'Gold Beach', but having bright green spring foliage.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Common Juniper is one of the hardiest shrubs for harsh conditions. It is suitable for clay or sandy coastal conditions and is most effective in mass for a ground cover effect. Also, it thrives much better in the Northern Zones.

Juniperus davurica 'Expansa' (jew-nip'-er-us da-vur'-e-cuh)

Parson's Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/2" blue-green "berries" (cones).

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Stiff and spreading; branches raised above ground.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Gray-green during all seasons.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE or NEEDLE-LIKE, 1/16" to 1/4", arranged in OPPOSITE groups of three.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or very light shade. Grows in almost any soil type or condition except wet soils. Withstands drought and grows well in coastal sands. Grows epecially well in the southeast, and is bothered less by twig blight than other Junipers. Requires very little pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: Twig blight, spider mites, bagworms.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Expansa Aureospicata'--Dark green with bright yellow variegation. (See next page.) 'Expansa Variegata'--Dark green with creamy white variegation.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Parson's Juniper is sometimes listed as a ground cover and is often used for that purpose. It is a superior Juniper with rugged character, and is widely used in commercial landscapes. It is equally suited for home gardens, and best used in mass.

Juniperus davurica 'Expansa Aureospicata' (jew-nip'-er-us da-vur'-e-kuh)

Variegated Parson's Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Blue-green berry (cone), usually hidden by the foliage.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Branches spreading and slightly ascending.

LEAF COLOR: Dark green and butter yellow, showing more green branch tips than yellow.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE or NEEDLE-LIKE, 1/16" to 1/4" long, arranged in OPPOSITE groups of 3.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun to light shade. Grows in clayey, loamy, or sandy soils, so long as the soil is well-drained.

PEST PROBLEMS: Twig blight, spider mites, bagworms.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Expansa Variegata'--Similar to 'Expansa Aureospicata', except the variegated branch tips are creamy-white and less common than green tips.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Variegated Parson's Juniper can be used as a dwarf shrub or evergreen ground cover. Assuming the growing conditions are favorable, the designer is left with two decisions: where to locate the plant(s) in the landscape and in what quantity.

Juniperus sabina 'Broadmoor' (jew-nip'-er-us suh-bi'-nuh)

Broadmoor Savin Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 2' to 2 1/2'

WIDTH: 6' to 8'

FRUIT: None (male cultivar).

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Spreading with ascending branchlets; may mound in center.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Grayish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE or NEEDLE-LIKE, 1/16" to 1/5", arranged in

OPPOSITE pairs (4-ranked). Leaves give off a foul odor when crushed.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Dioecious or monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Adaptable to a wide range of well-drained soils. Tolerates dry conditions, but is not suited for humid regions of the southeast. Little, if any, pruning is necessary.

PEST PROBLEMS: Bagworms, spider mites. Resistant to Juniper blight.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of J. sabina, a large evergreen shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Arcadia'--Grows to 1 1/2' and has grass-green foliage. 'Calgary Carpet'--Similar to 'Arcadia' except lower growing (to 9") and broader spreading (to 10'). Monrovia introduction. 'Moor-Dense'--A flatter growing version of 'Broadmoor'. Monrovia introduction. 'Skandia'--Very dwarf to about 1' with grayish-green foliage. var. tamariscifolia--Tamarix Juniper. Mounded to 4' with blue-green foliage. Commonly used but very susceptible to Juniper blight.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Broadmoor Savin Juniper thrives in poor soil in sunny exposures, and is suitable as a ground cover or as a foundation plant. It is an outstanding choice for northern or western regions of the U.S.

Juniperus scopulorum 'Blue Creeper' (jew-nip'-er-us skop-u-lor'-um)

Dwarf Rocky Mountain Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 1 1/2' to 2'

WIDTH: 6' to 9'

FRUIT 1/4" dark blue berry (cone), rarely present.

TEXTURE Fine.

GROWTH RATE Moderate to slow.

HABIT Low-growing with spreading branches.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright blue, becoming more intense in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE, very tightly appressed, tips slightly pointed to non-pointed. Scales OPPOSITE.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: NOT CONSPICUOUS and NOT ORNAMENTAL.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Will grow in acidic or alkaline soils. It is drought-resistant and does not do well in humid regions. PEST PROBLEMS: Blight when grown under humid conditions.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Silver King'--Another of the dwarf cultivars; this one having silver-green foliage.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Rocky Mountain Juniper--the very name of this plant suggests a rugged, survival character. Select the location carefully because of the blue color.

Juniperus squamata 'Holger' (jew-nip'-er-us skwa-ma'-tuh)

Holger's Singleseed Juniper

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'+

WIDTH: 3 1/2' to 4'+

FRUIT: 1/4" black berry (cone) in second year. Red-brown during first year.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderately slow.

HABIT: Broad; mostly flat on top.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Yellow on new growth, maturing to gray-green. Plant is bi-color for a while in spring.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: AWL-SHAPED SCALES, 1/8" to 1/4" long, arranged in irregular clusters of 3. Scales curved and sharply pointed.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Greenish and INCONSPICUOUS.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Adapts well to any soil except wet soils. Does well in arid regions, but not in the humid southeast.

PEST PROBLEMS: Bagworms, spider mites; mostly pest-free in arid regions.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Hunnetorp'--Similar to 'Holger' but having bluish-green foliage.

RELATED SPECIES: According to Krussmann, Manual of Cultivated Conifers, Holger's Juniper is likely a cross between J. squamata and J. chinensis 'Pfitzeriana Aurea'.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Holger's Juniper is unique, having variegated foliage in spring, and then maturing to gray-green for the other seasons. This enhances its usefulness in combination with plants. In addition, its size is larger than most dwarf junipers, making it an outstanding background plant for shorter evergreens.

Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' (jew-nip'-er-us ver-gin-e-a'-nuh)

Grey Owl Juniper

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ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" purplish-blue "berries" (cones).

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Wide spreading and compact; somewhat open in center.

FAMILY: Cupressaceae

LEAF COLOR: Silvery-gray, taking on a distinct gray cast.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SCALE-LIKE 1/16" leaves on older growth, NEEDLE-LIKE 1/4" leaves on juvenile growth. OPPOSITE pairs (4-ranked).

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Mostly dioecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Adaptable to a wide range of well-drained soil types. Will grow under adverse conditions. Pruning is usually not needed. PEST PROBLEMS: Bagworms, cedar-apple rust, Juniper blight.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of J. virginiana, a large evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Blue Cloud'--Taller growing (4') with gray-green foliage. 'Silver Spreader'--Has distinct silver-gray foliage that is more silver than 'Grey Owl'. Monrovia introduction.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Grey Owl Juniper has many possibilities in the landscape. It is an excellent choice for foundations, low borders, massing, ground covering, and as an accent plant. Foliage color is quite dramatic, and has interesting form. With a little imagination, one can visualize an owl with out-stretched wings.

Leucothoe fontanesiana (lu-ko-tho-e fon-tuh-ne-ze-a'-nuh)

Drooping Leucothoe, Doghobble

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 5-lobed brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderately slow.

HABIT: Gracefully arching branches on spreading plant.

FAMILY: Ericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous dark green; bronze-purple in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3" to 5" long and 1" to 1 1/2" wide, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate in shape with serrulate-spinose margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4", urn-shaped, in drooping 3" axillary racemes. Fragrant. Flowers in April to May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Light shade to dense shade. Very particular as to soil and conditions. Does best in low pH soils similar to that for Rhododendron. Needs well-rained soil with high organic matter. Will not tolerate drought. Selectively prune older "canes" each year to rejuvenate.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spot diseases. Can be serious at times.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Nana'--Dwarf form to 2' high with a spread of 5'. Very dense. 'Girard's Rainbow'--Variegated. New growth green with white, pink, or copper markings. 'Scarletta'--New growth red, maturing to green; rich burgundy in fall.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Drooping Leucothoe is a loose, informal plant that is nice for naturalizing in shaded gardens. The shiny leaves contrast well with the dull foliage of many woodland plants. Makes a nice specimen plant, and is great for massing and screening in garden borders.

Ligustrum japonicum 'Rotundifolium' (ly-gus'-trum juh-pon'-e-kum)

Curlyleaf Ligustrum

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 2' to 3'

FRUIT: 1/4" black berry (drupe).

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Upright, stiff, and dense; taller than broad.

FAMILY: Oleaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and 3/4" to 1 1/4" wide, broad ovate shape with entire margins that are very thick and often twisted. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny in 2" to 4" pyramid-shaped panicles. Not spectacular. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Adaptable to a wide range of soils and conditions. Prefers well-drained soils. Prune as desired for shaping.

PEST PROBLEMS: None

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of L. japonicum, a large evergreen shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Twisted foliage makes Curlyleaf Ligustrum a plant to feature. It is too unusual to use in quantity, but it certainly has use as a foundation plant to accent an area of the house or garden. Makes a nice corner plant, and performs well in rock gardens. Use with moderation.
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Title Annotation:Abelia x grandiflora 'Sherwood'-Ligustrum japonicum 'Rotundifolium'
Author:Bridwell, Ferrell M.
Publication:Landscape Plants, Their Identification, Culture, and Use, 2nd ed.
Article Type:List
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2003
Words:6553
Previous Article:Chapter 5 vines.
Next Article:Chapter 6 dwarf shrubs.
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