Printer Friendly

Chapter 6 dwarf shrubs.

Lonicera pileata (lon-iss'-er-uh pi-le-a'-tah)

Privet Honeysuckle

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/4" translucent purple berry; RARE.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Spreading with arched branches; densely layered.

FAMILY: Caprifoliaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lustrous green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3/4" to 1 1/2" long and 1/4" to 5/8" wide, ovate to oblong-lanceolate shape with entire margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Whitish, 1/4" to 1/2" long, occuring in pairs. Not showy. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Shade or part shade. Adaptable to any well-drained soil. Requires moisture and moderate fertilization for best appearance. Pruning is minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None

RELATED SPECIES: L. nitida 'Yunnan'--Yunnan Honeysuckle. This plant has smaller, more refined leaves, but is less cold hardy.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Privet Honeysuckle is a shrub that is probably best used as a ground cover. It makes a great "facer" shrub for more leggy shrubs, and is interesting in rock gardens and hillside gardens.

Mahonia aquifolium (muh-hon'-ne-uh ac-we-fo'-le-um)

Oregon Hollygrape

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: 1/3" to 1/2" blue-black berries; abundant.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Upright and stiff; stems cane-like and unbranched.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green in season; purplish-bronze in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, pinnate, 5 to 9 leaflets, leaflets 2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate shape with spinose margins, appearing holly-like. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, appearing in 2" to 3" fascicled racemes at the tips of branches. Attractive. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Light shade to heavy shade. Tolerates a wide range of soils as long as it is neither excessively wet nor excessively dry. Does not like hot, dry conditions. Must be protected from harsh winds. Remove older "canes" to ground level to rejuvenate.

PEST PROBLEMS: Barberry aphid, leaf spots, leaf rusts, scale, whitefly.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Atropurpureum'--Leaves become dark reddish-purple in winter. 'Compacta'--A round and compact form that matures at 2'. Expensive. 'Golden Abundance'--Vigorous plant with abundant yellow flowers followed by abundant blue fruit. 'Mayhan Strain'--Dwarf, 2' or less, with more tightly arranged leaves and leaflets.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Oregon Hollygrape is a bold accent plant to contrast with finer textured plants. It is most effective in groupings of three or more. Bright yellow flowers are followed by bunches of blue-black berries before the foliage matures to bronze in winter. An interesting plant during all seasons.

Nandina domestica 'Harbour Dwarf' (nan-de'-nuh do-mess'-te-cuh)

Harbour Dwarf Nandina

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 3 1/2'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/3" bright red berries.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Mounded with vertical branching from the ground.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green in season; reddish-purple tinged in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, bipinnate or tripinnate (thrice divided), three leaflets per division. Leaflets 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with entire margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, to 1/4", appearing on 4" panicles. Not showy. Flowers in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Nandinas prefer moist, organic soils, but will adapt to almost any conditions. Thin older "canes" to ground every two or three years. Considered very low-maintenance.

PEST PROBLEMS: None

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of N. domestica, a medium-sized shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Harbour Dwarf Nandina has excellent form and foliage color, as well as good berry production. It is used for edgings and borders, raised planters, and as "facer" shrubs. Many authorities consider Harbour Dwarf to be the superior cultivar of Dwarf Nandinas.

NOTE: See next page for related/similar cultivars.

Nandina domestica 'Nana Purpurea' (nan-de'-nuh do-mess'-te-cuh)

Dwarf Sacred Bamboo

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 1' to 2'

FRUIT: NONE

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Rounded and compact; canes not usually branching.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Light green in season; reddish-purple in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, bipinnate or tripinnate, usually three leaflets per division. Leaflets 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with entire margins. Foliage "cupped" (convex). ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: None

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Nandinas adapt to a wide range of conditions. Very hardy in the recommended zones. Can be sheared to maintain the global habit of growth. Selected "canes" should be thinned to ground level every two or three years.

PEST PROBLEMS: None

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Fire Power'--Blaze-red winter color. Leaves not "cupped" as with 'Nana Purpurea'. 'Gulf Stream'--Branches freely from base. New leaves copper, maturing to green. Fall color is orange-red. 'Moon Bay'--Smaller leaves on a broad mound. Bright red in winter. 'San Gabriel'--Has lacy, almost fern-like foliage. Apricot color in winter. 'Wood's Dwarf'--Similar to 'Nana Purpurea', but without "cupped" leaves.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Sacred Bamboo is a much sought after plant for both residential and commercial landscapes. Very dwarf plants display striking light green foliage in spring and bold red or purplish leaves in fall. Best used for borders or small groupings of three or more. Use in moderation.

Picea abies 'Nidiformis' (pi'-se-uh a'-beez)

Bird's Nest Spruce

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: Usually not present.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Broad and dense; slightly depressed in the center.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Greenish-gray.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/4" to 1/3", NEEDLE-LIKE leaves with linear shape, slightly curved and ending in a blunt point, appearing spirally around the branchlets. Sometimes pectinate on the undersides.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Prefers moist, sandy loam that is well-drained, but it adapts to clay soil. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Pruning is usually not necessary.

PEST PROBLEMS: Borers, budworm, two-spotted mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. abies, Norway Spruce, a large evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Clanbrassiliana'--Dense and flat-topped form growing to 4'. 'Procumbens'--A flat-topped cultivar growing to 3'. 'Pumila'--A dense form to 4' that has horizontal lower branches, while upper branches are nearly vertical. LANDSCAPE NOTES: Bird's Nest Spruce makes a nice, lush specimen to feature in the foundation planting. It combines well with broadleaf shrubs, and is especially attractive in rock gardens.

Picea glauca 'Conica' (pi'-se-uh glaw'-cuh)

Dwarf Alberta Spruce

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 3' to 4', after many years.

WIDTH: 2' to 3', after many years.

FRUIT: Not usually present.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Extremely slow.

HABIT: Cone-shaped and very dense.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Grass green in season; gray tinged in winter.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, NEEDLE-LIKE, 1/2" long, four-sided, tapering to a blunt point. ALTERNATE arrangement and crowded.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or very light shade. Grows best in moist, sandy loam, but is adaptable. Protect from harsh winds. Can be sheared to maintain the pyramid shape. Basically low-maintenance.

PEST PROBLEMS: Mites, spruce bagworms.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. glauca, White Spruce, a large evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Ed Hirle'--A more narrow form. Great for tight locations. 'Sander's Blue'--Very similar to 'conica' with attractive bluish-green foliage (needles).

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Alberta Spruce is a magnificent rock garden plant or foundation plant that makes a bold accent in the landscape. It requires very little shearing to maintain shape, and is often used as a container plant for porches, decks, and other areas.

Picea pungens 'Glauca Globosa' (pi'-se-uh pun'-jenz)

Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3 1/2' to 4 1/2'

FRUIT: 2" cone; pendulous and rare.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Dense and globular; somewhat flat-topped.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bluish-green to bluish-white.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: NEEDLE-LIKE, 1/2" long and 1/16" wide, sickle-shaped or incurved, pointed; mostly radial arrangement, four-sided with 3 to 4 stomatal lines on each surface.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious. Male yellowish and axillary; female greenish to purplish and terminal.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Prefers rich, moist soils, but is adaptable to most well-drained soils. Drought-tolerant. Pruning is not usually necessary. PEST PROBLEMS: Spruce budworms; spider mites in southern part of recommended zones.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. pungens, a large evergreen tree.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce is a fine specimen plant that can be used in foundations, rock gardens, borders, or containers. This is an outstanding plant that is easy to maintain, but careful consideration in site location is essential. It is not usually appropriate for massing except for small groupings on very large properties. EXPENSIVE.

Pinus mugo 'Compacta' (pi'-se-uh mu'-go)

Dwarf Mugo Pine

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 2' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 1" black cones; NOT ABUNDANT.

TEXTURE: Fine to medium.

GROWTH RATE: Extremely slow.

HABIT: Extremely dense, rounded shrub.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, NEEDLE-LIKE, 1" to 2" long, stomates in lines on both top and bottom surfaces. ALTERNATE, fascicled clusters of 2. Very crowded and curved forward toward tip.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun to light shade. Prefers a deep, moist, sandy loam, but is adaptable. Plant can be sheared to make it even more dense. PEST PROBLEMS: Borers, pine shoot moth, scale.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is cultivar of P. mugo, Swiss Mountain Pine, a small evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Aurea'--A compact, rounded cultivar (to 3') with lighter green needles that turn gold during winter. 'Mops'--Another compact, rounded form with nice uniformity.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This expensive and slow-growing shrub is virtually maintenance-free. Plants are stiff and almost indestructible. It is a great foundation plant, rock garden plant, or raised planter shrub. Outstanding.

Pinus sylvestris 'Albyns' (pi'-nus sill-vess'-tris)

Dwarf Scotch Pine

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 5' to 8'

FRUIT: Small oval cone; usually not present.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Flat to slightly mounded; branches ascending.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Gray-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: NEEDLE-LIKE, 1" to 2" long, appearing in bundles of 2; radially arranged, margins serrate; upper surface convex with stomatal lines.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious, greenish; usually not present.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. The plant prefers well-drained, loamy soil, but adapts to poor, droughty sites. Pruning is usually not necessary.

PEST PROBLEMS: Many boring-type insects and moths afflict the Pinus genus. Check with the Extension Service in your area.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. sylvestris, Scotch Pine, a large evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Globosa Viridis'--Globular dwarf form that grows 3" to 4" tall. Dense. 'Nana'--Dwarf form to 2' with more globular shape than 'Albyns'.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Scotch Pine may be used in foundation plantings, rock gardens, or containers. It is also an excellent plant for berms and raised planters where the soil is usually drier.

Pittosporum tobira 'Wheeler's Dwarf' (pit-o-spor'-um too-bi'-ruh)

Wheeler's Dwarf Pittosporum

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/2" brown capsules, NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright growth on dense, broad-spreading plant.

FAMILY: Pittosporaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and half as wide, obovate shape with entire margins, slightly "cupped," ALTERNATE arrangement, appearing whorled at the tips.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1" long, appearing in clusters, 5-petaled, fragrant--similar to orange blossom. Flowers in April.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Tolerant of any well-drained soil in the recommended zones. Does well in sand. Great for beach plantings. Needs minimal pruning to maintain shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spots, mealy bugs.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. tobira, a large evergreen shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Hines Hardy'--More hardy, possibly to Zone 7. A Hines Nurseries introduction. 'Variegated Hines Hardy'--Similar to 'White Spot', but reportedly more hardy. A Hines Nurseries introduction. 'White Spot'--Gray-green leaves with white margins. Zone 9.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Pittosporum is an attractive plant that has limited range outdoors. It is a good selection for indoor landscapes further north.

Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken' (proo'-nus lar-o-sir-a'-sus)

Otto Luyken Laurel

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3'

WIDTH: 5'

FRUIT: 1/2" purplish-black drupe.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Open and spreading; ascending branches.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Glossy dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 3 1/2" to 4 1/2" long or longer, 1" to 1 1/2" wide, narrow elliptic shape, mostly entire, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1/4" in 3" to 4" upright racemes. Very showy. Flowers in mid-spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Adaptable to any well-drained soil. Rootrot more common in clay. Responds well to regular pruning.

PEST PROBLEMS: Shothole fungus, rootrot.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. laurocerasus, English Laurel, a large evergreen shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Otto Luyken Laurel is valuable for its flower spikes and coarse texture in a dwarf plant. In spring it rivals the best of the flowering plants. The plant is a great choice for foundation plantings, garden borders for the landscaped areas, and as a specimen plant in combination with fine-textured plants.

NOTE: To help control shothole fungus, avoid overhead waterings, but don't overdo the ground watering since the plant must have adequate drainage to prevent rootrot.

Raphiolepis indica (raff-e-o-le'-pis in'-dee-kuh)

Indian Hawthorn

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" to 1/2" black berries.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderately slow.

HABIT: Open, mounded shrub; ascending branches.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and 1" to 2" wide, elliptic to broad elliptic shape with serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, pink, or rose-pink, 1/2" in upright terminal panicles. Very attractive. Flowers in April.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Needs well-drained soils with a pH of 6.0 to 8.0. Somewhat salt-tolerant; can be used in beach plantings. Little, if any, pruning is needed.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spots.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Charisma'--Double, soft pink flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'Enchantress'--Rich rose-pink flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'Indian Princess'--Compact and broad. Large, bright green leaves. Pink flowers, fading to white. A Monrovia introduction. 'Jack Evans'--Broad-spreading with double pink flowers. 'Snow White'--White flowers. 'Spring Rapture'--Prolific rose-red flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'Springtime'--Leathery, bronzy-green foliage and rich pink flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'White Enchantress'--Similar to 'Enchantress', except for white flowers. A Monrovia introduction.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Indian Hawthorn is a good substitute for Azaleas, but has a strong character of its own. Once established, it is a heavy blooming plant that is very showy. This makes a nice foundation plant, and it is often used in mass in borders and accent beds.

Taxus cuspidata 'Intermedia' (tax'-us cuss-pe-da'-tah)

Dwarf Japanese Yew

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: 1/4" red seed.

TEXTURE: Medium-fine

GROWTH RATE: Slow

HABIT: Upright with spreading branches.

FAMILY: Taxaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium to dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" NEEDLE-LIKE, linear with entire margins, two yellowish bands on lower surface, 2-ranked and SPIRALLY arranged.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Dioecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Tolerant of most soils, except wet soils. Needs moist, well-drained soil for best performance. Great plant for polluted areas. Can be sheared into almost any shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: Twig blight, spider mites.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of T. cuspidata, a small to medium evergreen tree.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Aurescens'--Super dwarf (1') spreading 3' to 4' after many years. New growth deep yellow, gradually turning green during winter months. 'Densa'--Lower, spreading form. Deep green leaves.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: An extensively used plant because of its beautiful foliage and compact habit. Should be used as a foundation plant or low hedge. Shearing will result in super thick plants that resemble Mugo Pine.

Tsuga canadensis 'Jeddeloh' (soo'-guh can-uh-den'-sis)

Jeddeloh Canadian Hemlock

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2'

WIDTH: 3'

FRUIT: 3/4" brown, oval cone.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Very slow.

HABIT: Mounded and weeping; depressed in center.

FAMILY: Pinaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lime green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/4" NEEDLES, linear with tiny teeth (spines), two gray-white bands on lower surface, 2-ranked arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Monoecious; NOT NOTICEABLE.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Needs well-drained, organic soil. Does not handle drought or excessively wet soils. Protect from wind. Pruning is minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests. Subject to sunscorch and drought injury.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of T. canadensis, a large evergreen tree.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Jeddeloh Canadian Hemlock is an outstanding dwarf conifer. Unlike Junipers, it tolerates much more shade, but requires a regular supply of moisture. It is slow growing for ease in maintenance. Great for massing, foundations, and rock gardens.

Yucca filamentosa (yuk'-uh fill-uh-men-to'-suh)

Adam's Needle Yucca

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 2' to 3'

FRUIT: 1" brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright with stiff, dagger-like leaves.

FAMILY: Agavaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1' to 2' long and 1" to 2" wide, long linear shape with sharp, stiff, hazardous tips, infolded with sharp margins that have thread-like filaments, WHORLED around short stem.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 2" to 2 1/2" wide, appearing on 4" to 6" panicles in late spring. Very showy.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun. The plant prefers light, well-drained soil, but is adaptable to all but wet soils. Prune to remove flower stalk after flowers die. Easy to grow and low-maintenance.

PEST PROBLEMS: None

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Ivory Tower'--Plant grows to 3" high and has ivory-white flower panicles. A Monrovia introduction. 'Starburst'--Has dark green leaves with yellow margins. Yellow margins become pinkish during cold weather. A Monrovia introduction.

RELATED SPECIES: Y. flaccida--(See next page.) Y. smalliana--This species has more narrow leaves and smaller flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Adam's Needle Yucca is a hardy plant (Zone 4) that will grow in any well-drained soil, from clay to sand. It is an accent plant that can be used in foundations, borders, rock gardens, and accent beds. This is a rugged, yet attractive plant, that is ideal for xeriscaping. NOTE: Hazardous spines. Avoid planting where children are present.

Yucca flaccida (yuk'-uh flah-sid'-uh)

Floppy Yucca, Weakleaf Yucca

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 2' to 3'

FRUIT: 1" brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright; lower branches pendulous.

FAMILY: Agavaceae

LEAF COLOR: Pale medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2' to 2' long and 1" to 2" wide, long linear shape with pointed tips, WHORLED from the crown.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White to greenish-white, 2" bell-shaped flowers on 3' to 4' stalks. Flowers in June.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Will thrive in hot, dry locations in sand or clay. Great for beach plantings. Pruning is minimal. Prune dead flower stalks each year.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Golden Sword'--Has yellow center stripes on leaves.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Weakleaf Yucca is a hardy plant with tall spikes of flowers in summer. Not as dangerous as Y. filamentosa, since the leaves are flexible. Quite spectacular in bloom. Great plant for beach plantings and rock gardens.

Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea 'Crimson Pygmy' * (bur'-bur-iss thun-bur'-je-i var. at-tro-pur-pur-e'-ah)

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Red berry.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Spreading mound; similar to Helleri Holly.

FAMILY: Berberidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Reddish-purple.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and 1/4" to 1/2" wide, obovate shape with entire margins, ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, tinged with purple, 1/4", noticeable, but not spectacular. Flowers in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun for best foliage color. Does best in well-drained, moist soil, but will thrive in dry sites. Pruning is minimal.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of B. thunbergii var. atropurpurea, a medium deciduous shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Baggatelle'--More compact with smaller, glossier leaves, that hold color until leaf drop in late fall. 'Royal Burgundy'--This cultivar is slightly smaller than 'Crimson Pygmy' and has deep burgundy leaves that turn almost black in fall, before leaf drop.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: This is an intense accent plant that makes a great "facer" plant for use with evergreens. It can be used as a border plant when planted in the foreground. The foliage is rich and very noticeable. Good selection for urban conditions.

* COMMON NAME: Crimson Pygmy Barberry.

Caryopteris incana 'Longwood Blue' (car-e-op'-ter-iss in-ka'-nah)

Blue Spirea, Bluebeard

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Brown, 4-valved; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderately rapid.

HABIT: Mounded and open.

FAMILY: Verbenaceae

LEAF COLOR: Green; lower surface is gray and hairy (tomentose).

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate to oblong-ovate shape with coarsely serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Blue to lavender-blue, 1/4" in dense cymes. Flowers in fall.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun. Prefers well-drained, organic soil. Prune severely in early spring, since it flowers on new growth. Considered easy to grow. Can be grown as a herbaceous perennial further north.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This a cultivar of c. incana.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Blue Billows'--This plant is more compact than 'Longwood Blue' with a dense display of lavender-blue flowers.

RELATED SPECIES: C. x clandonenis--This is a hybrid of C. incana x C. mongholica. It grows to 3' with blue flowers. 'Blue Mist' has silver-gray foliage and powder-blue flowers. 'Dark Knight' has dark green leaves and deep blue flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Blue Spirea is an excellent plant for low hedges or perennial gardens. The flowers attract butterflies to the garden. This is a great low-maintenance plant that can be grown as a perennial (herbaceous) in some states above Zone 7.

Chaenomeles japonica (kee-nom'-e-leez juh-pon'-e-kuh)

Japanese Flowering Quince

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3 1/2'

WIDTH: 2 1/2' to 4'

FRUIT: 1 1/2", apple-like; edible.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Loosely spreading; many stems.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark glossy green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" long and half as wide, obovate shape with coarse crenate margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Red or orange, 1 1/2" long, solitary. Flowers in early spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Adapts well to most well-drained soils. Prune to thin older shoots after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: Leaf spot, scale, fireblight.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Cameo'--Compact and low with apricot-pink flowers. 'Low and White'--Low with soft white flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'Minerva'--Large cherry red flowers. 'Orange Delight'--Low with orange-red flowers. 'Pink Beauty'--Upright with rose-pink flowers. 'Super Red'--Upright with bright red flowers. A Monrovia introduction. 'Texas Scarlet'--Low with fire-red flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Japanese Flowering Quince is valuable for its showy flowers during early spring. It should be used in the borders of the property or in mass plantings. Very dependable and hardy. The fruit is edible.

NOTE: Some of the above cultivars may be selections of C. x superba, a hybrid of C. japonica x C. speciosa.

Deutzia gracilis (doot'-see-uh gra'-suh-liss)

Slender Deutzia

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Broad, compact mound with arching branches.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Light green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" long and 1" to 1 1/4" wide, ovate-lanceolate shape with serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, tiny in 2 1/2" to 3" long erect panicles. Blooms in May.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Thrives in any well-drained soil. Prune to thin out older stems after flowering. Do not shear; maintain natural shape. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Nikko'--White blooms on arching branches. Leaves are burgundy in fall. 'Pink'--Has pink flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Slender Deutzia is a carefree flowering shrub that is best used where color is desired but winter foliage is not important. Grows under a wide range of garden conditions, and it works well in borders in the landscaped area. It would look nice in rock gardens or in beds with herbaceous flowers.

Fothergilla gardenii foth-er-gill'-uh gar-de'-ne-eye

Dwarf Fothergilla

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 3'

WIDTH: 2 1/2' to 3'

FRUIT Small capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE Medium

GROWTH RATE Slow

HABIT Rounded, with irregular, sometimes spreading, branches.

FAMILY Hamamelidaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green above, pale green and pubescent beneath. Yellow, orange, or red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" long and 1" to 2" wide, broadly obovate shape. Margin undulate from mid-leaf to tip. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, 1" to 1 1/2" long, 3/4" to 1" in diameter. No petals. Flower is actually a spike of stamens with yellow anthers giving the spike a creamy-white appearance. Blooms in mid-spring, before the flush of leaves and stems.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. The plant is most suited for organic, but well-drained, sites in acid soils.

PEST PROBLEMS: None.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Blue Mist'--has glaucous light blue leaves. Not as colorful in fall as the species. 'Mount Airy'--More upright in habit, more cold hardy, and having excellent fall color.

RELATED SPECIES: F. major, Large Fothergilla. This species is more upright and matures at 8" to 10". Large deciduous shrub.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Fothergilla is a specimen plant during mid-spring and again in fall. It is a great dwarf plant for naturalizing. However, it should be planted where it blends with the surrounding environment after leaves drop in the fall. Probably best used in garden borders with evergreen background plants.

Hydrangea arborescens (hi-dran'-jee-uh ar-bore-ess'-enz)

Hills-of-Snow Hydrangea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Dehiscent capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Upright and rounded; somewhat open and loose.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 5" to 6" long and 4" to 5" wide, broad ovate shape with serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White to greenish, appearing in multi-branched 5" to 6" round clusters, outer florets sterile, inner florets fertile. Flowers in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun for best bloom. Plants need well-drained, somewhat moist and rich soil. Can be pruned heavily in early spring. Do not shear in summer.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Annabelle'--Huge flower clusters to 12" diameter. Outstanding. 'Grandiflora'--Flowers more numerous; non-fruiting.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Hills-of-Snow Hydrangea is grown for its very noticeable summer blooms. It is considered extremely easy to grow, and looks great in dull areas of the garden border. This is an outstanding plant for naturalizing because it looks informal when not in bloom.

Hydrangea macrophylla (hi-dran'-jee-uh mac-ro-fill'-uh)

Florist's Hydrangea, Bigleaf Hydrangea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 5' to 6'

FRUIT: Capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Coarse

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Almost round; broader than tall.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 5" to 8" long and 3" to 6" wide, ovate shape with serrated margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Pink or blue, 1" florets in 6" clusters, outer florets sterile, inner florets fertile. Flowers in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Needs a rich, moist, well-drained soil. Prune heavily in early spring, if needed. Leave natural, do not shear.

PEST PROBLEMS: Mildew, wilt, rust.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Mariesii'--Lacecap. Has fertile flowers, ringed by sterile flowers. Pink to mauve-pink. 'Mariesii Variegata'--White to creamy-white leaf margins. Lacecap. Soft blue flowers. 'Merritt's Beauty'--Carmine red flowers. 'Nikko Blue'--Deep blue flowers when planted in acid soil. 'Pink Lacecap'--Bright pink flowers. 'White'--Pure white flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Bigleaf Hydrangea produces abundant flower clusters in summer that can be cut and used in arrangements. This plant is most appropriate in shrub borders, but not as a foundation plant against the wall. The species produces blue flower clusters in acid soil and pink blooms in neutral soil.

Hypericum frondosum (hi-per'-e-cum fron-doe'-sum)

Golden St. Johnswort

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 5'

FRUIT: Dehiscent capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Upright and open; lower branches arching.

FAMILY: Hypericaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bluish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1 1/2" to 2 1/2" long and one-fourth as wide, oblong-ovate to linear shape with entire margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Bright yellow, 1 1/2" to 2" across, solitary or in groups, stamens numerous giving a "brush" effect. Blooms in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or part shade. Prefers moist, organic soil that is well-drained. Will take heavy pruning in early spring, but should not be sheared. Low-maintenance.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests, but attracts many bees.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Sunburst'--Low-growing to 3". Heavy bloomer.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Golden St. Johnswort has many possibilities in the landscape, from rock gardens to massing. This is a great plant for dull areas of the garden, and is especially useful for naturalizing. Outstanding woody landscape plant.

Jasminum nudiflorum (jaz'-my-num nude-uh-flo'-rum)

Winter Jasmine

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 4'

WIDTH: 4' to 6'

FRUIT: Black berry; not common.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Broad mound with weeping branches.

FAMILY: Oleaceae

LEAF COLOR: Dark green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, 3 leaflets, each leaflet 1/2" to 1" long and 1/4" to 1/3" wide, long ovate shape with entire margins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Yellow, 1" to 1 1/2" long, solitary. Flowers in February through March, before the leaves.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or shade. Likes well-drained soil with adequate moisture, but will adapt to poor soil and dry conditions. Pruning is minimal. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Aureum'--This cultivar has random blotches of yellow on green leaves. 'Variegatum'--Leaves are grayish-green with white margins.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Winter Jasmine flowers in the cold of winter before the foliage appears. It is often used as a low hedge along borders, but can be used as a ground cover since the weeping branches often root. Very noticeable in flower. Looks great during summer because of compact, dense habit.

Philadelphus x virginalis 'Dwarf Snowflake' (fil-uh-dell'-fuss x ver-gin--a'-liss)

Dwarf Mockorange

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 3' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Brown capsule; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Upright and open; arching with age.

FAMILY: Saxifragaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 3" long and half as wide, ovate shape with serrated margins (teeth widely spaced), leaf puckered between veins. OPPOSITE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, double, 1/2" to 2" wide, fragrant. Blooms in spring.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. The plant is very adaptable, but responds favorably to well-drained, organic soil. Prune after flowering, but not later than mid-summer.

PEST PROBLEMS: Aphids, mildew.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of P. x virginalis, Mockorange, a medium size deciduous shrub.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Minature Snowflake'--One of smallest cultivars (2 1/2' to 3') and two-thirds as broad. Has fragrant, double white flowers. 'Patricia'--Similar to 'Dwarf Snowflake', but having creamy white flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Mockorange is a dainty form of the old-fashioned Mockoranges. It provides great accent during bloom and fits into smaller areas. It is a plant well-suited for garden borders, and fits into natural areas. Should be placed where its fragrance can be appreciated.

Potentilla fruticosa (po-ten-till'-uh froo-ti-ko'-sah)

Bush Cinquefoil

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 2' to 3'

FRUIT: Brown achene; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Irregularly rounded; dense.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: COMPOUND, usually 5 leaflets, leaflets 1/2" to 3/4" long and 1/4" to 1/2" wide, oblong-lanceolate shape with entire margins that fold under. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Bright yellow, 1" to 2" wide, 5-petaled. Single, some cultivars double. Solitary or in small groups. Flowers in summer for several weeks.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Full sun or light shade. Potentilla is tolerant of most well-drained soils. Responds well to supplemental water during drought. Prune after flowers die to shape and remove fruits.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Abbotswood'--Has white flowers. 'Coronation Triumph' --Oval, upright shape. Bright yellow flowers. 'Gold Star'--Bright yellow 2" blooms. 'Goldfinger'--Large, golden yellow flowers. 'Longacre' - Acclaimed as drought-tolerant. Soft yellow flowers. 'Red Ace'--Orange-red flowers with pale yellow undersides. A Monrovia introduction. 'Sunset'--Brick-orange flowers. Often mostly yellow during heat of summer. THERE ARE MANY, MANY more!

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Potentilla is an excellent border plant or rock garden plant. This is a good plant for perennial plantings. Although woody, there are over 500 species, most of which are herbaceous. This is NOT A GOOD CHOICE FOR SOUTHERN GARDENS.

Prunus glandulosa (proo'-nus glan-du-lo'-sah)

Dwarf Flowering Almond

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

HEIGHT: 3' to 5'

WIDTH: 3' to 5'

FRUIT: 3/8" dark red drupe; not common.

TEXTURE: Medium

GROWTH RATE: Rapid

HABIT: Upright and open; multi-stemmed.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Medium green in summer; yellowish in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 2" to 4" long and one-third as wide, oblong-lanceolate to narrow elliptic shape with serrulate margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White or pink, 1/2" wide, single or double, appearing in spring. Very showy.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun. Grows in almost any well-drained soil of acidic or alkaline reaction. Prune to shape after flowering. Very easy to grow. Will thrive in the southwest.

PEST PROBLEMS: Aphids on new growth.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: 'Alboplena'--Has double, white flowers. 'Rosea'--Has double, pink flowers.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Dwarf Flowering Almond is a rugged, dependable accent plant that is attractive in flower but quite commonplace during the rest of the season. It should be used in dull areas of garden borders with other plantings. This plant is more attractive than credited. A great plant for xeriscaping.

Spiraea japonica 'Alpina' (spi-ree'-uh juh-pon'-e-kuh)

Japanese Alpine Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1' to 2'

WIDTH: 2' to 2 1/2'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicle; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Dense, spreading mound.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bluish-green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" long and 1/4" wide, ovate to ovate-lanceolate shape with serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Pink or rose-pink, tiny in 2" clusters. Flowers in May and June.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Does best in well-drained soil that receives moderate to high moisture. Prune immediately after flowering, if needed.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. japonica.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Atrosanguinea'--This cultivar is larger (3 1/2') than 'Alpina' with dark rosy-red clusters 4" wide. 'Ruberrima'--Grows 2 1/2' to 3' with a globular outline. Flower clusters dark rose in color.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Alpine Spirea makes a fine addition to the perennial-type garden or border in front of evergreen plantings. It has great potential as a plant for edging bed areas or borders. It may be the smallest of the Spireas.

Spiraea japonica 'Shirobana' (spi-ree'-uh juh-pon'-e-kuh)

Shirobana Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicles; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Dense and mounded.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bright green.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1/2" to 1" long and half as wide, ovate-lanceolate shape with serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: White, pink, and red blooms on the same plant, appearing in 2" to 4" clusters (corymbs). Summer flowering.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. The plant is adaptable to any well-drained soil, but does best in moist sites. Prune after flowering, if needed, to shape.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. japonica.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Shirobana Spirea has one of the longest bloom periods of the genus. Starts flowering in summer and continues into early fall. In addition, the variations in bloom color and outstanding, lustrous foliage make this a plant to feature in a well-chosen location.

Spiraea x bumalda 'Anthony Waterer' (spi-ree'-uh x bu-mall'-duh)

Anthony Waterer Spirea, Dwarf Pink Bridal Wreath

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2 1/2' to 4'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicle; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Dense and mounded.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bluish-green in summer; variable deep reds in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with doubly serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Bright rose-pink, 3" to 5" somewhat flat clusters. Flowers all summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soil. Provide additional water during drought. Prune after flowering to encourage additional flowers.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. x bumalda, a cross between S. albiflora and S. japonica.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Crimson Glory'--This cultivar is similar to 'Anthony Waterer' but having deep crimson flower clusters.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Anthony Waterer Spirea is one of the most popular Dwarf Spireas. It is easy to grow and provides attractive blooms over a long period. Blends well into natural plantings.

Spiraea x bumalda 'Gold Flame' (spi-ree'-uh x bu-mall'-duh)

Gold Flame Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 2' to 3'

WIDTH: 3' to 4'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicle; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate to rapid.

HABIT: Dense, broad mound.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Bronze-gold in spring, yellow-green in summer, and copper-orange in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with doubly serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Crimson, in 3" to 5" clusters. Flowers in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soil. Provide water during drought; will not perform well under dry conditions. Prune after flowering.

PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. x bumalda.

RELATED CULTIVARS: 'Firelight'--Compact form to 2", having orange new growth with a few leaves turning green, maturing to bright red in fall. Flower clusters pink.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Gold Flame Spirea is a very colorful plant that provides interesting color changes in foliage, as well as colorful flowers against yellowish leaves. Choose its use and location carefully.

Spiraea x bumalda 'Limemound' (spi-ree'-uh x bu-mall'-duh)

Limemound Spirea

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

ZONES: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

HEIGHT: 1 1/2' to 2'

WIDTH: 2 1/2' to 4'

FRUIT: Dehiscent follicle; NOT ORNAMENTAL.

TEXTURE: Fine

GROWTH RATE: Moderate

HABIT: Very dense, broad mound. Uniform growth.

FAMILY: Rosaceae

LEAF COLOR: Lemon-yellow in spring, maturing to lime-green; orange-red in fall.

LEAF DESCRIPTION: SIMPLE, 1" to 2" long and half as wide, ovate shape with doubly serrated margins. ALTERNATE arrangement.

FLOWER DESCRIPTION: Light pink, in 2" to 4" clusters. Flowers in summer.

EXPOSURE/CULTURE: Sun or light shade. Plant in well-drained, moist soil. Avoid dry conditions for best flowering and leaf color. Prune after flowering, if needed. PEST PROBLEMS: No serious pests.

SELECTED CULTIVARS: None. This is a cultivar of S. x bumalda.

LANDSCAPE NOTES: Limemound Spirea has excellent foliage and uniform growth habit. It is a very attractive foliage plant in addition to having nice flowers. This is a bold accent plant. A Monrovia introduction.
COPYRIGHT 2003 Delmar Learning
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2003 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Lonicera pileata-Spiraea x bumalda 'Limemound'
Author:Bridwell, Ferrell M.
Publication:Landscape Plants, Their Identification, Culture, and Use, 2nd ed.
Article Type:List
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2003
Words:6558
Previous Article:Chapter 6 dwarf shrubs.
Next Article:Chapter 7 medium size shrubs.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters