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Changing employment in occupations.

Changing Employment in Occupations

Different industries employ workers who have different occupational skills.

Hospitals require registered nurses, nursing aides, and workers in other occupations that provide health care.

Construction requires bricklayers, carpenters, and other building trades workers.

Consequently, industry employment growth has a significant effect on the growth of occupations.

Changes in the way an industry produces goods or services also affect occupational employment.

For example, the increasing use of computers to process records increases the need for computer programmers and computer systems analysts, but reduces the need for recordkeeping clerks.

The opportunities provided by occupational employment growth can be viewed in two ways:

Rate of growth (percent)

Numerical increase of workers.

Occupations with fast growth rates generally offer good opportunities.

However, large occupations, such as retail sales worker, may offer many more jobs than a small, fastgrowing occupation, such as medical assistant.

Both rate of growth and numerical change should looked at to assess future job prospects.

Table: Percent change, 1986-2000

Table: Numerical change, 1986-2000

Table: Occupations will grow an average of 19 percent. Of the broad occupational groups, technician and service occupations will grow the faster.

Percent change in employment, 1986-2000

Employment will increase most, in terms of number of workers, in service and sales occupations, but professional and executive occupations will also add millions of jobs.

The following is a list of the major occupational groups and the number of jobs each will add between 1986 and 2000:

Service workers 5,381,000

Sales workers 3,728,000

Professional workers 3,655,000

Executive, administrative, and managerial workers 3,033,000

Administrative support workers, including clerical 2,258,000

Precision production, craft, and repair workers 1,669,000

Technicians and related support workers 1,403,000

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 443,000

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing workers will decline by 163,000 over the projected period.

Table: A small number of occupations will account for more than one-half of total job growth.

Numerical growth, 1986-2000

Most of these occupations are growing fasternthan the average for all occupations.

Those growing less rapidly are very large, so that the numerical increase is still great.

Table: Twelve of the twenty fastest growing occupations provide health services.

Growth of employment, 1986-2000 (percent)

The number of paralegal personnel--the fastest growing occupation--is expected to double.

Four of the twenty fastest growing occupations are in the computer field.

Table: Changes in technology and business practices and increased use of imports will cause some occupations to decline.

Decline in employment, 1986-2000 (percent)

Most of these occupations have been declining for several years.
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Title Annotation:Projections 2000
Publication:Occupational Outlook Quarterly
Date:Sep 22, 1987
Previous Article:Changing employment in industries.
Next Article:The growing need for education.

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