Celebration: Independence Day of the Republic of Peru.
The Republic of Peru celebrates the anniversary of its independence today.
A country in the western part of South America, Peru is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Lima is the country's capital and largest city. The population of Peru, which is around 30.8 million, is multiethnic, including Europeans, Africans, Amerindians, and Asians.
Peru was home to ancient cultures which range from the Norte Chico civilization to the Inca Empire. During the 16th century, Spain occupied the region and established a Viceroyalty. In 1821, the country achieved its independence from Spain.
Trade relations between Peru and the Philippines can be traced back to as early as the 17th century. In fact, one of the main streets in the capital city of Lima is named "Filipinas" due to the fact that during the 17th century, there was a company on that street operating under the name of "Companias de las Filipinas" which specialized in a wide range of items from the Philippines - among them, the famous Manton de Manila which was considered a status symbol among the elite women of Lima during that time.
Today, the Philippines still specializes in garments which make up over 30% of the country's exports to Peru. The remainder of the exports includes chemicals, furniture, machinery and transportation equipment and parts, electronics, and housewares.
We congratulate the people and the government of the Republic of Peru led by President Ollanta Humala, and Prime Minister Rene Cornejo, on the occasion of the 193rd Anniversary of its Independence.