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Cash Crop Halophytes, Recent Studies.

Cash Crop Halophytes, Recent Studies

Tasks for vegetation science--38 Helmut Lieth, Marina Mochtchenko Published 2003 Hardback 240 pages Price: 64.00 [pounds sterling] Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers

The last decade has witnessed a sharp increase in losses of arable land from salinisation. In Europe this is especially hard for the farmers in the Mediterranean countries where irrigation farming is very common and many fields have reached a soil salinity level which prevents farmers from raising common crops. This is a world wide problem in dry and semidry tropical regions. The losses in soil fertility in certain regions are so severe that rural populations are either starving, leaving their villages or requesting permanent living support through foreign aid. In recent years several scientists in Europe have developed research projects for the sustainable utilisation of halophytes. Together with their North African, Arabian and South Asian colleagues they developed a research network which produced rapidly promising aspects for cashcrop halophytes. Most of their work was based on the collection of papers from an international meeting in Al Ain/UAE. This volume presents useful examples of research from that meeting and the presentation of new research topics. It was found that two avenues were of immediate need: The development of pilot projects and the organisation of an international society for halophyte utilisation. Both aspects are dealt with in this book and together with other recent relevant publications will serve as a guide for future efforts to develop the common utilisation of cashcrop halophytes.

This volume will be of great value for all scientists and others interested in R and D projects for the future use of halophytes and saline irrigation systems.

Chapter titles.

Part I. Salinity tolerance analysis. Introduction to Part I. Study of potential cash crop halophytes by a quick check system. Physiological responses and structural modifications in Atriplex halimus L. plants exposed to salinity. Some physiological and biochemical aspects of salt tolerance in two oleaginous halophytes: Cakile maritima and crithmum maritium. Salinity tolerance of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima. Part I. Biomass production and osmotic adjustment. Salinity tolerance of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima. Part II. Physiological and biochemical regulation. Effect of seawater irrigation on biomass production and ion composition of seven halophytic species in Morocco. Some physiological and biochemical aspects of salt tolerance of Sesuvium portulacastrum.

Salt-tolerance strategy of two fodder halophyte species: Spartina alterniflora and Suaeda fruiticosa Salt-avoidance mechanisms in the halophyte Distichlis spicata as a promising source for improved salt resistance in crop plants. Introduction to Part II. Chemical content of halophytes. Chemical composition variation during root decomposition in Tagus estuary salt marshes. Metal partition in Tagus estuary salt marshes; a case study. Potential of halophytes as animal fodder in Egypt. Lipid composition of seeds of local halophytes: Cakile maritima, Zygophyllum album and Crithmum maritimum. Introduction to Part III. The use of Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) as a pioneer forage crop in salty environments. Primary analysis of four salt tolerant plants growing in Hai-He Plain, China. Field scale experiments on plant tolerance to saline irrigation water. The influence of environmental factors and zonal distribution of Phragmites australis and Phacelurus latifolius in salt marsh, Central Japan. Part IV. Relevant Accompanying Contributions. Introduction to Part IV. Genetically modified halophytes in agro-ecosystems. Halophytic grasses as vital components of cash crop halophytes: Sporobolus madraspatanus Bor. An ecological overview of halophytes from Pakistan. A comprehensive survey of halophytes in Khorasan province of Iran. Part V. Future Outlook for Research and Development on Cash Crop Halophytes and Foundation of ISHU, a New Scientific Society. Introduction to Part V gold Medal award. The foundation of an International Society of Halophyte Utilisation (ISHU) 25.06.2002 in Osnabrueck/Germany. Activities of ISHU. Publications of the Concerted Action members relevant to the program. Additional suggested reading. Table of contents for the four volumes of the "Halophytes in Different Climates". Halophyte Database Vers.2.0 in alphabetical order including some updates.
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Title Annotation:book by Helmut Lieth and Marina Mochtchenko
Publication:Food Trade Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Jul 1, 2005
Words:649
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