Carleton, William (b. Feb. 20, 1794, Prillisk, County Tyrone, Ire.--d. Jan. 30, 1869, Dublin)
Prolific writer who realistically portrayed the life of the rural Irish.
Carleton was born the youngest of 14 children on a small farm. At first a village tutor, he published a two-volume collection of sketches, Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry (1830). The writings that followed--e.g., Tales of Ireland (1834) and Fardorougha the Miser (1839)--deal with such rural problems as the land question (redistribution of agricultural land), secret patriotic societies, and the potato famine of the 1840s. His stories had wide appeal and were translated into French, German, and Italian.