COUNTY RECORDS AND MAJOR RANGE EXTENSIONS FOR WEST CROSS TIMBERS ANGIOSPERMS FROM PROCTOR LAKE RESERVOIR IN COMANCHE COUNTY, TEXAS.
Specimen occurrence and distribution records were compared to data available in the Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas (Turner et al. 2003a; 2003b) and floristic studies from the region (Nelson et al. 2016; Harsley & Nelson 2010; McPhail & Nelson 2005). Taxa new to Comanche County but occurring in bordering counties are listed in Table 1. Those not reported from bordering counties are discussed as major range extensions for the region. Both the table and discussion of major range extensions are organized alphabetically by family, genera, and species. Sixteen species were introduced and 66 are native to Texas (Table 1 ; Diggs et al. 1999). Sixty-eight taxa new to Comanche County but occurring in bordering counties are listed in Table 1. Those not reported from bordering counties are discussed as major range extensions for the region.
Major range extensions:
Rudbeckia maxima Nutt. (Giant Coneflower; TAC 5408) is a native coneflower that occurs in east Texas west of the East Cross Timbers as well as Tarrant County (Diggs et al. 1999). Correll and Johnston (1970) report it from moist, open places in East Texas. The closest locality to Comanche County reported by Turner et al. (2003a) is Tarrant County to the northeast.
Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck var. lindheimeri (Engelm.) B. D. Parfitt & Pinkava (Prickly Pear; TAC 5335) is a native cactus known from the Blackland Prairie south to South Texas and west to the Trans-Pecos (Diggs et al. 1999). Turner et al. (2003a) reports its nearest location as Lampasas County, to the southeast in Central Texas but Diggs et al. (1999) notes that it occurs in Mills County on the southern border of Comanche County. Stanford (1971) reported it in Brown County, which borders Comanche County to the west, but this locality nor the locality from Mills County (Diggs et al. 1999) is included in Turner et al. (2003a).
Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl. ex. Bigelow) A. Love & D. Love (Hard-stem Bulrush; TAC 5384) is a native bulrush that occurs in Grayson and Rockwall counties (Diggs et al. 1999) as well as west Texas. Schoenoplectus acutus is reported as rare in east and north central Texas (Correll & Johnston 1970; Diggs et al. 1999). The closest locality to Comanche County is Taylor County to the northwest and all other reports are in the Panhandle as well as West Texas (Turner et al. 2003b).
Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla (American bulrush; TAC 5493) is a native bulrush that occurs mainly in Ellis, Montague, and Wise counties, but is considered widespread in Texas (Diggs et al. 1999). Correll and Johnston (1970) report that it occurs in moist habitats throughout the state. The closest localities to Comanche County reported by Turner et al. (2003b) are San Saba and Parker counties.
Gleditsia tricanthos L. (Common Honey-locust; TAC 5334) is a native legume that occurs in southeast and east Texas, west to the Cross Timbers and is also scattered in the Rolling Plains as well as the Edwards Plateau (Diggs et al. 1999). The closest locality to Comanche County is Coryell County to the southeast (Turner et al. (2003a).
Lotus unifoliolatus (Hook.) Benth. (Pursh's Deer-Vetch; TAC 5536) is a widespread, native legume in much of the eastern half of Texas (Diggs et al. 1999) and is abundant in north-central Texas (Correll & Johnston 1970). Turner et al. (2003a) reports it in counties to the north and south of Comanche with the closest localities being San Saba and Palo Pinto counties.
Vicia ludoviciana Nutt. subsp. leavenworthii (Torr. & A. Gray) Lassetter & C.R. Gunn (Leavenworth's Vetch; TAC 5338) is a native vetch that occurs in southeast and east Texas, west to eastern Rolling Plains and Edwards Plateau (Diggs et al. 1999). Correll and Johnston (1970) as well as Stanford (1976) report the range as extending from the eastern half of Texas, west to Wichita, Taylor, Edwards, and Kinney counties. Turner et al. (2003a) reports it in the western half of the state with the closest locality to Comanche County being Concho County to the southwest.
Geranium texanum (Trel.) A. Heller (Texas geranium; TAC 5410) is a native, widespread geranium in Texas, but mainly in the Blackland Prairie, west to the Rolling Plains and Edwards Plateau (Diggs et al. 1999). The closest localities to Comanche are Callahan and Coleman counties to the west and Coryell County to the southeast (Turner et al. 2003a).
Allium canadense L. var. canadense (Wild Onion; TAC 5435) is a native onion that occurs in east and southeast Texas and west to the East Cross Timbers (Diggs et al. 1999). Correll and Johnston (1970) report it as occurring in the eastern one-third of the state. However, Stanford (1971) collected it from Hamilton County, adjacent to Comanche County, while Stanford (1976) reported it from Bexar, Hays, Travis, and Hamilton counties, in addition to the Grand Prairie region of Texas. Turner et al. (2003b) reports it in the eastern half of the state, with the closest localities to Comanche County being Bell, Llano, and McLennan counties to the south and southeast.
Ammannia robusta Heer & Regel (Toothcup; TAC 5582) is a native toothcup that occurs in Falls and Williamson counties (Diggs et al. 1999) as well as other locations from north central to southeast Texas (Correll & Johnston 1970; Diggs et al. 1999). Turner et al. (2003a) reports it in Bastrop, Cameron, Dallas, Hemphill, Kenedy, Milam, Travis, and Williamson counties. Our collection extends its range into the West Cross Timbers region.
Echinochloa muricata (P. Beauv.) Fernald var. muricata (Barnyard Grass; TAC 5393) is a native grass that is widespread in Texas (Correll & Johnston 1970; Diggs et al. 1999). The closest locality to Comanche County is to the east in Taylor County (Turner et al. 200b).
Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenb. (Teal Love Grass; TAC 5458) is a native grass that occurs mainly in east and southeast Texas (Correll & Johnston 1970), as well as the Edwards Plateau (Diggs et al. 1999). Turner et al. (2003b) reports it mostly in the eastern half of the state with Williamson County to the southeast being the closest locality to Comanche County.
Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees (Creeping Love Grass; TAC 5456) is a native grass that occurs in Bell, Cooke, Dallas, Denton, Grayson, and Kaufman counties, as well as the eastern half of Texas (Diggs et al. 1999). Stanford (1976) reports it from Brown County, adjacent and west of Comanche County. Turner et al. (2003b) reports it mostly in the eastern half of the state, with the closest locality to Comanche County being Burnet County to the south and Taylor County to the west.
Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. (Green Bristle Grass; TAC 5423) is an introduced Eurasian grass that occurs in the southern Blackland Prairie and West Texas (Diggs et al. 1999). Stanford (1971) collected it from Brown and Hamilton counties. The closest locality to Comanche County reported by Turner et al. (2003b) is San Saba County to the south and Parker County to the northeast.
We wish to thank Kalee Smith for labeling and mounting plants and personnel at Lake Proctor Reservoir for granting us permission to conduct research and for assistance given during the course of our work.
Brister, J. S. 2005. Soils, hydrology, vegetative ecology, and floristics of natural and constructed wetlands along the Leon River in the West Cross Timbers, Comanche County, Texas. Unpublished M.S. thesis, Tarleton State University, Stephenville, Texas, 115 pp.
Brister, J. S. and A. D. Nelson. 2012. Vegetative ecology of natural and constructed wetlands along the Leon River in Comanche County, Texas. Texas J. of Sci., 64:103-128.
Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Texas Research Foundation, Renner, Texas. 1083 pp.
Diggs, G. M., Jr., B. L. Lipscomb & R. J. O'Kennon. 1999. Shinners and Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas. Botanical Research Institute of Texas, Fort Worth, Texas, 1626 pp.
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J.S. Brister, A.D. Nelson & J. Calahan
Department of Biological Sciences, Box T-0100, Tarleton State University, Stephenville, TX 76402
ADN at: email@example.com
Table 1. Floral records for Comanche County that have also been reported from bordering counties (Nelson et al. 2016; Harsley & Nelson 2010; McPhail & Nelson 2005; Turner et al. 2003a; 2003b) including Brown (B), Eastland (EA), Erath (ER), Hamilton (H) and Mills (M). Common names are included in brackets. Plants that are native (N) to Texas or introduced (1) are indicated. Tarleton State University Herbarium (TAC) accession numbers are included. Bordering Family/Species/Common name Counties N/I TAC Acanthaceae Ruellia nudiflora (Engelm. & A. Gray) Urb. B N 5362 [Violet Ruellia] Amaranthaceae Amaranthus rudis J.D. Sauer B, EA N 5361 [Nuttall's Water-hemp] Apiaceae Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link B, EA, ER I5372 [Hedge-parsley] Asteraceae Aster subulatus Michx. B, ER N 5364 var. ligulatus Shinners [Saltmarsh Aster] Baccharis neglecta Britton B N 5578 [Roosevelt Weed] Cirsium texanum Buckley B, M N 5407 [Texas Thistle] Ecliptaprostrata (L.) L. B, ER N 5438 [Pieplant] Eupatorium serotinwn Michx. B, ER N 5472 [Late Eupatorium] Helenium microcephalum DC. B N 5352 [Small-head Sneezeweed] Helianthus annus L. B, EA, ER, M N 5390 [Common Sunflower] Sonchus asper (L.) Hill B, EA, ER, M I 5343 [Prickly Sow-thistle] S. oleraceus L. B I 5501 [Common Sow-thistle] Xanthium strumarium L. B, EA, ER, M N 5506 [Cocklebur] Boraginaceae Heliotropium currassavicum L. B N 5590 [Salt Heliotrope] Brassicaceae Rapistrum rugosum (L.) All. ER I 5412 [Bastard cabbage] Convolvulaceae Ipomoea cordatotriloba Dennst. B, EA, ER, M N 5422 var. torreyana (A. Gray) D.F. Austin [Cotton Morning-glory] Cyperaceae Carex tetrastachya Scheele B N 5451 [Four-angle Caric Sedge] Cyperus acuminatus Torr. & Hook, ex Hook B, ER N 5591 [Taper-leaf Flat Sedge] Cyperus odoratus L. B N 5434 [Fragrant Flat Sedge] Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult. B N 5368 [Large-spike Rush] Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A. Mey.) B, ER N 5425 Sojak [California Bulrush] Euphoribaceae Chamaesyce serpens (Kunth) Small B, M N 5388 [Mat Euphorbia] Fabaceae Medicago polymorpha L. M I 5450 [Bur Clover] Melilotus indicus (L.) All. B, EA I 5494 [Yellow Sour-clover] Vicia sauva L. EA, ER, M I 5464 [Common Vetch] Fagaceae Quercus fusiformis Small B, EA, ER, H, M N 5332 [Live Oak] Gentianaceae Sabatia campestris Nutt. ER N 5535 [Prairie Rose Gentian] Juglandaceae Carya illinoisensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch B, EA, ER, M N 5333 [Pecan Tree] Lamiaceae Monarda citriodora Cerv. ex. Lag. HR N 5498 [Lemon Beebalm] Teuerium canadense L. EA, ER N 5457 Lemnaceae Lemna aequinoctialis Welw. B N 5322 [Duckweed] Liliaceae Allium canadense L. \dx.fraseri Ownbey B, EA N 5386 Lythraceae Ammannia coccinea Rottb. B, ER N 5592 [Purple Ammannia] Moraceae Madurapomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid ER N 5453 [Bois D'Arc] Papaveraceae Argemonepolyanthemos (Fedde) G.B. Ownbey B, M N 5568 Pedaliaceae Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell. B, EA, ER N 5351 Poaceae Avenafatua L. B I 5462 [Wild Oats] Promus japonicus Thunb. ex Murray B, EA, ER, M I 5430 [Japanese Brome] Digitaria cognata (Schult.) Pilg. EA, ER N 5454 subsp. cognata [Fall Witch Grass] Ely mus virginicus L. B, ER N 5378 [Virginia Wild Rye] Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth B, EA, H N 5589 [Red Sprangletop] Lolium perenne L. B, H I 5373 [Italian Rye Grass] Nassella leucotricha (Trin.&Rupr.) Barkworth B, EA, H N 5359 [Texas Winter Grass] Panicum virgatum L. B N 5505 [Switch Grass] Paspalum dilatatum Poir. M I 5512 [Paspalum Grass] Phalaris caroliniana Walter H N 5353 [Wild Canary Grass] Poa arachnifera Torr. B, EA, ER, H N 5341 [Texas Blue Grass] Schedonnardus paniculatus (Nutt) Trel. B N 5461 [Tumble Grass] Sorghum halapense (L.) Pers. B, EA, ER, M I 5474 [Johnson Grass] Tridens texanus (Wats.) Nash B N 5586 [Texas Tridens] Polygonaceae Rumex altissimus Wood ER N 5346 [Pale Dock] Rumex crispus L. B I 5466 [Curly Dock] Rumex hastatulus Baldwin ER N 5447 [Heart-wing Sorrel] Rumex pulcher L. B I 5561 [Fiddle Dock] Ranunculaceae Ranunculus scleratus L. ER, H N 5324 [Blister Buttercup] Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis L. B, EA, ER, H, M N 5541 [Button Bush] Salicaceae Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall ER N 5418 var. deltoides [Cottonwood] Sapindaceae Cardlospermum hallcacabum L. M N 5440 [Balloonvine] Scrophulariaceae Agalinus heterophylla (Nutt.) Small ex. ER N 5508 Britton [Prairie Agalinis] Castilleja indivisa Engelm. EA, ER, H N 5331 [Texas Paintbrush] Veronica peregrina L. ER N 5433 subsp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennel [Necklaceweed] Smilacaceae Smilax bona-nox L. ER N 5342 [Saw Greenbrier] Solanaceae Physalis angulata L. B N 5486 [Cut-leaf Ground-cherry] Tamariaceae Tamarix chinensis Lour. ER I 5325 [Chinese Tamarisk] Typhaceae Typha domingensis Pers. B N 5371 [Narrow-leaf Cat-tail] T. latifolia L. ER N 5347 [Common Cat-tail] Ulniaceae Ulmus crassifolia Nutt. B, ER N 5345 [Cedar Elm] Verbenaceae Phyla nodiflora L. Greene B, ER, M N 5468 [Common Frog Fruit]
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|Title Annotation:||GENERAL NOTES|
|Author:||Brister, J.S.; Nelson, A.D.; Calahan, J.|
|Publication:||The Texas Journal of Science|
|Date:||Dec 1, 2017|
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